In this unit you will learn how to

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Types of Phobias
An phobia is an excessive and irrational fear reaction. The fear can be a certain place, situation, or object. Unlike general anxiety disorders, a phobia is usually connected to something specific. Genetic and environmental factors can cause phobias. Children who have a close relative with an anxiety disorder are at risk of developing a phobia.

Phobias have different symptoms from serious mental illnesses such as schizophrenia. In schizophrenia, people have visual and an auditory hallucinations, such as anhedonia, and disorganized symptoms. Phobias may be irrational, but people with phobias do not fail reality testing.

1. Agoraphobia is a fear of places or situations that you can’t escape from. The word itself refers to “fear of open spaces”. People with agoraphobia fear being in large crowds or trapped outside the home. They often avoid social situations altogether and stay inside their home.

2.Gloss phobia. This is known as performance anxiety, or the fear of speaking in front of an audience. People with this fear have severe think about being in front of a group of people.

3.Acrophobia. This is the fear of heights. People with this phobia avoid mountains, bridges, or the higher floors of buildings.

4. Aviophobia. This is also known as the fear of flying.

5. Dentophobia is a fear of the dentist or dental procedures. This phobia generally develops after an unpleasant experience at dentist’s office. It can be harmful if it prevents you from obtaining needed dental care.

6. Arachnophobia. This a fear of spiders.

7. Cynophobia. This a fear of dogs.

8. Ophidiophobia. People with this phobia fear snakes.

9. Nyctophobia. This phobia is a fear of the nighttime or darkness. It almost always begins as a typical childhood fear. When it progresses past adolescence, it’s considered a phobia.
Exercise 3. Combine the pictures below with the appropriate words.

1. gloss phobia 4. nyctophobia

2. acrophobia 5. aviophobia

3. ophidiophobia 6. arachnophobia


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Listening skill

a) b)

c) d)

e) f)

Exercise 4. Discuss the following questions with your partner.

1. Have you ever seen the person who has a phobia?

2. Can you tell the symptoms of phobia?

3. What would you do if you have one of the type of phobia?

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