Resettlement policy framework and specific resettlement action plan



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Ferghana Valley Water Resources Management Project – Phase I

Resettlement Policy Framework and Specific Resettlement Action Plan





RP820

REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN
FERGHANA VALLEY WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PROJECT – PHASE 1

RESETTLEMENT POLICY FRAMEWORK AND

SPECIFIC RESETTLEMENT ACTION PLAN

(FIRST 37 FARMERS)

20 July 2009

CONSULTANTS:
Tahlil Center for Social Research/ Social Assessment LLC.

(Team Leader Prof. Ayse Kudat)

Under Management of the Project Implementation Unit
REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE AND WATER RESOURCES

PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION UNIT

Contents Page


1 Description of the project 9

1.1 Background to Ferghana Valley Water Resources Management Project 9

1.2 Project Area 9

1.3 Population and Project Affected People 11

1.4 Elements of Project that Affect Land Acquisition 11

2 Potential impacts 12

2.1 Project components and activities that give rise to resettlement 12

2.2 The alternatives considered to avoid or minimize resettlement and principles to be applied 21

3 Objectives of resettlement policy framework 22

4 Results of the socio-economic census of 37 affected farms 23

4.1 Introduction 23

4.2 Basic characteristics of Project affected leasehold farmers’ households 23

4.3 Agricultural activities of leasehold farms, assets, and incomes 25

4.4 Land acquisition 29

4.5 Farmers’ awareness about the Project, readiness to participate, and suggestions about the future land acquisition process 34

Risks related to land acquisition 37

5 Legal Framework 39

6 Institutional framework 50

7 Eligibility / right to compensations and assistance 50

8 Valuation of and compensation for losses 52

9 Compensation and entitlement matrix 58

10 Selection of plots for farmers, whose existing plots are significantly reduced during land acquisition 62

11 Provision with housing, objects of infrastructure, and social services 62

12 Environmental protection and management 63

13 Public participation 63

14 Integration with host communities 64

15 Grievance procedures (procedures for consideration and resolution of complaints) 64

16 Organizational responsibilities for implementing resettlement 64

17 Implementation schedule 65

18 Costs and budget 68

19 Monitoring and evaluation 77

Annex 1: Decree On Optimization of Cropping Areas and Increasing of Food Crop Production 81

Annex 2: Instruction On Constitution of a Special Committee (SC) in charge for development of proposals on optimization of farm enterprise plots 83



List of Tables

Table 1. Suggested new and rehabilitated infrastructure and links to the resettlement issues 13

Table 2. Sources of forage and pastures for livestock in households of affected farmers 25

Table 3. Year of establishment of affected leasehold farms 25

Table 4. Farming information about affected leasehold farms 26

Table 5: Officially registered indicators of performance on affected leasehold farms in 2008 (extracted from accounting books of farms) 27

Table 6. Crops structure on the leasehold farm plots affected by IDs 27

Table 7. Availability of own machinery 28

Table 8. Affected farms and future land acquisition by Raion 29

Table 9. Information about affected farms in Altyaryk raion. WUA “Katput” 30

Table 10. Information about affected farms in Rishtan rayon. WUA “Tuda obi hayot”. 31

Table 11. Information about affected farms in Bagdad raion. WUAs “Kushtegirmon”, “Sabibullo Hodji Muhiddinov”, “Dashtda dustlik bogi”, “Besh uglon zamini” 32

Table 12. Negative consequences expected by farmers from the construction of IDs 35

Table 13. Farmer’s requests for assistance/information in connection with the possible beginning of construction of IDs. 36

Table 14. Crop structure in Project farms, whose land will be acquired for ID construction (taking into account permanent crops) 53

Table 15. Estimates for compensations most common fruit trees and bushes 55

Table 16. Average annual production of crops in Project districts, 2006-2008 56

Table 17. Estimates of compensations for loss of annual crops 57

Table 18. Entitlement Framework 58

Table 19. Calculation of compensations for acquisition of lands under annual crops in 37 farms, for the purposes of ID construction 69

