Ii nd Midterm testing for the 2



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II nd Midterm testing
for the 2nd year student of

-------------------------------------------------- faculty

Full name:_________________________________________

Group:_____ Date:_________ Score:_____
Card № 5

I.Translate into English: (30%)

  1. жёлчьный проток, ут йули------------------------------------------------------

  2. печеночный , жигарга оид-----------------------------------------------------------------

  3. желтуха, желтушность ,сариклик, сарик касал--------------------------------------

  4. прободная язва ,yorilgan yara--------------------------------------------------------------

  5. узел, tuguncha-------------------------------------------------------------

  6. паралич сердца ,yurakni to`satdan to`xtab qolishi---------------------------------------

  7. тошнота ,ko`ngil aynashi-------------------------------------------------------------------

  8. химиятерапия,kimyoterapiya,---------------------------------------------------------------

  9. сахарная болезнь,диабет ----------------------------------------------------------------

  10. одновременный, бир вактнинг узида ----------------------------------------------------

  11. рвота,қусиш----------------------------------------------------------------------------

12. чувствительность пациента, беморнинг сезувчанлиги ------------------------------------------------------------

13.разрез брюшной полости ,корин кисмини кесиш -------------------------------------

14.хаёт учун хавфли, опасно для жизни--------------------------------------------

15.Сухость во рту, огизда куриши -------------------------------------------------------

II.Choose the appropriate symptoms (10%)

  1. In acute cholecystitis the patient suffers from ... (a) atrial fibrillation; 6) intense pains in the right hypochondrium and in the umbilical area; в) slight pain and general epigastric discomfort)

  2. In attacks of acute appendicitis the patient usually develops ... (a) pro­fuse external bleeding; 6) vomiting of blood; в) sharp pains in the epigastrium, which soon become generalized in the abdomen)



III.Read, translate and retell the text: “ Acute Appendicitis (40%)

Text . Acute Appendicitis

Acute appendicitis is known to occur in all age groups. Its incidence varies in different sex groups; it is more frequent in women from 20 to 40 years of age. Cases of appendicitis have been noted to occur even in infants and in very old age.

Acute appendicitis is known to begin suddenly with sharp pain which is at first felt in epigastrium but then becomes generalized in the abdomen. The pain becomes worse on deep breathing in and coughing, it does not radiate and is accompanied by nausea, retention of stools and gases.

The temperature is normal or subfebrile and there is moderate leucocytosis. The ESR is initially normal. With the development of the disease temperature el­evation is observed and ESR becomes increased. The pulse is quick but it is found to be not more than 90-100 beats per minute. The tongue is coated and dry.

The attack of acute appendicitis is known to last for 3-4 days. Then the temperature returns to normal, abdominal pains decrease and only a moderate tenderness is felt in the right lower part of the abdomen on palpation.



Acute appendicitis is treated surgically. The operation is performed both under general and under local anaesthesia.

The appendix is removed immediately to prevent its rupture which may result in peritonitis. Such forms of appendicitis as gangrenous and perforating are particularly dangerous to life. But sometimes even a mild form of appendi­citis may take a severe co'urse and to result in perforation.

4. Distribute the following words and phrases in columns: (20%)

Disease name

Pathological symptoms


Treatment procedures







































1. gastric ulcer; 2. serum transfusion; 3. continuous haemorrhage; 4. carci­noma; 5. anaemia; 6. intermittent fever; 7. prophylactic vaccination; 8. profuse external bleeding; 9. chemotherapy; 10. chronic gastritis; 11. dryness in the mouth; 12. acute cholecystitis; 13. parenteral injections; 14. severe nausea
II nd Midterm testing
for the 2nd year student of

-------------------------------------------------- faculty

Full name:_________________________________________

Group:_____ Date:_________ Score:_____

Card № 6

I.Translate into English: (30%)

  1. обострение язвы двенадцатиперстной кишки,ўн икки бармоқли ичак ярасининг кучайиши__________________________________________

  2. характерные клинические проявления болезни,касалликнинг ўзига хос клиник кўриниши___________________________________________

  3. а злокачественный , хавфли_______________________________________

  4. назначение соответствующего препарата, тегишли дори дармонларни ёзиб бериш________________________________________________

  5. терапевтические меры неэффективны,даволаш чоралари самарасиз

  6. задержка мочи, сийдик тутилиши__________________________________

  7. прободная язва,яранинг ёрилиши_______________________________

  8. язва желудка,ошкозон яраси_____________________________________

  9. рвота и тошнота, кусиш ва кунгил айнаши___________________________

  10. острая боль, уткир огрик__________________________________________

  11. хроническая болезнь печени и почек, сурункали жигар ва буйрак касалликлари_______________________________________________

  12. общий эпигастральный дискомфорт, умумий эпигастрал нохушлик

  13. Строгий режим диеты, катъий диета режими_______________

  14. нарушение желудочного пищеварения, овкат хазм килишнинг бузилиши______________________________________________

  15. профилактическая вакцинация,_________________________________




II.Complete the sentences with suitable variant (10%)

1. Acute cholecystitis is known ... (a) to be characterized by pain radiating to the breastbone and lumbar area; 6) to be accompanied by profuse external bleeding) 2. Irregular diet as well as an emotional overstrain have been found ... (a) to result in the disturbances of peripheral blood circulation; 6) to contribute to the development of gastric and duodenal ulcers) 3. Clinical manifestations of gastric carcinoma prove ... (a) to vary with the stage of its development, loca­tion and spread through the lymphatic nodes and other inner organs; 6) to be associated with the lesions of the central nervous system)

III.Read, translate and retell the text: “Acute cholecystitis” (40%)

Text. Acute cholecystitis

Among inflammatory diseases of bile ducts the most frequent is cholecysti­tis or the inflammation of the gallbladder. Cholecystitis is known to occur rarely in isolated condition, inflammatory processes'both in the intrahepatic and extra-hepatic ducts, sometimes with the involvement of the liver being associated with it. The main forms of cholecystitis are the following: catarrhal, purulent and gangrenous.

