Phrases,patterns and collocations-iboralar,naqshde va bir biriga bog’langan perspective



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Phrases,patterns and collocations-iboralar,naqshde va bir biriga bog’langan perspective-kuzatasiz,put into perspective-istiqbolga yo’naltirilgan,from another /a different/sb’s/etc perspec-

Consideration-e’tiborga olish, take into consideration-e’tiborga olish kerak, tive-boshqa nuqtai nazardan/boshqa nuqtai nazar,sb nuqtai nazaridan/va hokazo.kuzatasiz ,from the perspec-

give consideration to-e’tibor bering,show consideration for-e’tiborga olish, under tive of-nuqtai nazaridan,out of perspective-istiqbolsiz,a sense of perspective-istiqbol tuyg’usi.

consideration-ko’rib chiqilmoqda,for sb’s consideration-sbni ko’rib chiqish uchun, principle-printsipi,have a principles-printsiplarga ega,stand by/stick to your principles-sizning printsiplaringiz

out of consideration for-e’tiborga olinmaydi. bo’yicha turing/sizning tamoyillariga sodiq qoling, principle of sth-sth tamoyili, principle that-printsipi,against

Doubt-shubha,doubt that-shubha qilaman,have your doubts about-sizning shubhan- sb’s principles-sb tamoyillariga qarshi,set of principles-printsiplar to’plami.

giz bor,cast doubt on-shubha qilishadi,raise doubts-shubha tug’dirish,in doubt-shubha- question-savol,beg the question-savol bering,raise the question(of)-savolni ko’taring,a/no question of-savol/

siz, doubt as to/about-shubha qilish,shubhasiz,beyond doubt-shubhasiz,any doubt-har hech qanday savol,in question-ushbu,out of the question-savoldan tashqari,without question-savolsiz,beyond

qanday shubha,(a)reasonable doubt-oqilona shubha,without a doubt-shubhasiz,open to question-savolga tashqari,some question over/as to/about-ba’zi savollar/ba’zi savol/ba’zi savol haqida,awk-



doubt-shubhasiz ochiq. ward question-noqulay savol.

Dream-tush,dream of/about/that-orzu qilish/tush haqida/tush tush…,have a dream-tush ko’r, sense-ma’no,sense that-tushunish,see sense-mantiqqa qarang,make sense(of)-ma’no bermoq/his qilish,have

a dream to-bir tush,beyond your wildest dreams-sizning eng dahshatli tushlaringizdan tashqarida, the sense to-ma’no bor,come to your sense-ma’nosiga keling,a sense of-his qilish,in a/one sense-bir ma’noda/

a dream come true-orzular ro’yobga chiqadi,in your dreams-orzuingizda,like a dream-tush kabi. bir ma’no,common sense-umumiy ma’noda.

focus-diqqat markazida,focus on-diqqatni qaratish,the focus of/for-mavzusiga bag’ishlangan/uchun side-tomoni,side with sb-sb bilan birga,take sides-tomonlarini oling,see both sides(of an argument)-har ikki to-

ahamiyatga ega,in focus-diqqat markazida,out of focus- diqqat markazida, focus group-fokus guruh, monni ham ko’ring(dalilning har ikki tomoniga qarang),look on the bright side-yorqin tomonga qarang,on the



main/primary/major focus-asosiy diqqat markazida/asosiy yo’nalish/asosiy yonalish. plus/minus side-ortiqcha omonda/minus tomonda,by sb’s side-sb tarafida,on sb’s side-sb tarafida,on either

Impression-taassurot, have/give the(false)impression that-taassurot qoldiring/soxta taassurot qol- side(of)-har ikki tomonda ham.

diring,do an impression(of)-taassurot qoldiring,create/make an impression(on sb)-taassurot yaratish/ straight-to’g’riga,set/put sb straight about-sbni to’g’ridan to’g’ri belgilab qo’ying/to’g’ridan-to’g’ri sb qo’yish,

taassurot qoldiring,under the impression that-bu tassurot ostida,first impression-birinchi taassurot. set/put the record straight-yozuvni to’g’irlash/yuzuvni to’g’ridan-to’g’I qo’ying,get/come straight to the point-

Mental-aqliy,make a mental note(of/about)-aql bovar qilmas/haqida mulohaza qilish, mental arith- to’g’I tuqtaga tushing/to’g’ri tuqtaga keling,get sth straight-to’g’ridan-to’g’ri qabul qilish,think/see straight-

metic-aqliy arifmetik, mental illness-aqliy kasallik, mental age-aqliy yosh, mental health-ruhiy sa- to’g’ri fikrlash/to’g’ri qarang, straight talking-to’g’ri gapirish, straight answer-to’g’ri javob bering.

