Text – Memory – Monument The use of the past in Italian Renaissance culture Summer school Rome, 16-28 July 2013 Literature

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Text – Memory – Monument summerschool2

The use of the past in Italian Renaissance

Summer school Rome, 16-28 July 2013

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Some texts are accessible at Jstor. If you have problems with accessing the database through your own university library please write to tmm@hum.au.dk.

We consider Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism as the ‘course textbook’ and encourage you to read through it during May and June.

Background reading on art:
Paoletti and Radke. Art in Renaissance Italy. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1997; 2nd edition from 2001. Especially the pages on Rome (in the second edition pp. 63-73, 253-264, 320-331, 439-450, and 470-478). NB: Due to copyright rules this text is not made available. It should be possible to find thebook in a (university) library.
Charles Hope and Elizabeth Mcgrath. “Artists and humanists” chapter 9 in Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism. Edited by Jill Kraye. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996: 161-188.

Here follows the required reading for each lecture. In the programme only primary texts are mentioned.

Introductory lecture
Marianne Pade, Studia humanitatis
Primary texts:

Francesco Petrarca. “The Ascent of Mount Ventoux, to Dionisio da Borgo San Sepolcro” in Familiar letters book 4 no. 1. http://history.hanover.edu/early/petrarch/PET17.html

Francesco Petrarca. “To Marcus Tullius Cicero [1 of 2]” in Familiar letters book 24 no. 3


Both from: James Harvey Robinson, ed. and trans. Petrarch: The First Modern Scholar and Man of Letters. New York: Haskell House Publishers Ltd., 1898: 307-320 and 239-242.
Francesco Petrarca. Eclogue 3 in Petrarch’s Bucolicum Carmen. Translated and annotated by Thomas G. Bergin. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1974: 30-47 and 222-23.
Secondary texts:

Chiapelli, Carolyn. ”The Motif of Confession in Petrarch's ’Mt. Ventoux’" in MLN 93 no. 1, Italian Issue (Jan., 1978): 131-136. Accessible at Jstor, direct URL:

http://www.jstor.org/stable/2906969 (requires license).
Mann, N. ”The Origins of Humanism” chapter 1 in The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism. Edited by Jill Kraye.
Reeve, Michael D.. ”Classical Scholarship” chapter 2 in The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism. Edited by Jill Kraye. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996: 20-46.

Methodology I Cultural memory and cultural identity
Gitte Lønstrup Dal Santo, Memory Studies – Sources
Primary texts:

[Cicero]. Ad Herrenium book 3 chapter 16-24 in [Cicero]. Ad C. Herennium. De Ratione Dicendi. Translated by Harry Caplan. Loeb Classical Library 403. Cambridge MA and London: Harvard University Press, 1954: 204-225.

Halbwachs, Maurice (1941). “The legendary topography of the Gospels in the Holy Land” in On Collective Memory. Translated by Lewis A. Coser. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001: 193-235.
Nora, Pierre. “Between memory and history: les lieux de mémoire” in Representations 26 (1989): 7-24. Available at Jstor. Direct URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2928520

Secondary texts:
Gillis, John R.. “Memory and Identity” in Commemorations: the politics of national identities edited by Halbwachs, Assmann and Gilles. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1994: 3-26.
Yates, Frances A. The Art of Memory. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1966 . Chapter 1 and 5, pp. 17-41 and 114-34. NB: Due to copyright rules the texts are not made available. It should be possible to buy the book for a reasonable prize or to find it in a (university) library.
Assmann, Jan and Rodney Livingstone. Religion and Cultural Memory: Ten Studies Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006: 1-30.

Suggestions to further reading:

Primary texts:

Aristoteles. De memoria et remeniscentia

Quintillian. Institutio Oratoria book 11 chapter 2 paragraphs 17-22.

Cicero. De Oratore book 2 chapter 86 in Cicero. De Oratore. Books I-II. Translated by E. W. Sutton. Completed with an introduction by H. Rackahm. Loeb Classical Library 348. Cambridge MA and London: Harvard University Press, 1967: 462-67.
Secondary literature:

Erll, Astrid. “Cultural Memory Studies: An Introduction” in A companion cultural memory studies. Edited by A. Erll and A. Nünning. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2010: 1-15.

den Boer, Pim. “Loci memoriae – Lieux de mémoire” in A companion cultural memory studies. Edited by A. Erll and A. Nünning. Berlin: De Gruyter,2010: 19-25.
Olick, Vinitzky-Seroussi and Daniel Levy. The collective memory reader. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.
Boyer, M. Christine. The City of Collective Memory: Its Historical Imagery and Architectural Entertainments. Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 1994.
Le Goff, Jacques. History and Memory. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992. (first published in Italian, Storia e Memoria, Einaudi 1977).

