In Uzbekistan, secondary education is divided into two stages. The first stage



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Education in

Uzbekistan

In Uzbekistan, secondary education is

divided into two stages. The first stage

includes nine years of compulsory

schooling with the same programs all

over Uzbekistan. The second stage

covers education and vocational training

after nine years. It includes general

secondary education and specialized

secondary education. Young people



receive general secondary education

while staying in school for the tenth and

eleventh grades. Upon successful

completion, they get a Certificate of

Complete Secondary Education.

Specialized secondary education is

provided through a net of schools:

- Professionalno-Tehnicheskoye

Uchilishe (PTU or Professional Technical

School). Graduates receive a Junior

Specialist Diploma equal to a Certificate

of Complete Secondary Education.

- Tehnikum (Technical College).

Graduates receive a Junior Specialist



Diploma equal to a Certificate of

Complete Secondary Education.

- Lytsei (Lyceum) or various training

courses offered by higher education

institutions or industry. Graduates

receive a Junior Specialist Diploma or

Diploma of Academic Lyceum equal to a

Certificate of Complete Secondary

Education.

In 2017, education reforms in Uzbekistan

changed from 12-year program to 11

years after a previous reform

disappointed and troubled parents and

children. Eleven years of primary and

secondary education are obligatory,

starting at age seven. The rate of



attendance in those grades is high,

although the figure is significantly lower

in rural areas than in urban centers.

Preschool registration has decreased

significantly since 1991.

[1]


The official literacy rate is 99 percent.

However, in the post-Soviet era

educational standards have fallen.

Funding and training have not been

sufficient to effectively educate the

expanding younger cohorts of the

population. Between 1992 and 2004,

government spending on education

dropped from 12 percent to 6.3 percent

of gross domestic product.

[1]

 In 2006


education’s share of the budget

increased to 8.1 percent. Lack of

budgetary support has been more

noticeable at the primary and secondary

levels, as the government has continued

to subsidize university students. 

[1]


Between 1992 and 2001, university

attendance dropped from 19 percent of

the college-age population to 6.4

percent. The three largest of Uzbekistan’s

63 institutions of higher learning are in

Nukus, Samarkand, and Tashkent, with all

three being state funded.

Private schools are forbidden as a result

of a government crackdown on the

establishment of Islamic fundamentalist

(Wahhabi) schools. However, in 1999 the


government-supported Tashkent Islamic

University was founded for the teaching

of Islam.

[1]


Among higher educational institutions,

the highest rated at domestic level are

Tashkent Financial Institute and

Westminster International University in

Tashkent. The first one was established

by the initiative of the first president of

Uzbekistan in 1991. Later in 2002, in

collaboration with the University of

Westminster (UK) and “UMID”

Foundation of the President of the

Republic of Uzbekistan, Westminster

International University in Tashkent was

established. Currently these universities


are regarded as the best in its sphere of

education both in Uzbekistan and Central

Asian countries.

In 2007, Uzbekistan Banking Association

(UBA) had a joint venture with

Management Development Institute of

Singapore, Singapore and set up MDIST

university in Tashkent.

In 2010 the British School of Tashkent

was established

to provide a high-achieving British school

where children learn in a secure and

stimulating environment and children of

all nationalities are exposed to the

English National Curriculum. The school



is also able to deliver all local Uzbek

curriculum requirements.

1. Uzbekistan country profile . Library

of Congress Federal Research

Division (February 2007). This article

incorporates text from this source,

which is in the public domain.

2.https://education.stateuniversity.com/

pages/1652/Uzbekistan-SECONDARY-

EDUCATION.html

Retrieved from

"

https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?



References

Content is available under CC BY-SA 3.0  unless

otherwise noted.

title=Education_in_Uzbekistan&oldid=902910069

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