Ii nd Midterm testing for the 2



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II nd Midterm testing
for the 2nd year student of

-------------------------------------------------- faculty

Full name:_________________________________________

Group:_____ Date:_________ Score:_____

Card № 1

  1. Translate into English: (30%)

  1. наследственные и приобретённые заболевания-ирсий ва орттирилган касалликлар___________________________________________________________

  2. тошнота,кўнгил айниши­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­

  3. влияние,воздействие,действи,таъсирқилмоқ,таъсир_________________________

  4. механизм развития заболевания-касалликнинг ривожланиш механизми______________________________________

  5. острое вирусное заболевание-ўткир вирусли касаллик____________________________________________________

  6. пищеварение; усвоение(пищи),(овқат) ҳазм қилиш қилиш

  7. потливость,терлаш________________________

  8. сильный зуд, кучли қичишиш_________________________________

  9. обострение язвы двенадцатиперстной кишки,ўн икки бармоқли ичак ярасининг кучайиши_________________________________________________

  10. характерные клинические проявления болезни,касалликнинг ўзига хос клиник кўриниши______________________________________________________

  11. а злокачественный , хавфли____________________________________

  12. назначение соответствующего препарата, тегишли дори дармонларни ёзиб бериш____________________________________________________

  13. терапевтические меры неэффективны,даволаш чоралари самарасиз

  14. задержка мочи, сийдик тутилиши______________________________

15.прободная язва,яранинг ёрилиши__________________________

II. Define the part of speech of the words in bold type and translate them: (10%)

1. Numerous branches of small vessels branch off the coronary vessels.

__________________________________________________________________

2. Some students of our group have made a marked progress in English that is why their marks are much better now.___________________________________________________________________

3. A bandage was put on the arm to bandage the damaged blood vessels.

_____________________________________________________

III. Read, translate and retell the text: ( 40 %)
Text A. Gastric and Duodenal Ulcers

The Soviet scientists N. Burdenko, L. Koreisha, A. Speransky and B. Mogilnitsky proved the existence of an association between a lesion of the central and peripheral nervous systems and the development of ulcer.The neurogenous theory of the pathogenesis of ulcer was developed further into the corticovisceral theory by K. Bykov and I. Kurtsin. According to this theory gastric and duodenal ulcers were found to result from disturbances in the central nervous system, i. e. the brain cortex.



The brain cortex under the influence of external and internal stimuli sends impulses to the stomach and the duodenum, which cause a spastic contraction of vessels. Such a spastic contraction results in local trophic disturbances fol­lowed by erosion of the affected area by the gastric juice.

In the majority of cases ulcer is observed to develop in particularly nervous persons, often after emotional overstrain. But an irregular diet in combination with an emotional overstrain is often observed to contribute to the onset of ulcer development.

Gastric and duodenal ulcers are found to develop more frequently in men than in women, mainly at ages of 25 to 40 years. This disease is characterized by pains, haemorrhages, nausea, vomiting, etc. At the onset of the disease pain is usually dull in character. In gastric ulcers pain is found to grow worse after meals. Acute pain in the stomach is known to be characteristic of perforated ulcers. Pain due to ulcer is well known to occur periodically and be intermittent in occurrence.

4. Distribute the following words and phrases in columns: (20%)

Disease name

Pathological symptoms


Treatment procedures







































1. gastric ulcer; 2. serum transfusion; 3. continuous haemorrhage; 4. carci­noma; 5. anaemia; 6. intermittent fever; 7. prophylactic vaccination; 8. profuse external bleeding; 9. chemotherapy; 10. chronic gastritis; 11. dryness in the mouth; 12. acute cholecystitis; 13. parenteral injections; 14. severe nausea
II nd Midterm testing
for the 2nd year student of

-------------------------------------------------- faculty

Full name:_________________________________________

Group:_____ Date:_________ Score:_____

Card № 2

Translate into English: (30%)

  1. злокачественный,хавфли,ёмон сифатли

  2. кровотечение,кон кетиши

  3. потеря аппетита и веса, иштаха ва вазн йуколиши

  4. Многие формы опухолей, шишнинг куп формалари

  5. желчный проток, ут йули

  6. обильное внешнее кровотечение,куп микдорда ташки кон кетиши

  7. крепитация______________________________________

  8. язва желудка,ошкозон яраси_________________________________

  9. рвота и тошнота, кусиш ва кунгил айнаши______________________________

  10. острая боль, уткир огрик_____________________________________

  11. хроническая болезнь печени и почек, сурункали жигар ва буйрак касалликлари_________________________________________

  12. общий эпигастральный дискомфорт, умумий эпигастрал нохушлик__________________________________________

