1. the life, significance, and philosophy of clemens timpler, 1563/4-1624 (germany)



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Abstract: Communication media create new ways of communicating, socializing, knowing, and organizing. This study explores past, present, and future uses of communication media in a military context with a focus on the intersection of work and family. The study integrates military sociology and communications studies with an emphasis on social presence theory. Social presence is the degree of salience of the other person in the interaction and is aided by communication media. The degree of high or low social presence is dependent upon stimulus-conveying information associated with a communication medium and situational factors: interactivity, context, and privacy. The uses of communication media are explored in relation to gender, rank, race/ethnicity, education, military function, marital status, number of children, previous deployments, parental occupation, and residence. Attributes associated with a military war deployment include loneliness, fear, rumors, knowledge, support, satisfaction, adjustment, morale, and physical separation. Unmediated face-to-face interaction and ten communication media aid in overcoming the spatio-temporal imposition of a military deployment: mail, telephone, Military Affiliate Radio System (MARS), television, radio, audio and video tapes, FAX, e-mail, and television teleconferencing. Three approaches to social research are triangulated: qualitative, comparative, and quantitative with a large sample of soldiers, family members, and key informants (N = 2787). The data originate from recent U.S. military operations in Panama (Operation Just Cause); the Persian Gulf (Operation Desert Shield and Storm); Somalia (Operation Restore Hope) and; Haiti (Operation Uphold Democracy). A Media Effectiveness Scale (MES) assesses uses of communication media to appropriately convey cownunication activities. A number of findings emerge: (1) soldiers and their significant others are communication media users; (2) use of communication media is evolutionary (additive) not revolutionary (supplantive); (3) social presence theory moderately explains communication media use in a work-family context; (4) communication media are moderately related to: overcoming the insulating space imposed by wars, saturation, a communication ethic, and group loyalties; and (5) effects of stratification are not widespread; however, universal access is not normative. Overall, communication media in a military contest are a mixed blessing. Eight research hypotheses and some policy and professional practice implications are put forth.

Links: http://RT4RF9QN2Y.search.serialssolutions.com/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/ProQuest+Dissertations+%26+Theses+Global&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&rft.genre=dissertations+%26+theses&rft.jtitle=&rft.atitle=&rft.au=Ender%2C+Morten+Gaston&rft.aulast=Ender&rft.aufirst=Morten&rft.date=1996-01-01&rft.volume=&rft.issue=&rft.spage=&rft.isbn=9780591148848&rft.btitle=&rft.title=Soldiering+toward+the+information+superhighway%3A+The+comparison+of+old+and+new+communication+media+use+during+military+operations+in+the+post-Cold+War+era&rft.issn=&rft_id=info:doi/

http://RT4RF9QN2Y.search.serialssolutions.com/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/ProQuest+Dissertations+%26+Theses+Global&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&rft.genre=dissertations+%26+theses&rft.jtitle=&rft.atitle=&rft.au=Ender%2C+Morten+Gaston&rft.aulast=Ender&rft.aufirst=Morten&rft.date=1996-01-01&rft.volume=&rft.issue=&rft.spage=&rft.isbn=9780591148848&rft.btitle=&rft.title=Soldiering+toward+the+information+superhighway%3A+The+comparison+of+old+and+new+communication+media+use+during+military+operations+in+the+post-Cold+War+era&rft.issn=&rft_id=info:doi/

Subject: Information Systems; Mass media; American history

Classification: 0723: Information Systems; 0708: Mass media; 0337: American history

Identifier / keyword: Communication and the arts Social sciences Internet

Title: Soldiering toward the information superhighway: The comparison of old and new communication media use during military operations in the post-Cold War era

Number of pages: 333

Publication year: 1996

Degree date: 1996

School code: 0117

Source: DAI-A 57/09, Dissertation Abstracts International

Place of publication: Ann Arbor

Country of publication: United States

ISBN: 9780591148848, 0591148846

Advisor: Segal, David R.

University/institution: University of Maryland, College Park

University location: United States -- Maryland

Degree: Ph.D.

Source type: Dissertations & Theses

Language: English

Document type: Dissertation/Thesis

Dissertation/thesis number: 9707594

ProQuest document ID: 304315787

Document URL: http://pitt.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/304315787?accountid=14709

Copyright: Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.

