China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (ccpit) 2009 Preface



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Paper making and paper product industry


As an important part of light industry, paper making and paper product industry produced a total industrial output value of 8.16% of light industry in 2008. China's paper making and paper product industry includes pulp manufacturing, paper making and paper product manufacturing. Although the national government issued a series of encouragement and burden-reduction policies, paper making industry witnessed a sharp drop of foreign and domestic demand and encountered the worst year in 2008 since the foundation of China. The production capacity surplus was a foregone conclusion in 2008. As a capital-intensive industry, China's paper making industry had carried out technology updates all through the industry since 2002. Typically, several leading listed companies utilized capital advantage and deployed facilities of high speed, wide paper pieces and large production. There were as many as 7 enterprises of annual output over a million tons in 2006. The productivity expanded abruptly but the demand didn't follow up. The profitability of paper industry will continue to decline in 2009 and becomes stable at latest in 2010. For the short-run, the most pessimistic situations might happen in the first two quarters of 2009. The industry is expected to revive at latest in 2010.

During 2004 to 2008, the number of paper making and paper product enterprises increased from 7,743 to 8,715. The asset size increased from 414.7 billion yuan to 698.3 billion yuan. The total industrial output value and industrial sales value increased to 337.2 billion yuan and 321.8 billion yuan in 2004 to 700.6 billion yuan and 664.7 billion yuan in November 2008. The contribution margin increased from 15.4 billion yuan to 35.6 billion yuan. The number of employees increased from 130,000 to 141,000.

Figure 5 117 Scale growth of paper making and paper product industry 2004-2008


Item

Jan.-Nov.

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Number of enterprises

8715

8376

7892

7461

7473

Average annual employees

14.1

13.8

13.5

13.0

13.0

Total asset (100 million yuan)

6983

6115

5326

4660

4147

Total industrial output value (100 million yuan)

7006

6325

5035

4161

3372

Industrial sales revenue (100 million yuan)

6647

6226

4952

4063

3281

Contribution margin (100 million yuan)

356

381

263

194

154

Source: China National Light Industry Council

The total industrial output value of pulp manufacturing stood at 9.5 billion yuan in 2004 and increased to 18.7 billion yuan in 2008. The total industrial output value of paper making stood at 211.7 billion yuan in 2004 and increased to 457.1 billion yuan in 2008. The total industrial output value of paper produce manufacturing stood at 116.0 billion yuan in 2004 and increased to 257.7 billion yuan in 2008. In this year, paper making accounted for the largest proportion of 62%, while pulp manufacturing and paper product manufacturing 38%.

Figure 5 118 Total industrial output value of major sectors of paper making and paper product industry

Unit: 100 million RMB



Item

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Pulp manufacturing

187

173

153

128

95

Paper making

4571

3829

3062

2584

2117

Paper product manufacturing

2577

2323

1819

1449

1160

Source: China National Light Industry Council

The sales cost of paper making and paper product industry stood at 279.7 billion yuan in 2004 and increased to 580.5 billion yuan in the first 11 months of 2008. The sales cost was 521.5 billion yuan in 2007 and 423.3 billion yuan in 2006. It decreased 11.3% on a year-on-year basis in 2005 whereas increased 23.4% in the first 11 months of 2008. The management expense of paper making and paper product industry was 13.4 billion yuan in 2004, up by 25.7% on a year-on-year basis. The management expense in the first 11 months of 2008 was 19.6 billion yuan, up by 19.3% on a year-on-year basis, at the rapidest speed in the recent five years. The financial expense in 2004 was 6.7 billion yuan, up by 9.9% on a year-on-year basis. The financial expense in 2004 was 6.5 billion yuan, down by 3.3% on a year-on-year basis. The financial expense in the first 11 months of 2008 was 10.4 billion yuan, up by 10.9% on a year-on-year basis. The year-on-year increase in 2006 reached the highest speed of 40.5% in recent five years. The expense structure of this industry in 2008 made no obvious changes, only a slight increase in management expense, a small growth in financial expense, and almost the same amount in sales cost as last year.

Figure 5 119 Cost and expenses of paper making and paper product industry 2004-2008


Item

Jan.-Nov.

