A pathfinder for 20th & 21st century Presidents



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A Pathfinder for 20th & 21st century Presidents
Select three presidents from the 20th or 21st century who made a significant difference in American politics. Their influence could be for better or for worse, but decisions made during their administration, or events that they shaped or influenced altered the way Americans conduct their lives or view themselves in the world. Which one should be the new American Idol and why?

To open any of these sites, place your mouse over the title and then press “Ctrl” and left click your mouse

SPECIALIST WEBSITES BY PRESIDENT











Teddy Roosevelt

Wm . Howard Taft

Woodrow Wilson

Warren G. Harding

Calvin Coolidge











Herbert Hoover

FDR

Harry Truman

Dwight D. Eisenhower

JFK











Lyndon B. Johnson

Richard M. Nixon

Gerald Ford

Jimmy Carter

Ronald Reagan











George H.W. Bush

Bill Clinton

George W. Bush

Barack Obama

National Archives




Online Resources--Internet Sites


Teddy Roosevelt


  1. American President: Theodore Roosevelt - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on PBS series. Also includes gallery and quotations.

  2. History.com - Theodore Roosevelt - Profile of the 26th President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  3. How Teddy Roosevelt Became a Cowboy - Excerpt from a book by Sarah Watts tells about Teddy Roosevelt's self-transformation from an East Coast dandy to a Western Rough Rider.

  4. The Nobel Prize in Peace 1906 - The presentation speech and other information about this prize, awarded to Roosevelt for brokering a peace between Russia and Japan.

  5. On Safari With Theodore Roosevelt - Illustrated account of Roosevelt's 1909 trip across Africa, largely described in his own words.

  6. Teddy Roosevelt - Provides a biography of American President Theodore (Teddy) Roosevelt. Includes his picture and a list of his Supreme Court appointments.

  7. Theodore Roosevelt: An Intimate Biography - From Bartleby.com. By William Roscoe Thayer, 1919.

  8. Theodore Roosevelt Center - Dickinson University - Site presents excellent material on TR in the west as well as general material and a nice selection of cartoons. Also a learning program

  9. Theodore Roosevelt Collection - The Houghton Library Web Site - One of the principal resources for primary material in the study of the life and times of Theodore Roosevelt, complementing resources of the Library of Congress. Reproductions of photos and manuscripts available.

  10. Theodore Roosevelt: Conservation as the Guardian of Democracy - Essay explores Roosevelt's role in the conservation movement.

  11. Theodore Roosevelt: Icon of the American Century - Exhibit on Theodore Roosevelt from the National Portrait Gallery and Smithsonian Institute. Pictures, calendar and history of TR included.

  12. Theodore Roosevelt Timeline - Details over 550 events in TR's life. Footnotes and Bibliography. Can view as calendar or chronological.

  13. Theodore Roosevelt's Family in the Great War - Describes the war service of each member of the family, including an account of Roosevelt's reaction to the news of his son Quentin's death in 1918.

  14. TIME'S 100 Leaders - Four-page profile of Theodore Roosevelt as one of the TIME 100: Leaders and Revolutionaries of the 20th century.

  15. Western Experiences - Theodore Roosevelt - Biographical account that focuses on Roosevelt's creation of national forests and reserves in the west.

  16. White House Presidential Biographies: Theodore Roosevelt - Brief biography from the official White House site.



Wm. Howard Taft





  1. The American Experience: Taft - Provides an overview of Taft's life, the era in which he served, his domestic policy, and foreign affairs. From PBS.

  2. American President: William Howard Taft - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on PBS series. Also includes gallery and quotations.

  3. Growing into Public Service: William Howard Taft's Boyhood Home - Classroom-ready lesson plan introduces Taft and his family.

  4. History.com - William Howard Taft - Profile of the 27th President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  5. Taft Summer White House - Information about Taft's summer homes in Beverly, MA, during his four years as President 1908-11. The story, photos, political cartoons, text from local newspapers, and links to other Taft sites.

  6. USA: Biography of William Howard Taft - Includes biography, portrait, and inaugural address.

  7. William Howard Taft - Provides a biography of American President William Howard Taft. Includes his picture and a list of his Supreme Court appointments.