Database: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global

____________________________________________________________

Document 6 of 50

Engineering progress: Californians and the making of a global economy

Author: Teisch, Jessica Beth

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Abstract: “Engineering Progress” is a comparative study of late nineteenth and early twentieth-century regional development. It situates nature, technology, and culture within the wider global processes by which an abstract but universal ideal of progress spread around the world. In theory, progress promised many things: material and commercial development, scientific and social enlightenment, free markets, and the rule of law. But in practice, these concepts never played out as they were intended. The diaspora of California's engineers and their tools, ideas, and models of development provide one of the best illustrations of the uneven outcomes of the application of new technologies and their motivating ideas. In the 1850s, California became a hub for the global spread of mining and irrigation technology, as well as ideas about labor, property rights, government, society, and modern rural life. Over the next decades, Californian engineers fanned out across the globe with blueprints for change. Some of their tools and ideas were indigenous to California. Others evolved from experiences learned abroad, were modified to fit California's conditions, and then re-exported to other settler societies. For Californian engineers, progress entailed pulling distant regions into a Western economy. It also meant remaking the world in ways that affirmed their own personal politics and beliefs, as well as those of their society. Their mining and irrigation projects in India, California, Australia, South Africa, and Palestine—which together form the comparative basis of this study—show the geographically distinct variations that the supposedly universal progress created. Far from fulfilling a set of universal ideals, progress brought about terrible inconsistencies in some regions and unexpected consequences in others.

Links: http://RT4RF9QN2Y.search.serialssolutions.com/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/ProQuest+Dissertations+%26+Theses+Global&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&rft.genre=dissertations+%26+theses&rft.jtitle=&rft.atitle=&rft.au=Teisch%2C+Jessica+Beth&rft.aulast=Teisch&rft.aufirst=Jessica&rft.date=2001-01-01&rft.volume=&rft.issue=&rft.spage=&rft.isbn=9780493310831&rft.btitle=&rft.title=Engineering+progress%3A++Californians+and+the+making+of+a+global+economy&rft.issn=&rft_id=info:doi/

http://RT4RF9QN2Y.search.serialssolutions.com/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/ProQuest+Dissertations+%26+Theses+Global&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&rft.genre=dissertations+%26+theses&rft.jtitle=&rft.atitle=&rft.au=Teisch%2C+Jessica+Beth&rft.aulast=Teisch&rft.aufirst=Jessica&rft.date=2001-01-01&rft.volume=&rft.issue=&rft.spage=&rft.isbn=9780493310831&rft.btitle=&rft.title=Engineering+progress%3A++Californians+and+the+making+of+a+global+economy&rft.issn=&rft_id=info:doi/

Subject: Geography; American history; History; Environmental engineering

Classification: 0366: Geography; 0337: American history; 0582: History; 0775: Environmental engineering

Identifier / keyword: Social sciences Applied sciences Australia Californians Environmental engineering Global economy India Palestine Progress South Africa Water management

Title: Engineering progress: Californians and the making of a global economy

Number of pages: 374

Publication year: 2001

Degree date: 2001

School code: 0028

Source: DAI-A 62/07, Dissertation Abstracts International

Place of publication: Ann Arbor

Country of publication: United States

ISBN: 9780493310831, 0493310835

Advisor: Johns, Michael

University/institution: University of California, Berkeley

University location: United States -- California

Degree: Ph.D.

Source type: Dissertations & Theses

Language: English

Document type: Dissertation/Thesis

Dissertation/thesis number: 3019828

ProQuest document ID: 304684016

Document URL: http://pitt.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/304684016?accountid=14709

Copyright: Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.

Database: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global

____________________________________________________________

Document 7 of 50

Sister Mary Theresa Brentano, O.S.B.: Innovator in the use of magnetic audio tapes. An overlooked story in the history of educational technology

Author: Herndon, Linda Jo

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Abstract: This study tells the story of Sister Mary Theresa Brentano, O.S.B., (1902–1987) and her experience as a pioneer in the innovative use of magnetic audio tapes and earphones in K–12 classrooms to individualize instruction. I situate her story within the larger story of the history of educational technology since her work as a pioneer in this field has been overlooked and consequently forgotten. This study documents the life cycle of Brentano's innovation from the initial idea in 1952 through the sale of the tapes to a commercial company and their subsequent return to her in 1971. Using the framework of an interpretive biography, I interweave Brentano's story with those of former tape teachers, tape students, her friends and colleagues, as well as newspaper and magazine articles about tape teaching to make the story more complete and accurate. Brentano's theory of individualized (within the group) tape teaching required the teacher to create three different tapes and worksheets to meet the needs of students in three ability groups who used these materials while the teacher personally worked with a fourth group of students. During the 1956–57 school year, Brentano oversaw the design and construction of Our Lady of Wisdom Hall, the first school building in the United States totally wired for electronic teaching at the site of the initial experiment at St. Scholastica Academy in Covington, Louisiana. Shortly after that, Brentano returned to her home religious community of Mount St. Scholastica in Atchison, Kansas, where she established the Tape Institute affiliated with Mount St. Scholastica College. At the Tape Institute, with funding from the Ford Foundation Fund for the Advancement of Education and from the Raskob Foundation, Brentano conducted summer tape workshops from 1958 through 1961. Here she taught teachers from around the country to write scripts, record tapes, and create worksheets to use when implementing her innovation. A thorough discussion of the benefits as well as the problems and challenges involved with individualized tape teaching helps present a complete picture of this innovative use of magnetic audio tapes in the 1950s and 1960s.

