China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (ccpit) 2009 Preface



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Food manufacturing industry


China's food industry covers a great amount of sectors. Being divided up by natural and contrived factors, the vast food market easily displays a pattern of a large number of enterprises but small scale and scattered layout. Most food sectors suffer from backward facilities, high energy consumption and low economic profits.

Food industry has also been impeded by the disparate development in regions. Middle and west China are quite lagged behind in food industry, with a per capita food output much lower than the east. Despite the large quantity of agricultural products for processing and rich labor resources in the west, the lagging food industry hampers the development of food materials and human resources as a drag on China's food industry development. The well-known brands in China's food industry mainly stay within the country and few go international. The great deal of exported food products mainly compete with low prices not brand advantages. The international market only sees Made in China, but rare Chinese band as famous as Coca Cola or Nestle.

Food manufacturing industry is significant to China's light industry. The industrial output of agricultural and sideline food processing accounts for 8.27% of the total output value of light industry in 2008.Food manufacturing industry is a light industry closely related to people's life. China's food processing includes bakery food manufacturing, liquid milk and dairy product manufacturing, candy, chocolate and preserved fruit manufacturing, instant food manufacturing, canning, seasoning, fermented goods and other food manufacturing.

During 2004 to November 2008, the number of agricultural and sideline food processing enterprises increase from 5,528 to 7,101. The asset size increased from 258.1 billion yuan to 483.4 billion yuan. The industrial output value increased from 289.9 billion yuan to 699.7 billion yuan, up by 2.41 times. The industrial sales value increased from 281.3 billion yuan to 666.2 billion yuan, up by 2.37 times. The Total profits increased from 13.5 billion yuan to 31 billion yuan.

Figure 5 99 Scale growth of food processing industry 2004-2008


Item

Jan.-Nov.

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Number of enterprises

7101

6644

6056

5553

5528

Average annual employees

14.0

13.5

12.8

12.1

11.1

Total asset (100 million)

4834

4416

3689

3253

2851

Total industrial output value (100 million yuan)

6997

6071

4714

3779

2899

Industrial sales revenue (100 million yuan)

6662

5920

4613

3697

2813

Total profits (100 million yuan)

310

394

273

206

135

Source: China National Light Industry Council

In 2008, bakery food manufacturing industry generated a total output value of 55.1 billion yuan, 1.81 times of 30.4 billion yuan in 2004. The liquid milk and dairy product manufacturing industry reached 155.5 billion yuan in 2008, 2.21 times of 70.3 billion yuan in 2004. Its total output value accounts for 20.7% of food industry. In 2008, the total industrial output value of candy, chocolate and preserved manufacturing industry and instant food manufacturing industry were 21.2 billion yuan and 47.8 billion yuan respectively, and 51.5 billion yuan and 123.9 billion yuan in 2008. The output value of canning sector and seasoning/fermented goods manufacturing sector increased by 7.8% and 15.4% respectively from 2004 to 2008.

Figure 5 100 Total industrial output value of major sectors of food manufacturing industry 2004-2008

Unit: 100 million RMB



Item

2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Bakery food manufacturing

551

597

453

373

304

Liquid milk and dairy product manufacturing

1555

1329

1098

891

703

Candy, chocolate and preserved food manufacturing

515

424

320

269

212

Instant food manufacturing

1239

973

760

621

478

Canning

587

463

351

284

238

Seasoning and fermented goods manufacturing

1159

940

786

584

461

Other food manufacturing

1898

1345

945

758

503

Source: China National Light Industry Council

The sales costs of food processing industry were 218.1 million yuan in 2004 and increased to 535.9 billion yuan in the first eleven months in 2008. The year-one-year growth basically kept rising. The management expenses of this industry were 13.7 billion yuan in 2004 and increased to 22.8 billion yuan in the first eleven months in 2008. The financial expenses in the first eleven months in 2008 were 6.1 billion yuan, up by 23.0% on a year-one-year basis.

