Personalis marTvis meTodologia unda iazrovno globalurad, xolo imoqmedo lokalurad



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  1. personalis marTvis meTodologia

unda iazrovno globalurad, xolo imoqmedo lokalurad

Temis sakiTxebi:

  1. ZiriTadi arsi

  2. personalis marTvis fsiqologiuri aspeqti

  3. personalis marTvis sistema. misi agebis principebi da meTodebi

  4. personalis marTvis meTodebi

Temis Seswavlis mizani:

  • ZiriTadi arsis gageba: marTva, sistema, personali, personalis marTva, moqmedeba, funqionireba. dagegmva, orga nizacia, koordinacia, motivacia, kontroli, meTodi, principi.

  • personalis martvaSi sistemurobis principis arsi.

  • personalis marTvis sistemis agebis principebisa da meTodebis codna;

  • personalis martvis meTodebis codnis arsi;

  • Tvisebebis codnea, rac aucilebelia sxvebis samarTavad.

ZiriTadi sityvebi: marTva, sistema, personali, personalis marTva, saqmianoba, funqcuionireba, dagegmva, organizacia, motivacia, kontroli, meTodi, principi.

    1. ZiriTadi arsi: marTva, organizacia, personali, personalis marTva.

pirvelad iyo sityva

sazogadoebaSi informaciis misaRebad da gadasacemad (Setyobineba, romlis saSualebiTac gamoisaxeba misi azri) farTod gamoiyeneba sityva, rogorc SedarebiT universaluri forma, mniSvnelobis gagebinebis amsaxveli. Cven vazrovnebT gagebinebiT. Cven aRviqvamT sityvebis meSveobiT (xmebis gansazRvruli SexamebiT) mniSvnelobis arsi. mravali gauTvaliswinebeli SemTxveva SeiZleba gaixsenoT Cveni cxovrebiseuli gamocdilebidan, romlebic dakavSirebuli iyo gaugebar sityvebTan, anu, rodesac siytvebi iRebdnen gansxvavebul mniSvnelobebs, gasacvlel informaciaSi.

magaliTad: ,,marTva”. ra gageba debs am mocemul momntSi am sityvaSi? erTma kirkita aspirantma daiTvala daaxloebiT samasamde gansxvavebuli gansazRvreba terminisa ,,marTva”.

swored amitom Tvalyuri adevneT SeCerdeT ufro detalurad ZiriTad cnebebs, rac gamoiyeneba mocemul kurssSi. aTvisebuli ganmarteba damaxasiaTebelia ama Tu im saqamianobas, mravalmxriv gaSifrulia misi ZiriTadi mizenbi, amocanebi da Sinaarsi.

,,mamebi” kibernetikis, marTvis Tanamedrove mecnierebis , - Norbert vinery, ross eSbi, gluSkovi das x. – gansazRvres marTvis arsi socialur saSuaeebSi, maT Soris sawaroo kompaniebSi, teqnikasa da cocxal organizmebSi – informaciis mizanmimarTuli gadamuSaveba. esaa ZiriTadi aRmoCena, romelic moutana samecniero sferos kibernetikam, 20 saukunis SualedSi.

marTa – esaa informaciis gadamuSavebsui procesi romlis mizania momzadeba, gadawyvetilenis miReba da realizacia, romeli c ganapirobebs organizaciis muSaobis efeqturobuis amaRlebas, produqciis xarisxsi amaRlebas.

persona (laT. persona) – 1) gamorCeuloba, pirovneba; 2) mniSvnelovani piri . maSasadame sityvis Zireuli mniSvneloba migvaniSnebs personalis efeqturi marTvis gzebze: miviRoT TiToeuli momuSave, rogorc mniSvnelovani gamorCeuli piri, pirovneba.

personali (laT. personalis) – piradi – dawesebulebis, sawarmos piradi Semadgenloba; momuSaveebi romlebic miekuTvnebian erT profesionalur kategorias.

personalis marTva – organizaciis xelmZRvaneli Semadgenlobis moqmedeba, aseve xelmZrvanelebi da specialistebis personalis marTvis qvedanayofinda, romlebic moicaven konceptualuri, startegiuli, taqtikurti da operatiuli amoanebis gadawyvetas, romelic dakavSirebulia gansazRvrul sakadro politikasa da miznebze, am miznis misaRwevad.

marTva – es aris organizaciis is Sida mamoZraevbeli Zala (sawarmosi, firmis . . ), romelic uzrunvelyofs mis produqtiul sicocxlisunarianobas. marTva realizdeba iseTi funqciebis saSualebiT, rogogicaa dagegmva, organizaca, koordianacia, motivacia da kontrlo. gansazkutrebyli yuradReba dReisaTvis rekomendirebulia daeTmos saqmianobios sferoSi motivacias. organizacia cocxlobs xalxiT. maTSia misi siZLierec da sisustec.

