Independent work theme: Types of genre and their special features

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Theme: Types of genre and their special features

Plan: 1.What is genre? 2.Types of genre. 3.Special features and functions of genre.

Genre means a type of art,literature,or music characterized by a specific form,content,and style.For example,literature has 4 main genres: poetry, drama,fiction,and non-fiction.All of these genres have particular features, functions that distinguish them from one another.Thus, it is necessary on the part of readers to know which category of genre they are reading in order to understand the message it conveys, as they may have certain expectations prior to the reading concerned.

What is genre?
There are five types of genres in literature:
  • Poetry
  • Drama
  • Prose
  • Fiction
  • Non-fiction

Poetry is the first major literary genre.All types of poetry share specific characteristics.In fact, poetry is a form of text that follows a meter and rhythm, with each line and syllable.It is further subdivided into different genres, such as an epic poem,narrative,romantic,dramatic and lyric. Dramatic poetry includes melodrama,tragedy,comedy, while other poems include ode,sonnet,elegy,ballad,song and epic.

Popular examples of epic poems include Paradise Lost,by John Milton,The Illiad and The Odyssey,by Homer.Examples of ro-mantic poems include Red Red Rose,by Robert Burns.All these poetic forms share specific features, such as they do not follow paragraphs or sentenses;they use stanzas and lines instead. Some forms follow very strict rules of length, and number of stanzas and lines,such as villanelle,sonnet,and haiku.Others may be free-form,like Feelings,Now,by Katherine Foreman, which is devoid of any regular meter and rhyme scheme. Besides that,often poetry uses figurative language,such as metaphor,simile,onomatopoeia,hyperbole,and alliteration to create heightened effect.

Drama is a form of text that is performed in front of an audience.It is also called a play.Its written text contains dialogues, and stage directions.This genre has further categories such as comedy and tragedy,tragicomedy.William Shakespeare is known the father of English drama.His well-known plays include Taming of the Shrew,Romeo&Juliet, and Hamlet.Greek playwrights were the pioneers in this field, such as Sophocles’ masterpiece Oedipus Rex,and Antigone,while modern dramas include Death of a Salesman,by Arthur Miller.

Prose This type of written text is different from poetry in that it has complete sentences organized into paragraphs. Unlike poetry,prose focuses on characters and plot, rather than focusing on sounds.It includes short stories and novels,while fiction and non-fiction are its sub genres.Prose is further categorized into essays,speeches and sermons,interpretations.

Fiction Fiction has three categories that are realistic,non-realistic, and semi-fiction.Usually,fiction work is not real and thus, authors can use complex figurative language to touch readers’ imaginations. Unlike poetry,it is more structured, follows proper grammatical pattern and correct mechanics. A fictional work may incorporate fantastical, imaginary ideas from everyday life. It comprises some important elements such as plot, exposition, foreshadowing, rising action,climax,falling action,and resolution.

Popular examples of literary fiction include James Joyce’s novel A Portrait of an Artist as a Young Man,Charles Dicken’s A Tale of Two Cities,Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice.

Non-fiction is a vast category that also has sub-genres; it could be creative like a personal essay, or factual, like a scientific paper.It may also use figurative language,but,not unlike poetry, or fiction has. Sometimes,non-fiction may tell a story, like an autobiography, or sometimes it may convey information to readers. Other examples of non-fiction are diaries, biographies and journals, fantasies, mysteries, romances.A popular example of non-fiction genre is Michael Pollan’s highly celebrated book, The Omnivore’s Dilemma:A Natural History of Four Meals.

Function of Genre Different genres have different roles.For example,fiction and dramatic genres help students and writers learn and improve their communication skills.A poetic genre,on the other hand,enhances imaginative and emotional power of the readers.Non-fictional texts and essays help readers to develop analytical and persuasive capabilities.However, the major function of genre is to establish a code of behaviour between the writers and audience,and keep the readers informed about the topics discussed or the themes presented.

Conclusion. I have learnt the most necessary information as well as useful facts by preparing this independent work on the topic of types of genre and their special features.In particular,I have gained a lot of useful information about genre. Additionally,I have become intimately acquainted with poetry,drama, prose,fiction and non-fiction genres which are regarded as the main types of genre. Furthermore,I have learnt about special features and functions of genre. All in all,preparing this independent work has helped me to acquire new knowledge related to types of genre and their features,as well.

References Christy Tillery.(2013).”Literary Fiction and Genre Fiction”.

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