44. The Senate is a chamber of geographical representation and consists of members of the Senate (senators). Members of the Senate are elected in equal numbers — six each— from the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the oblasts and the city of Tashkent by means of secret ballot at joint sessions of the deputies of the JokargyKenes (Parliament) of the Republic of Karakalpakstan and representative bodies of State authority of the oblasts, rayons and cities from among those deputies. Sixteen members of the Senate are named by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan from among the most distinguished citizens with wide practical experience and special merit in the fields of science, art, literature, industry and other areas of the life of the State and society.
Political parties 45. At present, five political party factions are represented in the Legislative Chamber.
46. Adolat Social Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (SDPU), created on 18 April 1995. Today, its membership exceeds 59,000. The Adolat Social Democratic Party of Uzbekistan is supported by the middle and disadvantaged strata of the population, strives to represent their political and social will and promotes their social protection by adhering to the principles of social justice. The Adolat SPDU faction in the Legislative Chamber has 10 deputies.
47. Milliy Tiklanish Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (DPMT). Formed on 3 June 1995. This party is officially registered as a political force that combines the intelligentsia; owners and entrepreneurs; representatives of intellectual labour who are engaged in creative work, youth, and students who are committed to independence; rural representatives who represent the interests of the people; and other social strata of the population who support the party.
48. The primary goal of the party is to intensify the processes of the development of national self-awareness and, among other things, foster a spirit of patriotism among the population.
49. The party has more than 75,000 members. Its main objective is to create the foundation for a new Uzbek nationhood, build a democratic, rule-of-law State and civil society, and further strengthen the authority of Uzbekistan in the international arena.
50. Working in the Legislative Chamber is a faction of this party consisting of 11 deputies.
51. Movement of Entrepreneurs and Business People — Liberal Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (UzLiDep). Registered on 3 December 2003; total of 149,000 members. UzLiDep is a nationwide political organization that expresses and defends the interests of a class of owners, representatives of small business, large and small (dekhkan) farms, highly skilled specialists in industry and management, and business people. The Legislative Chamber has 41 members of this party.
52. Fidokorlar National Democratic Party (NDPF), formed on 28 December 1998. In 2000, as a result of kindred ideologies, there was a merger of the Fidokorlar (The Dedicated) Party and Vatan Tarakkiyeti (Progress of the Fatherland). The party has more than 71,000 members. Today, the party defends, primarily, the interests of youth and entrepreneurs. In the formation of the two-chamber parliament (2004 and 2005), 18 people were seated as deputies in the Legislative Chamber.
53. People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan, founded on 1 November 1991, represents the left wing of the political parties of Uzbekistan. The NDPU expressed the political will of various social strata and groups. As of 1 January 2007, the People’s Democratic Party of Uzbekistan had 343,800 members. Based on the results of the 2004 elections, the party formed its faction in the Legislative Chamber with 28 deputies.
54. The activities of the political parties in the Republic of Uzbekistan are governed by the Constitution, the law of the Republic of Uzbekistan on political parties, the law on the funding of political parties, and the Constitutional law on strengthening the role of political parties in renewing and further democratizing State administration and modernizing the country.