termini ,,organizacia”-s gaanCnia or mniSvneloba: rogorc procesi (moqmeeba) da rogorc Sedegi (sistema).

organizacia (formaluri organizacia) – es aris socialuri gaerTianeba, romelic Sedgeba adamianTa jgufisagan, romelTa saqmianoba gacnobierebulad koordinirdeba saerTo jkiznis miRwevae an mTlianad sistemis miznebze, maT Soris romelic dakavSirebulia ama Tu im produqtis warmoebaze, ama Tu im momsaxurebis warmodgenaze.

organizacia – mmarTvelobiTi qmedeba, rpmelic dakavSirebulia gegmis realizaciaze, struqturuli erTeulebis sistemis saSualebiT, romelsac gaaCnia saerTo mizani da kavSiris xazebis SeTanxmaba.

dagegmva – moqmedeba, romelic dakaSrebulia gegmis SemuZavebsaTan.

gegma – farTo moklevadiani ganzRaxvebis erToblioba, romelic Cafiqrebulia aRadginos an gaafarTovos saqmianobis sfero an win aRudges problemas, rac xels uSlis gafarToebaSi.

kontroli – moqmedeba, romelic dakavSirebulia TanamSormelTa saqmianobis Sedegebis Sesabamisobis SedarebasTan, dasaxul mizanTa.

motivacia – mmarTvelobiTi moqmedebis saxe, romelic uzrunvelyogs Seatanxmos orga nizaciis yvela rgoli racionaluri kavSirebsi (komunikaciis) Camoyalibebis organizebis gziT maT Sris (dokumenturi masala, ganxilvebi, interviuebi, teqnikuri saSualebebi).

saqmianobis Ziritadi mimarTulebebi, dakavSirebulni personalis marTvasTan:



  • personalis marTvis sistemis formireba;

  • sakadro samuSaoebis dagegmva;

  • personalis marketingis gatareba;

  • personalSI organizaciis motxovnebis gansazrvra;

  • organizaciis sakadro potencialis gansazRvra;

  • personalis marTvis sistemis uzrunvelyofa: sainformacio, teqnikuri, samarTvebrivi normatiul-meTodrusid da saqmismwarmoebeli;

  • organizaciis qvedanayofebis saqmianobis Sefaseba;

  • personalis marTvis srulyofusaTvis ekonomikuri da socialuri efeqturbis Sefaseba.



    1. personalis marTvis fsiqologiuri aspeqti

udidesi pativi, rac SeiZleba dasdo simarTles,

  • aris emsaxuro mas.

  • r. emersoni

saemcniero fsiqologiuri conda gaxdeba xolme ,,teqnologiuri” rodesac is realurad gvZalevs saSualebas (akeTebs ise, rom mCven SevZloT) davamyaroT seTi urTierTobebi adamienbs Soris, rogric Cven gvindoda rom gagvekeTebina. adamianuri fsiqikis buneis Secnoba, romelic gansazRvravs mis qcevas, adamians aZlevs saSualebas bunebriv kanonzomierebTan SeTaxmebiT, da ara maT sawinaaRnmdegod, efeqturad ganaxorcielos personalis marTvis saqmianoba.

Tu ganvixilavT marTvas rogorc adamianis damokidebulebas sakuTar TavTan (TviTmarTva), es niSnavs, rom aamiani TviTon gansazRvrabs, sad, risuTvis, ra gziT unda wavides. is TviTon iRebs gadawyvetilebebs da akontrolebd ra Tavis situaciur survilebsa da emociebs, gansazRvravs Tavis qcevas, uqvemdebarebs mas pirovnulad misTvis mniSvneloban miznebs. Tu adamianma ar icis , ra unda mas (saerTod an mocemul konkretul situaciaSi) an rogoria misi qmededbis prioritetuli mizani, romelsac is exla axorcielebs, maSin marTos sakutari Tavi misTvis Zalian Znelia, da swored amitom fiqrobbs rom risTvis unda iwvalos. Tu adamiani ar aris darwmunebuli sakutar TavSi, rom mas gaaCnia absolituri ufleba moiqces ise, rogorc is saWirod Tvlis, sakuTari Tavis marTva misTvis Znelia, an misi qcevis kontrolis funqcia (sakutari nebiT an iZulebiT) SeiZSleba gadavides sxvis xelSi.

adamiani gamovlindeba ,,gareT” Tavisi qceviT, samsaxuriT, saqmianobiT da funqcionirebiT.

