Tavi III 1 droisa da TariRis gansazRvra



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Tavi III

3.1 droisa da TariRis gansazRvra

rogorc cnobilia, personalur kompiuters gaaCnia sistemuri saaTi, romelsac iyeneben sxvadasxva programebi, mag. failuri sistemis mier failebis Seqmnisa da modificirebis drois dasafiqsireblad.

droisa da TariRis gasworeba SesaZlebe­lia:


  1. My Computer Control Panel-Si Date and Time piqtogramis gaaqtiurebiT;

  2. amocanaTa panelze saaTis indikatoris areSi mausis orjer daWeriT.

orive SemTxvevaSi ekranze gamodis Date and Time Properties di­aloguri fanjara (sur. 1.26). Date da Time velebSi vuTiTebT TariRisa da drois Sesabamis parametrebs.

3.2.ekranis parametrebis gansazRvra

ekranis foni

ekranis fonis gansazRvra SesaZlebelia mocemuli brZanebebidan erT-erTis gamoyenebiT:


  1. ekranze gavxsnaT konteqsturi meniu da gavaaqtiuroT Display Properties brZaneba;

  2. Start mTavari meniudan virCevT Control Panel-s da vxsniT piqtog­ramas Display.

orive SemTxvevaSi ekranze gamova Display Properties dialoguri fanjara (sur. 1.21), romelic xuTi CanarTisgan Sedgeba.

Desktop CanarTi gankuTvnilia ekranis fonis Sesacvlelad.

Background - ganyofilebaSi SegviZlia SevarCioT ekranis foni. Tu mocemuli Camo­naTvalidan arc erTi maTgani ar akmayofi­lebs momxmareblis gemovnebas, maSin sasur­veli fonis SerCeva SesaZlebelia Browse sabrZanebo Rilakis gaaqtiurebiT. ekranze gamodis Browse dialoguri fanjara, romel­Sic virCevT sasurvel fails.

fonis SerCevis Semdeg, Position velSi virCevT, naxatis ekranze ganTavsebis pozicias:



  • Stretch uzrunvelyofs arCeuli fonis mTel ekranze gaS­las;

  • Center uzrunvelyofs arCeuli fonis ganTavsebas ekranis centrSi;

  • Tileuzrunvelyofs patara zomis suraTis gadamravlebas mTel ekran­ze.

Color velSi mocemulia sada ferebis Camo­naTvali.

Display Properties-is fanjaraSi moTavsebulia Rilaki Customize Desktop, romelSic CamoTvlilia samuSao magidis sistemuri piqtogramebi (sur. 1.22). mag. ori maTgani: My Documents da My Computer CarTulia. Tu ar gvinda, rom romelime maTgani Candes samuSao magidis zedapirze, amovrTavT alams da piqtogramac gaqreba. kvlav gamosaCenad ki xelaxla CavrTavT alams da OK. qvemoT, ki warmodgenilia TviT sistemuri piqtogramebi, romelTa garegnobis Secvla SesaZlebelia Change Icon Rilakze dawkapunebiT da sasurveli piqtogramis SerCeviT.

im SemTxvevaSi, Tu gvsurs, rom arCeuli piqtogramebi daubrundnen sawyis formas Windows, gvTavazobs Restore Default brZanebas. Sesabamis Rilakze dawkapunebiT sistema momxmareblisgan damoukideblad aRadgens standartul piqtogramas.

ekranis damcavi

ganvixiloT Display Properties-is meore CanarTi Screen Saver (sur. 1.23), romlis saSualebiT SesaZlebelia ekranis damca­vis an e.w. dasvenebis reJimis dayeneba.

damcavis arCeva, SesaZlebelia moce­mu­­li fanjris Screen Saver velis Camo­naTvalSi.

arCeuli reJimis winaswari daTvari­eleba SesaZlebelia Preview sabrZanebo Rilakis gaaqtiurebiT.

ekranis damcavis parametrebis cvli­leba SesaZlebelia Settings sabrZanebo Ri­la­­kis gaaqtiurebiT.

