(A) nor did he (B) he didn’t (C) so did he (D) neither did he
6. Patty never attends the professor’s boring lecture ______ falling asleep.
(A) above (B) beyond (C) without (D) under
7. _____ a balance between work and play seems difficult in today’s fast-paced life.
(A)Strike (B) Striking (C) To striking (D) Struck
8. Jupiter (木星) is about 1,321 times _____ the earth in volume.
(A) as large as (B) larger (C) large as (D) as larger
9. The students were curious about their new English teacher because she is said _____ from Australia.
(A) coming (B) to coming (C) come (D) to come
10. If Hank _____ the lottery, he would quit his job and travel around the world.
(A) won (B)wins (C)winning (D) to win
11. One of the main goals of the project is _____ for possible solutions to the problem of water pollution.
(A) to searching (B) searched (C) searching (D) search
12. The exchange student felt lonely in the foreign country and thought that he didn’t belong _____ the unfamiliar place at all.
(A) of (B) as (C) for (D) to
13. The huge explosion _____ caused by a gas leak.
(A) was reported that it (B) was reported to be (C) reported that it (D) reported to be
14. The news report revealed what most people thought about the government’s new policies, _____ on reliable statistics.
(A) to base (B) basing (C) based (D) base
15. The news _____ there have been nearly a thousand people contracting dengue fever in the area was reported yesterday.
(A) that (B) which (C) where (D) what
Convenience stores are fairly popular in Taiwan. There are more than 10,000 branches on this small island __16__ makes Taiwan a country that has the highest density of convenience stores. What’s more, the number of visits to these stores exceeds surprisingly 0.2 billion each month. The primary reason behind such high popularity is that whatever people want, convenient stores always have these items __17__ on their shelves. Because of these services, people can complete multiple tasks in just one place. In addition __18__ everyday products, they can also pay their bills, book concert tickets, and even recharge their smartphones there. Moreover, the“payonpickup”service allows customers to collect __19__ they have ordered online. Finally, if they are short of cash, they can get it at the ATMs __20__ in these stores. Basically, people can get everything they need in convenience stores. Even better, these services are available twenty-four seven. Therefore, it __21__ that convenience stores can create such enormous success in Taiwan. They indeed are convenient.
16. (A) ,which (B) which (C) where (D) ,where
17. (A) stack (B) stacking (C) to stack (D) stacked
18. (A) of purchasing (B) to purchase (C) to purchasing (D) purchasing
In the mass media including TV shows, ads, movies, and publications, stereotypes are very common. Some stereotypes are so exaggerated that they make us laugh. However, stereotypes suggest that everyone in a particular group behaves in the same way and __22__ only people within the group will have such behavior. In fact, neither of these beliefs __23__ to be true. Judging others __24__ race, religion, nationality, or sexual orientation is a typical example of prejudice. What’s more, with little information available, we usually stereotype without being __25__ this. Undoubtedly, no individual group has a monopoly on crime, odd accents, or pushiness, __26__ does any group have a monopoly on brains, glamour, or talent. Every group has its share of all these human qualities. Of course, it’s impossible to remove all stereotypes from our daily lives; a certain amount of stereotyping is __27__. Even so, we must keep in mind that no two people in the world are identical. Labels, after all, should __28__ goods, not __28__ people.
22. (A) if (B) that (C) so (D) what if
23. (A) prove (B) proving (C) proves (D) are proved
24. (A) by means of (B) on the basis of (C) in comparison with (D) at the height of
25. (A) aware of (B) fed up with (C) bored with (D) familiar with
26. (A) and either (B) neither (C) and nor (D) nor
27. (A) bond to occur (B) supposed to occur (C) fond of occurring (D) committed to occurring
28. (A) work on; on (B) read into; into (C) belong on; on (D) have a monopoly on; on
Gravity refers to the force that causes something to fall to the ground or to be attracted to another. When one throws a ball into the air, it bounced back to the ground due to the pull of gravity. If the gravity on a planet is triple __29__ of the earth, the motion of objects would be totally different. In such stronger gravity, a ball thrown into the air would not go very high, and it would plunge fast to the surface of the planet. However, beams of light do not be affected by the gravity __30__ their high speed. They have no trouble at all __31__ from the gravitation field of the planet. Yet, light beams can actually be bent back toward the surface __32__ the force of gravity is billions of times stronger than the earth’s. This is what occurs __33__ black holes.