Figure 5 101 Costs and expenses of food industry 2004-2008


Item

Jan.-Nov. 2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Sales costs (RMB 100 million)

5359

4585

3631

2868

2181

Year-on-year growth (%)

28.7

26.3

26.6

31.5

29.7

Management expenses (RMB 100 million)

228

215

181

161

137

Year-on-year growth (%)

27.2

19.0

12.0

18.0

20.4

Financial expenses (RMB 100 million)

61

57

45

40

34

Year-on-year growth (%)

23.0

25.8

13.7

17.9

16.7

Source: China National Light Industry Council

The asset growth ratio of food processing industry kept a steady growth during 2004 to 2008, and peaked at 19.7% in 2007 and 16.8% in 2008. The asset-liability ratio maintained a steady change, which reached as high as 56.7% in 2004 and 55.8% in the first eleven months in 2008. The financial crisis and the economic depression have a limited impact on food industry, which encountered a remarkable profit growth during 2005 to 2008. The total industrial output value of this industry grew at 52.3% in 2005 and kept as high as 31.5% growth in Jan.-Nov. 2008. The annual employee growth ratio reached 9.7% in 2004 and 5.5% after 2006.

Figure 5 102 Profit growth of food industry 2004-2008

Unit: %


Item

Jan.- Nov. 2008

2007

2006

2005

2004

Asset growth ratio

16.8

19.7

13.4

14.1

23.6

Asset-liability

55.8

52.8

54.7

56.0

56.7

Profit growth ratio

31.5

44.3

32.5

52.3

19.7

Growth ratio of total industrial output value

30.4

28.8

24.7

30.4

26.6

Annual employee growth ratio

5.7

5.4

5.9

9.1

9.7

Source: China National Light Industry Council

The candy output stood at 632,051 tons in 2004 and increased to 1.213698 million tons in 2008. In 2008, the pastry output was around 800,000 tons, up by 26.2% on a year-on-year basis. The biscuit output was 280,000 tons, up by 30.8% on a year-on-year basis. The instant noodles output was 500,000 tons, up by 5.3% on a year-on-year basis. The year of 2008 saw a negative growth in dairy product and monosodium glutamate manufacturing, down by 0.5% and 9.2% respectively on a year-on-year basis. Soy source output increased by 12.6% on a year-on-year basis.



Figure 5 103 Major products output of food processing industry 2004-2008

Item

Candy

Year-on-year increase or decrease

Pastry

Year-on-year increase or decrease

Biscuit

Year-on-year increase or decrease

Instant noodles

Year-on-year increase or decrease

(ton)

(%)

(ton)

(%)

(ton)

(%)

(ton)

(%)

2008

1213698

15.8

799129

26.2

2826930

30.8

4994535

5.3

2007

988830

18.1

634266

17.2

2237571

26.1

5077187

21.3

2006

791309

16.2

590792

22.2

1784501

21.4

4311270

23.9

2005

789314

12.9

429463

18.3

1367544

23.7

3279172

20.5

2004

632051

9.4

340184

20.3

1054716

7.8

2764158

8.9

Item

Dairy products

Year-on-year increase or decrease

Canned

products


Year-on-year increase or decrease

Monosodium Glutamate

Year-on-year increase or decrease

Soy source

Year-on-year increase or decrease

(10,000 tons)

(%)

(10,000 tons)

(%)

(ton)

(%)

(ton)

(%)

2008

1811

-0.5

595

17.4

1843892

-9.2

3670709

12.6

2007

1787

21.8

514

24.6

1912922

16.6

3240886

20.0

2006

1460

23.5

407

18.7

1705971

23.8

2701842

24.6

2005

1310

28.0

360

16.3

1359724

17.9

1987162

18.4

2004

949

32.3

313

17.4

1149161

2.6

1689335

4.8

Source: China National Light Industry Council

Top 50 enterprises in terms of tax payment of China's food manufacturing industry 2007 are as follows:

Figure 5 104 Top 50 enterprises list in terms of taxes of China's food manufacturing industry 2007


Ranking

Region

Name of enterprise

Tax (10,000RMB)

1

Guangdong

Wm. Wrigley Jr. (China) Company

56138

2

Guangdong

Perfect (China) Co., Ltd.

55148

3

Inner Mongolia

Inner Mongolia Yili Industrial Group Co., Ltd.

29003

4

Guangdong

Nanfang Lee Kum Kee Co., Ltd.