The patient with cholecystitis is known to complain of intense pain, it being localized in the right hypochondrium and in the umbilical area. An attack of pain is usually precededby physical and mental overstrain, sharp physical move­ments or abnormalities in diet, fatty food and alcohol being responsible for the onset of pain. But sometimes pain is observed to appear suddenly in quite healthy persons. Pain may radiate to the right shoulder, right arm, sternum, and lumbar area, its intensity depending on the form of cholecystitis and the patient's sensi­tivity. The pain grows much worse when the patient is lying on his right side.

Dryness in the mouth, vomiting, nausea, and constipation are the character­istic clinical manifestations of the disease.

During the attack of pain the face is moist with cold perspiration, the skin is pale, the tongue and lips are dry. Even a slight palpation reveals severe tender­ness, it being due to irritation of the peritoneum. Approximately in 40-50% of cases there is slight jaundice of sclerae. The biochemical blood analysis is known to reveal some changes, they resulting from the effect of toxic substances in the liver.

Purulent form of cholecystitis is highly dangerous to life and requires an emergency operation. An even more severe course is observed in gangrenous cholecystitis. Recovery is achieved by surgical treatment, it being followed by prolonged antibiotic therapy and chemotherapy.

4. Distribute the following words and phrases in columns: (20%)

Noun

adgective


adverb






























strong, strength, strengthen, strongly; continue, continuous, discontinue, dis­continuous, discontinuation; digest, digestive, digestion, indigestion; sense, sen­sitive, sensitivity, senseless, hypersensitivity; thick, thickly, thickness, thicken,

thickened; local, locate, localize, localized, localization, location, locality; wide, widely, width, widen, widen

II nd Midterm testing
for the 2nd year student of

-------------------------------------------------- faculty

Full name:_________________________________________

Group:_____ Date:_________ Score:_____

Card № 7

I.Translate into English: (30%)

  1. токсические вещества,заҳарли моддалар ------------------------------------------------------------

  2. Гнойная форма холецистита ,холециститнинг йирингли формаси---------------------------------------------------

  3. антибиотикотерапия и химиотерапия --------------------------------------------------------------------

  4. қон ва сийдик анализи--------------------------------------------------------

  5. большое количество билирубина , билирубиннинг катта миқдори------------------------------------------------------------------

  6. яллиғланишнинг бир неча ўчоғи-------------------------------------------

  7. ингичка ичакда тўсиқ, тиқилма-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  8. наследственные факторы , ирсий факторлар----------------------------------------------

  9. Этиология рака, ракнинг этиологияси ---------------------------------------------

  10. дастлабки туберкулёз---------------------------------------------------

  11. клиник белгилари------------------------------------------------------------

  12. умумий холсизликдан шикоят қилмоқ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  13. обострение язвы, ошқозон ярасининг хуружи ------------------------------------

  14. эмоциональное перенапряжение ,ҳиссий зўриқиш---------------------------------

  15. Язвы желудка и двенадцатиперстной кишки, ошқозон ва ўн икки бармоқли ичак яраси -----------------------------------------------

II.Complete the sentences with suitable variant (10%)

1. Acute cholecystitis is known ... (a) to be characterized by pain radiating to the breastbone and lumbar area; 6) to be accompanied by profuse external bleeding) 2. Irregular diet as well as an emotional overstrain have been found ... (a) to result in the disturbances of peripheral blood circulation; 6) to contribute to the development of gastric and duodenal ulcers) 3. Clinical manifestations of gastric carcinoma prove ... (a) to vary with the stage of its development, loca­tion and spread through the lymphatic nodes and other inner organs; 6) to be associated with the lesions of the central nervous system)

III.Read, translate and retell the text: “Botkin's disease” (10/10/20%)

Text. Botkin's disease

Botkin's disease, or the so-called epidemic or infectious hepatitis, is an acute viral disease affecting hepatic cells and bile ducts.

The prominent German scientist Virchow believing it to be due to obstruc¬tion of the common bile duct with mucus during inflammatory processes in the duodenum, the disease, was called catarrhal jaundice.

But in 1880 the prominent Russian scientist S.Botkin having advanced the idea of an infectious origin of this disease, proved his suggestions by such facts as the involvement in this pathologic process not only of the liver but also of the nervous system, the kidneys, the enlargement of the spleen, etc.

But it was not before 1940 that the term "Botkin's disease" was introduced into medicine due to the efforts of the well-known Soviet physician M.Konchalovsky.

Botkin's disease occurs in epidemic form. This disease more commonly affects children, adults as well as'elderly persons suffering from it frequently too.

Botkin's disease is known to be due to a filterable virus present in the blood, liver and found in stool and urine. The virus is infective only for man. As this virus cannot be seen under a usual microscope, it is revealed only by an elec¬tronic one. Being highly virulent the virus survives in water, food, and on hands for days and weeks.

4. Distribute the following words and phrases in columns: (20%)

Disease name

Pathological symptoms


Treatment procedures






































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