Abhidhammapitake Dhammasavgani-mulatika



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Abhidhammapitake

Dhammasavgani-mulatika

《法集論根本注》


from Chattha Savgayana (CS)

Released by Dhammavassarama 法雨道場

2550 B.E. (2006 A.D.)

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Dhammasavgani-mulatika 《法集論根本注》﹝目錄﹞



Dhammasavgani-mulatika 1

Visatigathavannana 1

Nidanakathavannana 6

Sumedhakathavannana 14

1. Cittuppadakandam 15

Tikamatikapadavannana 15

Dukamatikapadavannana 28

Suttantikadukamatikapadavannana 32

Kamavacarakusalapadabhajaniyavannana 34

Kamavacarakusalam 42

Kayakammadvarakathavannana 42

Vacikammadvarakathavannana 44

Manokammadvarakathavannana 44

Kammakathavannana 45

Akusalakammapathakathavannana 47

Kusalakammapathakathavannana 47

Kammapathasamsandanakathavannana 47

Dhammuddesavarakatha 50

Phassapabcamakarasivannana 50

Jhanavgarasivannana 52

Indriyarasivannana 52

Maggavgarasivannana 53

Balarasivannana 53

Mularasivannana 54

Kammapatharasivannana 54

Passaddhadiyugalavannana 54

Yevapanakavannana 55

Kamavacarakusalam 55

Niddesavarakathavannana 56

Kotthasavaravannana 58

Subbatavaravannana 59

Dutiyacittadivannana 59

Pubbakiriyavatthadikathavannana 59

Rupavacarakusalam 59

Catukkanayo 59

Pathamajjhanakathavannana 59

Dutiyajjhanakathavannana 61

Tatiyajjhanakathavannana 61

Catutthajjhanakathavannana 62

Pabcakanayavannana 62

Patipadacatukkavannana 62

Arammanacatukkavannana 62

Arammanapatipadamissakavannana 63

Kasinakathavannana 63

Abhibhayatanakathavannana 63

Vimokkhakathavannana 64

Brahmaviharakathavannana 64

Asubhakathavannana 64

Arupavacarakusalakathavannana 65

Tebhumakakusalavannana 66

Lokuttarakusalavannana 66

Lokuttarakusalam 69

Pakinnakakathavannana 69

Pathamamaggavisatimahanayavannana 71

Dutiyamaggavannana 71

Tatiyacatutthamaggavannana 71

Akusalapadam 72

Dhammuddesavaro 72

Pathamacittakathavannana 72

Niddesavarakathavannana 72

Dutiyacittavannana 73

Tatiyacittavannana 73

Catutthacittavannana 73

Navamacittavannana 73

Ekadasamacittavannana 73

Dvadasamacittavannana 74

Abyakatapadam 75

Ahetukakusalavipakavannana 75

Atthamahavipakacittavannana 76

Vipakuddharakathavannana 77

Rupavacararupavacaravipakakathavannana 82

Lokuttaravipakakathavannana 82

Akusalavipakakathavannana 83

Kiriyabyakatam 83

Manodhatucittavannana 83

Kiriyamanovibbanadhatucittavannana 83

Rupavacararupavacarakiriyacittavannana 84

2. Rupakandam 84

Uddesavannana 84

Tividharupasavgahavannana 85

Catubbidhadirupasavgahavannana 86

Rupavibhatti 86

Ekakaniddesavannana 86

Dukaniddeso 87

Upadabhajaniyakathavannana 87

No-upadabhajaniyakathavannana 93

Catukkaniddesavannana 94

Pabcakaniddesavannana 94

Pakinnakakathavannana 94

3. Nikkhepakandam 95

Tikanikkhepakathavannana 95

Dukanikkhepakathavannana 100

Suttantikadukanikkhepakathavannana 106

4. Atthakathakandam 112

Tika-atthuddharavannana 112

Duka-atthuddharavannana 119



Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammasambuddhassa.
Abhidhammapitake

Dhammasavgani-mulatika


《法集論根本疏》


Visatigathavannana

1. Dhammasamvannanayam (CS:pg.1) satthari panamakaranam dhammassa svakkhatabhavena satthari pasadajananattham, satthu ca avitathadesanabhavappakasanena dhamme pasadajananattham. Tadubhayappasada hi dhammasampatipatti mahato ca atthassa siddhi hotiti. Atha va ratanattayapanamavacanam attano ratanattayapasadassa vibbapanattham, tam pana vibbunam cittaradhanattham, tam atthakathaya gahanattham, tam sabbasampattinipphadanatthanti. Idam pana acariyena adhippetappayojanam antarayavisosanam. Vakkhati hi “nipaccakarassetassa …pe… asesato”ti. Ratanattayapanamakaranabhi antarayakarapubbavighatakarapubbavisesabhavato mavgalabhavato bhayadi-upaddavanivaranato ca antarayavisosane samattham hoti. Katham panetassa pubbavighatakaradibhavo vijanitabbotim. “Yasmim mahanama samaye ariyasavako Tathagatam anussarati, nevassa tasmim samaye ragapariyutthitam cittam hoti”ti-adivacanato (a.ni.6.10; 11.11), “puja ca pujaneyyanam etam mavgalamuttaman”ti (khu.pa.5.3; su.ni.262) ca, “Evam Buddham sarantanam dhammam savghabca bhikkhavo. Bhayam va chambhitattam va lomahamso na hessati”ti (sam.ni.1.249) ca vacanatoti.

Tattha yassa satthuno panamam kattukamo, tassa gunavisesadassanattham “karuna viyati-adimaha. Gunavisesava hi panamaraho (CS:pg.2) hoti, panamarahe ca kato panamo vuttappayojanasiddhikarova hotiti. Bhagavato ca desana vinayapitake karunappadhana, suttantapitake pabbakarunappadhana. Teneva ca karanena vinayapitakassa samvannanam karontena karunappadhana Bhagavato thomana kata, agamasamvannanabca karontena ubhayappadhana, abhidhammadesana pana pabbappadhanati katva pabbappadhanameva thomanam karonto “karuna viya sattesuti karunam upamabhavena gahetva pabbaya thometi.

Tattha karuna viyati nidassanavacanametam yassa yatha karuna sabbesu sattesu pavattittha, evam sabbesu beyyadhammesu pabbapi pavattitthati attho. Sattesuti visayanidassanametam. Pabbati nidassetabbadhammanidassanam. Yassati tadadhitthanapuggalanidassanam. Mahesinoti tabbisesanam. Beyyadhammesuti pabbavisayanidassanam Sabbesuti tabbisesanam. Pavattitthati kiriyanidassanam. Yatharuciti vasibhavanidassanam.

Tattha kiratiti karuna, paradukkham vikkhipati apanetiti attho. Rupadisu satta visattati satta. Tassa pana pabbattiya khandhasantane nirulhabhavato nicchandaragapi “satta”ti vuccanti. Pajanatiti pabba yathasabhavam pakarehi pativijjhatiti attho. Yassati aniyamanam “Tassa pade namassitva”ti etena niyamanam veditabbam. Mahesiti mahante silakkhandhadayo esi gavesiti mahesi. Batabbati beyya sabhavadharanadina atthena dhamma. Tattha “beyya”ti vacanena dhammanam abeyyattam patikkhipati. “Dhamma”ti vacanena beyyanamsattajivadibhavam patikkhipati. Beyya ca te dhamma cati beyyadhamma. Sabbesuti anavasesapariyadanam. Tena abbatadhavam dasseti. Pavattitthati uppajjittha. Yatharuciti ya ya ruci yatharuci, ruciti ca iccha kattukamata”sa. Ya ya pavatta tappabheda yatha va ruci tatha ruci-anurupam pavatta “yatharuci pavattittha”ti vuccati. Yatha yatha va ruci pavatta tatha tatha pavatta pabba “atharuci pavattittha”ti vuccati.