  8. William Howard Taft - Short biography from the official White House site.

  9. William Howard Taft: Dollar Diplomacy - Article examines Taft's foreign policy.

  10. William Howard Taft: Inaugural Address - Complete text of speech delivered Thursday, March 4, 1909. Includes background information.

  11. William Howard Taft National Historic Site - Photo and printable travel guide to Taft's place of birth.

Woodrow Wilson


  1. American President: Woodrow Wilson - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on PBS series. Also includes gallery and quotations.

  2. History.com - Woodrow Wilson - Profile of the 28th President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  3. President Woodrow Wilson - Biographical sketch of Woodrow Wilson from the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars.

  4. USA: Woodrow Wilson - Includes comprehensive four-part biography and inaugural addresses.

  5. Woodrow Wilson - Provides a biography of American President Woodrow Wilson. Includes his picture and a list of his Supreme Court appointments.

  6. Woodrow Wilson - A Concise Biography - A biography with several pictures.

  7. Woodrow Wilson and the Fourteen Points - Information and links on the American President, the Fourteen Points, and the League of Nations.

  8. Woodrow Wilson Birthplace - Photographs and information on Wilson's Staunton, Virginia birthplace.

  9. Woodrow Wilson House - Presidential museum and National Trust Historic site. Includes history, calendar of events and exhibitions, educational programs, tour preview, staff directory, and directions.

  10. Woodrow Wilson: Prophet of Peace - Classroom-ready lesson plan examines Wilson's struggle to achieve lasting world peace following World War I.



Warren G. Harding


  1. American President: Warren Harding - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on PBS series.

  2. The Harding Home - Presented by The Ohio Historical Society, a description of Harding's Victorian home in Marion, Ohio where the famous "front porch" campaign was conducted.

  3. History.com - Warren Harding - Profile of the 29th President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  4. The Presidential Election of 1920 - Info on 1920 election, and link to audio recording of Warren Harding's famous plea for normalcy speech during the campaign.

  5. Warren G. Harding - Provides a biography of American President Warren G. Harding. Includes his picture and a list of his Supreme Court appointments.

  6. Warren G. Harding - The Man - Biography of Warren Harding by Joe Mitchell Chapple published in 1920 and reproduced online.

  7. Warren G. Harding: Inaugural Address - Complete text of the speech delivered Friday, March 4, 1921. Includes background information.



Calvin Coolidge


  1. American President: Calvin Coolidge - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on PBS series. Also includes gallery and quotations.

  2. Calvin Coolidge - Provides a biography of American President Calvin Coolidge.

  3. Calvin Coolidge and Intervention in Nicaragua - Coolidge justifies U.S. intervention in Nicaragua to protect American interests.

  4. Calvin Coolidge: Inaugural Address - Complete text of speech delivered Wednesday, March 4, 1925. Includes background information.

  5. Calvin Coolidge Memorial Foundation - Studies and promotes the Coolidge legacy. Site offers a virtual museum, educational resources, and description of the foundation and its programs.

  6. Calvin Coolidge Presidential Collection - Papers, photographs, memorabilia and artifacts associated with the political and personal life of Calvin Coolidge (1872-1933), 30th President of the United States.

  7. CalvinCoolidge.us - Biography, quotes, and other resources with emphasis on character and values.

  8. History.com - Calvin Coolidge - Profile of the 30th President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  9. Inaugural Address - Coolidge's 1925 address. Free HTML E Text. Read it online, page by page.

  10. POTUS -- Calvin Coolidge - Includes portrait, biographical facts, cabinet details, and related links.

  11. The Price of the Presidency - Article from Yankee Magazine examines the toll the presidency took on Coolidge's personal life.



Herbert Hoover


  1. American President: Herbert Hoover - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on PBS series.

  2. American Presidents: Life Portraits, Herbert Hoover - Information from the C-SPAN American Presidents site.

  3. Herbert Hoover - Provides a biography of American President Herbert Hoover. Includes his picture and a list of his Supreme Court appointments.

  4. Herbert Hoover - Short biography from the official White House site.

  5. Herbert Hoover: Inaugural Address - Complete text of speech delivered Monday, March 4, 1929. Includes background information.