Black holes are __34__ the weirdest phenomena in the universe. They are like permanent detention halls—once something enters a black hole, it will stay there forever. Many astronomers believe that there are at least five black holes in our section of the universe. Nevertheless, no one can say __35__ because people’s knowledge of black holes is still very limited.
29. (A) this (B) that (C) these (D) those
30. (A) on account of (B) in addition to (C) in contrast to (D) in spite of
31. (A) to escape (B) escaped (C) escaping (D) escape
32. (A) what if (B) in accord with (C) along with (D) only if
33. (A) in case (B) as is the case with (C) in the case of (D) in case of
34. (A) believed be (B) believed to be (C) believed being (D) to believe
35. (A) for instance (B) at times (C) at ease (D) for sure
__36__ in1994, the Warcraft video game franchise from Blizzard Entertainment is now over 20 years old. The most successful game in this series has been World of Warcraft (WOW), a massively multiplayer online role-playing game. According to Blizzard, over 100 million __37__ have played WOW, which is due a new expansion this summer. The extremely popular __38__ game DOTA (Defense of the Ancients) is also played at some of the biggest gaming competitions in the world.
Over the years, WOW has been considered by many people to be more than just a game. It has also been seen as a training ground for real-life business leaders. Players in WOW join together in large teams, called guilds. A player who wishes to be a successful leader, or “master,” of a team must learn how to attract new players to the group, __39__ each player, and arrange for him or her to be taught by experienced players. In addition, the leader must __40__ any quarrels that develop between team members and oversee development of strategies that the team will use to defeat its __41__. The lessons the leader learns through the game can be applied in real life.
A Warcraft film, in development since 2006, __42__ theaters this month. Its plot focuses on the arrival of Orcs looking to build a colony in the realm of humans and the conflict that __43__ between the two groups. Video-game fans will be pleased to know that the film’s director, Duncan Jones, is a player of the game, as are some of the actors. __44__ by both gamers and movie fans, Warcraft may be the next big film __45__.
(AB) franchise (AC) settle (AD) Released (AE) arises (BC) spinoff
If aliens beamed onto Earth and read our school textbooks, they would not have a clue about what women contribute to our society,” says Dr. Rae Blumberg, an American professor who has studied gender bias in textbooks in 121 countries worldwide.
In a series of studies, Blumberg found that textbooks used in almost every nationality either included stereotyped images of girls and women or excluded them altogether. When girls and women were included, their roles were classified as traditional housekeeping and child caring. These traditional images overlook the rising importance of women that is acknowledged in the world today. In contrast, boys and men in these textbooks were described as brave, daring, and outgoing, which are always shown in action.
When girls do not see themselves as equals in textbooks, Blumberg points out, they are misled to believe they cannot do the exciting things that boys do. This may lead girls to perform worse and believe they have no need of education. In one study of first graders in Israel, the students who read books that showed men and women as equals thought boys and girls could both participate in most careers and activities. The students who read books that stereotyped men and women believed those stereotypes. While some countries have taken steps to remove the stereotypes, most countries still continue to use outdated textbooks. Revision is a costly and often lengthy process.
Now that many countries cannot afford textbooks, teachers become their students’ primary source of information. One way to work on this issue is for teachers to recognize and reject these gender stereotypes in their classrooms. They can also teach their students to be aware of and critically analyze gender stereotypes when encountering them. This will help students broaden their views of women and women’s place in the world.