Tattha Bhagavati pavattava karuna Bhagavato pabbaya nidassananti gahetabba. Sa hi asadha rana mahakaruna, na abba. Yassati ca karunapabbanam ubhinnampi adharapuggalanidassanam. Na hi niradhara karuna atthiti (CS:pg.3) “karuna”ti vutte tadadharabhuto puggalo nidassetabbo hoti, so ca idha abbo vutto natthi, na ca asannam vajjetva durassa gahane payojanam atthiti “yassa”ti nidassitapuggalova karunaya adharo. Tena idam vuttam hoti “yassa attano karuna viya pabbapi pavattittha”ti. Katham pana karuna sattesu pavattittha yatha pabbapi dhammesu pavattitthati? Niravasesato yatharuci ca. Bhagavato hi karuna kabci sattam avajjetva sabbesu sattesu niravasesesu pavattati, pavattamana ca rucivasena ekasmim anekesu ca abbehi asadharana pavattati. Na hi abbesam “mahoghapakkhandanam sattanam natthabbo koci ogha uddhata abbatra maya”ti passantanam karunokkamanam hoti yatha Bhagavatoti. Pabbapi Bhagavato sabbesu dhammesu niravasesesu pavattati, pavattamana ca ekasmim anekesu ca dhammesu sabhavakiccadijananena anavarana asadharana pavattati yatharuci, yatha ca passantassa Bhagavato karuna yatharuci pavattati. Tam sabbam patisambhidamagge mahakarunabanavibhavgavasena janitabbam, pabbaya ca yatharuci pavatti sesasadharanabanavibhavgadivasena. Pabbagahanena ca tisu kalesu appatihatabanam catusaccabanam catupatisambhidabanam, karunagahanena mahakarunasamapattibanassa gahitatta tam vajjetva abbani asadharanabanani catuvesarajjabanam dasabalani cha abhibba catucattalisa banavatthuni sattasattati banavatthuniti evamadayo aneke pabbappabheda savgayhanti, tasma tassa tassa pabbaya pavattivasena yatharuci pavatti veditabba. Tenaha “karuna viya …pe… yatharuci”ti.

Tattha karunagahanena mahabodhiya mulam dasseti. Mahadukkhasambadhappatipannabhi sattanikayam disva “tassa natthabbo koci saranam ahametam mutto mocessami”ti karunaya sabcoditamanaso abhiniharam dipavkarassa Bhagavato padamule katva bodhisambhare samo dhanetva anupubbena sambodhim pattoti karuna mahabodhiya mulanti. Sattesuti etena mahabodhiya payojanam dasseti. Satta hi mahabodhim payojenti. Sattasantaranatthabhi sabbabbuta abhipatthita. Yathaha--

“Kim (CS:pg.4) me ekena tinnena, purisena thamadassina;

Sabbabbutam papunitva, santaressam sadevakan”ti. (bu.vam.2.56). Pabbagahanena mahabodhim dasseti. Sabbabbutaya hi padatthanabhutam maggabanam, maggabanapadatthanabca sabbabbutabbanam “mahabodhi”ti vuccatiti. Beyyadhammesu sabbesuti etena santaretabbanam sattanam abhibbeyyaparibbeyyapahatabbabhavetabbasacchikatabbe khandhayatanadhatusaccindriyapaticcasamuppadasatipatthanadibhede kusaladibhede ca sabbadhamme dasseti. Pavattittha yatharuciti etena pativedhapaccavekkhanapubbavgamadesanabanappavattidipanena payojanasampattim dasseti. Sabbadhammanabhi pativedhabanam bodhipallavke ahosi. Maggabanameva hi tanti. Paccavekkhanabanabca visesena ratanagharasattahe ahosi. Evam patividdhapaccavekkhitanam dhammanam dhammacakkappavattanadisu desanabanam ahosi, visesena ca pandukambalasilayam sattappakaranadesanayanti. Desanabanena ca desento Bhagava sattesu hitapatipattim patipajjatiti. Etena sabbena attahitapatipattim parahitapatipattibca dasseti. Mahabodhidassanena hi attahitapatipatti, itarehipi parahitapatipatti dassitati. Tena attahitapatipannadisu catusu puggalesu Bhagavato catutthapuggalabhavam dasseti, tena ca anuttaradakkhineyyabhavam niratisayapanamarahabhavabca attano ca kiriyaya khettavgatabhavam dasseti.

Ettha ca karunagahanena lokiyesu mahaggatabhavappattasadharanagunadipanato sabbalokiyagunasampatti Bhagavato dassita hoti, pabbagahanenapi sabbabbutabbanapadatthanamaggabanadipanato sabbalokuttaragunasampatti. Karunavacanena ca upagamanam nirupakkilesam, pabbavacanena apagamanam dasseti. Upagamanam dassento ca loke sabjatasamvaddhabhavam dasseti, apagamanam dassento lokena anupalittatam. “Karuna viya sattesu”ti ca lokasamabbanurupam Bhagavato pavattim dasseti, “beyyadhammesu sabbesu yatharuci pabba pavattittha”ti etena samabbaya anatidhavanam. Sabbadhammasabhavanavabodhe hi sati samabbam atidhavitva “satto jivo atthi”ti paramasanam hotiti. Sabbesabca Buddhagunanam karuna adi tannidanabhavato, pabba pariyosanam tato (CS:pg.5) uttarikaraniyabhavato. Adipariyosanadassanena ca sabbe Buddhaguna dassitava honti. Karunagahanena ca silakkhandhapubbavgamo samadhikkhandho dassito hoti. Karunanidanabhi silam tato panatipatadiviratippavattito tassa ca jhanattayasampayogato. Pabbavacanena pabbakkhandho. Silabca sabbabuddhagunanam adi, samadhi majjham, pabba pariyosananti evampi adimajjhapariyosanakalyana sabbe buddhaguna dassita honti.

2. Evam savkhepena sabbabuddhagunehi Bhagavantam thometva yassa samvannanam kattukamo, taya abhidhammadesanaya abbehi asadharanaya thometum “dayaya tayati-adimaha. Tassa pana desanaya nidanabca samutthanabca dassetum “dayaya tayati-adi vuttam. Nidanabca duvidham abbhantaram bahirabcati. Abbhantaram karuna, bahiram desakaladi. Samutthanam desanapabba. Tattha abbhantaranidanam dassento “dayaya taya sattesu, samussahitamanaso”ti aha. Tattha dayati karuna adhippeta. Taya hi samussahito abhidhammakathamaggam sampavattayiti. Tayati ayam ta-saddo pubbe vuttassa patiniddeso hoti.

Purimagathaya ca padhanabhavena pabba niddittha tabbisesanabhavena karuna. Sa hi tassa nidassanabhuta appadhana tam visesetva vinivatta tasma “taya”ti patiniddesam narahati. Ya ca padhanabhuta pabba sa desanaya samutthanam na samussahiniti tassa ca patiniddeso na yuttotim. Pabbaya tava patiniddeso na yuttoti suvuttametam karunaya pana patiniddeso no na yutto “dayaya taya”ti dvinnam padanam samanadhikaranabhavato. Samanadhikarananabhi dvinnam padanam rupakkhandhadinam viya visesanavisesitabbabhavo hoti. Rupa-saddo hi abbakkhandhanivattanattham vuccamano visesanam hoti, khandha-saddo ca nivattetabbagahetabbasadharanavacanabhavato visesitabbo, evamidhapi “dayaya taya”ti dvinnam padanam ekavibhattiyuttanam samanadhikaranabhavato visesanavisesitabbabhavo hoti. Tattha daya samussahiniti padhana nivattetabbagahetabbasadharanavacanabcidam. Tasma “dayaya”ti visesitabbavacanametam, tassa ca yatha visesanam hoti “taya”ti (CS:pg.6) idam vacanam, tatha tassa patiniddesabhavo yojetabbo. Na hi pabbapatiniddesabhave dayavisesanam ta-saddo hoti, karunapatiniddesabhave ca hotiti. Padhanabca pabbam vajjetva “dayaya”ti etena sambajjhamano “taya”ti ayam ta-saddo appadhanaya karunaya patiniddeso bhavitumarahati. Ayamettha attho– yaya dayaya samussahito, na sa ya kaci, sabbabbutabbanassa pana nidassanabhuta mahakaruna, taya samussahitoti.