  6. Herbert Hoover: Iowa Farm Boy and Humanitarian - Classroom-ready lesson plan follows the President from his boyhood days to his role as administrator of Belgian Relief Commission during World War I.

  7. Herbert Hoover National Historic Site - Brief introduction, photograph, and printable travel guide to Hoover's Iowa birthplace.

  8. Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum - Includes library history, a children's section, and resources for educators.

  9. History.com - Herbert Hoover - Profile of the 31st President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  10. Hoover Institution - A think tank on the campus of Stanford University, dedicated to research in domestic policy and international affairs.

  11. Medical History of President Herbert Hoover - Describes the medical history of President Herbert Hoover.



Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR)


  1. American President: Franklin Delano Roosevelt - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on PBS series. Also includes gallery and quotations.

  2. Character Above All: Franklin D. Roosevelt - Provides a brief look at the character traits that made Roosevelt great. From PBS.

  3. FDR - The Man, the Leader, the Legacy - Part one of a multipart series from the Future of Freedom Foundation.

  4. FDR Cartoons - A collection of political cartoons from Roosevelt's administration.

  5. FDR: Pacific Warlord - Critical reappraisal of Roosevelt's policy in the far east, including his attitude to Japanese americans and their internment.

  6. FDR's Little White House - Franklin Delano Roosevelt's presidential retreat and museum in Warm Springs, Georgia. Near the historic campus of the Roosevelt Warm Springs Institute for Rehabilitation.

  7. Fireside Chats of Franklin D. Roosevelt - Online version of presidential radio broadcasts made between 1933 and 1945.

  8. Franklin D. Roosevelt American Heritage Center - Non-profit group provides educational and other learning opportunities concerning the life and public service of Franklin D. Roosevelt, his family and associates.

  9. The Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and Museum - Provides access to documents, photographs, sound and video recordings, finding aids, and other primary source materials.

  10. Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site - Brief description, photo, and printable tourist guide for Springwood, Roosevelt's lifelong home.

  11. Franklin Delano Roosevelt - Brief biography and selection of speeches from the HTML project.

  12. Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) - Provides a biography of American President Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR). Includes his picture and list of his Supreme Court appointments.

  13. Franklin Delano Roosevelt's 1st Inaugural Speech - Complete online HTML text.

  14. History.com - Franklin D. Roosevelt - Profile of the 32nd President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  15. Remembering Franklin Delano Roosevelt - Washington Post tribute based on recollections submitted by readers.

Harry S. Truman


  1. American President: Harry S. Truman - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on PBS series. Also includes gallery and quotations.

  2. The Avalon Project : Truman Doctrine - Complete text of the March 12, 1947, address before a joint session of Congress.

  3. Character Above All: Harry S. Truman - Provides a brief look at the character traits that made Truman great. From PBS.

  4. Experience Kansas City - Harry S Truman - Provides a look at the leader through the eyes of his home town.

  5. Harry S Truman - Brief biography from the official White House site.

  6. Harry S. Truman - Provides a biography of American President Harry S. Truman. Includes his picture and a list of his Supreme Court appointments.

  7. Harry S Truman Commemoration - Complete biography with photographs remembers the 50th anniversary of Truman's presidency.

  8. Harry S. Truman: Inaugural Address - Complete text of the speech delivered Thursday, January 20, 1949. Includes background information.

  9. Harry S Truman Library and Museum - Includes museum hours, news, programs, gift shop, information on research and archive materials;

  10. Harry S Truman National Historic Site - Includes photograph, brief introduction, and printable travel guide.

  11. Harry Truman and the Atomic Bombing of Japan - Brief article and links on Truman's role.

  12. Harry Truman: Political Genius - A brief look at Truman's life and works.

  13. History.com - Harry S. Truman - Profile of the 33rd President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  14. Project WhistleStop: Harry S Truman - Features original source material from the Harry S Truman Presidential Library.

  15. U.S. Senate Historical Minutes: Harry Truman Visits the Senate - Tells about the historic visit the former president paid to the U.S. Senate on his 80th birthday.



Dwight D. Eisenhower


  1. American President: Dwight Eisenhower - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on PBS series. Also includes gallery and quotations.

