Today, we are living in fast-passing world and facing with different situations in our daily life. And we know that in this modern world we have different challenges and facing problems and having stress

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Avoiding & Managing Stress

Today, we are living in fast-passing world and facing with different situations in our daily life. And we know that in this modern world we have different challenges and facing problems and having stress. In one of our classes at university we have learned about what is stress and how can we avoid and manage it. In this paper, I will explore what is stress and how can we get rid of from it.
The word "stress" comes from the English word stress, or a state of increased stress. This is a set of non-specific, normal reactions of the body to the effects of various adverse factors - stressors (physical or psychological) that disrupt its self-regulation, as well as the corresponding state of the nervous system of the body. In medicine, a positive form of stress, eustress, and a negative form, distress, are distinguished. By the nature of the impact, neuropsychic, heat or cold (temperature), light, hunger and other stresses are distinguished. Whatever the stress, its effect on the body has mechanisms of the body's standard response to any pathogenic factor that are genetically determined in the process of evolution, which contribute to an increase in resistance to damage. For the first time the term "stress" was introduced into physiology and psychology by Walter Cannon in his classic works on the universal response "fight or flight."
The famous stress researcher Canadian physiologist Hans Selye published his first work on the general adaptation syndrome in 1936, but for a long time avoided using the term "stress", since it was used in many respects to mean "neuropsychic" stress. It was only in 1946 that Selye began to systematically use the term "stress" for general adaptive stress. Formed in the middle of the 20th century. The “science of stress” has revolutionized a number of classical disciplines (pathophysiology, endocrinology, neurology) and has led to the creation of a new field of medicine - psychosomatic medicine. Stress is one of the main manifestations of feelings. According to G. Selye, stress can have a positive and negative impact. The beneficial effect of stress is the mobilization of body systems, personality reserves. Negative action - many situations are perceived as stressful and repetitive, and the person also cannot adapt to situations. A person's reaction to a situation and its assessment as stressful depends on how he assesses this situation and how much he is able to cope with it, as well as what methods of regulation he possesses.
Signs of stress include:
- increased anxiety;
- a feeling of loss of control over what is happening with oneself;
- insufficient concentration of attention;
- lethargy, apathy;
- insomnia.
The concept of "stress" has long and firmly established itself in our minds. What if the "high-speed" pace of life is associated with overloads and we perceive them as not too pleasant routine, and nothing more. But meanwhile, the consequences of stress are far from harmless: they can destroy human life. In a stressful state, purposeful activity, switching and distribution of attention can hardly be carried out, there may even be a general inhibition or complete disorganization of human activity. At the same time, skills and habits remain unchanged and can replace conscious actions. Under stress, errors of perception are possible, namely, the determination of the number of an unexpectedly appeared enemy, memory, that is, forgetting a well-known one, as well as inadequate reactions. The simplest of these methods is rest and relaxation - whether it be walking, reading, playing music, sports, or the absence of absolutely any load. The choice depends only on the individual characteristics of the person. Among others, the so-called active methods of increasing the overall stability of the human body are distinguished. The best way to get rid of lingering stress is to completely resolve the uncomfortable situation, eliminate disagreements, and make peace. If it is impossible to do this, one should logically overestimate the significance of the circumstances that have arisen. One of the best ways to calm down is considered to be communicating with a loved one when you can:
- "pour out the soul", that is, to discharge the focus of excitement;
- switch to an interesting topic;
- jointly find a way to a successful resolution of the conflict, or at least to reduce its significance.
It has been scientifically proven that by sharing his emotional experiences with a stranger, a person's emotional arousal decreases, and at this moment it becomes possible to explain something to him, calm him down, and direct him. The need to release emotional tension sometimes manifests itself in movement; it can be chaotic movement around the room. In order to quickly normalize the emotional state after troubles, increased physical activity can be helpful. An important way to relieve mental stress is to activate your sense of humor. The essence of a sense of humor is to perceive as comic what pretends to be serious, that is, to be able to treat something exciting as insignificant and unworthy of serious attention, to be able to smile or laugh in a difficult situation. Laughter leads to a drop in anxiety; when a person laughed, then his muscles are less tense (relaxation) and the heartbeat is normalized. In terms of its functional significance, laughter is so powerful that it is even called “stationary jogging. Possible ways to deal with stress include relaxation, concentration, breathing auto regulation, and more. There are a variety of relaxation techniques, and everyone chooses for himself the one that suits him the most. One of the techniques is relaxation according to the Herbert Benson method, which has been known for a very long time. Honestly, in that class I have learned many things which will help me when I have difficulties during my life.
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