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Sales costs (100million RMB)

5805

5215

4233

2480

2797

Year-on-year growth (%)

23.4

23.2

70.7

-11.3

35.4

Management expenses (100million RMB)

196

198

169

152

134

Year-on-year growth (%)

19.3

16.7

11.6

13.0

25.7

Financial expenses (100million RMB)

104

102

92

65

67

Year-on-year growth (%)

10.9

11.6

40.5

-3.3

9.9

Source: China National Light Industry Council

The asset growth ratio of paper making and paper product industry kept a steady growth during 2004 to 2008. It peaked at 25.9 % in 2007 and marked as low as 12.4% in 2005. The asset growth ratio was 15.9% in the first 11 months of 2008. The asset-liability ratio maintained a steady change, which was 62.7% in 2005 and 59.3% in the first 11 months of 2008. On the whole, the asset-liability went down in the five years. The profit growth increased remarkably. The profit growth ratio was 45.2% in 2007. It kept as high as 39.1% on a year-on-year basis in the first 11 months of 2008. During this period, the annual employee growth ratio was 2.6%, the same as in last year. It stood at 3.6% in 2006, 14.5% in 2004, and 14.3% in 2005. The profit of this industry in 2008 stayed almost the same as last year. The asset growth ratio increased while the total industrial output value growth and profit growth dropped slightly.

Figure 5 120 Profit growth of paper making and paper product industry 2004-2008

Unit: %


Item

Jan.- Nov. 2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Asset growth ratio

15.9

14.8

14.3

12.4

25.9

Asset-liability

59.3

58.8

60.1

61.6

62.7

Profit growth ratio

39.1

45.2

35.3

26.1

31.5

Growth ratio of total industrial output value

24.0

25.6

21.0

23.4

33.5

Annual employee growth ratio

2.6

2.6

3.6

-0.2

14.5

Source: China National Light Industry Council

The total output of pulp in 2004 was 1.516 million tons, up by 17.3% on a year-on-year basis. It was 2.058 million tons in 2008, down by 1.9% on a year-on-year basis. The year-on-year decline peaked in 2008 while the year-on-year increase peaked in 2005. The output of machine-made paper and paperboard was 83.909 million tons in 2008, up by 8.7% on a year-on-year basis, at the lowest speed in recent four years. The year-on-year growth exceeded 20% during 2005 to 2007. The output of newsprint paper was 2.999 million tons in 2004, up by 20.1% on a year-on-year basis, and 4.614 million tons in 2008, up by 9.5% on a year-on-year basis. The year-on-year growth grew stably higher than 10% from 2004 to 2007. The output of paper product was 1.306 million tons in 2004, up by 18.2% on a year-on-year basis. It increased to 2.233 million tons in 2006, up by 20.9% on a year-on-year basis, at the highest speed in recent five years. On the whole in 2008, pulp manufacturing had encountered a sharp drop in output and year-on-year growth. Compared with other sectors, the year-on-year growth of paper making declined slowly, still higher than 10% in 2008. The output of other products decreased to different degrees.



Figure 5 121 Major products output of paper making and paper product 2004-2008

Item

Pulp

Year-on-year increase or decrease

Machine-made paper and paperboard

Year-on-year increase or decrease

Newsprint paper

Year-on-year increase or decrease

Paper product

Year-on-year increase or decrease

(10,000 tons)

(%)

(10,000 tons)

(%)

(10,000 tons)

(%)

(10,000 tons)

(%)

2008

205.8

-1.9

8390.9

8.7

461.4

9.5

319.1

10.2

2007

210.1

16.1

7787.0

18.1

442.9

18.0

271.4

18.3

2006

252.9

21.7

6804.3

20.0

400.8

17.7

223.3

20.9

2005

195.5

25.3

5404.3

26.3

341.0

15.1

187.2

17.9

2004

151.6

17.3

-

-

299.9

20.1

130.6

18.2

Source: China National Light Industry Council

China's top 50 enterprises of paper making and paper product industry in terms of tax payment are as follows:



Figure 5 122 China's top 50 enterprises of paper making and paper product industry in terms of tax payment 2007

Ranking

Region

Name of enterprise

Tax (10,000 yuan)

1

Shandong

Shandong Chenming Paper Holdings Ltd.

