Study Guide for “Icarus and Daedalus” and “Phaethon, Son of Apollo”



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Study Guide for “Icarus and Daedalus” and “Phaethon, Son of Apollo”

  1. Know all 10 vocabulary words (matching)

1.

2.


3.

4.

5.



6.

7.

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10.


  1. What cultural values are portrayed in each selection? Which one was ignored and lead to the death of Icarus and Phaethon?

  2. Why does Apollo try to convince his son not to drive the sun chariot?

  3. Icarus dies because:

  4. Phaethon dies because:

  5. What does Epaphos say to Phaethon?

  6. What is a lesson that can be learned from “Icarus and Daedalus”?

  7. What natural events are explained in “Phaethon, Son of Apollo”?

  8. What natural events are explained in “Icarus and Daedalus”?

  9. Why does Daedalus decide to never fly again?

  10. How does the chariot in Phaethon stop from causing more destruction?

  11. Know the functions of a myth from both selections:

    1. “Icarus and Daedalus”:




    1. “Phaethon, Son of Apllo”:



  1. Cause-Effect from “Phaethon, Son of Apollo”: Cause: Apollo agrees to allow Phaethon to ride the golden chariot

Question:




  • Effect:





  • Question:





  • Effect

Study Guide for “Icarus and Daedalus” and “Phaethon, Son of Apollo”

1. Know all 10 vocabulary words (matching)

    Cunning- skillful; clever

   Veer- to change directions

   Sustain- to keep up; to support

   Rash- reckless and careless

   Deference- respect and honor

   Dissuade- to persuade not to do something 

   Anointed- rubbed oil or ointment

   Precipitous- very steep

   Amber- a yellowish or brownish substance that comes from certain trees

   Reel- to feel unsteady or dizzy

2. What cultural values are portrayed in each selection? Know your place, obey your elders, respect and obey the gods Which one was ignored and lead to the death of Icarus and Phaethon? Obey your elders.

3. Why does Apollo try to convince his son not to drive the sun chariot? Because he knows it is impossible for him to succeed in doing so. 

4. Icarus dies because: does not listen to his father

5. Phaethon dies because: does not take his father's advice and has too much pride.

6. What does Epaphos say to Phaethon? accuses him of lying about who his father is. 

7. What is a lesson that can be learned from “Icarus and Daedalus”? do not get carried away with success. 

8. What natural events are explained in “Phaethon, Son of Apollo”? North African Desert

9. What natural events are explained in “Icarus and Daedalus”? Icaria Island

10. Why does Daedalus decide to never fly again? He is saddened by the awful fate of his son.

11. How does the chariot stop from causing more destruction? by a thunderbolt from Zeus.



12. Know the functions of a myth from both selections:

  1. “Icarus and Daedalus”: Shows human heroes with superhuman traits, explain natural events, explain universal theme

  2. “Phaethon, Son of Apllo”: To explain natural events, explain universal theme,  shows human heroes with superhuman traits, to express beliefs between right and wrong.

  1. Cause-Effect from “Phaethon, Son of Apollo”: Cause: Apollo agrees to allow Phaethon to ride the golden chariot --> Question: What happens as a result of Apollo agreeing to let Phaethon ride the chariot?

    1. Effect: Phaethon struggles and loses control of the chariot.

    2. Question: What happens as a result of Phaethon losing control?

    3. Effect: Phaethon is struck by a thunderbolt from Zeus and dies. 


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