  2. American Presidents: Life Portraits - Details about Dwight Eisenhower's life, and audio and video speech and news clips of the former president.

  3. Character Above All: Dwight D. Eisenhower - Essay provides a brief look at the character traits that made Truman great. From PBS.

  4. Dwight D. Eisenhower - Provides a biography of American President Dwight D. Eisenhower. Includes his picture and a list of his Supreme Court appointments.

  5. Dwight D. Eisenhower: First Inaugural Address - Complete text of speech delivered Tuesday, January 20, 1953. Includes background information.

  6. The Dwight D. Eisenhower Library - Includes comprehensive collection of research materials and audiovisual archives.

  7. Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission - Aims to create an enduring Eisenhower National Memorial in Washington, District of Columbia.

  8. Dwight D. Eisenhower: Second Inaugural Address - Complete text of speech delivered Monday, January 21, 1957. Includes background information.

  9. Eisenhower Foundation - Information and educational units on the life and times of Dwight D. Eisenhower. Many primary resources and online tours of the Eisenhower Center in Abilene, Kansas.

  10. Eisenhower Institute's Historical Reflections - The Institute's website features a section called Historical Reflections. It contains numerous articles about the Eisenhower years.

  11. Eisenhower National Historic Site - Brief description, photograph, and printable travel guide of the president's Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, home. From the National Park Service.

  12. Eisenhower's Farewell Address to the Nation - Complete text of speech delivered January 17, 1961.

  13. General Dwight D. Eisenhower - The interesting life of the 34th President of the United States.

  14. History.com - Dwight D. Eisenhower - Profile of the 34th President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  15. The Papers of Dwight David Eisenhower - [Requires Subscription] The complete electronic edition of all 21 volumes.

John Fitzgerald Kennedy (JFK)


  1. American President: John F. Kennedy - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on PBS series. Also includes gallery and quotations.

  2. History.com - John F. Kennedy - Profile of the 35th President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  3. JFK Resources Online - A collection of links about John F. Kennedy, his assassination, and his family, including direct links to photographs and sound clips.

  4. John F. Kennedy (JFK) - Provides a biography of American President John F. Kennedy (JFK). Includes his picture a list of the people in his cabinet.

  5. John Fitzgerald Kennedy Library - John F. Kennedy Library, the nation's official memorial to President Kennedy

  6. John Kennedy's Vietnam Rhetoric - Extensive review of the public rhetoric of Kennedy on Vietnam concludes that he would have had an extremely difficult time withdrawing, given his public statements.

  7. President John F. Kennedy - National Archive Photos of Kennedy's Presidency - Captured are important and special moments during President John F. Kennedy's term in office, from his swearing in on the steps of the Capitol Building to his historic funeral procession through Washington D.C.

  8. Tears of a Thousand Years - Historical perspective on JFK by Ted Groseclose.

  9. Time Magazine Person Of The Year 1961 - From the January 5th 1962 issue of Time magazine, the article citing John F. Kennedy as the magazine's 35th person of the year.

  10. A Tribute To Jack and Jackie - Collection of pictures, quotes and facts about JFK, Jackie and other members of the Kennedy family.

  11. The Uncommon Wisdom of JFK - Describes a new book about President Kennedy. Book includes a DVD.



Lyndon Baines Johnson (LBJ)


  1. American President: Lyndon B. Johnson - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on PBS series. Also includes gallery and quotations.

  2. Character Above All - Excerpt from an essay by Robert Dallek reflects on the issues and events that molded Lyndon B. Johnson. From PBS.

  3. History.com - Lyndon B. Johnson - Profile of the 36th President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  4. Inaugural Address 1965 - Complete text of LBJ's speech on January 20, 1965. Includes background information.

  5. LBJ in the Oval Office - Listen to some of LBJ's most important speeches and peer into the Oval Office through secretly recorded conversations made by Johnson during his presidency.

  6. Lyndon Baines Johnson - General biography of LBJ also includes links to transcripts of his State of the Union addresses.

  7. Lyndon Johnson (LBJ) - Provides a biography of Lydon Johnson (LBJ). Includes his picture and a listing of the people in his cabinet.