qceva: ,,vakeTeb ase, imitom rom sxvanairad ar SemiZLia rom gavakeTo”.

saqmianoba: ,,vakeTeb ase, iimitom rom minda ,,amis” gakeTeba”.

funqcionireba: ,,vakeTeb ase, radgan vfiqob rom valdebuli var ase gavakeTo, asea saWiro” (,,funqcia” –valdebuleba,, roli; Sesruleba, aRsruleba, ganxorcilebea).

samsaxuri: ,,vakeTeb ase, imitom rom vxedav amaSi morigi usiamovnebis CarCosgan, gansakuTrebuli azrisgan gamosavals”.

saqmianoba Tavoso bunebiT produqtiulia, anu mimarTulia raime realuri produqtis Seqmnisken” materialuri an sulieri faseulobebi.

nebismieri saqmianobis gamsxvilebuli dinamiuri struqttura SeiZleba warmovidgeinoT Semdegi elementebis jaWvis saxiT, raRaca saxis saqmianobis arqonis dros, rogoric magaliTa d. araa:

,,motive-mizani-meTodi-Sedegi”.

motive – mtkice moTxovnilebaa, romelic ubiZgebs moqmedebisken, gansazRvravs adamianis qcevas da moqmedebas. saqmianobis motivad da stimuylad gamodis ,,piradi interesi”.

piradi interesis qveS aq igulisxmeba erRobliobis moment:



  1. sargebeli, gam,orCena, Sedegis aucileblobis motxovnileba, anu miznis miRweva;

  2. problemis xedvis sfecifika, moraluri pozicia, darwmunebuloba;

  3. siamovneba TviTon saqmianobsi procesidan, gatacebuloba misiT rogorc TviTganviTarebis procesiT da TviTrealizaciis, saSualebad warmoaCino Tavi gareT, anu sakuTari SesaZleblobebis warmoCena.

  4. interess warmoSobs sasurvelis gonebrivi warmosaxva. misi zegavlena imdenad Zlieria, rom ar tovebs adgils paisurobisTvis, anu TiTqmis ,,gadayavs” adamiani Tavisi ganxorcielebis gzidan.

mizani – esaa saqmianobis mosalodneli diagnostirebadi Sedegi. mizani unda iyos gazomvadi da mirwevadi.

saSualeba – mizanmiarTuli erToblioba saqmianobis, magaliTebis, wesebis.

moqmedeba warmoadgens samebas ,,azrebi-SegrZnebebi-neba”. amave dros saqmianoba – esaa elementaruli erteuli saqmianobis, romlisTvisac maxasiaTebelia igive struqtura: motive-mizani-saSualeba-Sedegi.

Sedegi – aq unda gavigoT rogorc Sedegis dasaxul mizanTan Sesabamisobis Camoyalibebis procesi.

adamiani Tavis Tavs avlens, ufro metad, profesionalur saqmianobaSi. saqmianoba gulisxmobs, yvelaze uwin subieqts, anu imas, vinc Tavisuflad da pasuxismgeblobiT uaxlovdeba garkveul mizans, romelSIc asaxulia misi sakuTari warmodgena sasurvel Sedegze – produqtze , da aseve damoukideblad irCevs misi miRwevis saSualebebs. Tu ar iciT ,,ras” akeTeb, maSin arafers a rake\TebT. Tqven imyofebiT funqcionirebis sibrtyeSi.

funqcionireba ganisazrvreba, viRacis (an SeiZleba sakutari) mier gansazRvruli movaleobebis SesrulebiT. anu winaswar dawerili, gansazRvruliqmedebebi, romelTa saerTo mizani, yvelaze ufro mkafioa, magram misi gageba aucilebelia mxolod rogorc maTi xarisxianad Sesrulebis winapiroba.

funqcioneri gamodis ara saqmianobis subietad, aramed misi ganxorcielebis saSualebad, funqciis matareblad da realizatorad, instrumentad, sxvebisTvis mniSnvelovani an sxvis mier dasaxuli miznis misaRwev iaraRad.

funqcionirebis mamoZraveblad gamodis adgili da roli (funqcia) adamianis mocemul urTierTobis struqturaSi, anu gare garemoebebis damikidebuleba mis pirovnebasTan, romlebic, Tu misTi pirovnebisTvis warmoadgens mniSvnelovans, aiZuleben imoqmedos gansazRvruli meTodiT.

sxvaTaSoris, swored funqcionirebis saSualebit xdeba rom iyo formaSi da ar daeSva cxovrebiseul rTul peridodebSi, rodesac ar viciT, ra gvinda, an rac ufro autaneli da mZImea, araferi ar gvinda.