51051

2

Hainan

Hainan Jinhai Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd.

50154

3

Jiangsu

Gold East Paper(Jiangsu)Co., Ltd.

40983

4

Beijing

TetraPak (Beijing) Co., Ltd.

27974

5

Shandong

Yunzhou Tianzhang Paper Co. ,Ltd.

27227

6

Shandong

Shandong Huatai Paper Industry Shareholding Co., Ltd.

25124

7

Hebei

Baoding Banknote Paper Making Plant

23419

8

Jiangsu

TetraPak (Kunshan) Co., Ltd.

18956

9

Guangdong

TetraPak Huaxin(Foshan) Co., Ltd.

17772

10

Jiangsu

Nine Dragons Paper (Taicang) Co., Ltd.

16647

11

Guangdong

Dongguan Nine Dragons Paper Co., Ltd.

16294

12

Shandong

Shandong Bohui Paper Industry Co., Ltd.

15503

13

Shandong

MCC Paper Yinhe Co., Ltd.

14317

14

Hunan

Yueyang Paper Co., Ltd.

13559

15

Henan

Henan Yinge Industrial Investment Co., Ltd.

13456

16

Jiangsu

Gold Huasheng Paper (Suzhou industrial zone) Co., Ltd.

13393

17

Shandong

Qihe Paperboard Co., Ltd. of Shandong Chenming Paper Holdings Ltd

12605

18

Henan

Xinxiang Xinya Paper Industry Group

12431

19

Hubei

Wuhan Chenming Hanyang Paper Co., Ltd.

11684

20

Jiangxi

Jiangxi Chenming Paper Holdings Ltd

11393

21

Shandong

Shandong Sunpaper Group Joint Stock Co., Ltd

9948

22

Jiangsu

UPM—Kymmene (Changshu) Paper Industry Co., Ltd

9462

23

Hunan

Yuanjiang Paper Co., Ltd.

9384

24

Jiangsu

Kunshan Banknote Paper Mill

9251

25

Ningbo

Ningbo Zhonghua Paper Co.,Ltd.

9160

26

Jiangsu

Jiangsu Lee & Man Paper Manufacturing Limited.

8778

27

Heilongjiang

Mudanjiang Hengfeng Paper Co., Ltd.

8116

28

Fujian

Heng'an (Jinjiang) Women's Supplies Co., Ltd.

7978

29

Guangdong

Guangzhou Paper Co., Ltd.

7925

30

Zhejiang

Minfeng Special Paper Co., Ltd.

7334

31

Shandong

Shandong Asia Pacific SSYMB Pulp & Paper Co., Ltd.

7296

32

Guangdong

Guangdong Dingfeng Paper Co., Ltd.

7040

33

Guangdong

Dongguan Lee & Man Paper Manufacturing Limited.

6972

34

Hunan

Hunan Golden Shine Color Printings Co., Ltd.

6837

35

Anhui

Anhui Shanying Paper Industry Co., Ltd.

6131

36

Guangdong

Zhuhai S.E.Z. Hongta Renheng Paper Co., Ltd.

6075

37

Hubei

Chibi Chenming Paper Holdings Ltd

5992

38

Hunan

Yongzhou Xiangjiang Paper Co., Ltd.

5889

39

Shandong

Shandong Huajin Group Co., Ltd.

5887

40

Inner Mongolia

Nine Dragons (Xingan) Pulp & Paper (Inner Mongolia) Co., Ltd.

5868

41

Shandong

International Paper Sun Cartonboard Co. Ltd

5708

42

Yunnan

Yunnan Hongta Lanying Paper Industry Co., Ltd.

5693

43

Ningxia

MCC Meili Industry Co., Ltd.

5685

44

Fujian

NANZHI CO., LTD.,FUJIAN

5516

45

Fujian

Fujian Qingshan Paper Industry Co., Ltd.

5509

46

Jiangsu

Avery dennison China Co., Ltd.

5382

47

Liaoning

Jincheng Paper Co., Ltd.