  13. Строгий режим диеты, катъий диета режими________________________

  14. нарушение желудочного пищеварения, овкат хазм килишнинг бузилиши_____________________________________

  15. профилактическая вакцинация ____________________________________


II.Write down the proper translation of the words which given below. (10%)

  1. The patient does not require any prepa­ration to be treated with Adonis preparation.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  1. At six sharp the patient felt a sharp pain in the heart area.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

3. The treatment resulted in wonderfully good results. ----------------------------------------

4. Having returned home I took my temperature and noted its return to normal.-------------------------

III.Read, translate and retell the text: “Text B. Chronic Gastritis40 % (10/10/20)

Chronic Gastritis

The term "chronic gastritis" must be limited to those cases in which evi­dences of inflammation or catarrhal changes in the stomach are clear.

Chronic gastritis is known to occur as a separate or primary disease or it may be associated with other diseases, particularly chronic liver and kidney disease. In these diseases chronic impairment of the mucous membrane of the stomach is an important factor in causing the catarrhal condition.



The most important causes of chronic gastritis proved to be alcohol, inad­equate food and a bad diet regimen. The characteristic clinical manifestations of gastritis are an increased se­cretion of mucus and a diminished secretion of acid and pepsin. In severe forms of gastritis secretion is observed to be completely reduced and even absent due to the lesion of the mucus membrane.

The most frequent symptoms of chronic gastritis are loss of appetite, slight pain and general epigastric discomfort after meals. In severe cases nausea and vomiting of mucus, particularly in the morning, are often observed. Frequently the stomach becomes moderately enlarged.

The course of the disease is chronic and the symptoms are continuous. They
may become worse from time to time if a sick person does not follow the diet
regimen strictly.

4.Distribute the following words and phrases in columns: (20%)

Существительные,от

прилагательные

глаголы

наречия

rupture, dangerous, incision, fibrillation, congenital, recurrence, eliminate, strictly, bandage, failure, extensive, frequently, evidence, sensitive, radiate, dis­turbance, damage, accelerate, feverish, deviate, insufficiency, slightly, duration

II nd Midterm testing
for the 2nd year student of

-------------------------------------------------- faculty

Full name:_________________________________________

Group:_____ Date:_________ Score:_____

Card 3

Translate into English: (30%)

  1. а срочный, неотложный помощ, тез ёрдам-----------------------------------------------

  2. воспаление желчного пузыря,ут пуфагининг яллигланиши --------------------------

  3. злокачественная опухоль; хавфли усма -----------------------------------------------------

  4. страдать от длительного кровотечения, узок кон кетишидан азоб чекиш-------------------------------------------------------

  5. сделать переливание крови и плазмы ,кон ва плазма куйиш-------------------------------------------------------------

  6. обнаружить нарушение пищеварения,овкат хазм килишнинг аникланиши ------------------------------------------------------------

  7. произвести срочную хирургическую опе­рацию,тезкор жаррохлик операцисини утказиш-------------------------------------------------

  8. рвота и тошнота, кусиш ва кунгил айнаши --------------------------------------------------------------

  9. Взять анализ желудочного сока,Ошқозон шираси анализини олиш---------------------------------------------

  10. Обсследовать органы пищеварение,Ҳазм қилиш органларини текшириш-----------------------------------------

  11. Сыпь,тошма --------------------------------------------------------------------

  12. сильный зуд, кучли кичишиш --------------------------------------------------------

  13. рентгенологический обследование, рентген текшируви ---------------------------------------------------------------------

  14. клинические проявление,клиник белгилар---------------------------------------------------------------

  15. воспаление желчного пузыря, ут пуфагининг яллигланиши-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

II.Choose the appropriate word from those given in brackets. (10%)

1. Perforating ulcers are characterized by ... (a) pain which is usually dull in character; 6) acute pain in the stomach; в) sharp pain in the substernal area radiating down the arm)

2. The development of chronic gastritis is characterized by the appearance of ... (a) the loss of appetite, pain and epigastric discomfort after meals; 6) nausea, vomiting accompanied by haemorrhage; в) cold perspiration at night and intermittent fever)



III.Read, translate and retell the text: “ Cancer of the Stomach” (40%)

Text С. Cancer of the Stomach

Gastric carcinoma is a frequent form of cancer causing about 35-40% of all deaths from malignant tumours.

This disease is more common in men than in women. The highest incidence is noted at ages of 50 to 60. Gastric carcinoma is known to have a more malig­nant course in young persons than in old age. The duration of gastric cancer from the appearance of its first manifestations to death is not longer than 1-2 years.