  8. Master of the Senate - First Chapter - The first chapter of Robert Caro's biography of Lyndon Johnson in the April 28, 2002 edition of the New York Times. Free registration required.

  9. President Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum - Includes photo and audio archives, telephone recordings, transcripts of oral history interviews, Johnson's daily diary, answers to FAQ, and virtual exhibits.

  10. Three New Revelations About LBJ - Biographer Robert Dallek tells about some of his findings about the behind-the-scenes-presidency of Lyndon B. Johnson. [Atlantic Monthly; includes links to other articles about the President.] (April 1, 1998)

Richard M. Nixon


  1. The American Experience: Nixon's China Game - Details the diplomatic breakthrough in 1972 that broke two decades of silence between the United States and China. Companion to the PBS documentary.

  2. American President: Richard Milhous Nixon - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on PBS series. Also includes gallery and quotations.

  3. Character Above All: Richard M. Nixon - Essay provides a brief look at the circumstances and events that molded the president's character.

  4. History.com - Richard M. Nixon - Profile of the 37th President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  5. "I'm Not a Crook." The Public Face and Private Political Reality of Richard M. Nixon - Transcripts of secret White House tapes are used in a study to determine if there is a difference between a politician's public persona and private reality , and if there a difference between the conversation of a superior and a subordinate.

  6. Nixon White House Tapes - The audio clips on this site are selected from approximately 3,700 hours of recordings.

  7. Nixoniana - Remembers Nixon as the 20th century's most entertaining chief of state.

  8. Photographing History - Smithsonian exhibit featuring photographs by Fred J. Maroon of the Nixon White House and Watergate hearings.

  9. Richard Nixon - Provides a biography of American President Richard Nixon. Includes his picture and a list of his Supreme Court appointments.

  10. The Richard Nixon Library and Birthplace Foundation - A privately supported, non-profit institution. Includes forum, information for researchers, membership application, volunteer opportunities, and calendar of upcoming events.

  11. The Smoking Gun Archive - Nixon's 1937 FBI application and the agency's subsequent report on the G-man wannabe.

  12. What Nixon Saw and When He Saw It - A list of all films that were screened for President Richard Nixon during his presidency.

  13. He Was a Crook - Hunter S. Thompson's Rolling Stone obituary for Richard Nixon: "Notes on the passing of an American monster...he was a liar and a quitter, and he should have been buried at sea...but he was, after all, the president." (June 16, 1994)

Gerald Ford


  1. American President: Gerald Ford - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on PBS series. Also includes gallery and quotations.

  2. Character Above All: Gerald Ford - Essay provides a brief look at the circumstances and events that molded the president's character.

  3. Gerald Ford - Provides a biography of American President Gerald Ford.

  4. Gerald R. Ford Library and Museum - Biographical and primary source materials for the 38th U.S. President.

  5. History.com - Gerald Ford - Profile of the 38th President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  6. The Nixon Pardon Proclamation - President Gerald Ford grants "a full, free, and absolute pardon unto Richard Nixon for all offenses against the United States."

  7. Swearing-in Speech, Aug. 9, 1974 - Gerald Ford's speech on assuming the presidency on Aug. 9, 1974 after Nixon's resignation.

  8. A Time to Heal Our Nation - Former Presidents Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter favor a bipartisan resolution of censure by the Senate after the Clinton impeachment vote. (NY Times - December 21, 1998)

  9. Washington Post: U.S. Capitol Rotunda Ceremony - Ceremony preceding the lying in state of President Ford in the Capitol Rotunda. (December 30, 2006)

Jimmy Carter


  1. American Experience: Jimmy Carter - A new presidential biography on Jimmy Carter from American Experience on PBS.

  2. American President: Jimmy Carter - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on PBS series. Also includes gallery and quotations.

  3. BBC News: Jimmy Carter: Born again statesman - BBC examines how Jimmy Carter has rehabilitated his reputation with his success in mediating in international conflict. Discusses trip to Cuba in 2002.

  4. The Carter Center - A nonprofit public policy center founded by Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter to fight disease, hunger, poverty, conflict, and oppression around the world.

