Plan: Dreams and philosophical realism



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Jung's view



This article is missing information about scientific consensus for or against Jung's theory. Please expand the article to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page(February 2019)

Carl Jung rejected many of Freud's theories. Jung expanded on Freud's idea that dream content relates to the dreamer's unconscious desires. He described dreams as messages to the dreamer and argued that dreamers should pay attention for their own good. He came to believe that dreams present the dreamer with revelations that can uncover and help to resolve emotional or religious problems and fears.[73]

Jung wrote that recurring dreams show up repeatedly to demand attention, suggesting that the dreamer is neglecting an issue related to the dream. He called this "compensation." The dream balances the conscious belief and attitudes with an alternative. Jung did not believe that the conscious attitude was wrong and that the dream provided the true belief. He argued that good work with dreams takes both into account and comes up with a balanced viewpoint. He believed that many of the symbols or images from these dreams return with each dream. Jung believed that memories formed throughout the day also play a role in dreaming. These memories leave impressions for the unconscious to deal with when the ego is at rest. The unconscious mind re-enacts these glimpses of the past in the form of a dream. Jung called this a day residue.[74] Jung also argued that dreaming is not a purely individual concern, that all dreams are part of "one great web of psychological factors."



Fritz Perls' view



This article is missing information about scientific consensus for or against Perls' theory. Please expand the article to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page(February 2019)

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