Katham pana karuna “daya”ti batabba nanu vuttam “dayapanno”ti etassa atthakathayam(di.ni.attha.1.8) “mettacittatam apanno”ti, tasma daya mettati yujjeyya, na karunati? Yadi evam “adayapanno”ti etassa atthakathayam “nikkarunatam apanno”ti vuttanti daya mettati ca na yujjeyya, tasma daya saddo yattha yattha pavattati, tattha tattha adhippayavasena yojetabbo. Daya saddo hi anurakkhanattham antonitam katva pavattamano mettaya ca karunaya ca pavattatiti no na yujjati. Evabhi atthakathanam avirodho hotiti. Karuna ca desanaya nidanabhavena vutta na metta “accantameva hi tam samayam Bhagava karunaviharena vihasi”ti (di.ni.attha.1.1; ma.ni.attha.1.1 mulapariyayasuttavannana sam.ni.attha.1.1.1; a.ni.attha.1.1.1) evamadisu, tasma idha karunava dayavacanena gahitati veditabba. Sa hi samussahina na metta metta pana pabbagatikapavattina hotiti.

“Sattesu”ti kasma evam vuttam nanu “taya”ti etena vacanena sattavisaya karuna gahitati? No na gahita purimagathaya pana-- “sattesu karuna yatharuci pavattittha”ti sappadesasattavisaya nippadesasattavisaya ca sabba vutta idha pana nippadesasattavisayatam gahetum. “Sattesu”ti nippadesasattavisayabhuta dassita. Tena sabbasattavisayaya karunaya samussahito abhidhammakathamaggam devanam sampavattayi, na devavisayaya eva, tasma sabbasattahitattham abhidhammakathamaggam devanam sampavattayi, na devanamyeva atthayati ayamattho dassi-tova hoti. Atha va “sattesu”ti idam na dayaya alambananidassanam samussahanavisayo pana etena dassito. Abhidhammakathamaggappavattanatthabhi Bhagava karunaya na devesuyeva samussahito (CS:pg.7) sabbabodhaneyyesu pana sattesu samussahito sabbesam atthaya pavattatta, tasma sattesu samussahitamanasoti sattesu visayabhutesu nimittabhutesu va samussahitamanaso uyyojitacittoti attho datthabbo.

Evam abbhantaranidanam dassetva bahiranidanam dassento “patihiravasanamhi”ti-adimaha. Tattha yasmim kale Bhagavata abhidhammakathamaggo pavattito, tam dassetum “patihiravasanamhi vasanto”ti vuttam. “Avasanamhi vasanto tidasalaye”ti vacanato yassavasanamhi tidasa laye vasi, tam kandambamule katam yamakapatihariyam idha “patihiran”ti vuttam na bodhimula-disu katam patihariyam napi adesananusasaniyoti vibbayati, pakatatta ca asannattaca tadeva gahitanti datthabbam. Patihariyapadassa vacanattham.(uda attha.1; itivu. attha. Nidanavannana) “patipakkhaharanato ragadikilesapanayanato patihariyan”ti vadanti, Bhagavato pana patipakkha ragadayo na santi ye haritabba Puthujjananampi hi vigatupakkilese atthavgagunasamannagate citte hatapatipakkhe iddhividham pavattati, tasma tattha pavattavoharena ca na sakka idha “pati hariyan”ti vattum. Sace pana mahakarunikassa Bhagavato veneyyagata ca kilesa patipakkha tesam haranato “patihariyan”ti vuttam evam sati yuttametam. Atha va Bhagavato ca sasanassa ca patipakkha titthiya tesam haranato patihariyam. Te hi ditthiharanavasena ditthippakasane asamatthabhavena ca iddhi-adesananusasanihi harita apanita hontiti. Atha va patiti ayam saddo “paccha”ti etassa attham bodheti “tasmim patipavitthamhi, abbo agabchi brahmano”ti-adisu (su.ni.985; culani.parayanavagga, vatthugatha 4) viya, tasma samahite citte vigatupakkilese ca katakiccena paccha haritabbam pavattetabbanti patihariyam attano va upakkilesesu catutthajjhanamaggehi haritesu paccha haranam patihariyam iddhi-adesananusasaniyo ca vigatupakkilesena katakiccena ca sattahitattham puna pavattetabba haritesu ca attano upakkilesesu parasattanam upakkilesaharanani hontiti patihariyani bhavanti, patihariyameva patihariyam. Patihariye va iddhi-adesananusasanisamudaye bhavam ekekam patihariyanti vuccati. Patihariyam (CS:pg.8) va catutthajjhanam maggo ca patipakkhaharanato, tattha jatam, tasmim va nimittabhute, tato va agatanti patihariyam. Patihariyameva idha “patihiran”ti vuttam. Avasanamhi vasantoti etehi kalam nidasseti. Patihirakaranavasanena hi tidasalayavasena ca paricchinno abhidhammakathamaggappavattanassa kaloti Tidasalayeti desam nidasseti. So hi abhidhammakathamaggappavattanassa deso tattha vasantena pavattitattati.

3. Tatthapi desavisesadassanattham. “Paricchattakamulamhi”ti-adi vuttam. Yugandhareti sitapabbatesveko dvecattalisayojanasahassubbedho, adicco ca tadubbedhamaggacara so sati sambhave yatha yugandhare sobheyya, evam sobhamano nisinnoti attho.

4-5. Idani puggale dhammapatiggahake apadisanto “cakkavalasahassehi”ti-adimaha. Sabbasoti samantato agamma sabbehi disadhagehi, sannivesavasena va samantato sannivitthehi dasahi cakkavalasahassehiti adhippayo, na sabbaso cakkavalasahassehi dasahi dasahiti. Evam sati cattalisacakkavalasahassehi adhikehi va agamanam vuttam siya na cetam adhippetanti. Samantato sannisinnenati va yojetabbam. Samam samma va nisinnena sannisinnena, abbamabbam abyadadhetva Bhagavati garavam katva sotam odahitvanisajjadose vajjitabbe vajjetva nisinnenati attho. Mataram pamukham katva sannisinnena devanam ganena parivaritoti va mataram pamukham katva abhidhammakathamaggam sampavattayiti vayojana katabba. Idani desanaya samutthanam dassento “tassa pabbaya tejasa”ti aha. Ya sa adimhi karunaya upamita, sabbabeyyadhammanam yathasabhavajananasamattha tesam desetabbappakarajananasamattha bodhetabbapuggalanam asayadhimuttiyadivibhavanasamattha ca pabba tassa ca yathavuttabalayogatoti attho. Tena sabbabbutabbanameva abhidhammakathaya samutthanabhave samattham nabbanti imamattham dipento abhidhammakathaya asadharanabhavam dasseti. Maggoti upayo. Khandhayatanadinam. Kusaladinabca dhammanam avabodhassa, saccappativedhasseva va upayabhavato “abhidhammakathamaggo”ti vutto. Pabandho (CS:pg.9) va “maggo”ti vuccati. So hi dighatta maggo viyati maggo, tasma abhidhammakathapabandho “abhidhammakathamaggo”ti vutto. Devanam ganena parivaritoti vatva puna devananti vacanam tesam gahanasamatthatam dipeti. Na hi asamatthanam Bhagava desetiti.

6. Evam karunapabbamukhehi gunehi Bhagavato abhidhammakathamaggappavattanena ca hitappatipattiya paramapanamarahatam dassetva idani adhippetam panamam karonto aha “tassa pade namassitva”ti. Bhagavato thomaneneva ca dhammassa svakkhatata savghassa ca suppatipannata dassita hoti tappabhavassa anabbathadhavato, tasma panamaraham tabca ratanadvayam panamanto “saddhammabcassa...pe...cabjalin”ti aha. Tattha yasma Buddho “sadevake loke Tathagato vandaniyo”ti, savgho ca “suppatipanno...pe...abjalikaraniyo”ti (a.ni.6.10) vutto, tasma. “tassa pade namassitva katva savghassa cabjalin”ti vuttam. Dhammo pana svakkhatatadi gunayutto tathanussaranena pujetabbo hoti “tameva dhammam sakkatva garumkatva upanissaya vihareyyan”ti (sam.ni.1.173; a.ni.4.21) vacanato, kayavacacittehi sabbatha pujetabbo, tasma “saddhammabcassa pujetva”ti vuttam. Sirimatoti ettha siriti pabbapubbanam adhivacananti vadanti. Atha va pubbanibbatta sarirasobhaggadisampatti katapubbe nissayati, katapubbehi va nissiyatiti “sira”ti vuccati, sa ca atisayavata Bhagavato atthiti sirima Bhagava tassa sirimato.