nebismieri funqcionireba SesaZlebelia arsebobdes mxolod ufro farTo saqmianobis Car|CoSi, aseve saqmianobamac mTlianad Tavisi SinaarsiT SeiZleba da unda Seasrulos gansazRvruli sazogadoebisTvis mniSvnelovani funqcia.



saqmianoba qmnis, xolo funqcionireba uzrunvelyofs saqmianobas.

aseTia maTi urTierTkavSiri. magram rodesac funqcionireba ar emsaxureba saqmianobis produqtiulobas, maSin rac ar unda gakeTos man, maSin is angrevs. saqmianobsi da funqcionirebis arsis fsiqologiuri agageba xelmZRvanels miscems saSualebas iyos warmatebuli personalis marTvaSi.

xelmZRvanels efeqtur saqmianobad personalis marTvaSI unda CauTvalo, Tu mas SeuZlia:


  • miaRwios mizans tavisi organizaciis da /an misi rpomelime qvedanayofis, gamoiyenos Sesabamisi disciplina da adekvaturi personali;

  • SeeZlos aiZulos personali Seasrulos samuSao,anu gaigos da miaRwios mizansm organizaciis miznebis Sesabamisad;

  • erkveodes kargad yvelaferSI, riTic dakavebulia personali, da daemxmaroT maT efeqturad Seasrulon Tanamdebobrivi movaleobebi, organizaciaSi TaviaanTi statusis Sesabamisad;

  • dagegmos sxvadasxva operaciebi da moqmedebebi warmoSobili axali moTxovnebis sawarmos produqcisadmi bazarze an Zveli moxmareblis dasakmayofileblad, da am miznebis misaRwevad gamoiyenos personali;

  • srulyo prsonalis mier gaazreba Tavisi valdebulebebisa da movaleobebis, aseve xeli Suwyo misi dainteresebulobis zrdas tavis saqmianobaSi am Tanamdebobaze.

testi 1

flobde Tvisebebs, aucilebelia sxvebis saxelmZRvanelod.

  1. Cveulebriv Tqven upiratesobas aniWebT:

  1. – dagegmoT Tqveni saqmianoba; b) – imoqmedoT spontanurad.

  1. Tqveni megobrebi:

  1. – xSirad gadagixsnian guls; b) – iSviaTad giziareben pirad problemebs.

  1. ra ufro SeiZleboda rom gamxdariyo Tqveni hobi?

  1. – koleqcioneroba; b) – CogburTis TamaSi.

  1. did siamovnebas ganiWebT TamaSi:

  1. – Saxmatis; b) – kartis an saerTod azartuli TamaSebi.

  1. kompaniaSi:

  1. – Tqven mogwonT yvelas gamxiaruleba; b) – ar mogwonT klounis rolSi Tu aRmoCndiT.

  1. Cveulebriv Tqven gamogdiT sapirispiro sqess moawino Tavi:

  1. - erTi SexedviTve; b) – mcire saubris Semdeg.

  1. saukeTeso Tviseba aiZulo adamiani rame gaakeTos, unda aCveno, rom:

  1. – misi Sesasrulebeli samuSao sasiamovnoa da saintereso’

  2. - amiT mas SeuZlia moutanos sargebeli sakutar Tavsac da sxvebsac.



  1. aZlevT adamianebs rCevebs?

g) –diax, Tu grZnobT rom SegiZliaT daxmareba;

d) – ara, imitom rom sxis SecdoembSI ar gindaT damnaSeved gamoxvideT.

9. sxvisi rCeva xSiraad:

g) –gaRizianebT; d)- Seicavs sasargeblo informacias.

10. romeli Tvisebaa ,,mavnebeli” samuSaoze:

g) – upasuxismgebloba; d) – individualizmi.

11. rodesac gavaleben Zalian sapasuxismgeblo saqmes:

g) –es gexmarebaT imuSavot imaze ukeT, vidre Cveulebriv;

d) – geSiniaT rom ver gaamarTloT ndoba, nerviulobT da amitom muSaobT uaresad.

12. kargma ufrosma nebismier problemur situaciaSI icis:

g) – ra unda gakeTdes; d) – vin aris damnaSave.

13. adamiani, romelic riskavs:

g) unda iyos sakmarisad Zlieri; d)- nebismier SemTxvevaSi –uimedo adamiani.

14. vis SeuZlia meti sargeblis motana samuSaoze:

g) – daudevar genioss; d) – keTilsindisier sulels.

testi 1-is Sedegebis Sefaseba


  1. daitvaleT pasuxebis raodenoba a, b, g da d.

