Famous people of Uzbekistan Islam Abduganiyevich Karimov



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Famous people of Uzbekistan

Islam Abduganiyevich Karimov

Islom Abdugʻaniyevich Karimov; Russian: Ислам Абдуганиевич Каримов; 30 January 1938 – 2 September 2016) was the leader of Uzbekistan and its predecessor state, the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic, from 1989 until his death in 2016. He was the last First Secretary of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan from 1989 to 1991, when the party was reconstituted as the People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (PDP); he led the PDP until 1996. He was the President of the Uzbek SSR from 24 March 1990 until he declared the independence of Uzbekistan on 1 September 1991.[1] Karimov was born in Samarkand to Uzbek parents who were civil servants. His family background and history are obscure and the identity of his biological father is unknown, with claims being that he was either Tajik or Bukharan Jewish.[7] He was sent to an orphanage in 1941, brought back in 1942, and then returned to the orphanage in 1945. In 1955, he graduated from high school. In 1960, he graduated from the Central Asian Polytechnic Institute (now Tashkent State Technical University) with a degree in mechanical engineering.[8] He began work as an engineer, eventually joining the Ministry of Water Resources of the Uzbek Soviet Socialist Republic. In 1967, he earned a master's degree in economics from Tashkent State University of Economics.[8]

From 1966 to 1986, he worked his way up the ranks in the Uzbek State Planning Committee, from chief specialist, to department head, to Minister of Finance of the Uzbek SSR, chairman of the State Planning Committee and deputy chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Uzbek SSR.[8] In 1986, Karimov assumed the post of first secretary of the Kashkadarya Regional Committee of the Communist Party of Uzbekistan Committee of the Communist Party of the Uzbek SSR. In 1989, he became first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Uzbek SSR, after his predecessor Rafiq Nishonov failed to quell inter-ethnic clashes and instability in the Fergana Region.[9] From 1990 to 1991, he served as a member of the Central Committee and Politburo. On 24 March 1990, he was elected the first President of the Republic by the Uzbek Supreme Soviet.[8]



On 31 August 1991, 10 days after the attempted coup in Moscow, Karimov declared Uzbekistan to be an independent republic, the second of the Central Asian republics to do so (after neighboring Kyrgyzstan); 1 September was declared Uzbekistan's Independence Day. The Uzbek Communist Party (UCP) changed its name to the People's Democratic Party of Uzbekistan (PDP). In the December 1991 presidential election, 86 percent of the public cast their votes for Karimov and 12.3 percent for his rival Muhammad Salih, chairman of the Erk (Freedom) Party.[8][10]

Karimov married his first wife, Natalya Petrovna Kuchmi, in 1964 and they had a son together, Petr, before divorcing.[59]

Karimov's wife, Tatyana Akbarovna Karimova, whom he married in 1967, is of Tajik and Russian origin. She is an economist.[60][61] They had two daughters and five grandchildren.

His elder daughter Gulnara Karimova is an Uzbekistani diplomat, professor and businessperson. She is the founder and chairperson of The Forum of Culture and Arts of Uzbekistan Foundations Board of Trustees and a number of NGOs focused on cultural and social aspects of life in Uzbekistan.[62] However, his first daughter is seen as less than altruistic and allegations that her «organizations» are mere front organizations for her vast business holdings and image propping propaganda are well documented.[63][64]

It has been reported that since February 2014, Gulnara has been under house arrest.[65] She has been under investigation on charges of corruption, but has said that the «charges against her are politically motivated».[66][67]

Karimov's second daughter, Lola Karimova-Tillyaeva, is known in Uzbekistan for her role in promoting education and sports, as well as championing the rights of children. She is the founder of major charity organizations in Uzbekistan: «You are not alone», Republican Social Children's Fund for helping orphans, and Republican Center for Social Adaptation of Children, mainly focusing on disabled children and those from vulnerable groups

Died: 2 September 2016 (aged 78); Tashkent, Uzbekistan

1989 yildan 1989 yilgacha vafot etguniga qadar O'zbekiston va uning salafiy davlati bo'lgan O'zbekiston Sovet Sotsialistik Respublikasining rahbari edi. U 1989 yildan 1991 yilgacha O'zbekiston Xalq Demokratik Partiyasi sifatida qayta tashkil etilgan O'zbekiston Kommunistik Partiyasining so'nggi birinchi kotibi edi. O'zbekiston Respublikasi Oliy Majlisi Qonunchilik palatasi deputati; 1990 yil 24 martdan boshlab O'zbekiston SSR prezidenti sifatida 1991 yil 1 sentyabrda O'zbekiston mustaqilligini e'lon qildi. [1] Karimov Samarqandda davlat xizmatchilari bo'lgan ota-onalarga tug'ildi. Uning oila tarixi va tarixi noma'lum bo'lib, uning biologik otasining kimligi noma'lum, chunki u Tojikiston yoki Buxoro yahudiy bo'lgan. [7] U 1941 yilda yetimxonaga yuborildi, 1942 yilda qayta tiklandi va 1945 yilda yetimxonaga qaytib keldi. 1955 yili o'rta maktabni bitirdi. 1960 yilda O'rta Osiyo politexnika institutini (hozirgi Toshkent davlat texnika universitetini) mashinasozlik sohasi bo'yicha bitirgan. [8] U muhandis sifatida ish boshlagan, keyinchalik O'zbekiston Sovet Sotsialistik Respublikasining suv resurslari vazirligiga qo'shilgan. 1967 yilda Toshkent davlat iqtisodiyot universiteti iqtisodiyoti bo'yicha magistr darajasini oldi. [8]