Berliner, David. “The Abuses of Memory: Reflections on the Memory Boom in Anthropology”, Anthropological Quarterly, 78 no. 1 (2005): 197-211.

Yates, Frances A. (1966): The Art of Memory, chapters 3-4 and 6-14 (the latter dealing with examples of renaissance memory practices).
Hutton, Patrick H. History as an art of memory. Hanover: University Press of New England, 1993.

Methodology II: Palaeography and epigraphy

Primary text:

Francesco Petrarca. “On the Scarcity of Copyists, to Lapo da Castiglionchio” in Petrarch: The First Modern Scholar and Man of Letters, edited and translated by James Harvy Robinson. New York: Yale University Press, 1898: 275-278. Accessible online at: http://history.hanover.edu/texts/petrarch/pet14.htm

Secondary texts:

Davies, Martin. ”Humanism in Script and Print in the Fifteenth Century” chapter 3 in The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism. Edited by Jill Kraye. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996: 47-62.

Outi Merisalo. Humanist Scripts. 2012.

Introductory material in http://www.gutenberg.de/

Biography of and Bibliography on Andrea Bregno: http://www.andreabregno.it/index.php

Places of Power I: the Capitol and the heritage of republican Rome 
Carsten Lange, The significance of the Capitol and the Forum in Republican Rome

Background (optional): Griffin, M. “Cicero and Rome”, in The Oxford History of The Roman World. Edited by J. Boardman et al .Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986 (and later): 90-120.

Outi Merisalo, Ruins, inscriptions, pigs and cows: Poggio's description of the ruins of Rome
Primary text:

Poggio Bracciolini. De varietate fortunae book I.1-377. Translated by Outi Merisalo, 2012.

Marianne Pade (et al.), Guided tour at the Capitol
Primary text:
The Life of Cola di Rienzo, chapters 1-6 in The Life of Cola di Rienzo. Translated by John Wright. Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1975: 31-43.
Secondary texts:

Musto, Ronald G. “Reviving Antiquity” in Apocalypse in Rome: Cola di Rienzo and the Politics of the New Age. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003: 45-57 and 353-54.

Friis-Jensen, Karsten. “Petrarch, the city of Rome and the Capitol” in On Renaissance Academies. Analecta Romana Instituti Danici, Supplementum 42, edited by Marianne Pade. Rome: Edizioni Quazar, 2011: 9-18.

Places of Power II: the Vatican and the heritage of imperial Rome
Marianne Pade, The papal state
Primary texts:

Lorenzo Valla. Discourse on the Forgery of the Alleged Donation of Constantine in Latin and English. Edited and translated by Christopher B. Coleman. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1922. Accessible online at Hanover Historical Texts Project: http://history.hanover.edu/texts/vallatc.html. Scanned and proofread by Jonathan Perry, February 2001.

From part 1: “The Donation of Constantine As Given in Part 1, Division 96, Chapters 13 and 14 of Gratian's Decretum,or Harmony of the Canons 10-19.” http://history.hanover.edu/texts/vallapart1.html
From part 2: “the Discourse of Lorenzo Valla on the forgery of the allegded donation of Constantine”, please read the following extracts:

- p. 25: “I know that …” - p. 29: “… validated by prescription.”

- p. 63: “Indeed, we must suspect …” - p. 67: “… on this point.”

- p. 115: “Which shall I…” - p. 117: “… upon them all.”

- p. 177: “But why need I …” - p. 183_ “… will stop.”


Secondary texts:

Fubini, Riccardo. ”Humanism and Truth: Valla writes against the Donation of Constantine” in Journal of the History of Ideas 57no. 1 (1996): 79-86. URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3653883

Hankins, James. ”Humanism and the origins of modern political thought” chapter 7 in The Cambridge Companion to Renaissance Humanism. Edited by Jill Kraye. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996: 118-141.
Gitte Lønstrup, The Constantine basilica and the monumentalization of Peter's grave
Primary text:

Liber Pontificalis: Vita Silvestri.
Davis, Raymond, transl. The Book of Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis): The Ancient Biographies of the First Ninety Roman Bishops to AD 715. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2000.
Latin text: Duchesne, Louis, ed. “Vita Silvestri” in volume 1 of Le Liber Pontificalis. Texte, introduction et commentaire. Paris: Thorin, 1886: 170-187.
Secondary text:

Brandenburg, Hugo. “The Basilica of St. Peter’s (S. Pietro in Vaticano)” in Ancient churches of Rome from the fourth to the seventh century: the dawn of Christian architecture. Turnhout: Brepols.2005: 91-102.