28615

5

Inner Mongolia

Inner Mongolia Mengniu Dairy (group) Co., Ltd.

26986

6

Guangdong

Foshan HADAY Flavoring and Food Co., Ltd.

26915

7

Guangdong

Dongguan Xufuji Food Co., Ltd.

26252

8

Guangdong

Dongguan Nestle Co., Ltd.

25765

9

Shanghai

Intel Child Nutrition Dary Co., Ltd.

24853

10

Guangdong

Mead Johnson Nutrition (China) Co., Ltd.

Intel Child Nutrition Dary Co., Ltd.



22816

11

Qingdao

Sheng Yuan Nutritional Food Co., Ltd.

19476

12

Beijing

Effern Foods (Beijing) Co., Ltd.

18607

13

Shanghai

Bright Dairy Co.,Ltd

18180

14

Inner Mongolia

Tongliao Meihua Biological Sci-tech Co., Ltd

17831

15

Zhejiang

Hangzhou Tingyi. Food Co., Ltd.

16970

16

Shanghai

Perfetti Van Melle Confection Co., Ltd. (China)

14718

17

Shanghai

Shanghai Totole Food Co., Ltd.

13734

18

Heilongjiang

Nestlé Shuangcheng Ltd.

13718

19

Guangdong

Guangdong Yashili Group Co., Ltd.

13571

20

Tianjin

Tianjin Dingyi Int'l Food Co., Ltd.

12994

21

Guangdong

Guangzhou Dingyi Food Co.,Ltd.

11303

22

Guangdong

Scient (Guangzhou) Infant Nurture Co., Ltd.

11158

23

Henan

Huamao Shuanghui Industrial (Group) Co., Ltd.

11131

24

Jiangsu

Nanjing Strong Foodstuff Co., Ltd.

11024

25

Guangdong

Yangjiang Xizhilang Jelly Manufacturing Co., Ltd.

10852

26

Beijing

Pro-Health ( China ) Co., Ltd.

9883

27

Hubei

Wuhan President Enterprises Food Co., Ltd.

9476

28

Guizhou

Guiyang Nanming Laoganma Special Flavour Foodstuffs Co., Ltd.

8423

29

Zhejiang

Zhejiang Beingmate Technology-Industry-Trade Co。,Ltd.

8131

30

Shanghai

PepsiCo Foods (China) Co., Ltd.

8098

31

Hebei

Orion Food Co., Ltd.

7982

32

Shanghai

Shanghai Goldpartner Biotech Co., Ltd.

7727

33

Beijing

New Era Health Industry (Group) Co., Ltd.

7638

34

Inner Mongolia

Inner Mongolia Jinchuan Yili Dairy Co., Ltd.

7272

35

Shanghai

Shanghai Christine Foodstuff Co., Ltd.

6876

36

Xiamen

Xiamen Yinlu Food Co., Ltd.

6862

37

Beijing

China Animal Husbandry Industry Co., Ltd.

6748

38

Chongqing

Chongqing Dingyi Food Co., Ltd.

6698

39

Sichuan

Chengdu President Enterprises Food Co., Ltd.

6464

40

Hebei

Shijianzhuang SanLu Group Co., Ltd.

6455

41

Henan

Zhengzhou Sanquan Foods Co., Ltd.

6453

42

Hebei

Jinmailang Food Co., Ltd.

6253

43

Heilongjiang

Duerbote Yili Dairy Co., Ltd.

6215

44

Zhejiang

Hangzhou Wahaha Group Co., Ltd.

6191

45

Jiangsu

VV Food and Beverage Co., Ltd.

6175

46

Shaanxi

Xi'an Yinqiao Bio-tech Co.,Ltd. Lintong Branch

6109

47

Guangdong

Wm. Wrigley Jr. (China) Company Fanyu Factory

6032

48

Shanghai

Shanghai Wyeth Nutritional Co., Ltd.

5966

49

Hunan

Hunan AVA Holdings Co., Ltd. Nanshan Green Food Development Branch

5807

50

Heibei

Hebei Meihua Monosodium Glutamate Group Co., Ltd.

5684

Source: State Tax Administration


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