  2. SeadareT a da b, g da d.

a>b, g>d. maSin tqven gaCenili xarT sapasuxismgeblo TanamdebobesiTvis, aris safuZveli vivaraudoT, rom jer kidev skolaSI gekavaT organzatoris pozicia saerTo samuSaoSi (an gakveTilebis caSlaSi0. da exlac albaT, ukve gikaviaT saufroso mdgomareoba – mcire masStabis mainc. saqme imaSia, rom Tqven flobT adamianebTan muSaobis codnas – iisini, vinc imyofebian Tvqns daqvemdebarebaSi, albat kmayofiolni arian Tavisi bediT, da Tqvens ar grrliT mudmivad akontroloT maTi saqmianobis organizacia da kontroli. amis garda , tqven SegiZLiaT miiRot gadawyvatileba da aiRoT Tvqevs Tavze pasuxismgebloba am gadawyvetilebis mirebis – yvelkas vinc ki pretendentia maRal Tanamdebobaze ki ar Sualia flobdes igive SesaZleblobebs, rasac qven. dasaxasiateblad, SeiZLeba aRiniSnos, ro, Tqvn xarT adamiani – visac SeuZLia iyos xelmZRvaneli, amasTan erTad kargi xelmZrvaneli: davqmedebarebulebis TvaliTac da SedarebiT ufrio maRali xelmZRvanelobis mxrodanac. amastan erTad Tqvnei Tvisebebis nakrebit SegiZlaT iyoT SesaniSnavi maswavlebeli da aRmzrdeli, aseve gaikeToT politikosis an iuristis kariera.

ad. Tu Tqvne gaxdebiT xelmZRvaneli ( da es savsebiT realuria, ramdenadac Tqvne flobT organ izatorul talants), maSin riskavT periodulad moisminoT Tqvens zurgs ukan arasasurveli Sefaseba Tqvni daqvemdebarebulebisgan. Tvqn SesaniSnavad SegiZLiadT sxvebis saqmianbis organizeba, magram Zalian ar goiyvarT pasuzxismgeblobis sakutar Tavze aReba rac ar unda moxdes. xelmZRvaneloba TvenTvis – esaa uflebac da SesaZleblobac gasceT davaleba; aucilebloba Tvqlyuri miadevnoit maT Sesrulebas da angariSi warudginoT zemdgom xelmZRvanelobas. aseTi xelmZRvanelebi, samwuxarod ar uyvarT. magram gamonaklis SemTxvevebSi swored aseTi xalxia aucilebeli. warmoidgineT koleqtivi, romelic Sedgeba Zalian niWieri xalxisgan, romelbic ,,ar arian am qveyanaze”. aseTi koleqtivis xelmZRvanelad gamodgebit swored Tqven.

a>b, g

a


    1. personalis marTvis sistema. misi agebis primcipebi da meTodebi.

gansazRvruli adgo;o TiToeuli pirisTvis

yvela piri Tavis adgilze.

saerTo gamodileba samamulo da sazRvargareTis organizaaciebis SesaZleblobas gvaZleven CamovayalibpT personalis marTvis sistemis mTavari mizani” kadrebiT momarageba, maTi efeqturad gamoyenebis organizacia, profesionaluri da socialri anviTareba.

am miznis Sesabamisad formirdeba organizaciis personalis marTvis sistema (nax.1.1.). misi agebisaTvis bazis saxit gamoiyeneba principebi, anu wesebi, aseve meTodebi, SemuSavebuli mecnieebis mier da aprobirebuli praqtikaSi (cxr,1.1.)

personalis marTvis agebis yvela principi realizdeba urTierTmoqmedebiT. maTi SeTanxmeba damokidebulia organizaciis personalis marTvis sistemis funqcionirebis konkretul probebze.

mecnieebam dapraqtikam SeimuSaves meTodebi mdgomareobis \Seswavlisa moqmedi sistemis organizaciis personalis maRTvis, agebis, dafuZnebis da axali sistemis realizebis (cxt.1.2.)



    1. pwesonalis marTvis meTodebi

Svidjer gazome, erTxel gaWeri

personalis marTvs meTodebs uwodeben zemoqmedebis xerxebs koleqtivze da calkeul momuSaveebze, mizniT rom ganaxorcielon maTi saqmianobis koordinacia sawaemoo procesSi. yvela meTodi SeiZleba daiyos sam jgufad: admnistraciuli, ekonoikuri da socialur-fsiqologiuri (nax.1.2). meTodis yvela saxe organul kavSirSi imyofebian erTmaneTTan.

administraciuli meTodebi oorientirebulni arian qcevis iseT motovebze, rogoricaa Sromid disiplinis aucileblobis gacnobiereba, movaleobis grZnoba, adamianis swrafva imuSaos gansazRvrul organizaciaSi da a.S. es meTodebi gamoirCvevian moqedebis pirdapiri maxasiateblebiT: nebismieri reglametrirebadi da administratiuli aqti eqvemdebareba aucilebel Sesrulebas.

adminisraciuli meTodebisTvis damaxasiaTebelia maTi Sesabamisoba samarTlebriv normebTan, romelbic mqmedeben martvis gansazRvrul doneze, da aseve zemdgomi marTvis organoebis aqtebsa da gaknakrgulebebze.

administraciuli meTodebi efuZneba xelmZRvnelobas, disciplinas da moTxovnas da cnobilia istoriaSi rogorc ,,knutis meTodi”.