Settings veli gansazRvravs umoqmedo­bis SemTxvevaSi, ra drois Semdeg CairTos ekr­nis damcavi.

ekranis damcavi manamde CarTuli, vidre mausze an romelime klaviSze ar vimoqme­debT.

fanjris parametrebi

rogorc viciT, yvela fanjaras gaaCnia Tavisi CarCo. fanjris parametrebisa da CarCos feris SerCeva SesaZle­belia Display Properties-is Appearance CanarTidan. aRniSnuli CanarTis gaaqtiurebisas miviRebT sur.1.24-ze warmodgenil fanjaras, romlis zeda nawilSi mocemulia mimdinare fanjris parametrebi. Windows-is kla­sikuri an Windowsxp-is sti­lis SerCeva SesaZle­belia Windows and buttons velis CamonaT­validan. orive maTgani gvTavazobs ferebis sqemas, romel­Ta arCeva SesaZlebelia Color scheme velis Camo­naTvlidan. rac Seexeba fanjris komponentebs, maTi Secvla SesaZlebelia Advanced Rilakze dawkapu­nebiT.Ffontebis zomebis Secvla ki SesaZ­le­belia Font size velis CamonaT­valSi.



Display Properties-is fanjris Settings CanarTi ori ZiriTadi velisagan Sedgeba (sur 1.25).

Screen resolution–s gaaCnia regulatori, rom­lis gadaadgileba gansazRvravs ekranis zedapirze wertilebis (piqselebis) raodeno­bas. rac metia aRniSnuli maCvenebeli, miT mkveTria gamosaxuleba.

Color quality-is saSualebiT SeirCeva ekranis garCevadoba, igi gansazRvravs ferTa gamis xarisxs gamosaxulebaze.

mniSvnelovan teqnikur maxasiaTebels war­moadgens ekranze gamosaxulebis ganaxlebis sixSire, romlis SerCeva SesaZlebelia Advanced Rilakze dawkapunebiT da Monitor Settings CanarTis Screen Refresh CamonaTvlis gamoyenebiT.




3.3.mausisa da klaviaturis marTva

mausis marTva

mausis parametrebis optimaluri variantis SerCeva uzrunvelyofs momxmareblis efeqtur muSaobas kompiuterTan. Control Panel Mouse piqtogramis gaaqtiurebiT ekranze gamova Mouse Properties fanjara (sur. 1.27), romelSic SesaZlebelia mausis parametrebis Sesacvlela.

Buttons CanarTis gaaCnia Semdegi velebi:


  • Button configuration (Rilakebis konfi­guracia) _ gansazRvravs mausis marjvena da marcxena Rilakebis daniSnulebas. Swich primary and secondary buttons reJimis CarTvisas, im funqciebs, rac mausis mar­cxena Rilaks gaaC­nia Seasrulebs marjvena Rilaki da piriqiT, marjvena Rilakis funqciebs Seasrulebs mar­cxena Rilaki.

  • Double-click-speed gansazRvravs, rogorc mausis Rilakis orjeradi dawkapunebis siswrafes, aseve pauzis xangrZlivobas dawkapunebebs So­ris.

Pointers CanarTis Scheme (maCveneblebis sqema) veli gansazRvravs mausis maCveneblebis formas, romlTa SerCevisas Custonize ganyofilebaSi aisaxeba axali maCveneblis forma.

klaviaturis marTva

klaviaturis parametrebis Sesacvlelad vxsniT Control Panel saqaRaldes da vaaqtiurebT Keyboard piqtogramas. ekranze gamodis dialo­guri fanjara Keyboard Properties (sur. 1.28), romelic Sedgeba ori CanarTisagan: Speed da Hardware.

Character repeat velis Repeat delay (pauza gameorebis dawyebamde) parametri, simbolos avto­ma­turi gameorebis dawyebamde drois inter­vals gazrdis an Seamcirebs Sesabamisi regula­toris marjvniv an marcxniv gaweviT.

Repeat rate (gameorebis siswrafe) _ regula­toris saSualebiT axorcielebs simbo­los avtomaturi gameorebis gazrdas an Semcire­bas.

Click here and hold down a key to test repeat rate velSi SesaZlebelia ukve arCeuli parametrebis moqmedebis gasinjva.

Cursor blink rate gamoyenebulia kursoris cimcimis sixSiris dasa­regulireblad.