  5. Character Above All: James Carter Essay - Essay provides a brief look at the circumstances and events that molded the president's character.

  6. History.com - Jimmy Carter - Profile of the 39th President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  7. Jimmy Carter - Provides a biography of American President Jimmy Carter. Includes his picture and a list of books he has written.

  8. Jimmy Carter and Habitat - Describes the Jimmy Carter Work Project (JCWP) for Habitat for Humanity. The 2002 JCWP in Africa is the largest home-building effort in the history of the 18-year-old event.

  9. Jimmy Carter: Inaugural Address - Complete text of speech from January 20, 1977. Includes background information.

  10. Jimmy Carter Presidential Library and Museum - Provides online photos and documents, profiles of Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter, gift shop catalog, and information about research, events, and collections at the library.

  11. Wagingpeace.org - Jimmy Carter - A look at Carter's contributions to world peace efforts both during and after his administration.

  12. Have We Forgotten the Path to Peace? - An article by former President Jimmy Carter on the occasion of the Kosovo war, published in the New York Times. (May 27, 1999)

Ronald Reagan


  1. The Afternoon of March 30 - The Afternoon of March 30, by Nathaniel Blumberg, is a contemporary historical novel about the unusual events surrounding the attempted assassination of Ronald Reagan in 1981.

  2. American President: Ronald Reagan - Fact file and biographical sketch based on the PBS series. Also includes gallery and quotations.

  3. AskMen.com - Ronald Reagan - Pictures, biography, commentary, and links on the ex-president

  4. CNN: Ronald Reagan - Covers his life, his style and his funeral, with audio, video and photo galleries.

  5. Guardian Unlimited Special Report: Ronald Reagan - Comment and analysis about the legacy of the President. Includes photos, press reviews, public reaction and reader letters.

  6. History.com - Ronald Reagan - Profile of the 40th President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  7. MSNBC: Ronald W. Reagan - In-depth coverage of his life includes video clips, interactives and photo galleries.

  8. Pictorial History of Ronald Reagan - A collection of multimedia as well as transcripts of famous speeches.

  9. Reagan - Primary source documents, enhanced transcripts, timeline and photo gallery, based on the PBS documentary.

  10. Reagan Information Page - Tribute page focuses on the economic and diplomatic successes of Reagan's administration.

  11. Remembering President Ronald Reagan - A tribute to Ronald Reagan through the eyes of people who knew him.

  12. Ronald Reagan - Provides a biography of American President Ronald Reagan. Includes picture, quotes, and list of his Supreme Court appointments.

  13. Ronald Reagan Memorial Foundation - Official memorial site for life of President Ronald Reagan.

  14. The Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation - Document archive and store dedicated to the Reagan presidency.

  15. Ronald Reagan Presidential Library (official site) - Repository of documents and paraphernalia from the Reagan Administration.

  16. Ronald W. Reagan Presidential Library and Museum Bookstore - Tour online exhibits from Reagan's life and career.

  17. RonaldReagan.com - Provides in-depth biographical information, message boards, video clips, and transcripts of historic speeches.

  18. Scotsman: Ronald Reagan - Special collection of news and commentary about the late President.

  19. Time: Ronald Reagan - Commemorative about the President's life includes commentary by Nancy Reagan and George H. W. Bush.

  20. Los Angeles Times - Reagan Wouldn't Recognize This GOP - Reagan presidential campaign insider and Heritage Foundation co-founder Mickey Edwards writes on how Reagan's ideals and philosophy have been polluted and warped by today's GOP and those calling themselves his most fervent admirers. (January 24, 2009)

George Herbert Walker Bush


  1. American President: George Herbert Walker Bush - Fact file and comprehensive biographical sketch based on a PBS series. Also includes gallery and quotations. From the Miller Center on Public Affairs.

  2. Character Above All: George Bush - Essay provides a brief look at the circumstances and events that molded the president's character.

  3. George Bush: Inaugural Address - Complete text of the speech delivered Friday, January 20, 1989. Includes background information.

  4. George Bush Presidential Library and Museum - Located in College Station, Texas. Biographies and photographs, in addition to exhibit schedules and library news.