7. Nipaccakarassati panamakiriyaya. Anubhavenati balena. Sosetvati sukkhapetva antaradha petva attham pakasayissamiti sambandho. Antarayeti atthappakasanassa upaghatake. Asesatoti nissese sakale.

8. Idani abhidhammassa gambhiratthatta atthappakasanassa dukkarabhavam dipetum “visuddhacarasilena”ti-adina abhiyacanam dasseti. Thullaccayadivisuddhiya visuddhacaro, parajikasavghadisesavisuddhiya visuddhasilo. Carittavarittavisuddhiya (CS:pg.10) va visuddhacarasilo, tena. Sakkaccanti cittim katva. Abhiyacitoti abhimukham yacito. Tena anadariyam atthappakasane katum asakkuneyyam dasseti.

Asammisso anakulo ca yo mahaviharavasinam atthavinicchayo, tam dipayanto attham pakasayissamiti.(CS:pg.11) Etena Tipitakaculanagattheradihi vutto theravadopi savgahito hoti. Atha va tambapannibhasam apanetva magadhabhasabca aropetva pakasiyamano yo abhidhammassa attho asammisso anakuloyeva ca hoti mahaviharavasinabca vinicchayabhuto, tam attham “eso mahaviharavasinam vinicchayo”ti dipayanto pakasayissami. Tappakasaneneva hi so tatha dipito hotiti.

17. Tosayanto vicakkhaneti vicakkhane tosayanto gahetabbam gahetvanati evam yojetva “gahetabbatthaneyeva gahitam sutthu katan”ti evam tosayantoti attham vadanti. Evam sati gahetabbaggahaneneva tosanam katam na abbena atthappakasanenati etam apajjeyya. Tosayanto attham pakasayissamiti evam pana yojanaya sati gahetabbaggahanam abbabca sabbam atthappakasanam hotiti sabbena tena tosanam katam hoti, tasma tosayanto attham pakasayissamiti yuttarupa.

18-20. Idani yam atthappakasanam kattukamo, tassa mahattam pariharitum “kammatthanani”ti-adimaha. Atthavannananti ettha vannana nama vivaritva vittharetva vacanam Ititi “apanetva tato bhasan”ti evamadina yathadassitappakarena. Iti sotunam ussahuppadanassa hetum dasseti. Abhidhammakathanti abhidhammatthakatham. Nisamethati sunatha. Idani avassam ayam sotabbayevati dalhamussahento aha “dullabha hi ayam katha”ti.

Visatigathavannana nitthita




Nidanakathavannana


Atthasalinim tava vannentehi acariyehi tassa sanniveso vibhavetabbo. Tasma idam vuccatim.

“Vacanattho paricchedo, sanniveso ca paliya.

sagarehi tatha cinta desanahi gambhirata.

“Desanaya (CS:pg.12) sarirassa, pavattiggahanam tatha;

Therassa vacanamagga-tappabhavitatapi ca.

“Pativedha tatha Buddha-vacanadihi adito.

Abhidhammikabhavassa, sadhanam sabbadassino.

“Vinayenatha gosivga-suttena ca mahesina.

Bhasitattassa samsiddhi, nidanena ca dipita.

“Pakasetva imam sabbam, patibbatakatha kata;

Atthasaliniya etam, sannivesam vibhavaye”ti.

Vacanatthavijananena viditabhidhammasamabbatthassa abhidhammakatha vuccamana sobheyyati abhidhammaparijananameva adimhi yuttarupanti tadattham pucchati “tattha kenatthena abhidhammo”ti. Tattha tatthati “abhidhammassa attham pakasayissami”ti yadidam vuttam, tasmim. “Yassa attham pakasayissami”ti patibbatam, so abhidhammo kenatthena abhidhammoti attho. Tatthati va “abhidhammakathan”ti etasmim vacane yo abhidhammo vutto, so kenatthena abhidhammoti attho. Dhammatirekadhammavisesatthenati ettha dhammo atireko dhammatireko, suttantadhika paliti attho. Dhammo viseso dhammaviseso dhammatisayo, vicitta paliti attho, dhammatirekadhammavisesa eva attho dhammatirekadhammavisesattho. Dvinnampi atthanam abhidhammasaddassa atthabhavena samabbato ekavacananiddeso kato. Tasmati yasma “abhikkamanti, abhikkantavanna”ti-adisu viya atirekavisesatthadipako abhisaddo, tasma ayampi dhammo dhammatirekadhammavisesatthena “abhidhammo”ti vuccatiti sambandho.

Tattha siya– “abhikkamanti, abhikkantavanna”ti ettha dhatusaddassa purato payujjamano abhisaddo kiriyaya atirekavisesabhavadipako hotiti yuttam upasaggabhavato, dhammasaddo pana na dhatusaddoti etasma purato abhisaddo payogameva narahati. Athapi payujjeyya, kiriyavisesaka upasagga, na ca dhammo kiriyati dhammassa atirekavisesabhavadipanam na yuttanti? No na yuttam. Abbassapi hi upasaggassa adhatusadda (CS:pg.13) purato payujjamanassa akiriyayapi atirekavisesabhavadipakassa dassanatoti etamattham vibhavetum atichattadi-udaharanam dassento aha “yathati-adi. Evamevati yatha chattatirekachattavisesadi-atthena atichattadayo honti atisaddassa upasaggassa adhatusaddassapi purato payujjamanassa akiriyaya ca tabbhavadipakatta, evamayampi dhammo dhammatirekadhammavisesatthena “abhidhammo”ti vuccati abhi-saddassa upasaggassa adhatusaddassapi purato payujjamanassa akiriyaya ca tabbhavadipakattati adhippayo.



Ekadeseneva vibhattati “katame ca, bhikkhave, pabcakkhandha? Rupakkhandho …pe… vibbanakkhandho. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, rupakkhandho? Yam kibci rupam atita …pe… santike va, ayam vuccati rupakkhandho”ti-evamadina (sam.ni.3.48 vibha.2) uddesaniddesamatteneva vibhatta, “tattha katamam rupam atitan”ti-evamadina (vibha.3) patiniddesassa abhidhammabhajaniyassa pabhapucchakassa ca abhava na nippadesena. Abhidhammam patva pana …pe… nippadesatova vibhatta, tasma ayampi dhammo dhammatirekadhammavisesatthena “abhidhammo”ti vuccati nippadesanam tinnampi nayanam atirekapalibhavato visesapalibhavato cati adhippayo. Suttante bavisatiya indriyanam ekato anagatatta indriyavibhavge suttantabhajaniyam natthi. “Avijjapaccaya savkhara sambhavanti”ti-adina paticcasamuppade tassa tassa paccayadhammassa paccayuppannadhammanam paccayabhavo uddittho, udditthadhammanabca kusaladibhavo pucchitva vissajjetabbo, na cettha “avijjasavkhara”ti evam vutto uddeso atthiti pabhapucchakam natthi. Suttante pabca sikkhapadani udditthani panatipata veramaniti-adini. Sa pana veramani yadi sabhavakiccadivasena vibhajiyeyya, “arati virati”ti-adina abhidhammabhajaniyameva hoti. Athapi cittuppadavasena vibhajiyeyya, tathapi abhidhammabhajaniyameva hoti. Abbo pana veramaninam vibhajitabbappakaro natthi, yena pakarena suttantabhajaniyam vattabbam siya. Tasma sikkhapadavibhavge suttantabhajaniyam natthi.