3.4 xmis parametrebis cvlileba

xmis parametrebis Sesacvlelad SevdivarT makontrolebel panelSi da virCevT ganayofs Sound and Audio Devices



Volume CanarTSi SesaZlebelia xmis momateba/dakleba



Low- xmis mometeba;

High-xmis dakleba;

Mute-xmis gaTiSva;

Place volume icon in the taskbar-xmis samarTavi panelis piqtogramis damateba amocanaTa panelze;

Speaker Settings-dinamikebis samarTavi paneli






3.5 axali Sriftebis dayeneba

rogorc cnobilia kompiuterSi arsebuli Sriftebis saSualebiT momxmarebeli uzrunvelyofs informaciis teqstis saxiT gamosaxvas.

Tavdapirvelad Windows-is dayenebisas, kompiuterSi avtomaturad CaitvirTeba Srif­te­bis garkveuli kompleqti. Sriftebis kom­pleqti failis saxiT moTavsebulia C: diskze, Windows-saqaRaldis Fonts qvesaqa­Ral­­deSi.

axali Sriftis dayeneba SesaZlebelia Control Panel Fonts piqtogramis gaaqtiu­rebiT. Fonts dialoguri fanjarSi gavaaqti­uroT File Install New Font brZaneba, ekranze gaixsneba Add Fonts dialogoguri fanjara (sur. 1.31).



Drives – velSi virCevT disks, romelidanac vaye­nebT Srifts;

Folder – velSi virCevT saqaRaldesa da qvsaqaRal­des, romelSic weria Sesabamisi Srifti;

List of font – velSi aisaxeba arCeul saqaRaldeSi arsebuli Sriftebi. vniS­navT sasurvel Sriftebs da OK RilakiT vadasturebT Sriftis damatebas.

3.6 საქაღალდის პარამეტრების ცვლილება

menius Tools – Folder Options brZanebis dialogSi xdeba fanjaraSi informaciis warmodgenis reJmebis damatebiTi parametrebis momarTva.



am dialogis View CanarTSi sasurvelia movxsnaT alami Hide extensions for known file types, rac uzrunvelyofs folderTa sarCevebSi failebis saxelebTan erTad maTi gafarToebis miTiTebas. davayenoT alami Display the path in the title bar, raTa fanjris saTauris striqonSi naCvenebi iqnes im obieqtis misamarTi, romelsac igi ekuTvnis. Apply to All Folders Rilakze daWeriT SerCeuli momarTvebi gavrceldeba yvela fanjaraze. Reset All Folders Rilaki aRadgens Zvel momarTvebs, Restore Defaults ki – standartuls.



General CanarTis dialogSi Open each folder in its own window gadamrTvelis CarTviT axali folderis Semcveloba calke fanjaraSi gaixsneba, xolo Tu CavrTavT Open each folder in same window gadamrTvels – imave fanjaraSi. am CanarTis Use Windows classic folders gadamrTvelis CarTviT WXP-is folderTa fanjrebi klasikuri formiT (Windows-is wina versiebis stilSi) warmogvidgeba.

sxva momarTvebi Folder Options brZanebis dialogSi sasurvelia umiznod ar SevcvaloT


3.7. პროგრამის დამატება წაშლა

progrmebis instalacia Cveulebriv xdeba CD-dan. sainstalacio failze (Cveulebriv INSTALL ,SETUP an programis saxeli) gaxsnis Semdeg warmoCenili fanjrebis mimdinareoba, sxvadasxva programebis instalaciisas ar hgavs erTmaneTs, ubralod es aris procesi sadac aris dialoguri fanjrebi da Cven moniSvniT an Sesabamis Rilakze daWeriT vuTiTebT ra gvsurs. Cveulebriv instalaciis Semdgom etapebze gadasvla xdeba Next (Semdegi, далее) Rilakze daWeriT.

zogi programis Cawerisas gvTxovs kods e. w. Serial number-s, romelic unda movZebnoT sainstalacio paketis SigniT (Cveulebriv is gamoCndeba an ,,Read me” an ,,Serial number”, an ,,Key”, an Keygen” failebis gaxsniT.) Sesabamisi kodis miTiTebiT gagrZeldeba instalaciis procesi, romlis bolo etapze vaWerT Finish an Done Rilakebs. procesis damTavrebis Semdgom kompiuteri gadaitvirTeba an Cven gadavtvirTavT.