  5. The George Bush-Undercurrents Website - Memoir with academically-focussed research and reflective writing mixed with investigative journalism; responsible evaluation of "conspiracy" theories; consideration of "unthinkable" scenarios; non-partisan political investigation

  6. George H. W. Bush - Provides a biography of American President George H. W. Bush. Includes his picture and a list of his Supreme Court appointments.

  7. History.com - George H.W. Bush - Profile of the 41st President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  8. Lieutenant Junior Grade George Bush, USNR - Focuses on Bush's navel career and tells why he received the Distinguished Flying Cross.

  9. Medical History of President George Bush - Describes all of Bush's ails, from his thyroid to his abnormal heart rhythm to his vomiting on the Japanese Prime Minister.

  10. The Successes and Failures of George Bush's War on Drugs - Offers an in-depth look at Bush's plan to fight illegal drugs and the results of the actions he took, from a pro-legalization organization.

William Jefferson “Bill” Clinton


  1. ABC News: The Clinton Presidency - News coverage of Clinton's presidency and afterward.

  2. American President: Bill Clinton - Fact file, biography, and review of his Presidency, based on the PBS series.

  3. American President: Bill Clinton - Essays on Clinton's life, administration and Cabinet members. From the Web site of the Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia.

  4. BBC News: The Clinton Years, 1993-2001 - Multimedia retrospective includes photos, video clips, and links to related BBC reports.

  5. Brookings Institution: Assessing Bill Clinton's Legacy, Panel 1 - Transcript of a forum discussion in January 2001.

  6. Brookings Institution: Assessing Bill Clinton's Legacy, Panel 2 - Transcript of a second forum in January 2001.

  7. CBC News: William Jefferson Clinton - Summary of his life and presidency. Also coverage of his 2004 visit to Toronto, with photos and audio and video interviews.

  8. CBS News: William Jefferson Clinton - Biographical timeline and photo essays.

  9. The Clinton Years - PBS's Frontline and the ABC News program Nightline look at the Clinton Administration through interviews with key figures. Has photo gallery and chronology.

  10. CNN.com: The Clinton Years - Articles, a chronology of the Clinton administration and comments from voters on his presidency.

  11. Documents Relating to American Foreign Policy: Clinton Administration - Links to reports, speeches and articles.

  12. FAIR: Bill Clinton - Articles about media coverage of President Clinton, from the media watch group FAIR (Fairness & Accuracy in Reporting).

  13. Federal Register: Executive Orders Disposition Tables - Text of 364 executive orders issued during the Clinton administration.

  14. The Guardian - Bill Clinton - Collected news highlights of Clinton's presidency includes a 2004 interview with Clinton with audio excerpts from the interview and from his autobiography.

  15. History.com - Bill Clinton - Profile of the 42nd President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  16. The New Yorker: The Wanderer - Magazine article profiles Clinton's post-presidential ambitions.

  17. Reagan Versus Clinton - Compares a variety of economic data for the Reagan and Clinton administrations in the form of year-by-year tables and charts.

  18. Washington Post: The Clinton Years - A series of articles on aspects of the Clinton Presidency, including domestic politics, the U.S. economy, the deterioration of his relationship with FBI Director Louis J. Freeh, the environment, and foreign relations.

  19. Time: That Sinking Feeling - In 1993, Time magazine reviewed Clinton's first months as President and asked, "Is Clinton up to the job?" (June 7, 1993)

  20. Time: Person of the Year, 1992, William Jefferson Clinton - Clinton was Time's person of the year after his 1992 election. (January 2, 1993)

  21. Time: The Long Road - Time magazine cover story on Clinton's successful campaign for the presidency in 1992. (November 2, 1992)

  22. Time: Beginning Of the Road - During the 1992 presidential campaign, Time magazine set out "to discover the real Bill Clinton." (July 20, 1992)

George Walker Bush


  1. All GreatQuotes.com - George W. Bush Quotes - Large collection of famous quotes and sayings.

  2. Compassionate.Conservative.Com - A strongly pro-Bush site with information on his policies and personal background.

  3. George W. Bush - American Presidents on History Empire [ ] - Features biography of the 43rd president.

  4. George W. Bush: Like Presidential Father, Like Presidential Son [ ] - Beth Rowen compares the father-son presidential figures in a brief article.