Vacanatthato abhidhamme bate paricchedato bapetum aha “pakaranaparicchedato”ti-adi. Katipayava pabhavara avasesati dhammahadayavibhavge anagata hutva mahadhammahadaye agata dhammahadayavibhavgavacanavasena (CS:pg.14) avasesa katipayava pabhavarati attho. Ettheva savgahitati “apubbam natthiti vuttam. Appamattikava tanti avasesati dhammahadayavibhavge anagantva mahadhammahadaye agatatantito yadi pathavi-adinam vittharakatha mahadhatukatha rupakandadhatuvibhavgadisu, atha dhatukathaya vittharakatha dhatukathaya anagantva mahadhatukathaya agatatanti appamattikavati adhippayo.

Yam pana vuttam “savakabhasitatta chaddetha nan”ti, tam buddhabhasitabhavadassanena patisedhetum “sammasambuddho hiti-adimaha. Catusu pabhesuti “upalabbhati nupalabbhati”ti patibbaya gahitaya patikkhepagahanattham “yo saccikattho”ti vuttam saccikattham nissayam katva upadaya pavatta dvepi pabcaka eko pabho, “sabbattha”ti sariram sabbam va desam upadaya pavatta eko, “sabbada”ti kalamupadaya eko, “sabbesu”ti yadi khandhayatanadayo gahita, te upadaya pavatta, atha pana-- “yo saccikattho sabbattha sabbada”ti etehi na koci saccikattho deso kalo va aggahito atthi, te pana samabbavasena gahetva anuyogo kato, na bhedavasenati bhedavasena gahetva anuyubjitum “sabbesu”ti vutta saccikatthadesakalappadese upadaya ca pavatta ekoti etesu catusu. Dvinnam pabcakananti ettha “puggalo upalabbhati …pe… miccha”ti ekam, “puggalo nupalabbhati …pe… miccha”ti (katha.18) ekam, “tvam ce pana mabbasi …pe… idam te miccha”ti (katha. 3) ekam, “ese ce dunniggahite …pe… idam te miccha”ti ekam, “na hevam niggahetabbe, tena hi yam nigganhasi …pe… sukata patipadana”ti (katha.10) ekanti evam niggahakaranam, patikammakaranam, niggahassa suniggahabhavam icchato patibbathapanena patikammavethanam, patikammassa duppatikammabhavam icchato tamnidassanena niggahassa dunniggahabhavadassanena niggahanibbethanam, aniggahabhavaropanadina chedoti ayam eko pabcako, yo atthakathayam anulomapabcakapatikammacatukkaniggahacatukka-upanayanacatukkanigamanacatukka namehi sakavadipubbapakkhe anulomapaccanikapabcakoti vutto, paravadipubbapakkhe ca evameva paccaniyanulomapabcakoti vutto. Evam dve pabcaka veditabba. Evam sesapabhesupiti attha pabcaka atthamukha vadayuttiti (CS:pg.15) vutta. Yuttiti upayo, vadassa yutti vadayutti, vadappavattanassa upayoti attho.

Anulomapaccanikapabcake adiniggaham dassetva paccaniyanulomapabcake ca adiniggahameva dassetva matikam dipetum “sa panesati-adimaha. Puggaloti atta satto jivo. Upalabbhatiti pabbaya upagantva labbhati. Saccikatthaparamatthenati mayamarici-adayo viya nabhutakarena, anussavadihi gahetabba viya na anuttamatthabhavena, atha kho bhutena uttamatthabhavena upalabbhatiti pucchati. Itaro tadisam icchanto patijanati. Puna yo saccikatthaparamatthena upalabbhati, so saccikatthaparamatthato abbo tadadharo, abbatra va tehi, tesam va adharabhuto, anabbo va tato ruppanadisabhavato sappaccayadisabhavato va upalabbhamano apajjatiti anuyubjati “yo saccikattho …pe… paramatthenati. Itaro puggalassa rupadihi abbattam anabbattabca anicchanto “na hevan”ti patikkhipati. Puna sakavadi patibbaya ekattapannam appatikkhipitabbam patikkhipatiti katva niggaham aropento aha ajanahi niggahan”ti. “Puggalo nupalabbhatiti puttho sakavadi puggaladitthim patisedhento amantati patijanati. Puna itaro yo saccikatthena nupalabbhati puggalo, so saccikatthaparamatthato abbo va anabbo va nupalabbhatiti apajjati abbassa pakarassa abhavati anuyubjati “yo saccikattho …pe… paramatthenati. Yasma pana puggalo sabbena sabbam nupalabbhati, tasma tassa abbattanabbattanuyogo ananuyogo puggalaladdhim patisedhentassa anapajjanatoti “na hevan”ti patikkhipati. Itaro patibbaya apajjanalesameva passanto aviparitam attham asambujjhantoyeva niggaham aropeti ajanahi niggahan”ti.



Ititi yam disva matika thapita, evam desitattati adhippayo. Yatha kinti yena pakarena buddhabhasitam nama jatam, tam nidassanam kinti attho. Yatonidananti yamkarana cha-ajjhattikabahirayatanadinidananti attho. Papabcasabbasavkhati tanhamanaditthipapabcasampayutta sabbakotthasa. Samudacarantiti ajjhacaranti. Ettha ceti etesu ayatanadisu tanhamanaditthihi abhinanditabbam abhivaditabbam ajjhositabbabca natthi ce (CS:pg.16) Nanu natthiyeva, kasma “natthi ce”ti vuttanti? Saccam natthi, appahinabhinandanabhivadanajjhosananam pana puthujjananam abhinanditabbadippakarani ayatanadini hontiti tesam na sakka “natthi”ti vattum, pahinabhinandanadinam pana sabbatha natthiti “natthi ce”ti vuttam. Esevantoti abhinandanadinam natthibhavakaro maggo tappatippassaddhibhutam phalam va raganusayadinam anto avasanam, appavattiti attho.

Janam janatiti sabbabbutabbanena janitabbam janati. Na hi padesabanava janitabbam sabbam janatiti. Passam passatiti dibbacakkhupabbacakkhudhammacakkhubuddhacakkhusamantacakkhusavkhatehi pabcahi cakkhuhi passitabbam passati. Atha va janam janatiti yatha abbe savipallasa kamarupaparibbavadino janantapi vipallasavasena jananti, na evam Bhagava Bhagava pana pahinavipallasatta jananto janatiyeva, ditthidassanassa ca abhava passanto passatiyevati attho. Cakkhubhutoti pabbacakkhumayatta sattesu ca taduppadanato lokassa cakkhubhuto. Banabhutoti etassa ca evameva attho datthabbo. Dhamma bodhipakkhiya. Brahma maggo, tehi uppannatta lokassa ca taduppadanato tabbhuto. Vattati catusaccadhamme vadatiti vatta. Pavattati ciram saccappativedham pavattento vadatiti pavatta. Atthassa ninnetati attham uddharitva dasseta, paramattham va nibbanam papayita. Amatassa datati amatasacchikiriyam sattesu uppadento amatam dadatiti amatassa data. Bodhipakkhiyadhammanam tadayattabhavato dhammassami. Suvannalivganti suvannamayam alivgam khuddakamudivgam. Supupphitasatapattapadumamiva sassirikam sasobham supupphitasatapattasassirikam.

Anumoditakalato patthaya …pe… buddhabhasitam nama jatanti etena anumodana buddhabhasitabhavassa karananti ayamattho vutto viya dissati, evabca sati kathavatthussa buddhabhasitabhavo na siya ananumoditatta, tasma evamettha attho datthabbo– “mahakaccayano evam vibhajissati”ti disva Bhagava matikam nikkhipitva viharam pavittho, tatheva ca thero Bhagavata dinnanayena thapitamatikaya vibhajiti buddhabhasitam nama jatam, tam pana anumodanaya pakatam jatanti etamattham sandhaya “evam satthara …pe… nama jatan”ti vuttanti.