programebis amoSla – warmoebs dialogSi, romelic gamonaTdeba Control Panel-is fanjaraSi Add or Remove Programs niSnakze orjer daWeriT.

marcxena kuTxeSi Tu movniSnavT (davaWerT) Change or Remove Programs Rilaks, marjvena nawilSi gamoCndeba kompiuteris mexsierebaSi Cawerili programebis CamonaTvali. sasurvelze daWeris Semdgom moniSnulis marjvena nawilSi vaWerT Remove Rilaks, ris Sedegadac gamova dialoguri fanjara, Cven vudasturebT Yes brZanebiT (an uars vambobT amoSlaze No brZanebiT). Semdgom sxva dialoguri fanjrebis gamoCenis SemTxvevaSi vaWerT Cveulebriv Next Rilaks da amoSlis process vasrulebT Finish (an Done) brZanebiT.



3.8.Internet Explorer

Internet Explorer-Si sawyisi gverdis dasayeneblad SevdivarT makontrolebel

panelSi da virCevT Internet Option ganayofs, Address velSi vwerT sasurveli saitis misamarTs. carieli gverdis gamosatanad vaWerT Rilak Use Blank .

Use Default-is arCevis SemTxvevaSi Address-velSi Caiwereba mwarmoeblis saitis misamarTi.





  1. Delete Cookies :am teqsturi tipis failSi inaxeba saitze damaxsovrebuli momxmareblis saxelebi da parolebi, Rilakze daWeriT waiSleba damaxsovrebuli informacia;

  2. Delete Files: waiSleba internetidan Semosuli Temp failebi;

  3. Settings: Temp failebis parametrebis dayeneba:


  4. Clear History:waiSleba Address Bar-Si Seyvanili yvela damaxsovrebuli saitebis misamarTebi.

3.9.Regional and Language sistemis enobrivi uzrunvelyofa
rogorc cnobilia Windows-s gaaCnia mravalenovani mxardaWera, romelic momxmareblisaTvis erTdroulad uzrunvelyofs ramodenime enis gamoyenebas.

Control Panel-is fanjaraSi Regional and Language… piqtogramis gaaqtiurebiT ekranze gamodis dialogur fanjara Regional and Language Options (sur. 1.29), romlis saSuale­biTac SesaZlebeli gaxdeba damate­biTi enis dayeneba an amogdeba.

Regional Options CanarTis - Standards and formats veli gankuTvnilia qveynis an teri­toriuli erTeulis asarCevad. aqve mocemu­lia arCeuli qveynis damaxasiaTebeli ric­xvi, valuta, droiTi standarti da sxva. Customize sabrZanebo Rilakis gaaqtiurebiT SesaZlebelia gaxdeba zemoT aRniSnuli maxasiaTeblebis saWiroebisamebr cvlileba.


Regional and Language Options fanjrSi Language CanarTis Details Rilakis gaaqti­urebiT gaixsneba Text Services and Input Languages fanjara, romlis Settings CanarTSi (sur1.30) mocemulia momxmareblis kompi­uterSi gamoyenebuli enebis nusxa.

Add Rilaki saSualebas iZleva arsebul CamonaTvals davamatoT sasurvel ena. Remove RilakiT SesaZlebelia moniSnuli enis amogdeba.

Tu Preferences velSi gavaaqtiurebT Language Bar Rilaks, ekranze gamova Language Bar Settings fanjara. Show the Language bar on the desktop-is reJimis CarTviT enis indikatori gamoCndeba amocanaTa panelze.

3.10.printerebi da skanerebi

makontrolebel panelSi avirCioT ganayofi Printers and Faxes



axali printeris dasamateblad davaWiroT Rilak Add a printer



imave Rilakis gamoZaxeba SesaZlebelia File-Add a printer;

Local printer attached to this computer-lokaluri printeri ;

Network printer, or a printer attched to another computer- qseluri printeri;





3.11 skanerebi da kamerebi ar aris......