  5. History.com - George W. Bush - Profile of the 43rd President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  6. Inaugural Address [ ] - George W. Bush's 2001 Inaugural Address.

  7. On the Issues - George W. Bush - Provides quotes and background on various international, domestic, economic and social issues.

  8. Online NewsHour: Inauguration 2001 [ ] - A PBS guide to the inauguration of America's 43rd President. Includes the full Inaugural Address, a look at Bush's cabinet, photos, and classroom resources.

  9. POTUS -- George Walker Bush [ ] - Includes portrait, a short list of biographical facts, and related links.

  10. Text of Joint Resolution On Iraq - Full text of the congressional resolution dated October 11, 2002 authorizing President George W. Bush to take military action in Iraq.

  11. The Life of George W. Bush [ ] - Online photo album of Bush's life from childhood through his presidential campaign.

  12. Urban Legends Reference Page: George W. Bush - Rumor control center from snopes.com explores the truth or fiction of stories circulating about the President, supported by explanations and references.

  13. Whitehouse.gov - George W. Bush - Brief official biography of the 43rd President of the United States (2001-2009).



Barack Obama


  1. The White House, President Barack Obama   - Official White House site presents issue positions, news, Cabinet, appointments, offices and major speeches. Includes biography, video tour and photo essays.

  2. WhiteHouse.gov - President Barack Obama   - Official biography of President Barack Obama.

  3. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress - Barack Obama - Short biography along with political party, years of service in Congress and bibliography.

  4. The Complete Obama Speech Archive - Transcripts of all of President Barack Obama's speeches including his inaugural address, victory speech, campaign speeches and speeches in the U.S. Senate and Illinois General Assembly. Also provides his Executive Orders.

  5. Council on Foreign Relations - Barack Obama - Provides a profile, issue positions and statements of the President.

  6. The Guardian - Barack Obama Inauguration: The Front Pages - Collection of the front pages of 48 newspapers showing how the world's press covered the swearing-in of the U.S. President Barack Obama.

  7. HBO - We Are One - The Obama Inaugural Celebration at the Lincoln Memorial on January 18, 2009.

  8. History.com - Barack Obama - Profile of the 44th President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  9. On the Issues - 2008 Presidential Candidates: Barack Obama - Provides quotes and background on various international, domestic, economic and social issues. Includes profile, contact data, forum and VoteMatch.

  10. PBS Video - Obama Presidency - Collected coverage of President Barack Obama's ascent to power and the issues he faces in office.

  11. The Pew Forum on Religion & Public Life - Barack Obama - Summaries and media links to the President's background, religious biography, issue positions and public opinion.

  12. Project Vote Smart - President Barack Obama - Provides his biography, committee assignments, campaign finances, voting record, issue positions, interest group ratings, speeches and public statements.

  13. Salon - Barack Obama - Collected commentary about the President.

  14. SourceWatch Congresspedia - Barack Obama - Encyclopedia article focused on his political career along with background data and links to additional articles and resources.

  15. Washington Post - The US Congress Votes Database: Barack Obama - Offers complete voting record along with a brief biography, roles in Congress and financial disclosure statement.

  16. Pew Global Attitudes Project - Confidence in Obama Lifts U.S. Image Around the World - July 2009 poll results including overview, charts, complete report, slideshow with commentary by Andrew Kohut, and searchable database. (July 23, 2009)

  17. WhiteHouse.gov - President Barack Obama [ ] - Official biography of President Barack Obama.

  18. BBC: Barack Obama [ ] - Profile with video, special feature sections, and articles.

  19. CBBC: Who is Barack Obama? [ ] - Includes facts, video clips, a quiz, and stories.

  20. History.com - Barack Obama [ ] - Profile of the 44th President includes video and audio galleries along with his biography, a timeline and transcripts of major speeches.

  21. Inaugural Address [ ] - Text and video of President Obama's speech at his inauguration.

  22. PBS: The Inauguration of Barack Obama [ ] - Audio, slideshows, and reports on the inauguration.

  23. Twitter - Barack Obama [ ] - Brief reports from the President on what he's doing and thinking.




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