5172

48

Jiangsu

SIG Combibloc (Suzhou) Co., Ltd.

4981

49

Yunnan

Yunan Yunjing Forestry and Paper Co., Ltd.

4958

50

Jiangsu

Gold Hong Ye Paper (Suzhou Industrial Park) Co., Ltd.

4894

Source: State Tax Administration
    1. Furniture Manufacturing Industry


As an important part of light industry, furniture manufacturing industry generated a proportion of 3.12% of light industry output in 2008. It includes wood furniture manufacturing, bamboo and cane furniture manufacturing, metal furniture manufacturing, plastic furniture manufacturing and other furniture manufacturing.

During the 30 years since reform and open-up, China's furniture industry has rapidly transferred its mode of production from handicraft to mechanization, automation and industrialization and moved towards mature industrialization and new industrialization to become a modern industry.

In recent years, the total output value of China's furniture industry grew very rapidly, but the improvement is mainly reflected in output, not the overall technological level nor the quality of the entire industry output growth. With the largest total export volume all over the world, China has become a major furniture producer and exporter. China's furniture industry has much room for development along with the industry center moving from developed countries to developing countries and the increasing international market demand.

The number of furniture manufacturing enterprises increased from 3,025 in 2004 to 4,432 in the first 11 months of 2008. During the same period, the asset size increased from 90.1 billion yuan to 173.0 billion yuan. The industrial total output value increased from 115.5 billion yuan to 262.8 billion yuan. The industrial sales value increased from 113.1 billion yuan to 253.5 billion yuan. The contribution margin increased from 4.9 billion yuan to 9.2 billion yuan. The employees in this industry increased from 65,000 to 92,000. China's furniture manufacturing industry has seen a great leap in scale and technology level during the five years.

Figure 5 123 Scale growth of furniture manufacturing industry 2004-2008


Item

Jan.-Nov.

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Number of enterprises

4432

4110

3603

3074

3025

Average annual employees

9.2

9.1

8.4

7.1

6.5

Total asset (100 million)

1730

1656

1321

1033

901

Total industrial output value (100 million yuan)

2628

2425

1883

1427

1155

Industrial sales revenue (100 million yuan)

2535

2370

1834

1398

1131

Contribution margin (100 million yuan)

92

109

86

62

49

Source: China National Light Industry Council

During 2004 to 2008, the total industrial output value of wood furniture manufacturing increased from 60.7 billion yuan to 160.6 billion yuan. The total industrial output value of bamboo and cane furniture manufacturing increased from 1.1 billion yuan to 3.0 billion yuan. The total industrial output value of medal furniture manufacturing increased from 36.0 billion yuan to 76.0 billion yuan. The total industrial output value of plastic furniture manufacturing increased from 1.7 billion yuan to 3.5 billion yuan. The total industrial output value of other furniture manufacturing increased from 16.1 billion yuan to 49.0 billion yuan. In 2008, wood furniture manufacturing took 55%, the largest proportion of furniture industry.

Furniture 5 124 Total industrial output value of major sectors of furniture manufacturing 2004-2008

Unit: 100 million RMB



Item

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Wood furniture manufacturing

1606

1278

1014

782

607

Bamboo and cane furniture manufacturing

30

20

15

14

11

Medal furniture manufacturing

761

652

547

408

360

Plastic furniture manufacturing

35

27

21

17

17

Other furniture manufacturing

490

393

285

207

161

Source: China National Light Industry Council

The sales cost of furniture manufacturing industry increased from 96.0 billion yuan in 2004 to 217.5 billion yuan in the first 11 months of 2008, up by 21.5% on a year-on-year basis. Among that, the sales cost in 2007 was 197.8 billion yuan, up by 28.1% on a year-on-year basis. The sales cost in 2006 was 154.4 billion yuan. The management expense of this industry was 5.2 billion yuan in 2007, up by 66.5% on a year-on-year basis. The management expense was 10.6 billion yuan in the first 11 months of 2008, up by 17.2% on a year-on-year basis and 10.5 billion yuan in 2007, up by 30.8% on a year-on-year basis, at the highest speed in recent 3 years. The financial expense was 900 million yuan in 2004, up by 29.5% on a year-on-year basis, and 1.3 billion yuan in 2005, up by 39.1% on a year-on-year basis, at the highest speed in recent 5 years. The financial expense was 2.2 billion yuan in the first 11 months of 2008, a sharp drop on a year-on-year basis.