1966 yildan 1986 yilgacha O'zbekiston Davlat plan komitetida, bosh mutaxassislikdan, bo'lim boshlig'iga, O'zbekiston SSR Moliya vazirligiga, Davlat plan komitetining raisi va Vazirlar Kengashi raisining o'rinbosarlarigacha xizmat qildi O`zbekiston SSRning [8]. 1986 yilda Karimov O'zbekiston SSR Kommunistik partiyasi O'zbekiston kommunistik partiyasi Qashqadaryo viloyat qo'mitasining birinchi kotibi lavozimini egalladi. 1989 yilda u O'zbekiston SSR Kommunistik partiyasi Markaziy qo'mitasining birinchi kotibi bo'lib, uning avvalgi rahbari Rafiq Nishonov Farg'ona viloyatida millatlararo to'qnashuvlar va beqarorlikni to'xtata olmaganidan so'ng [9] 1990-1991 yillarda Markaziy qo'mita va Siyosiy byuro a'zosi bo'lgan. 1990 yil 24 martda O'zbekiston Oliy Kengashi tomonidan respublikaning birinchi Prezidenti etib saylandi. [8]

1991 yil 31 avgustda, Moskvadagi inqilobdan 10 kun o'tib, Karimov O'zbekistonni mustaqil respublika deb e'lon qildi, Markaziy Osiyoning ikkinchi respublikalari (qo'shni Qirg'izistondan keyin) buni e'lon qildi; 1 sentabr O'zbekiston mustaqilligi kuni deb e'lon qilindi. O'zbekiston kommunistik partiyasi (UCP) o'z nomini O'zbekiston Xalq demokratik partiyasiga o'zgartirdi. 1991 yilgi prezidentlik saylovida xalqning 86 foizi Karimov uchun ovoz berishdi va 12.3 foiz «Erk» partiyasi raisi Muhammad Solihga ovoz berishdi. [8]



Karimov 1964 yilda o'zining birinchi xotini Natalya Petrovna Kuchmi bilan turmush qurdi va ular ajrashishdan oldin Petr bilan bir o'g'il ko'rdi.

Karimovning turmush o'rtog'i, Tatyana Akbarovna Karimova, 1967 yilda turmushga chiqqan, tojik va rus tilida. U iqtisodchi. [60] [61] Ularning ikkita qizi va beshta nabirasi bor edi.

Uning qizi Gulnora Karimova – O'zbekistonlik diplomat, professor va ishbilarmon. O'zbekiston madaniyati va san'ati forumi jamg'armasi va Vasiylik kengashi raisi va O'zbekistondagi hayotning madaniy va ijtimoiy jihatlariga bag'ishlangan qator nodavlat tashkilotlari asoschisi va raisi. Biroq, uning birinchi qizi o'zining «tashkilotlari» ning yirik biznes uylari va rasmlarini targ'ib qilish tashabbusi uchun oldingi tashkilotlar ekanligi haqidagi da'volardan yaxshi deb topilgan. [63] [64]

Xabar qilinishicha, 2014 yilning fevralidan boshlab Gulnora uy qamog'ida. U korruptsion ayblov bilan bog'liq tergov ostida bo'lgan, biroq u «unga qarshi qo'yilgan ayblar siyosiy sababga ega», deb aytgan. [66] [67]



Karimovning ikkinchi qizi Lola Karimova-Tillaeva O'zbekistonda ta'lim va sportni targ'ib qilish, shuningdek, bolalar huquqlarini himoya qilishdagi o'rni uchun O'zbekistonda mashhur. U O'zbekistondagi yirik xayriya tashkilotlarining asoschisi: «Siz yolg'iz emassiz», etimlarga yordam beradigan Respublika ijtimoiy bolalar jamg'armasi va Respublika bolalar ijtimoiy moslashuvi markazi, asosan, nogiron bolalar va aholining ijtimoiy himoyaga muhtoj guruhlari bor. Vafot etgan: 2 sentyabr 2016 (78 yosh); Toshkent, O'zbekiston




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