(nax.1.2)

ekonoikuri da social-fsiqologiuri meTodebi atareben Zireul xasiaTs mmarTvelobiti zemoqmedebis. ar SeiZleba gavtvaloT am meTodebis avtomatur moqedebaze, sakmaod rTulia ganvsazRvroT maTi zemoqmedebis Zala da saboloo efeqti.

ekonmikuri meTodebis saSualebiT xorcieldeba materialuri stimulireba koleqtivebisa da calkeuli momuSaiveebis. es meTodebi efuZneba ekonomikuri meqanizmis gamoyenebas.

ekomikuri meTodebi fuZndeba warmoebis ekonomikuri kanonebis swror gamoyenebas da zemoqmedebis xerxebs romlebic cnobilia rogorc ,,prianikis meTodi”.

marTvis social-fsiqoloiuri meTodebi Tavis mxriv dafuZnebulia socialuri meqanizmis gamoyenebas (koleqtiviSi urTiertdanokudebuleba, socialuri moTxovnilebebi da a.S.) da individualur midgomebs (pirovnebis moTxovnebs). sociaologiuri meTodebi efuZnba sazogadoebrivi zemoqmedebis motivaciis xerxebs adamianebze ,,koleqtivis azris” saxiT. fsiqologiuri meTodebi dafuZnebulia adamianis fsiqologiis codnaze, misi sulieru Sinagani samyaros da cnobilia rogorc ,,darwmunebis meTodi”.

mmarTvelobiTi problemis gadawyvetis konkretul procesSi sasargebloa organieba gavikeToT efeqtur komunikaias da gamoviyenoT sxvadasxva metodebis erTianoba marTvis romlebic dagvexareba gaviTvaliswinoT ,,sxvisi Secdomebi” da gvaZlevs xerxebs sameurneo da sakadro amocanebis gadawris.


  • yvela saeurneo operacia SeiZleba, sabolood, daasaxelo sami sityviT: adamianebi, produqti, mogeba. pirvel adgilze aria adamianebi. Tu Tqven ar gyavT saimedo gundi, maSin danarCeni faqtorebiT saeWvoa rom rame gamogivideT.

aranairi teoria, programa an mmartvelobiToipolitikas ar SeuZlia gaxados sawarmo warmatebuli; amis gakeTeba SeuZliaT mxolod adamianebs. . . ramdenadac ar unda oyoT kargi da iRbliani da rogorc ar unda iyoT Wkviani Aan sxarti, Tvqni saqmianoba da misi bedi damokidebulia im adamianzebis xelSi, visac Tqven qiraobT.

(li iakoka. menejeris kariera)

im gadawyvetilebaze, rom fsoni unda dado adamianebze, adre \tu gvian midis yvela menejeri, romelic cdilobs aamaRlos sawarmos saqmianobis efeqtroba. nebismieri organizaciis Zala uoirveles yovlisa profesionalebSia, organizaciis erTgulebze. nebismieri organizaciis sisuste – esaa xalxi romlebic ar Seesabamebian tavianT profesiona;lur monacemebs maT dakavebul adgilze.

organizaciaSi personalis marTvis koncefciis safuZlels dReisaTis Seaadgens momuSavis pirovnebis mzardi roli, misi samotivacio xedvis codna, maTi amocanisken mimarTvis da formirebis codnas, romelic dgas organizaciis cinaSe. amitom aucilebelia sruliad principulad axali midgomebis SemuSavena faseulobebis prioritetebTan.

organizaciis SigniT mTavaria – momuSaveebi, xolo gareT – produqciis moxmareblebi.

aucilebelia miatrialo momuSavis cnobiereba momxmareblisaze, da ara xelmZRvaelisken, mogebisken, da ara angariSainobisken, iniciatorisken da ara upasuxismgeblo Sesrulebisken; socialur nomrebze gadasvla, romelic efuZneba jansaR ekonomikur azrovnebas, da ar iviwyebs Tanasworobas.