Figure 5 125 Costs and expenses of furniture manufacturing industry 2004-2008


Item

Jan.-Nov. 2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Sales costs (100million RMB)

2175

1978

1544

1182

960

Year-on-year growth (%)

21.5

28.1

30.6

23.1

63.0

Management expenses (100million RMB)

106

105

81

62

52

Year-on-year growth (%)

17.2

30.8

29.3

19.0

66.5

Financial expenses (100million RMB)

22

24

16

13

9

Year-on-year growth (%)

11.8

45.4

25.4

39.1

29.5

Source: China National Light Industry Council

The asset growth ratio of furniture manufacturing encountered a decline in 2004 to 2008. The ratio peaked at 46.3% in 2004 and dropped to 14.6% in 2005. It grew stably in 2006 and 2007 and stood at 16.8% in the first 11 months of 2008. The asset-liability ratio maintained a steady change, which reached as high as 58.5% in 2004, 57.4% in 2005, and 57.7% in the first eleven months in 2008. The profit value saw an obvious upheaval during the five years. The profit growth ratio stood as high as 69.3% in 2004 and dropped to 39.0% in 2006. In the first 11 months of 2008, the profit kept a high growth ratio of 19.4%. The total industrial output value of this industry was 60.4% in 2004, 31.9% in 2006 and 22.4% in the first 11 months of 2008. The annual employee grew at the lowest speed of 0.6% in the first 11 months of 2008. The ratio reached as high as 49.6% in 2004 and 17.6% in 2006.

Figure 5 126 Profit growth of furniture manufacturing 2004-2008

Unit: %


Item

Jan.- Nov. 2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Asset growth ratio

16.8

25.4

27.9

14.6

46.3

Asset-liability

57.7

55.8

56.0

57.4

58.5

Profit growth ratio

19.4

26.6

39.0

26.5

69.3

Growth ratio of total industrial output value

22.4

28.8

31.9

23.6

60.4

Annual employee growth ratio

0.6

9.0

17.6

9.7

49.6

Source: China National Light Industry Council

The total furniture output was 25.165 million pieces in 2004, up by 15.6% on a year-on-year basis, and 518.672 million pieces in 2008, up by 1.9% on a year-on-year basis. The wood furniture output was 18.974 million pieces in 2008, up by 2.5% on a year-on-year basis, 8.351 million pieces in 2004, up by 19.7% on a year-on-year basis. The medal furniture output was 15.249 million pieces in 2004, up by 9.5% on a year-on-year basis, and 26.444 million pieces in 2008, down by 4.3% on a year-on-year basis. The upholstered furniture output was 919,000 pieces in 2004, up by 28.4% on a year-on-year basis, and 3.253 million pieces in 2008, down by 3.2% on a year-on-year basis. The output of all sectors of furniture manufacturing industry tended to decline in 2008, among which, medal furniture manufacturing saw the sharpest drop. The wood furniture manufacturing saw a much lower growth ratio on a year-on-year basis.



Figure 5 127 Major products output of furniture manufacturing industry 2004-2008

Item

Furniture output

Year-on-year increase or decrease

Wood furniture

Year-on-year increase or decrease

Medal furniture

Year-on-year increase or decrease

Upholstered furniture

Year-on-year increase or decrease

(10,000 pieces)

(%)

(10,000 pieces)

(%)

(10,000 pieces)

(%)

(10,000 pieces)

(%)

2008

51867.2

-1.9

1894.7

2.5

2644.4

-4.3

325.3

-3.2

2007

48480.6

6.9

1746.7

9.4

2566.9

2.7

266.3

23.6

2006

41628.6

22.7

1506.5

22.7

2297.7

22.1

192.5

32.3

2005

33990.1

11.4

1132.8

17.8

1724.8

7.8

144.4

20.4

2004

25816.5

15.6

835.1

19.7

1524.9

9.5

91.9

28.4

Source: China National Light Industry Council


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