Idani (CS:pg.17) paliya sannivesam dassetum “tattha dhammasavganipakarane”ti-adimaha. Kamavacarakusalato atthati kamavacarakusale cattaro khandhe gahetva tato attha cittani uddharati. Pathama vibhattitipi vadanti. Ekunanavuti cittaniti yattha etani cittani vibhattani, te palippadesa “ekunanavuti cittani”ti vutta. Tesabca samudayo cittavibhatti, tasma upapannametam “ekunanavuti cittani cittavibhattiti. Matikabca uddisitva tattha ekekam padam uddharitva yasma cittani vibhattani, tasma matikapi cittavibhatti-antogadhayevati cittuppadakandam matikapadabhajaniyavasena duvidhanti idampi vacanam yujjati.



Mulatoti “tini kusalamulani”ti-adina (dha.sa.985) kusaladinam mulavasena savkhipitva vacanam. “Vedanakkhandho”ti-adina khandhato. “Kayakamman”ti-adina dvarato. “Sukhabhumiyam kamavacare”ti-adina (dha.sa.988) bhumito. Atthoti hetuphalam. Dhammoti hetu “Tini kusalamulani tini akusalamulani”ti-adina (dha.sa.985-986) hetuvasena savgaho dhammato nikkhepo. “Tamsampayutto, tamsamutthana tadekattha ca kilesa”ti-adina (dha.sa.985-986) hetuphalavasena savgaho atthato nikkhepo. Atha va dhammoti bhasito. Atthoti bhasitattho. “Tayo kusalahetu”ti (dha.sa.1059) dhammo. “Tattha katame tayo kusalahetu alobho”ti-adi (dha.sa.1060) attho, so ca dhammo. “Tattha katamo alobho”ti-adi (dha.sa.1061) atthoti evam atthadhammavasena nikkhepo veditabbo. Namatoti “tini kusalamulani”ti vuttadhammanam alobhoti-adinamavasena. Livgatoti udditthassa ekasseva dhammassa “alobho alubbhana alubbhitattan”ti (dha.sa.1061) purisadilivgavasena nikkhepo.

Gananacaranti gananappavattim. Samanentiti samanam karonti purenti, tatha samanetabbanti etthapi. “Vijjabhagino avijjabhagino”ti (dha a. dukamatika 101) evamadisu ettha vibbatesu abhidhammikatthera suttantam sunanta cintenta ca suttantesu “vijjabhagino”ti-adisu agatesu atthassa vibbatatta na kilamantiti etamattham sandhaya vuttam abhidhammikattheranam …pe… akilamattham thapitati.

Anamataggoti (CS:pg.18) abbataggo. Khandhantaranti khandhananattam, khandhameva va. Gahetum asakkuneyyatta sanham, sukhumaya pabbaya gahetabbato sukhumabca dhammam sanhasukhumadhammam. Balavata banavegena pavattatta balavato banavegassa nimittabhavato ca balavam. Gambhirameva gambhiragatam, gambhirani va gatani gamanani etassa santiti gambhiragatam. Yathanupubbanti yathanupubbena. Nikhilenati niravasesena desitam, pabcakhilarahitena va Bhagavata desitam. Rupagatamvati hatthagatam rupam viya cakkhuna. “Pativedhabanena samantapatthanam yo passati, so attheva, no natthi”ti attanam Sandhaya thero vadatiti.

Khuddakavatthuvibhavge agatesu ekadhikesu atthasu kilesasatesu atthasatatanhavicaritani apanetva sesa dvasatthi ditthiyo ca uppannanuppannabhavena digunitani diyaddhakilesasahassani dasadhikani honti, appakam pana unamadhikam va na gananupagam hotiti “diyaddhakilesasahassan”ti vuttam. Itaresam atitadibhavamasana aggahanam khepane datthabbam.

Mecakapatati nilanibha pata. Cittasamutthana vannadhatuti cittapaccaya-utusamutthana vannadhatuti attho gahetabbo. Kasma? Na hi cittasamutthanam rupam bahi nigacchatiti, cittasamutthanarupaparamparaya agatatta pana evam vuttam. Atha va cittasamutthana vannadhatuti ettha paccaya-utusaddanam lopam katva soyeva pubbe vutto attho suvannata sussarata viya. Ettha hi “sussarata”ti upadinnakadhikare agatam, na ca saddo upadinnako atthi, tasma upadinnakarupa-otthatalu-adinissayatta evam vuttanti, evametthapi cittapaccaya-utusamutthanam sandhaya “cittasamutthana vannadhatu”ti vadati.

Kayasakkhinti paccakkham. Dantavarananti otthadvayam. Mukhadananti mukhavivaram. Silitthanti samgatam susanthitam. Sare nimittam gahetvati “dhammo eso vuccati”ti dhammassaravasena nimittam gahetva, na kilesanubyabjanavasena. Ekappaharenati ettha paharoti divasassa tatiyo bhago vuccati. Evam santeti pubbe vuttamaggahetva vacanamaggassa therappabhavattavacanameva gahetva tena purimavacanabca patikkhipanto codeti.

Tenetametassati (CS:pg.19) vinayassa. Attatthaparatthadibhedeti yo tam suttam sajjhayati sunati vaceti cinteti deseti, suttena savgahito siladi-attho tassapi hoti, tena parassa sadhetabbato parassapi hotiti tadubhayam tam suttam suceti dipeti. Tatha ditthadhammikasamparayikatthe lokiyalokuttarattheti evamadibhede atthe adisaddena savganhati. Atthasaddo cayam hitapariyayavacanam, na bhasitatthavacanam. Yadi siya, suttam attanopi bhasitattham suceti parasuttassapiti ayamattho siya, suttena ca yo attho pakasito, so tasseva hotiti na tena parattho sucito hoti, tena ca sucetabbassa paratthassa nivattetabbassa abhava attaggahanam na kattabbam, attatthaparatthavinimuttassa bhasitatthassa abhava adiggahanabca na kattabbam, tasma yathavuttassa atthassa sutte asambhavato suttadharassa puggalassa vasena attatthaparattha vutta.

Atha va suttam anapekkhitva ye attatthadayopi atthappabheda vutta niddese (mahani.69 culani.Mogharajamanavapucchaniddesa 85) “attattho parattho ubhayattho ditthadhammiko attho samparayiko attho uttano attho gambhiro attho gulho attho paticchanno attho neyyo attho nito attho anavajjo attho nikkileso attho vodano attho paramattho attho”ti, te suttam sucetiti attho. Atha va “attana ca appiccho hoti”ti attattham, “appicchakathabca paresam katta hoti”ti parattham sucetiti. Evam “attana ca panatipata pativirato hoti”ti-adisuttani (a.ni.4.99) yojetabbani. Vinayabhidhammehi ca visesetva suttasaddassa attho vattabbo, tasma veneyyajjhasayavasappavattaya desanaya attahitaparahitadini satisayam pakasitani honti, na anadhammasabhavavasappavattayati idameva “atthanam sucanato suttan”ti vuttam.

Sutte ca anadhammasabhava veneyyajjhasayam anuvattanti, na vinayabhidhammesu viya veneyyajjhasayo anadhammasabhave anuvattati, tasma veneyyanam ekantahitapatilabhasamvattanika suttantadesana hotiti “suvutta cettha atthati-adi vuttam. Pasavatiti phalati.(CS:pg.20) “Suttanati etassa attham pakasetum “sutthu ca ne tayatiti vuttam. Attatthaparatthadividhanesu ca suttassa pamanabhavo tesabca savgahakattam yojetabbam, tadatthappakasane padhanatta suttassa itarehi visesanabca. Etanti “atthanam sucanato”ti-adikam atthavacanam. Etassati suttassa.

Abhikkamantiti ettha abhi-saddo kamanassa vuddhibhavam atirekattam dipeti. Abhikkantenati ca ettha kantiya adhikattam visesabhavanti yuttam kiriyavisesakatta upasaggassa. Abhibbata, abhiraja, abhivinayeti ettha lakkhanapujitaparicchinnesu ratti-adisu abhi-saddo vattatiti kathametam yujjeyyati? Lakkhanakaranabanapujanaparicchedakiriyadipanato tahi ca kiriyahi rattirajavinayanam yuttatta. Bhavanapharanavuddhihi vuddhimanto. Arammanadihiti arammanasampayuttakammadvarapatipadadihi. Avisitthanti abbamabbavisitthesu vinayasuttantabhidhammesu avisittham samanam pitakasaddanti attho. Yathavuttenevati “evam duvidhatthena”ti-adina nayena.

