The last leaf

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Many artists lived in the Greenwich Village area of New York. Two young women named Sue and Johnsy shared a studio apartment at the top of a three-story building. Johnsy’s real name was Joanna.
In November, a cold, unseen stranger came to visit the city. This disease, pneumonia, killed many people. Johnsy lay on her bed, hardly moving. She looked through the small window. She could see the side of the brick house next to her building.
One morning, a doctor examined Johnsy and took her temperature. Then he spoke with Sue in another room.
«She has one chance in — let us say ten,» he said. «And that chance is for her to want to live. Your friend has made up her mind that she is not going to get well. Has she anything on her mind?»
«She — she wanted to paint the Bay of Naples in Italy some day,» said Sue.
«Paint?» said the doctor. «Bosh! Has she anything on her mind worth thinking twice — a man for example?»
«A man?» said Sue. «Is a man worth — but, no, doctor; there is nothing of the kind.»
«I will do all that science can do,» said the doctor. «But whenever my patient begins to count the carriages at her funeral, I take away fifty percent from the curative power of medicines.»
After the doctor had gone, Sue went into the workroom and cried. Then she went to Johnsy’s room with her drawing board, whistling ragtime.
Johnsy lay with her face toward the window. Sue stopped whistling, thinking she was asleep. She began making a pen and ink drawing for a story in a magazine. Young artists must work their way to «Art» by making pictures for magazine stories. Sue heard a low sound, several times repeated. She went quickly to the bedside.

This extract is taken from famous story “ The last leaf” by O.Henry. The story is considered one of the most popular work of the writer as it has been read and discussed by million readers. Because it includes internal meaning by demonstrating several events and elements in the story. So, it is not exception from linguistics peculiarities as its writer tried to include these features to analyze. I am going to analyze some words which are made up by the process word formation. Here are several words taken from the part of the story that will be analyzed from lexical point of view.

  • Named- conversion 1. Name (noun), name (verb)

“Two young women named Sue and Johnsy” (as verb )
“Johnsy’s real name was Joanna.” ( as noun)

  • Visit- conversion 1. visit (noun), visit (verb)

In November, a cold, unseen stranger came to visit the city(as verb)

  • Women-sound interchange from “woman”

  • Studio apartment- compounding “studio +apartment” -A studio apartment is generally a self-contained space that houses everything in a single room with a separate bathroom.

  • Three-story building- compounding “three+story-building” the word is formed by adding three words.

  • Unseen- 2 types of word-formation is used in this word.

  • 1. See changes its form to “seen”

  • 2. Prefix “un” is added to make up a word “un+seen”

  • Stranger –affixing “strange-r”

  • “Brick house”- compounding

  • Examine –affixing exam-ine

  • Carriage –affixing carry+age, and sound interchange is happening in this process.

  • Workroom-compouding “work+room”

  • drawing board –compounding “draw +ing (affixing)+board”

  • quickly- affixing “quick+ly”

  • bedside- compounding “bed+side”

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