3.12.Scheduled Task-წინასწარ დაგეგმილი ამოცანების შესრულება

winaswar dagegmili amocanis SesasruleblaT SevdivarT makontrolebel panelSi (start--settings--control panel)da viZaxebT Scheduled Task-s



vamatebT axal amocanas:



virCevT konkretul programas an fails:



virCevT dagegmili amocanis periodulobas:



Segvyavs momxmareblis paroli da vaWerT Next(Tu ar gidevT momxmarebelze paroli dagegmilma amocanam SeiZleba ar imuSavos):



vaWerT Finish :



3.13 sistemuri informacia da misi parametrebis marTva

sistemuri infromaciis sanaxavad da parametrebis samarTavad makontrolebel panelSi virCevT ganayof System an My Computer piqtogramas vaWerT mausis marjvena Rilaks da konteqstur meniuSi virCevT Properties ganayofs.



General -CanarTSi SesaZlebelia sistemuri informaciis naxva, rogoric aris operaciuli sistemis versia, operatiuli mexsierebis moculoba da procesoris taqturi sixSire.

Hardware- CanarTSi Device Manager Rilakze daWeriT gamoviZaxebT aparaturebis samarTav panels. aucilebelia darwmundeT imaSi, rom yvela aparaturuli uzrunvelyofa sworadaa dayenebuli. suraTze naCvenebia, rom Device Manager-is saSualebiT SesaZlebelia problemebis dadgena da saWiro draiverebis dayeneba an ganaxleba.

Device Manager-is fanjaraSi gamafrTxilebeli niSnebs aqvT yviTeli Zaxilis niSnis”!” an witeli X-is forma. yviTeli Zaxilis niSnis arseboba niSnavs aparaturasTan dakavSirebul problemas. problemaTa CamonaTvalis sanaxavad marjvena klaviSi daawkapeT mowyobilobis piqtogramaze da konteqsturi meniudan airCieT Properties. wiTeli X aRniSnavs, rom mowyobiloba gaTiSulia. mis CasarTavad marjvena klaviSiT daawkapeT mowyobilobis piqtogramaze da konteqsturi meniudan airCieT Enable. kategoriebis CamosaSlelad daawkapeT “+“ niSans.

Tu romelime aparaturas kiTxvis niSani adevs e.i. am aparaturis draiveria dasayenebeli.

Advanced- operaciuli sistemis swrafqmedebis gasazrdelad SeiZleba SevcvaloT kompiuteris garkveuli parametrebi, iseTebi rogoricaa virtualuri mexsierebis konfiguraciis parametrebi(Virtual memory configuration settings) virtualuri mexsierebis parametrebis Sesacvlelad SeasruleT Semdegi moqmedebebi:



Start > Control Panel > System > Advanced > Performance area > Settings button



3.14.User Accounts

operaciul sistemaSi momxmareblis parametrebis samarTavad SevdivarT makontrolebel panelSi da virCevT User Accounts ganayofs:



am ganayofSi SegviZlia davamatoT axali momxmarebeli an SevcvaloT ukve arsebuli momxmareblis parametrebi:





--- arsebuli momxmareblis parametrebis cvlileba. am Rilakze daWeris Semdeg gamova meniu sadac avirCevT momxmarebels:

Tu momxmarebels statusSi uweria Account is off -- e.i. igi gaTiSul mdgomareubaSia. eseTi momxmareblis parametrebis Sesacvlelad aucilebelia jer gavaaqtiorod igi Turn On The "momxmareblis saxeli" AccountARilakzedaWeriT

davaWiroT aqtiur momxmarebels(DG) da SevcvaloT misi parametrebi:



  1. Change my name: momxmareblis saxelis cvlileba;

  2. Change my password: momxmareblis parolis cvlileba;

  3. Remove my password: arsebuli parolis cvlileba;

  4. Change my picture: momxmareblis suraTis cvlileba;

  5. Change my account type: momxmareblis tipis cvlileba;

sistemaSi axali momxmareblis dasamateblad virCevT ganayofs : Create a new account

varqmevT momxmarebels saxels: mag test



virCevT momxmareblis tips da momxmareblis dasamateblad vaWerT Rilak Create Account






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