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SEMINAR 2. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF TYPOLOGICAL



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Referati mavzu Badiiy gimnastika mashg‘ulotlarini tashkil qilis, onun ustuvorligi fuarolik zhamiyatin, 4-mavzu, 02. GLOSSARIY, 01 MARUZA MATNI 763c0d098935187e80a0a1cf77c41178, [Muhin YU.N., Gabushin V.N., Unegova T.A.] Geometr(BookFi), Аттестация Баённома феврал 2022 йил, YUPITER SAYYORASI, TARIX ALISHER NAMOZOV, Xalqaro tijorat arbitraji, Xalqaro tijorat arbitraji, Xalqaro tijorat arbitraji, 3032100793, akmaljon
SEMINAR 2. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF TYPOLOGICAL 
INVESTIGATIONS 
 
Exercise 1 . Answer the following questions? 
1) Which factors influence to the development of typology? 
2) Do you know causes of appearing comparative typology? 
Exercise 2. Work in a group of 3-4 students and try to analyze 6 factors of the 
development of typology from ancient time until today, write which factors 
influence more than others and how. 
Factors: 
SEMINAR 3. CLASSIFICATION OF COMPARATIVE TYPOLOGY 
ACCORDING TO Dr.BURANOV 
 
Exercise 1. Read the statement below and find some mistakes among them. 
Typology is a branch of science which is typical to all sciences without any 
exception. In this respect, their typological method is not limited to the sphere of 
one science. Typology may be divided into
Non-linguistic typology, Linguistic 
typology, Paralinguistic typology. 
Non-linguistic typology is the subject matter of the sciences except linguistics. It 
can be political typology, medical or economic typology as well. Linguistic 
typology is a new branch of general linguistics which studies the systems of 
languages comparatively, also finds common laws of languages and establishes 
differences and similarities between them. And due to David Crystal‘s book 
―Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics‖, Non- linguistic Typology is explained 
in this way: ―A branch of linguistics which studies the structural similarities 
between languages, regardless of their history, as part of an attempt to establish a 
satisfactory classification, or typology, of languages. The typological comparison 
is thus distinguished from the historical comparison of languages and its groupings 
can coincide with those set up by the historical method‖. Nowadays a lot of terms 
are used for defining this very type of science, such as 
Linguistic Typology

Comparative Typology

Contrastive Typology
. But with the help of analyzing 
historical background, we will be able to realize the main notion of this branch of 
Linguistics. Typology is understood as a science of a whole comparison that has a 


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large number of factors of its development. However, if it is described as a 
structural typology, then numbers of factors of its appearance will diminish. As 
Maslow said: ―Typology does not deal with a limited number of languages. If it 
does, then it should be called ―characterlogy‖ or ―comparative description‖. Since 
the number of languages typology deals with can‘t be counted, languages are 
referred as an unlimited number of languages. The development of typology was 
very slow. It has several factors that influence to its development which are but not 
limited to typological imitation, ―Port Royal Grammar‖, historical comparative 
linguistics, theprocess of studying of languages without awriting system, 
theinfluence of writing, phonetics and practical and theoretical study of languages.

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