The output of global plastic and rubber equipment increased to 19.6 euros in 2006 (18.6 euros in 2005). Plastic and rubber equipment manufacturers in German account for 24.9% market shares, ahead of China (13.7%), Italy (12.4%), the US (9.3%) and Japan (8.8%). PChina has exceeded Japan, the US and Italy in terms of market shares held by its plastic and rubber equipment manufacturers.
The US has always taken the lead for the output of its plastic manufacturing industry. Its plastic machinery market was worth about US $2.4 billion in 2000, US $2.8 billion in 2005. The export of plastic products reached up to US $43.4 billion in 2006, an increase of 12.3%.
Japan is a big producer and consumer of plastic products. Its output of plastic products had exceeded six million tons in 1999 and 2000, reaching about 5.9 million tons in 2004 and 6.14 million tons in 2005. The packaging industry is the largest application field of Japan’s plastic manufacturing industry. Nearly one third plastic products are used to produce various packaging materials and containers. Another one third is used for construction materials. Japan’s total output of thermoplastic materials reached up to 12.5692 million tons in 2006. The output of five major kinds of general plastics stood at 9,983,300 tons in 2006.
Germany is one of the major plastic producers in the world. German’s output of plastic materials (resin) stood at 18 million tons in 2005. It is the world’s third largest plastic producer, following the US and China. German has taken the lead in terms of both plastic processing machinery and plastic manufacturing industry.
France’s plastic manufacturers are distributed in nearly all regions across the country. According to the statistics (by the end of 2006), France’s domestic plastic manufacturing industry was composed of 1,370 large- and medium-sized enterprises which had over 20 employees. The total number of employees of these enterprises reached up to 160,000. Their turnover stood at 27.2 euros, accounting for about 4% of that of the whole manufacturing industry. As of 1990s, like other European countries, France had maintained an annual growth rate of about 6% in production of its plastic manufacturing industry. Although France’s plastic manufacturing industry has maintained sound growth in production since 2000, the growth has been slowing down because of economic slowdown and competition pressure from other rising countries. The annual growth stood at only 2-3%.
Papermaking and Paper Product Industry
Asia boasts the highest output of paper and cardboard in the whole world, followed by Europe and North America. In 2007, their outputs were 151.76 million, 114.07 million and 100.93 million tons respectively, accounting for 38.5％, 28.9％, and 25.6％ of the total global output. In terms of individual country, the US boasts the highest paper and cardboard output, followed by China and Japan. Their outputs stood at 83.559 million, 73.5 million and 31.266 million tons respectively in 2007. China, German, Italy, South Korea and Japan witnessed comparatively high imports of paper pulp. Their total import reached up to 20.118 million tons.
The global output of paper pulp stood at 188.13 million in 2007, an increase of 1.03% compared with 186.43 million tons in 2006. The output of chemical pulp was 129.1 million tons, an increase of 1.2% compared with that of 2006. The output of mechanical pulp was 34.94 million tons, a decrease of 2.2% compared with that of 2006. The total output of paper pulp in North America stood at 75.78 million tons, accounting for 40.2% of the total global output, a decrease of 1.4% compared with 2006. The total output of paper pulp in Europe and Asia was 51.46 and 36.7 million tons respectively, accounting for 27.3% and 19.5% of the total global output. North America and Europe were two major producers of mechanical pulp, with an output of 14.83 million and 16.1 million tons respectively. The total output of the two areas accounted for 88.5% of the global output. The US, Canada and China were listed as the world’s top three in terms of output of paper pulp. Their outputs of paper pulp are 53.46 million, 22.31 million and 19.07 million tons respectively. The global apparent consumption of paper pulp stood at 196.19 million tons in 2007, a decrease of 1.1% compared with 198.29 million tons in 2006. The apparent consumption of North America was 69.17 million tons, Europe 56.13 million tons, Asia 56.74 million tons, Latin America 9.48 million tons, Africa 2.44 million tons, and Oceania 2.23 million tons.
World’s Renowned Enterprises:
Founded in 1898, International Paper is currently the world’s largest paper and forest products company. It is also one of the only four listed companies in the US with a history of over 100 years. The company’s global headquarters is located in Memphis, Tenn. The Asian headquarters of International Paper was established in Hong Kong in 1990. The company has production and sales bases in China, Japan, South Korea, Thailand, Singapore, and India.
Weyerhaeuser Company, founded in Washington in 1900, is one of the world’s largest comprehensive forest products company. It is the world's largest private sector owner of softwood timberland, the world’s largest producer of softwood board and commercial timber. Weyerhaeuser Company has taken the lead in export of forest products in the US.
Household Appliance Manufacturing
The US is a big producer and consumer of household appliances. The survey on the household appliance market in the US announced by the Consumer Electronics Association (CEA) announced suggests that the sales volume of household appliances in 2008 increased by 7.3% compared with that of 2007 to US $173 billion.
Germany is a comparatively advanced country in terms of household appliance, with comprehensive development of its household appliance industry in production, consumption, import and export. Germany has ranked third in terms of house appliance output for a long term, behind the US and Japan. As a giant producer and consumer of household appliance in Europe, Germany mainly produces high-end household appliances. Its annual output of household appliances steadily stands at over eight billion euros. There are more than 200 household appliance enterprises in Germany, and most of them are medium- and small-sized enterprises. Family-owned enterprises have strong strength, while some of them are world renowned enterprises. Some household appliance giants like Bosche, Siemens and Electrolux are located in Germany.
Italy, situated in south Europe, boasts a developed industry. Its household appliance industry has a long history and has undergone comprehensive development. It has been titled as the Kingdome of Household Appliance. Early in 1970s, Italy exceeded Britain and France in terms of output of household appliance industry, ranking fifth and only behind the US, Japan, Soviet Union and Federal Republic of Germany. Italy’s production capacity of household appliance far exceeded its domestic demands, making Italy the world’s most important exporter of household appliances. Italy’s major household appliances include refrigerator, washing machine, dishwasher and freezer. The country has also taken the lead in production of small household appliances.
Brief Introduction of World Renowned Enterprises:
Whirlpool Corporation, founded in 1911, is headquartered in Michigan, the US. The company announced to acquire Philips’ product line of large-sized household appliances in 1991, becoming the world’s largest manufacturer of white goods and setting a milestone in the household appliance manufacturing industry. Whirlpool Corporation now spreads its business to over 120 countries and owns more than 30 workshops in Europe and the US. It has over 40,000 employees across the world.
Germany-based Siemens, founded in 1847, is one of the world’s top 10 electronics companies. It ranks first in Germany’s electrical appliance industry and owns 15 subsidiaries and holding companies, with over 400,000 employees. Siemens has more than 50 plants in German and over 30 plants in foreign countries. Its business has spread to 129 countries and regions across the globe.
Sweden-based Electrolux was founded in Stockholm, which also hosted its headquarters, in 1919. It is the world’s largest manufacturer of electrical appliances, also one of the largest industrial companies. Electrolux now has more than 100,000 employees, making it one of the private enterprises with the largest number of employees across the world. Its annual sales volume stands at 138 billion yuan. Over 60 million items of Electrolux products are sold to the whole world each year. About 350 million families across the world have or are consuming household appliances manufactured by Electrolux.