lomatlik. View-ko’rinish,view sth as-shtni ko’rsating,take the view that-fikrni ol,take a dim/poor view of-xira ko’rinish



Mind-aql,make up your mind-qaror qabul qilmoq,cross/slip your mind-fikringizni kesib tashlang/ olish/yomon ko’rinish olish,come into view-paydo bo’lishi,in view-ni nazarida,with a view to-uchun, view on/

fikringizni silkit,have/bear in mind-yodda tuting/yodingda tut,have a one-track mind-bir tomonlama about/that-ko’rish/haqida/buni qarang,in sb’s view-sb ning fikriga ko’ra, viewpoint-nuqtai nazar,point of view-

aqlga ega bo’ish,take your mind off-fikringizni using,bring to mind-yodda tuting,in two minds about- nazar.

ikki fikrda,on your mind-aqlingizga,state of mind-aqliy holat,narrow/broad/open/absent- minded-

kaltafahm/keng kolamda/ochiq fikrli/yo’q edi.

Misapprehension-noto’g’ri tushunish,under the misapprehension that-bunga javoban tushuninb

yetdim.


Idioms-iboralar

Go to your head-boshingizga boring:if success goes to your head,it makes you think that



you are better or more important than you really are-Agar muvaffaqiyat sizning boshingizga

tushsa,u sizni haqiqatdan ham yaxhi yoki muhimroq deb o’ylaydi.

Have your wits about you-sizning fikringiz bor:be able to think quickly and make sensible

decisions-tez o’ylab,aqlga asoslangan qarorlar qabul qilish.

In the dark(about)-qorong’ida:not knowing very much about something,because other people



are keeping it secret from you-qorong’ulikda biror narsa haqida ko’p narsalarni bilmaslik kerak,

chunki bowqa odamalar uni sizdan sir tutadilar.

Know what’s what-nima ekanligini bilib oling:know the important facts about a situation-

vaziyat haqida muhim faktlarni bilish.

Not have a leg to stand on-oyoqqa turmaslik kerak:not have any way of proving that you are

right about something-siz biror narsa haqida to’g’ri ekanligingizni isbotlashning hech qanday

usuli yo’q.

not see the wood for the trees-daraxtlar uchun daraxtni ko’rmaysiz:used for saying that

someone cannot understand what is important in a situation because they are thinking too

much about small details-kimdir kichik bir tafsilot haqida juda ko’p fikr yuritib,vaziyatda

muhim bo’lgan narsani tushunolmasligini aytadi.

Put two and two together-ikki va ikkitasini birga qo’shib qo’ying:guess what is happening

or what something means based on what you have seen or heard-nima bo’lganini yoki

nimani nimani nazarda tutganini ko’rgan yoki eshitgan narsalarga asoslang.

quick/slow on the uptake-tez/sekinlashuvga olib keladi:taking a very short/long time to

understand or realise something-nimani tushunish yoki amalga oshirish uchun juda qisqa/

uzoq vaqt talab etadi.

Ring a bell-qo’ng’iroq ohanglari:something that rings a bell sounds familiar to you,although



you cannot remember the exact details-siz qo’ng’iroqlarni to’g’ri bo’lsa ham,siz aniq

tafsilotlarni eslay olmayman.

Round the bend-dumaloq yumaloq:crazy-aqldan

Split hairs-bo’lingan sochlar:argue or worry about very small details or difference that are



not importanat-juda kichik tafsilotlar yoki muhim bo’lmagan farqlar haqida bahslashib

yoki tashvishlantiring.

Take stock(of)-kabinetga olish(aktsiyalarni qabul qilish):spend some time thinking about the

situation you are in before you decide what to do next-keyin nima qilih kerakligi haqida

qaror qabul qilmasdan oldin,sizning vaziyatingiz to’g’risida o’ylab turing.




Present simple

Present countniouns

Present perfact

Present Perfact coun.

S+V +A+T, Do+S+V+A+T?

S+To be +V +A+T

S+Have+V +A+T

S+have+been+V +A+T

Usually,sometimes,every

Now,at the moment

Recently,until,yet,for,sinc

For,since



Future simple

Future countniuons

Future Perfact

S+will+V+A+T

S+will+be+V +A+T

S+will+have+V +A+T

Next,tomorrow




Next,tomorrow



Past simple

Past countniouns

S+to be+V +A+T

S+was+V +A+T







Yesterday,ago,last,befo

Last,ago,before,yestr…

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