Links: http://RT4RF9QN2Y.search.serialssolutions.com/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/ProQuest+Dissertations+%26+Theses+Global&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&rft.genre=dissertations+%26+theses&rft.jtitle=&rft.atitle=&rft.au=Herndon%2C+Linda+Jo&rft.aulast=Herndon&rft.aufirst=Linda&rft.date=2002-01-01&rft.volume=&rft.issue=&rft.spage=&rft.isbn=9780493637747&rft.btitle=&rft.title=Sister+Mary+Theresa+Brentano%2C+O.S.B.%3A+Innovator+in+the+use+of+magnetic+audio+tapes.+An+overlooked+story+in+the+history+of+educational+technology&rft.issn=&rft_id=info:doi/

http://RT4RF9QN2Y.search.serialssolutions.com/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/ProQuest+Dissertations+%26+Theses+Global&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&rft.genre=dissertations+%26+theses&rft.jtitle=&rft.atitle=&rft.au=Herndon%2C+Linda+Jo&rft.aulast=Herndon&rft.aufirst=Linda&rft.date=2002-01-01&rft.volume=&rft.issue=&rft.spage=&rft.isbn=9780493637747&rft.btitle=&rft.title=Sister+Mary+Theresa+Brentano%2C+O.S.B.%3A+Innovator+in+the+use+of+magnetic+audio+tapes.+An+overlooked+story+in+the+history+of+educational+technology&rft.issn=&rft_id=info:doi/

Subject: Curricula; Teaching; Educational software; Education history; Biographies

Classification: 0727: Curricula; 0727: Teaching; 0710: Educational software; 0520: Education history; 0304: Biographies

Identifier / keyword: Education Language, literature and linguistics Audio tapes Brentano, Mary Theresa Educational technology

Title: Sister Mary Theresa Brentano, O.S.B.: Innovator in the use of magnetic audio tapes. An overlooked story in the history of educational technology

Number of pages: 534

Publication year: 2002

Degree date: 2002

School code: 0262

Source: DAI-A 63/04, Dissertation Abstracts International

Place of publication: Ann Arbor

Country of publication: United States

ISBN: 9780493637747, 0493637745

Advisor: Streibel, Michael J.

University/institution: The University of Wisconsin - Madison

University location: United States -- Wisconsin

Degree: Ph.D.

Source type: Dissertations & Theses

Language: English

Document type: Dissertation/Thesis

Dissertation/thesis number: 3049384

ProQuest document ID: 305518514

Document URL: http://pitt.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/305518514?accountid=14709

Copyright: Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.

Database: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global

____________________________________________________________

Document 8 of 50

German and American airframes in World War II: A study

Author: Sedey, Charles Joseph

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Abstract: The purpose of this thesis is to examine the airframe design and powerplant considerations of the German Me 109 Messerschmitt in relation to the American P-38 Lightning, P-51 Mustang, and F4U Corsair. A comparative analysis will investigate the significant similarities and differences between model changes implemented by both the German and American systems of industrial aircraft design during World War Two. The important integral aspects of airframe construction and power considerations that were developed during the Second World War will be investigated with an analysis incorporating the effectiveness of each aircraft as a entity in and of itself. Engineering developments that were procured throughout the war resulted in amazing feats of construction, which would alter the course of the conflict in dramatic fashion for both the Axis and Allies. In conclusion, a representative synopsis of all aircraft is addressed.

Links: http://RT4RF9QN2Y.search.serialssolutions.com/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/ProQuest+Dissertations+%26+Theses+Global&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&rft.genre=dissertations+%26+theses&rft.jtitle=&rft.atitle=&rft.au=Sedey%2C+Charles+Joseph&rft.aulast=Sedey&rft.aufirst=Charles&rft.date=2003-01-01&rft.volume=&rft.issue=&rft.spage=&rft.isbn=&rft.btitle=&rft.title=German+and+American+airframes+in+World+War+II%3A+A+study&rft.issn=&rft_id=info:doi/

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Subject: History; European history; American history

Classification: 0582: History; 0335: European history; 0337: American history

Identifier / keyword: Social sciences

Title: German and American airframes in World War II: A study

Number of pages: 222

Publication year: 2003

Degree date: 2003

School code: 6060

Source: MAI 41/06M, Masters Abstracts International

Place of publication: Ann Arbor

Country of publication: United States

Advisor: Bakken, Gordon

University/institution: California State University, Fullerton

University location: United States -- California

Degree: M.A.