amasTan dakavSirebiT sakadro samsaxurebi iwyeben tavianTi funqciebis gafarToebas da sufTa sakadro sakiTxebidan gadadian profesionaluri saqmianobis stimulaciis sistemis SemuSavebaze, profesionaluri zrdis marTvisken, konfliqtebis amofxvrisken, samuSao resursebis Seswavlisken da sxva.

ra Tqma unda personalis marTvis sistema bevrad ganisazrvreba organizaciis xasiaTiT da moculobiT, gamosaSvebi produqciis gansakuTrevulobiT. mcre da saSualo organizaciebSi bevri funqcia personalis marTvaSi asrulebs upiratesad saxazo xelmZRvaneli. msxvilebSi – formirdeba damoukidbelei struqturuli qvedanayofebi am funqciebis realizaciisaTvis.

personalis marTvis struqturaSu aris adgili, romelic aerTianebs ertiaan xelmZrvanelobis qveS direqtoris moadgiles personalis marTvaSi yvedanayofSi, romlebic muSaoben kadrebTan.

naxat1.1 ze moyvanilia organizaciis personalis marTvis sitemis funqcionalui qvesisttemis Semadgenloba, romelic aerTianebs erTgvarovan funqciebs,romlebic warmoadgenen sxvadasxva qvedanayofebs kadrebtan muSaobisas.



ZiriTadi postulatebi ganvitarebuli sistemis Teoriis.

  1. yvelaferi – sistema.

  2. yvelaferi – kidev ufro didi sistemis nawili.

  3. samyaro usasrulod sistematizirebulia rogorc dablidan zeviT (ufro msxili siste,ebi) aseve zevidan qveviT (mcire sistemebi).

  4. yvela sistema usasrulod rTulia (simartivis iluzia warmoiSoba yuradRebis Zalisxmevit ert an ramdenime cvladze).

organizaciis sididesTan damokidebulebiT qvedanayofebis Semdagenloba icvleba: mcire organizaciebSi erTma qvedanayofma SeiZleba Seasrulos ramdenime qvesistemis funqcia, xolo msxvilebSi – funqciebs TiToeuli qvesistemisa, roorc wesi, asrulebs calke qveuwyeba.

praqtikuli davaleba



  1. airCiet xuTi principi personalis marTvis sistemis asagebad.

  2. SeafaseT TiTueli principis realizaciis sargeblianoba personalis marTvis sistemis asagebad. gadaxedeT mas mogebis mire bis kuTxiT, tvitRirebulebis, nakeTpbos xarisxis.

testi 1 TemisTvis

  1. SeurCieT titoeul termins misTvis Sesabamisi gansazRvreba:

a – orgnizacia – esaa . ..

b - dagegmva – esaa... .

g – kontroli – es aris . . .

d – motivacia – es aris. . .

e – koordinacia – es aris . . .


  1. mmarTvelobiTi saqmianobis saxeoba, romlis mizansac warmoadgens me\todebis SemuSaveba da realizacia, romelTac SeuZliaT gazardon momuSaveebis dainteresebis done sawarmos gegmebis ganxorcielebaSi.

  2. saqmianoba, romelic dakavSireblia gegmis SemuSavebasTn anu farTo moklevadiani ganzraxvebis erToblioba, romelic Cafiqrebulia mizniT aRadgions an gaafarTovos saqmianobis sfero, an xeli SeuSalos imasrac aferxevs mis gafarToebas.

  3. saqmianoba, dakavSirebuli momuSaveTa saqmianobis Sedegebis Sesabamisobis SedarebasTab, dasaxul mizanTan;

  4. mmarTvelobiTi saqmianoba, romelc ukavSirdeba gegmis realizabas struqturuli erTeulebis sistemis saxiT, romelTac saerTo mizani da Setanxmebuli kavSiris xazebi aqvT.

  5. mmarTvelobiti gadawyvetilebis saxe, romelic uzrnvelyofs SeTanxmebulobas yvela rgolis organizaciis, racionaluri kavSiris (komunikaciis) organizebis gziT maT Soris (dokumenturi masalebi, ganxilvebi, interviuebi, teqnikuri saSualebebi).

  1. miuTiTeT saqmianobis struqturis Semadgenloba:

  1. mizani, saSualeba, Sedegi;

  2. mizani, motive, Sedegi, saSualeba’

  3. mizani, saSualeba.

3. aarCieT swori ganmartba TiToeuli terminis dasaxasiaTeblad”

1. qceva:

2. saqmianoba:

3.funqconireba:

4. samsaxuri:

a - ,,vakeTeb ase, imitom rom sxavairad ar SemiZlia rom gavaketo”.

b - ,,vakeTeb ase, amaSI vxedav mosalodneli usiamovnebis Car|Codan gamosavals, gansakutrebul azrs”.

g - ,,vakeTeb ase, imitom romminda ,,amis” gakeTeba”.

d - ,,vakeTeb ase, imitom rom vTvli valdebuli var, aseasaWiro”.


