Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women



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Instructor-to-student ratio in State education institutions11
(as of beginning of school year)




2005/2006

2006/2007

2007/2008













Students per instructor, in persons:










in general-education schools

12.5

12.3

11.7

in academic high schools

8.4

9.4

10.6

in vocational secondary schools

15.3

16.6

15.3

in higher education institutions

10.5

10.8

10.7

Table 12
Level of literacy among the populace12






2005

2006










Literacy rate for adult population

0.994

0.995

Tale 13
Employment and unemployment figures13

Indicator

2005

2006

2007*













Official unemployment level, as a percentage

0.3

0.2

0.2

Number of employed persons for sectors of the economy, total (thous. persons)

10,196.3

10,467.0

10,735.4

consisting of:










- industry

1,347.5

1,402.4

1,445.5

- agriculture and forestry

2,967.4

2,935.9

2,930.1

- transportation and communications

488.1

506.9

527.7

- construction

848.5

876.6

910.1

- commerce, public catering, sales, procurement

903.9

977.2

1,055.4

- housing and public services

316.4

331.2

346.4

- health care, physical fitness, sports, human services

735.5

768.1

801.4

- education, culture, the arts, science and science
services

1,385.1

1,434.5

1,481.8

- finance, credit and insurance

54.2

54.9

58.4

- other

1,149.7

1,179.3

1,178.6

Employed persons in the formal sector of the economy (thous. persons)

4,642.8

4,562.8

4,587.7

Employed persons in the informal economy (thous. Persons)

5,553.5

5,904.2

6,147.7

Economically active population (thous. persons)**

10,224.0

10,492.5

10,758.6

* Estimate

** The economically active population in the calculations is defined as the total number of employed persons, plus persons officially declared to be unemployed.



Table 14
Number of trade-union members, with breakdown by industry sector, and the percentage they represent of the total work force, 200714

Trade union

Number of workers, students

Of those, number of trade-union members (percentage they represent of the total number of workers, students)










Aviation Workers’ Trade Union

23,153

23,122 (99.8%)

Trade Union for Workers of the Motor Transport, River Transport, Electric Transport and Public Road System of Uzbekistan

102,853

102,853 (100%)

Trade Union for Workers of the Agroindustrial Complex of Uzbekistan

2,230,150

2,229,993 (99.99%)

Trade Union for Workers of
State Institutions and Public Services

269,580

268,561 (99.6%)

Brotherhood of Railway Workers and Transport Builders of Uzbekistan

73,229

73,229 (100%)

Trade Union for Health Care Workers of Uzbekistan

709,457

709,457 (100%)

Trade Union for Cultural Workers of Uzbekistan

98,745

97,505 (98.7%)

Trade Union for Workers of Light Industry, the Furniture Industry and Municipal and Public Services of Uzbekistan

212,909

212,909 (100%)

Trade Union for Workers of the Machine-Building and Metallurgical Branches of Industry of Uzbekistan

120,371

116,820 (97%)

Trade Union for Education and Science Workers of Uzbekistan

1,882,051

1,882,051 (100%)

Trade Union for Communications Workers of Uzbekistan

60,896

60,879 (99.9%)

Trade Union for Construction and Building-Materials Industry Workers of Uzbekistan

75,206

73,064 (97.1%)

Trade Union for Workers of the Fuel and Energy Complex, the Chemical Industry and Geology of Uzbekistan

242,284

241,659 (99.7%)

Trade Union for Workers of Commerce, Consumer Cooperatives and Entrepreneurs of Uzbekistan

302,689

302,567 (99.9%)

Trade-union members constitute 43.2 per cent of the total work force (14,791,900).

Table 15
Per capita monetary income15
(based on source and use table of money flows )





thous. sum

 

2005

2006

2007













Average per capita monetary income

371.8

489.1

628.0

Table 16
Gross domestic product for Republic of Uzbekistan for 2003-200716




Unit of measure

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007






















Gross domestic product (GDP)

Billion sum

9,837.8

12,2661.0

15,923.4

20,759.3

28,186.2

Rate of growth of GDP

%

104.4

107.7

107.0

107.3

109.5

Table 17
Consumer price index (%)17



2003

2004

2005

2006

2007
















3.8

3.7

7.8

6.8

6.8



В. Constitutional, political and legal structure of the State

36. The Republic of Uzbekistan was formed on 31 August 1991 on the territory of the former Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, which had been part of the USSR. Uzbekistan is a unitary State with a presidential form of government. Its gaining State sovereignty was the beginning of radical reforms and political adjustments.

37. The Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, which was adopted on 8 December 1992, reflects the will, spirit, public awareness and culture of the people. Above all, one should note its adherence to universal human values and to the universally recognized norms and rules of international law. It does not contain the insularity of a single political ideology, class confrontation, or any dictate of parties. Nor is there any oppressive domination of the citizenry by the State.

38. The Constitution established the principle of separation of powers of the legislative, executive and judicial branches..

39. (a) Legislative branch. Legislative power is exercised by the Oliy Majlis, which is the Parliament of the Republic and the highest State representative body. After a referendum was conducted in the country, a two-chamber parliament was formed in 2005, consisting of the upper chamber, or Senate, and the lower chamber, or Legislative Chamber, of the Oliy Majlis. The formation of a two-chamber parliament strengthened the nationhood of Uzbekistan considerably. First, the Constitutional powers of the parliament were expanded, and the mechanism of checks and balances among the legislative, executive and judicial branches of power was vastly improved. Second, the democratic representation of all regions in the power was expanded. Third, the quality of the legislative process improved considerably. Fourth, the transition was made to a professional parliament.

40. The formation procedure and legal status of the Parliament of the Republic of Uzbekistan were set by the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan (articles 76-88), the Constitutional laws on the Senate and on the Legislative Chamber, and the laws on elections to the Oliy Majlis and on the status of a Legislative Chamber deputy and a member of the Senate.

41. The term of the Legislative Chamber and the Senate is five years. The Legislative Chamber consists of 120 deputies elected from geographical electoral districts in multiparty elections. Its work is based on the professional, ongoing activities of all the deputies of the chamber.

42. Structurally, the Legislative Chamber consists of committees and commissions. Under the Rules of the Legislative Chamber, the following 10 committees were formed: Committee on the Budget and Economic Reforms; Committee on Legislation and Judicial Matters; Committee on Labour and Social Issues; Committee on Matters of Defense and Security; Committee on International Affairs and Interparliamentary Relations; Committee on Agrarian and Water Management Issues and Ecology; Committee on Matters of Industry, Construction and Commerce; Committee on Matters of Science, Education, Culture and Sports; Committee on Democratic Institutions, Non-Governmental Organizations and Citizens Self-Government Bodies; and Committee on Matters of Information and Communication Technologies.

43. The commissions of the Legislative Chamber are created from among chamber deputies to perform specific tasks.

Table 18
Number of deputies of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan18



Area

Men

Women

Total:













City of Tashkent

10

1

11

Andijan Oblast

11

-

11

Bukhara Oblast

5

2

7

Djizak Oblast

3

1

4

Kashka-Darya Oblast

9

1

10

Navoi Oblast

2

2

4

Namangan Oblast

7

2

9

Samarkand Oblast

13

-

13

Syr-Darya Oblast

3

-

3

Surkhan-Darya Oblast

7

1

8

Tashkent Oblast

8

4

12

Fergana Oblast

11

3

14

Khorezm Oblast

5

2

7

Republic of Karakalpakstan

5

2

7

Total:

99 (82.5%)

21 (17.5%)

120


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