Source type: Dissertations & Theses

Language: English

Document type: Dissertation/Thesis

Dissertation/thesis number: 1413964

ProQuest document ID: 250226238

Document URL: http://pitt.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/250226238?accountid=14709

Copyright: Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.

Database: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global

____________________________________________________________

Document 9 of 50

Rainfall and agriculture in Central West Africa since 1930

Author: Dibi Kangah, Pauline Agoh

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Abstract: Subsaharan West African rainfall is highly variable. This variability is related to changes in the tropical Atlantic sector and circulation regimes that alter the preferred location of tropical convection along with the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). Rainfall variations and their influence on crops need to be assessed. Although many studies have been conducted on the effects of rainfall on agriculture in various parts of the world, few studies have focused on Central West Africa. This study examines rainfall variability and its effects on crops, societies, and economies of Mali, Burkina Faso, and Côte d'Ivoire. Rainfall is critical in determining agricultural output. Most farming systems and many aspects of crop growth are adversely affected by rainfall variability, which can have a disproportionate impact because individual crops are affected differently. Agriculture is the main mode of employment; thus, the socioeconomic well-being of Central West Africa relies on crop cultivation, which heavily depends on the vagaries of rainfall. This analysis also investigates rainfall/crop yield relationships. The temporal focus is on recent decades spanning 1930–1998; adjustments are made, as the lengths of available data require. The aim is to determine whether rainfall fluctuations are associated with changes in crop productivity. Additionally, this study of rainfall/crop yields helps to better understand the environment, society, and economy of Central West Africa. Studies are conducted and conclusions drawn using descriptive statistics (i.e., mean and standard deviation), Principle Component Analysis, time series, and correlation analyses as well as mapping/graphing analyses in GIS, software packages (e.g., Excel, Systat, Instat, Surfer), and comparisons with successive environmental policies. The results suggest that rainfall variations adequately account for more of the crop output than do environmental policies. It is concluded that the main influence on agriculture is rainfall and so, crop yields revolve mainly around the occurrence/non-occurrence (i.e., availability) of rains. Consequently, the understanding of rainfall variability and its induced agricultural changes is a necessity for sustainable socioeconomic development in Mali, Burkina Faso, and Côte d'Ivoire. This study recommends that environmental policies should acknowledge the importance of seasonal rainfall forecasts and incorporates the climate aspects (i.e., agroclimatologic challenge) into agricultural productivity.

Links: http://RT4RF9QN2Y.search.serialssolutions.com/?ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&ctx_enc=info:ofi/enc:UTF-8&rfr_id=info:sid/ProQuest+Dissertations+%26+Theses+Global&rft_val_fmt=info:ofi/fmt:kev:mtx:dissertation&rft.genre=dissertations+%26+theses&rft.jtitle=&rft.atitle=&rft.au=Dibi+Kangah%2C+Pauline+Agoh&rft.aulast=Dibi+Kangah&rft.aufirst=Pauline&rft.date=2004-01-01&rft.volume=&rft.issue=&rft.spage=&rft.isbn=9780496013005&rft.btitle=&rft.title=Rainfall+and+agriculture+in+Central+West+Africa+since+1930&rft.issn=&rft_id=info:doi/

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Subject: Geography; Agricultural economics; African history

Classification: 0366: Geography; 0503: Agricultural economics; 0331: African history

Identifier / keyword: Social sciences Agriculture Rainfall West Africa

Title: Rainfall and agriculture in Central West Africa since 1930

Number of pages: 301

Publication year: 2004

Degree date: 2004

School code: 0169

Source: DAI-A 65/08, Dissertation Abstracts International

Place of publication: Ann Arbor

Country of publication: United States

ISBN: 9780496013005, 0496013009

Advisor: Lamb, Peter J.

University/institution: The University of Oklahoma

University location: United States -- Oklahoma

Degree: Ph.D.

Source type: Dissertations & Theses

Language: English

Document type: Dissertation/Thesis

Dissertation/thesis number: 3143541

ProQuest document ID: 305140689

Document URL: http://pitt.idm.oclc.org/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/305140689?accountid=14709

Copyright: Database copyright ProQuest LLC; ProQuest does not claim copyright in the individual underlying works.

Database: ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Global

____________________________________________________________



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