  1. personalis marTvis ekonomikur meTodebs SeiZleba mivakuTnoT :

a – materialuri stimulireba;

b – ekonomikuri normebi da normativebi;

g- momuSaveebis marTvaSi monawileoba;

d – saxelmwifo SekveTebis dadgena.



  1. personalis marTvis administratiul meTodebs miekuTneba:

a – gankargulebebis da brZanebebis gacema;

b –ekonomikuri normebisa da norativeis Camoyalibeba;

g – momuSaveebis marTvaSi monawileoba;

d – saxelmwifo SekveTebis mireba.



  1. socialur-fsiqologiur personalis martvis meTodebs SeiZleba makutvnoT:

a – moraluri stimulireba;

b – iniciativebis da pasuxismgeblobis ganvitareba;

g – momuSaveebis marTvaSI monawileoba;

d – Tanamdebobrivi instruqciebis SemuSaveba.

2. dagegmva da personalis miReba

. . . droa Sevwtvitot cxovrebisagan saCuqrebis lodini,

da tviTon SevqmnaT cxovreba

l. tolstoi

1. samuSaos analizi da personalSi moTxovnebis dagegmva

2. personalis SerCeva. personalis miReba.

3. personalis adaptacia

Temis Seswavlis miznebi:


  • Ziritadi cnebebis gageba: personalis dagegmva, SerCeva, adaptacia;

  • mocemuli saxis samuSaos sisrulis da siste,muri principiT midgomis unary;

  • TiToeuli elementis mniSvnlobis da saWiroebs gageba gansaxilve; saqmianobis saxeebSi pesonalis marTvis procesSi;

  • vakantru Tanamdebobebze andidatebis mozebnis meTodebis arsis codna;

  • saubris da mosmenis gansazRvris unary, romelic aucilebelia Sedegiani gasaubrebis Casatareblad, sxvebis samarTavad.

sakvanZo sityvebi: dagegmva, SerCeva, daqiraveba,adaptacia, faseuli saboloo produqti, Tanamdebobrivi instruqcia.

    1. personalSi motxovnebis dagegmva da samuSaos analizi

adamianebi gamoirCevian imiTac rom erTni jer fiqroben,

Semdeg iZaxian daakeTeben,

xolo danarCenebi jer iZaxian da akeTeben, xolo Semdeg fiqroben

l. tolstoi

samuSaos analizis mizani – ganvsazrvoT samuSaos mizani (misi sabooloo faseuli produqti), adgili mocemul samuSaosi organizaciis miznebis sistemaSi, rogori tanamsromlebi saWiroa daiqiravo mis Sesasruleblad.

Ziritadi amocanebi samuSaos analizis:



  • miznis gansazRvra,romlistvisac gamoyenebuli iqneba informacia, romelic miireba samuSaos analizisas.

  • damatebiTi informaciis Segroveba: misia da struqtura organizaciis, teqnologiuri procesebi da samSaos arweriloba.

  • reprezentatiuli Tanamdebobebis arCeva (tanamdebobebi – warmomadgenlis didi raodenobis msgavsi samuSaoebisa, magalitad gadamamSavebeli cexis yvela muSis) analizisTvis (stajian vadisas).

  • Ziritadi informaciis Segreoeba: profesionaluri saqmianobis Sinaarsi; Semsruleblis qcevisadmi moTxovnebi; samuSao pirobebi.

  • arsis gansaz\rva da Ziritadi funqciebis, romelic sruldeba mocemul samuSao adgilze, Tanamdebobriv adgilze, monawileebtan erTad.

  • samuSaos aRweriloba da motxovnebis SemuSaveba, romelsac uyeneben personals.

informaciis SegrovebismeTodebi samuSaos analizisTvis

arsebobs mravali metodi monacemebis Segrovebisa samuSaos analoizisTvis: interviu, piradpiri dakvirveba, anketuri gamokiTxva, pirdapiri sistematuri analizi samuSaos mdgomareobis, raodenobrivi meTodebi da sxva. praqtikaSi SeiZleba gamoiyeno an erTi meTodi, an kombinireba moaxdino arCeuli miznis Sesavamisad. TiTorul meTods aqv s Tavisi Rirseba da nakli.

samuSos Sinaarsis analizi gulismobs procesis realizacias sistematuri da msgavsi gamokvlevebit samuSaos Sinaarsis. am mizniT SeiZleba gamoyenebuli iqnas nusxa sakontrolo kiTxvbis:




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