The aetiology of cancer is unknown. But such pathologic conditions as be­nign tumours, ulcer of the stomach, gastritis and stomach polyps have been determined to contribute considerably to its development.

According to certain data the use of too hot or too cold food, smoking and alcohol are considered to be responsible for the development of stomach carci­noma.

In the past few years a virus theory of cancer has been suggested. Though
this theory is supported by many it has not yet been proved. For a long time
many scientists have been discussing the importance of hereditary factors in the
development of cancer. The hereditary theory has not yet been confirmed either
(также). The clinical manifestations of gastric carcinoma vary with the stage of its development, location and spread through the lymphatic nodes and other inner organs. The main symptoms of gastric carcinoma are known to be disturbance in gastric digestion, epigastric pains, loss of weight and sometimes vomiting of blood. A prolonged, usually external, profuse bleeding results in severe anaemia. The appetite is usually reduced.

4. Distribute the following words and phrases in columns: (20%)

Disease name

Pathological symptoms


Treatment procedures







































angina pectoris, perspiration, murmur, intermittent fever, benign and ma­lignant tumours, occlusion, dullness, crepitation, fatigue, ulcer, haemorrhage, epigastric pain, carcinoma, loss of appetite and weight, pleurisy, anaemia, fi­brillation, vomiting nausea

II nd Midterm testing
for the 2nd year student of

-------------------------------------------------- faculty

Full name:_________________________________________

Group:_____ Date:_________ Score:_____

Card № 4

I.Translate into English: (30%)

1. А срочный, неотложный помощ, тез ёрдам-----------------------------------------------

2. воспаление желчного пузыря,ут пуфагининг яллигланиши --------------------------

3. злокачественная опухоль; хавфли усма -----------------------------------------------------

4. страдать от длительного кровотечения, узок кон кетишидан азоб чекиш-------------------------------------------------------

5. сделать переливание крови и плазмы ,кон ва плазма куйиш-------------------------------------------------------------

6. обнаружить нарушение пищеварения,овкат хазм килишнинг аникланиши ------------------------------------------------------------

7. произвести срочную хирургическую опе¬рацию,тезкор жаррохлик операцисини утказиш-------------------------------------------------

8. рвота и тошнота, кусиш ва кунгил айнаши --------------------------------------------------------

9. Взять анализ желудочного сока,Ошқозон шираси анализини олиш---------------------------------------------

10. Обсследовать органы пищеварение,Ҳазм қилиш органларини текшириш-----------------------------------------

11. Сыпь,тошма --------------------------------------------------------------------

12. сильный зуд, кучли кичишиш --------------------------------------------------------

13. рентгенологический обследование, рентген текшируви ---------------------------------------------------------------------

14. клинические проявление,клиник белгилар---------------------------------------------------------------

15. воспаление желчного пузыря, ут пуфагининг яллигланиши-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

14.химиятерапия, кимётерапия

15. лимфатические узлы ,лимфа тугунлари

II.Choose the appropriate symptoms (10%)

  1. Perforating ulcers are characterized by ... (a) pain which is usually dull in character; 6) acute pain in the stomach; в) sharp pain in the substernal area radiating down the arm)

  2. The development of chronic gastritis is characterized by the appearance of ... (a) the loss of appetite, pain and epigastric discomfort after meals; 6) nausea, vomiting accompanied by haemorrhage; в) cold perspiration at night and intermittent fever)



III.Read, translate and retell the text: “Intestinal Tumours35% (5/10/20)

Text. Intestinal Tumours

Many forms of tumours are known to occur in the intestines, but we shall limit our attention to the commonest, which is cancer. It generally leads to chronic intestinal obstruction and its accompanying symptoms. In addition there are usual symptoms of cancerous invasion - loss of weight and strength, progres­sive anaemia and pain of varying degree depending of the part affected. Any portion of the intestines is likely to be affected by carcinoma, but the usual areas are the upper part of the colon, the sigmoid and the rectum. In the latter situation the obstruction may be felt on rectal examination. In cancer of the colon and sigmoid a tumour is usually well palpable, the esophagus above the tumour is often thickened and spastic and peristaltic waves may be seen passing in the direction of the obstruction.

4. Distribute the following words and phrases in columns: (20%)

Noun

adgective


adverb






























strong, strength, strengthen, strongly; continue, continuous, discontinue, dis­continuous, discontinuation; digest, digestive, digestion, indigestion; sense, sen­sitive, sensitivity, senseless, hypersensitivity; thick, thickly, thickness, thicken,

thickened; local, locate, localize, localized, localization, location, locality; wide, widely, width, widen, widened

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