Suggestions to further reading (all secondary literature):

Toynbee, Jocelyn M. C. and John B.Ward-Perkins. Shrine of St Peter and the Vatican Excavations. London: Longmans Green and Co., 1956: 3-23, 195-239.

Arbeiter, Achim. Alt-St. Peter in Geschichte und Wissenschaft: Abfolge der Bauten, Rekonstruktion, Architekturprogramm. Berlin: Mann, 1988.
Krautheimer, Richard, ed. Corpus Basilicarum Christianorum Romae. The Vatican City: Pontificio Istituto di archeologia cristiana, 1937-77.
Krautheimer, Richard. “Constantine’s Church Foundations”, in: Akten des VII. inter-nationalen Kongresses für christliche Archäologie. The Vatican City: Pontificio istituto di archeologia cristiana, 1969: 237-55.

Methodology III
Leonardo Cecchini, Memory and intertextuality
Primary Texts:

Francesco Petrarca. Fam. I, 8; Fam. XXII, 2; Fam. XXIII, 19 in: Rerum familiarium libri, translated by Aldo S. Bernardo, Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1975-85.

Lucius Annaeus Seneca. Ep. Mo. 84 in: Ad Lucilium epistulae morales, translated by R. M. Gummere, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University POress, 1953-70.
Ackerman, James. “Imitation” Chapter 1 in Antiquity and its Interpreters. Edited by Alina Payne, Ann Kuttner, and Rebekah Smick. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Suggestions to further reading:

Bakhtin Mikhail. The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays, Austin: University of Texas Press. 1981.

Bakhtin Mikhail. Rabelais and His World, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1993.

Bakhtin Mikhail. Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1984.

Bakhtin Mikhail. Speech Genres and Other Late Essays, Austin: University of Texas Press, 1986.
Barthes Roland. Image, Music, Text , New York: Hill and Wang, 1971 [contains the essay The death of the Author, published in French in the magazine Manteia, no. 5 (1968)].

Bloom Harold. The Anxiety of Influence, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1973.

Genette Gérard. Palimpsests: literature in the second degree, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1997.

Graham Allen. Intertextuality. London and New York: Routledge, 2000.

Kristeva Julia. Desire in Language: A Semiotic Approach to Literature and Art, London: Blackwell, 1980.

Places of study and leisure: palaces and villas, urban and rural lifestyle
Outi Merisalo, Introduction to Villa Lante
Unn Irene, Neo-Platonism I
Primary Text:

Prooemium and Caput 1.1 and 1.2 of Marsilio Ficino, De amore in:

Marsilio Ficino. Marsilio Ficino’s Commentary on Plato’s Symposium. Edited and Translated by Sears Reynold Jayne. Columbia: University of missoury, 1944.
Plotinus. Enneads, 3.5, On love chapter 1 in The Enneads. Translated by Stephen MacKenna. Revised by B. S. Page. Foreword by E. R. Dodds. Introduction by Paul Henry. London: Faber and Faber Limited, 1957.
Plato. Symposium 210a-212c (excerpt from the sixth oration) in

Plato. The Symposium. Translated by Walter Hamilton. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1951. – Or: Plato, Plato in Twelve Volumes, Vol. 9. Translated by Harold N. Fowler. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1925. Accessible at http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Plat.+Sym.+210a&fromdoc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.01.0174

Secondary texts:

Remes, Pauliina. “The Neoplatonic Heritage” chapter 7 in Neoplatonism. Stocksfield: Acumen, 2008: 197-207.

Allen, Michael J.B. “Renaissance Neoplatonism” chapter 45 in the Cambridge History of Literary Criticism 3: The Renaissance. Edited by Norton. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999: 435-41.
Trine Hass, Bucolic poetry
Primary text:

Francesco Petrarca. Eclogue 10 vv. 1-48 and 348-411 in Petrarch’s Bucolicum Carmen. Translated and annotated by Thomas G. Bergin. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1974: (Main focus)

Francesco Petrarca. “Charms and Shortcomings of Vaucluse as a Common Residence. Book VIII/3 (Excerpt) To “Olympius”; from Parma, 18 May 1349” in Letters from Petrarch. Translated by Morris Bishop. Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1966: 69-70.
Francesco Petrarca. Canzoniere 318 at http://petrarch.petersadlon.com/canzoniere.html?poem=318
Secondary texts:

Conte, Gian Biagio. “Virgil” and “The Bucolics” in Latin Literature. A History. Translated by Joseph B. Solodow. Revised by Don Fowler and Glenn W. Most. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994: 262-68.

