The historical stages of development of therapeutic stomatology, its divisions. Value of labours of scientists of Ukraine. Histological and clinico-anotomical structure of teeth. Dental formulas. Signs of teeth. Classification of carious cavities on Black. Basic principles of preparation of the carious cavities. Stages and features of the classic preparation of the carious cavities depending on a class. Modern methodology of preparation of the carious cavities under composition materials. Unconventional methodologies of preparation. Ergonomics in stomatology.
Filling materials for the permanent and temporal stopping and bandages. General requirements to them. Classification. Modern filling materials (cements, amalgams, composition materials). Composition, properties. Indication to using.
Endodontion. Determination of concept. Clinico-anatomical features of structure of the cavity of tooth and root-canals. Endodontical tool: varieties, setting, rules of the use. Standards of ISO. Basic endodontical manipulations: amputation, exterpation of mash. Medicinal facilities. The methods of clearing and expansion of root-canals ("Step-back" and "Crown-down" of technique). Treatment of the instrumental impassable root-canals : impregnation and mummification. Errors and complications.
The filling of root-canals. Instruments for obturation of root-canals, standards of ISO. Filling materials. Classification. Composition, properties of different groups of sillers. Indication to using. Modern technologies of the filling of root-canals with the use of sillers and fillers : methods of central shtift, vertical, cold and warm lateral condensation of gutta-percha, obturation of the root-canals by the system "Termofil". Errors and complications.