«инглиз тили лексикологияси» кафедраси


Questions for self-control



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Referati mavzu Badiiy gimnastika mashg‘ulotlarini tashkil qilis, onun ustuvorligi fuarolik zhamiyatin, 4-mavzu, 02. GLOSSARIY, 01 MARUZA MATNI 763c0d098935187e80a0a1cf77c41178, [Muhin YU.N., Gabushin V.N., Unegova T.A.] Geometr(BookFi), Аттестация Баённома феврал 2022 йил, YUPITER SAYYORASI, TARIX ALISHER NAMOZOV, Xalqaro tijorat arbitraji, Xalqaro tijorat arbitraji, Xalqaro tijorat arbitraji, 3032100793, akmaljon
Questions for self-control: 
1.
What does the term ‗typology‘ mean? 
2.
Do we use this term in everyday life? 
3.
What is the role of Typology in Linguistics? 
4.
What tasks does this subject have? 
5.
What is the necessity of learning typology?
6.
What is the difference between Linguistic and Non-Linguistic typology? 
Recommended Literature: 
1. Аракин В.Д. Сравнительная типология английского и русского 
языков. Ленинград, 1979.
2. Буранов Ж. Инглиз ва ўзбек тиллари қиѐсий грамматикаси. Тошкент, 
1973. 
3. David Crystal. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. Oxford:
Blackwell, 1991. 
4. Robbins Burling, Patterns of Language. Structure, Variation, Change. 
San Diego: Academic Press, 1992. 
5. William Croft. Typology and Universals. Cambridge UNI Press, 2003. 



6.
Comparative-Historical 
Linguistics. 
(n.d.) 
The 
Great 
Soviet 
Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition
. (1970-1979). Retrieved August 1, 2016, from 
http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Comparative-Historical+Linguistics 
LECTURE 2.
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF 
TYPOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS 
 
Problems for discussion: 
1.The stages of comparative historical typology; 
2. The history of linguistic comparison as an 
integral part of linguistic science 
Key words: 
History of linguistic, integral part, 
definition of the sentence, grammatical structures, compiling, viewpoint
 
The questions of timing the history of linguistic comparison are quite compli-
cated and are the ones, which have not found their final solution yet. The history of 
linguistic comparison is an integral part of linguistic science development, which is 
bound with the history 
of thenation and cogni-
tion. That is why there 
are 
no 
generally 
accepted criteria for 
timing this problem yet. 
We 
will 
see 
Dr. 
Buranov‘s viewpoint.
In 
his 
book 
―Сравнительная 
типология 
английского 
и 
тюркских языков‖ he
identifies 4 periods in the 
history of typological studies:
The first period is characterized as a spontaneous or 
evolutionary.
It begins with the emergence of the first 
linguistic works. That period was over not long before the Renaissance. In Ancient 
Greece, the language was studied in the frames of philosophy. The major issue, which 
was in the focus of discussion, was acorrelation of substances to their names. Still, 
already in the works of Protagoras and Aristotle, there are statements related to 
distinguishing words, word combinations, linguistic categories like gender, case, 
number, the definition of the sentence, classification of words into names and actions 
or parts of speech. These works served as the basis for distinguishing linguistics into 
an independent science. E.g. many scholars, while compiling grammars of separate 
languages used the models of the languages with already described grammatical 



structures. (The principle of analogy). For example, 
while compiling the first English grammars the 
models of Latin were widely used. The first 
grammars for the European languages were based on 
the Latin Grammars. 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
The second period is characterized as a period of establishing the first scientific 

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