Kathetabbanam atthanam desakayattena anadividhina atisajjanam pabodhanam desana. Sasitabbapuggalagatena yathaparadhadina sasitabbabhavena anusasanam vinayanam sasanam. Kathetabbassa samvarasamvaradino atthassa kathanam vacanapatibaddhakaranam katha. Bheda-saddo visum visum yojetabbo “desanabhedam sasanabhedam kathabhedabca yatharaham paridipaye”ti. Bhedanti nanattam, nanakarananti attho. Sikkha ca pahanani ca gambhirabhavo ca sikkhapahanagambhirabhavam, tabca paridipaye. Yanti pariyatti-adim. Yathati uparambhadihetu pariyapunanadippakarehi.



Tisupi cetesu ete dhammatthadesanapativedhati ettha tanti-attho tantidesana tanti-atthapativedho ca tantivisaya hontiti vinayapitakadinam atthadesanapativedhadharabhavo yutto, pitakani pana tantiyoyevati dhammadharabhavo katham yujjeyyati? Tantisamudayassa avayavatantiya adharabhavato, dhammadinabca dukkhogahabhavato tehi vinayadayo gambhirati vinayadinabca catubbidho gambhirabhavo vutto, tasma “dhammadayo eva dukkhogahatta gambhira, na (CS:pg.21) vinayadayo”ti na codetabbametam. Tattha pativedhassa dukkarabhavato dhammatthanam, desanabanassa dukkarabhavato desanaya ca dukkhogahabhavo veditabbo. Pativedhassa pana uppadetum asakkuneyyatta tabbisayabanuppattiya ca dukkarabhavato dukkhogahata veditabba.

Hetumhi banam dhammapatisambhidati etena vacanatthena dhammassa hetubhavo katham batabboti? “Dhammapatisambhida”ti etassa samasapadassa avayavapadattham dassentena “hetumhi banan”ti vuttatta. “Dhamme patisambhida”ti ettha hi “dhamme”ti etassa attham dassentena “hetumhi”ti vuttam, “patisambhida”ti etassa ca attham dassentena “banan”ti, tasma hetudhammasadda ekattha banapatisambhidasadda cati imamattham dassentena sadhito dhammassa hetubhavo. Atthassa hetuphalabhavo ca evameva datthabbo. Yathadhammanti ettha dhamma-saddo hetum hetuphalabca sabbam ganhati. Sabhavavacako hesa, na pariyattihetubhavavacako, tasma yathadhammanti yo yo avijjasavkharadidhammo, tasmim tasminti attho. Dhammabhilapoti atthabyabjanako aviparitabhilapo. Etena “tatra dhammaniruttabhilape banam niruttipatisambhida”ti (vibha.718-720) ettha vuttadhammaniruttim dasseti. Anulomadivasena va kathananti etena tassa dhammaniruttiya abhilapam kathanam tassa vacanassa pavattanam dasseti. Adhippayoti etena “desanati pabbatti”ti etam vacanam dhammaniruttabhilapam sandhaya vuttam, na tabbinimuttam pabbattim sandhayati dasseti.

So ca lokiyalokuttaroti evam vuttam abhisamayam yena pakarena abhisameti, yabca abhisameti, yo ca tassa sabhavo, tehi pakatam katum “visayato asammohato ca atthadi-anurupam dhammadisu avabodho”ti aha. Tattha hi visayato atthadi-anurupam dhammadisu avabodho avijjadidhammasavkharadi-atthatadubhayapabbapanarammano lokiyo abhisamayo. Asammohato atthadi-anurupam dhammadisu avabodho nibbanarammano maggasampayutto yathavuttadhammatthapabbattisu sammohaviddhamsano lokuttaro abhisamayoti. Abhisamayato abbampi pativedhattham dassetum “tesam tesam vati-adimaha. “Pativedhanam (CS:pg.22) pativedho”ti imina hi vacanatthena abhisamayo, pativijjhiyatiti pativedhoti imina tamtamrupadidhammanam aviparitasabhavo ca pativedhoti yujjati.

Yathavuttehi dhammadihi pitakanam gambhirabhavam dassetum “idani yasma etesu pitakesuti-adimaha. Yo cetthati etesu tamtampitakagatesu dhammadisu yo pativedho etesu ca pitakesu tesam tesam dhammanam yo aviparitasabhavoti yojetabbo. Dukkhogahata ca vuttanayeneva veditabba. Ayam panettha viseso “aviparitasabhavasavkhato pativedho dubbibbeyyataya eva dukkhogaho”ti.



Yanti pariyattiduggahanam sandhaya vuttam. Atthanti bhasitattham payojanatthabca. Na upaparikkhantiti na vicarenti. Na nijjhanam khamantiti nijjhanapabbam na khamanti, nijjhayitva pabbaya disva rocetva na gahetabba hontiti adhippayo. Ititi evam etaya pariyattiya vadappamokkhanisamsa attano upari parehi aropitavadassa niggahassa pamokkhappayojana hutva dhammam pariyapunanti. Vadappamokkhoti va nindapamokkho. Yassa catthayati yassa ca siladiparipuranassa anupadavimokkhassa va atthaya. Dhammam pariyapunantiti bayena pariyapunantiti adhippayo. Assati assa dhammassa. Nanubhontiti na vindanti. Tesam te dhamma duggahitatta uparambhamanadappamakkhapalasadihetubhavena digharattam ahitaya dukkhaya samvattanti. Bhandagare niyutto bhandagariko, bhandagariko viyati bhandagariko, dhammaratananupalako. Abbam attham anapekkhitva bhandagarikasseva sato pariyatti bhandagarikapariyatti.

Tasamyevati avadharanam papunitabbanam chalabhibbacatupatisambhidanam vinaye pabhedavacanabhavam sandhaya vuttam. Verabjakande hi tisso vijjava vibhattati. Dutiye tasamyevati avadharanam catasso patisambhida apekkhitva katam, na tisso vijja. Ta hi chasu abhibbasu antogadhati sutte vibhattayevati. Batva savgayhamananti yojana. Tesanti tesam pitakanam. Sabbampiti sabbampi buddhavacanam.

Atthanulomanamato anulomiko. Anulomikattamyeva vibhavetum “kasma panati-adi vuttam. Ekanikayampiti ekasamuhampi. Ponika (CS:pg.23) ca cikkhallika ca khattiya, tesam nivaso ponikanikayo cikkhallikanikayo ca. Evam dhammakkhandhato caturasiti dhammakkhandhasahassaniti buddhavacanapitakadini nitthapetva anekacchariyapatubhavapatimanditaya savgitiya pathamabuddhavacanadiko sabbo vuttappabhedo abbopi uddanasavgahadibhedo savgitiya bayatiti etassa dassanattham “evametam sabbampiti-adi araddham. Ayam abhidhammo pitakato abhidhammapitakanti-adina pitakadibhavadassaneneva majjhimabuddhavacanabhavo Tathagatassa ca adito abhidhammikabhavo dassitoti veditabbo.

Ettha siya “yadi Tathagatabhasitabhavo abhidhammassa siddho siya, majjhimabuddhavacanabhavo ca siddho bhaveyya, so eva ca na siddho”ti tassa vinayadihi buddhabhasitabhavam sadhetum vatthum dassento “tam dharayantesu bhikkhusuti-adimaha. Sabbasamayikaparisayati sabbanikayikaparisaya pabcapi nikaye pariyapunantiya. Na uggahitanti sakalassa vinayapitakassa anuggahitatta aha. Vinayamattam uggahitanti vibhavgadvayassa uggahitatta aha. Vinayam avivannetukamataya “abhidhammam pariyapunassu”ti bhanantassa anapattim, abhidhamme anokasakatam bhikkhum pabham pucchantiya pacittiyabca vadantena Bhagavata abhidhammassa buddhabhasitabhavo dipito buddhabhasitehi suttadihisaha vacanato, bahirakabhasitesu ca idisassa vacanassa abhava.