46. According to the passage, textbooks used in most countries _____.
(A) exclude girls and women (B) contain gender stereotypes
(C) describe boys accurately (D) treat both sexes equally
47. What does Dr. Rae Blumberg think about most school textbooks?
(A) Teachers are likely to be totally misled when using them.
(B) They may be well understood by aliens because of their meaningful content.
(C) Male students are able to learn something exciting from the books.
(D) They might make many female students think that education is unnecessary.
48. Which of the following statements is true?
(A) Teachers play a more important role in recognizing gender stereotypes.
(B) Revision of outdated textbooks is the best way to remove gender stereotypes.
(C) Students who read outdated textbooks are less likely to be affected by gender stereotypes.
(D) Most countries are now working on new textbooks without the content of gender stereotypes.
49. What is the tone of the author in the passage?
On February 15th, 2013, people living in Chelyabinsk in Russia’s Ural Mountains looked up to see a blinding bright light moving rapidly across the sky, leaving a long trail of smoke stretching out behind it. Suddenly, without warning, came a deafeningly loud “boom,” at the exact same moment that a powerful shockwave suddenly broke the windows into small pieces in hundreds of buildings. Many people suffered injuries from the flying glass. Shocked and fearing for their safety, they ran for cover. Most thought it was a bomb or missile attack, or even a plane crash.
When the dust settled, scientists were quick to explain that this was not the work of terrorists, but actually that a meteor had exploded overhead. The meteor, a big rock from outer space, broke up about thirty seconds after it entered the Earth’s atmosphere and started burning up like a fireball. The violent explosion as it broke apart caused the shockwave that blew out all the windows. Fortunately, the explosion occurred when the meteor was still somewhere between 19 and 25 kilometers above the ground. Considering the explosion packed the force of about 470 kilotons of TNT (a powerful explosive), making it much more powerful than the first nuclear weapons, things could have been much worse.
Judging by the force of the explosion and the resulting shockwave, scientists estimate the meteor would have measured about 17meters in diameter, and weighed around 10,000 tons. Made mostly of stone with some iron in it, it would have been traveling incredibly fast, almost 65,000 kilometers per hour, when it entered the Earth’s atmosphere at a shallow angle of approximately 20 degrees.
The meteor came from far away. Scientists believe it originated in the asteroid belt, which lies 2.5 times as far away from the sun as the Earth does. To many scientists’amazement, a bigger asteroid named 2012DA14 was already expected to pass close to the Earth on the very same day. “Close,” in that case, meant 2012DA14 would miss the Earth by almost 28, 000 kilometers, so scientists were not worried about a collision. The smaller asteroid, however, caught everyone by surprise.
Now, life is returning to normal in Chelyabinsk. Those injured by flying glass are recovering from their injuries. Some people are combing the area, looking for meteor fragments. Many plan to sell the pieces they find to collectors. Meanwhile, glaziers, as those in the business are known, are making a fortune replacing the thousands of broken windows across the region.
50. What’s the main idea of the passage?
(A) Scientists have discovered a meteor originated in the asteroid belt.
(B) The explosion of 470 kilotons of TNT killed many people in Russia.
(C) The asteroid 2012DA14 flew across the sky in 2013.
(D) A meteor burned and burst in Chelyabinsk, Russia.
51. According to the passage, 2012DA14 ______.
(A) hit the Earth and caused a dreadful disaster in Russia
(B) was 2.5 times larger than the meteor exploding in Russia
(C) passed close to the Earth on February 15th, 2013
(D) was an asteroid moving between the sun and the earth
52. Which of the following statement about the explosion is true?
(A) Some people benefited from the incident.
(B) Many people died and injured due to it.
(C) Another similar explosion has been predicted.
(D) It was caused by the collision of two meteors.
53. What is the best title for the passage?
(A) 2012DA14—A Disastrous Asteroid (B) Meteor Explosion over Russia