Houghton, L. B. T. “Virgil the ‘Renaissance Man’ and his Medieval Antecedents” in The Proceedings of the Virgil Society 26 (2008): 89-104.
Carrai, Stefano. “Pastoral as personal mythology in history. Bucolicum carmen” chapter 9 in Petrarch. A Critical Guide to the Complete Works. Edited by Victoria Kirkham and Armando Maggi. Chicago and London: Chicago University Press, 2010: 165-77
Peter Gillgren, Villa architecture
Primary text:

Baldassare Castiglione, Cleopatra, translated by Alexander Pope in: Alexander Pope. Minor Poems. Vol. 6 of The Twickenham edition of the poems of Alexander Pope. London: Methuen,1954: 66-69. 

Secondary text:

Leonard Barkan. “The Beholder’s Tale: Ancient Sculpture, Renaissance Narrative” in Representations 44 (1993): 133-166. Accessable through Jstor, direct URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2928642

Palace tour
Leonardo Cecchini, Court culture
Primary texts:

Baldassarre Castiglione, Il cortegiano book 1 chapters 14, 19-20 and 26; book 2 chapters 23 and 32; book 3 chapters 4-5 and 9-10; and book 4 chapters 51-5 at http://it.wikisource.org/wiki/Il_libro_del_Cortegiano.

English translation in: The Book of the Courtier. Translated by George Bull. London: Penguin, 1976.
Nicolò Machiavelli. Cap. XV: “Delle cose, mediante le quali gli uomini, e massimamente i Principi, sono lodati o vituperati”. At: http://it.wikisource.org/wiki/Il_Principe.

“Concerning things for which Men, and especially Princes, are Praised or Blamed” chapter 15 in The Prince. Translated by W. K. Marriott. eBooks@Adelaide, 2002.

Secondary texts:

Burke, Peter. “Tradition and Reception,” “The Courtier in its Time” chapters 1-2 in: The Fortunes of the Courtier. The European Reception of Castiglione’s Cortegiano. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1995.

Suggestions to further reading:

Norbert Elias, The Court Society, New York: Pantheon Books, 1983.

Eduardo Saccone, “Grazia, Sprezzatura, Affettazione in the Courtier”in: Castiglione: The Ideal and the Real in Renaissance Culture, eds. Robert W. Hanning & David Rosand, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983.

Images of man
Peter Gillgren, Renaissance Portraits

Primary text:

Leon Battista Alberti. De re aedificatoria book 8, chapters 1-4 in On the art of building in ten books translated by Joseph Rykwert et al. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1988: 244-257.

Secondary text:
Ciappelli, Giovanni. “Introduction” in Art, memory, and family in Renaissance Florence, edited by Giovanni Ciappelli and Patricia Rubin. Camridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000: 1-17.
Lewis, Francis Ames. “Neoplatonism and the Visual Arts at the Time of Marsilio Ficino” in Marsilio Ficino: his theology, his philosophy, his legacy” edited by Michael J. B. Allen and Valery Rees. Leiden: Brill, 2002: 327-338.
John Shearman. “Portraits and Poets” in Only Connect. Art and Spectator in the Italian Renaissance. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1992: 108-148.
Unn Irene Aasdalen, Neoplatonism II

Primary texts:

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Oratio, first part of the oration. Accessible at http://cscs.umich.edu/~crshalizi/Mirandola/ (Please read the first nine paragraphs until the paragraph beginning with ”But what is the purpose of all this?”

Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. Heptaplus book 2 chapter 6 and book 4 chapter 7.
Secondary texts:

Burckhardt, Jacob. “The Development of the Individual Personality” in The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. New York: Modern Library, 2002: 100-108.

Trinkaus, Charles. "Giovanni Pico della Mirandola on the Place of Man in the Cosmos: Egedio da Viterbo on the Dignity of Men and Angels" in In Our Image and Likeness: Humanity and Divinity in Italian Humanist Thought 2. Notre Dame, Ind: University of Notre Dame Press, 1995: 505-529.

The Roman academy: books and places
Primary text:

Secondary literature:

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