Itopi balavataram abhidhammikassa sadhukaradanena vicikicchavicchedassa katatta. Kammato abbam kammam kammantaram, tam kamavacaradim rupavacaradibhavena, kanhavipakadim sukkavipakadibhavena kathento aloleti.

Jinacakketi jinasasane. Visamvadetiti vippalambheti. Bhedakaravatthusu ekasminti “bhasitam lapitam Tathagatena abhasitam alapitam Tathagatenati dipeti”ti ekasmim sandissati. Uttaripi evam vattabbo …pe… na abbesam visayo …pe… nidanakiccam nama natthiti apakatanam kaladesadesakaparisanam pakatabhavakaranattham tadupadesasahitena nidanena bhavitabbam, abbesam avisayatta desako pakato, okkantikaladinam pakatatta kalo ca, devaloke desitabhavassa pakatatta desaparisa ca pakatati kim nidanakiccam siyati.

Yattha (CS:pg.24) khandhadayo nippadesena vibhatta, so abhidhammo nama, tasma tassa nidanena khandhadinam nippadesatopi patividdhatthanena bhavitabbanti adhippayena thero “mahabodhinidano abhidhammo”ti dasseti. “So evam pajanami sammaditthipaccayapi vedayitan”ti-adina (sam.ni.5.12) nayena paccayadihi vedanam upaparikkhanto khandhadipadesanam vedanakkhandhadinam vasena vihasi. Dhammeti kusaladi-aranante.



Dhammam parivattentoti satthakatham palim parivattento etam paravadicodanam patva “ayam paravaditi-adimaha. Amhadisesu nidanam janantesu patisaranesu vijjamanesu appatisarano arabbe kandanto viya nidanasabbhave sakkhibhutesupi amhesu vijjamanesu asakkhikam addam karonto viya hoti, nidanassa atthibhavampi na janati, nanu etam nidananti kathento evamaha. Ekamevati desananidanameva ajjhasayanurupena desitatta. Dve nidananiti adhigantabbadesetabbadhammanurupena desitatta. Abhidhammadhigamassa mulam adhigamam nidetiti adhigamanidanam. Bodhi-abhiniharasaddhayati yaya saddhaya dipavkaradasabalassa santike bodhiya cittam abhinihari panidhanam akasi.


Sumedhakathavannana



Caturo ca asavkhiyeti (bu.vam.attha.2.1-2) uddham arohanavasena atikkamitva amaram nama nagaram ahositi vacanasesayojana katabba. Dasahiti hatthi-assarathabherisavkhamudivgavinagitasammatalehi “asnatha pivatha khadatha”ti dasamena saddena. Te pana ekadesena dassetum “hatthisaddan”ti-adi vuttam. Hatthisaddanti karanatthe upayogo datthabbo. Bherisavkharathanabca saddehi avivittanti va ghositanti va yojetabbam. Hatthisaddanti va hatthisaddavantam nagaram. Khadatha pivatha cevati iti-saddo batatthatta appayutto datthabbo.

Sabbavgasampannam uyyanapokkharani-adisampannatta. Lakkhaneti itthilakkhane purisalakkhane ca. Itihaseti porane. Sadhammeti attano tevijjadhamme ca yabbavidhi-adike ca. Paraminti parabanam paradhigamam gato. Cintesahanti cintesim aham sumedhabhutoti sattha vadati. Atthi (CS:pg.25) hehititi so vijjamano bhavissati. Na hetuyeti abhavitum. Evamevati evamevam. Na gavesatiti na gantum esati na icchati nanugacchati va. Dhoveti dhovante. Seriti sayattiko. Sayamvasiti savaso. Mahacorasamo viyati kayasaragavasena duccaritanesanehi kusalabhandacchedana. Nathati nathavanto. Pabcadosavivajjitanti evamadikassa attho kesuci atthakathapotthakesu likhitoti katva na vakkhama.

Sasaneti ettha tapasasasanam jhanabhibba ca. Vasibhutassa sato. Mayi evambhute dipavkaro jino uppajji. Sodheti jano. Abjasam vatumayananti pariyayavacanehi maggameva vadati. Ma nam akkamitthati ettha nanti padapuranamatte nipato. Ghatiyamahanti ettha ca a-iti ca ham-iti ca nipata, aham-iti va eko nipato sanunasiko kato. Ahutinanti dakkhinahutinam. Manti mama, mam va abrvi.

Kappe atikkamitva vuttepi bodhimhi matadisamkittane savganhitum “bodhi tassa Bhagavato”ti-adimaha. Sukhenati uttamena sukhena. Asamoti tapasehi asamo. Abhibbasukhatopi visittham idisam buddhattabyakaranajam sukham alabhim. Yati yani nimittani. Abhujatiti avattati. Abhiravantiti saddam karonti. Chuddhati nikkhanta. Nuddhamsatiti na uddham gacchati. Ubhayanti ubhayavacanam. Dhuvasassatanti ekantasassatam, aviparitamevati attho. Apannasattananti gabbhininam. Yavatadasa disa, tattha. Dhammadhatuyati dhammadhatuyam, sabbesu dhammesu vicinamiti attho.

Yassa sampunno, tam vamateva udakam nissesam. Eteti ekissapi danaparamitaya anekappakarataya bahuvacananiddeso kato. Patilaggitam rakkhatiti vacanaseso, bhummatthe va upayogo Catusu bhumisuti patimokkhadisu samvarabhumisu. Advejjhamanasoti kadaci khamanam kadaci akkhamanam, kassaci khamanam kassaci akkhamananti evam dvedhabhavam anapannamanaso hutva. Saccassa vithi nama ditthadi ca aditthadi ca yathabhutamva vatthu. Adhitthananti kusalasamadanadhitthanam, samadinnesu kusalesu acalata adhitthanam nama. Pathaviya upekkhanam nama vikaranapatti. Abbatrati abbam. Sabhavarasalakkhaneti ettha bhavoti aviparitata vijjamanata, saha bhavena sabhavo, aviparito attano bodhiparipacanakiccasavkhato (CS:pg.26) raso, anavajjavatthupariccagadisavkhatam lakkhanabca sabhavarasalakkhanam, tato sammasato. Dhammatejenati banatejena. Calatati calataya kampanataya. Sesiti sayi. Ma bhathati ma bhayittha. Sabbitiyoti sabba itiyo upaddava tam vivajjantu.

Sumedhakathavannana nitthita.


Pavacchatiti deti. Yogenati upayena. Samimsuti sannipatimsu. Appattamanasati appatta-arahatta bhikkhu garahita bhavanti. Rittati subba antarahita. Salakalyani nama eko rukkho. Buddhacakkavattikaleyeva kira ekaheneva uppajjati.

Livgasampattiti purisalivgata. Hetuti tihetukapatisandhita. Gunasampattiti abhibbasamapattilabhita. Adhikaroti buddhanam sakkarakaranam. Chandatati buddhattappattiyam chandasamayogo. Sabbavgasampannati atthavgani samodhanetva katapanidhana. Pakkhikati pithasappika. Pandakati ubhayalivgarahita. Bodhisatta ca brahmalokupapattipathamakappikesu kalesu ubhayalivgarahita honti, na pana pandakapariyapannati etamattham dassetum “pariyapanna na bhavantiti vuttam, yathavuttesu va dosesu sabbesu pariyapanna na bhavanti, bodhisattesu va pariyapanna tadantogadha, paricchinnasamsaratta va pariyapanna bodhisatta ubhatobyabjanapandaka na bhavantiti attho. Sabbattha suddhagocara yasma, tasma micchaditthim na sevanti. Micchaditthinti natthikahetukakiriyaditthim. Bhavabhaveti khuddake ceva mahante ca bhave. Bhojaputteti luddake. Lagananti savgo. Abbathati linata. Gamandalati gamadaraka. Rupanti vippakaram. Ayam tava nidanakatha yaya abhidhammassa buddhabhasitatasiddhiti atthayojana katabba.

Nidanakathavannana nitthita.





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