Table 20. Calculation of compensations for acquisition of 200 ha of lands under annual crops, for the purposes of installation of 100 km long SHD 71

Table 21. Calculation of amount of trees on the routes of interceptor drains 73

Table 22. Estimates of compensations for loss of fruit and mulberry trees during ID construction 74

Table 23. Total estimates for RF implementation, ‘000 USD 76

Table 24. M&E matrix 78




List of Figures

Figure 1. Map of the Project Area 10

Figure 2. Interceptor drains location and characteristics in Altyaryk district 16

Figure 3. Interceptor drains location and characteristics in Bagdad district 17

Figure 4. Interceptor drains location and characteristics in Rishtan district 17

Figure 5. Interceptor drains location within the Project Area 18

Figure 6. Preliminary location of SHDs. 19

Figure 7. Readiness of farmers and family members to participate in paid construction work, if opportunity/necessity is present 36




Glossary



Ameliorative

Term used in the context of improving the drainage conditions of soils


Dehkan farm / Dehkan plot


In Uzbekistan, a dehkan farm is a family-based small-scale enterprise that produces and markets agricultural products; it uses family labor and cultivates a plot adjacent to the family home. Such a plot is locally referred to as ‘tomorka’ and is usually smaller than 0.1 ha. About 10 percent of households have additional dehkan plots, often outside, but close to, their communities. These additional dehkan plots (0.15-0.2 ha) are used for cultivation and/or for house construction. Dehkan plots (both tomorka and additional dehkan plots) are held for a lifetime and can be inherited. Dehkan farms may be registered as legal commercial agricultural entities; but there is no requirement of registration.

Dehkan farmer

1) Peasant, farmer; 2) in Uzbekistan this word means an owner of a dehkan plot

Horizontal drainage

An open or closed (buried) drain designed to lower the water table in the fields

Khokimiyat

Local authorities/government.

Makhalla

Territorial community, community of neighbors;

In Uzbekistan, this word means an organ of self-governance of citizens.



Optimization of farms


The process triggered by the Decree “On Optimization of Cropping Areas and Enhancing Food Crop Production” and “Instruction On Constitution of a Special Committee (SC) in charge of developing proposals for optimization of farm plots” issued by the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan in October 2008. The key objective of the decree is to consolidate a large number of existing small (less than 10 ha) leasehold farms into sustainable (around 50 ha) agricultural enterprises and to improve the efficiency of irrigation.

Project districts

Administrative districts of Ferghana region (Baghdad, Rishtan and Altyarik) where the Project Area is located.

Project Area

Territory of nearly 67,000 hectares spanning approximately a half of irrigated land of the Project districts

Rural Assembly of Citizens (RAC)

A body of local self-governance in rural areas. One RAC consists of either one or several Makhallas.

Salinization

High salinity level in soil and/or water impeding plant growth, also the term mineralization is used

Shirkat

Agricultural cooperative

Uzgeocadastre

Land Registration office

Tomorka

Household garden plot

Vertical drainage

A system of deep wells designed to control the water table

Waterlogging

Lands with high water table, impeding soil aeration and plant growth

ACRONYMS and ABBREVIATIONS

AW

Artesian well



BAIS

Basin Administration of Irrigation System

DIWIP

Drainage, Irrigation and Wetland Improvement Project

DP

Demonstration Plot

FS

Feasibility study

FV

Ferghana valley

FWRMP-I

Ferghana Valley Water Resources Management Project Phase-I

HGME

Hydro-Geological Meliorative Expedition

I&D

Irrigation and Drainage

ID

Interceptor Drain

LDFA

Leasehold and Dehkan Farmers Association

MAWR

Ministry of Agriculture and Water Resources

M&E

Monitoring and Evaluation

MOM

Management, Operation and Maintenance

OFWM

On-Farm Water Management

O&M

Operation and Maintenance

PAD

Project Appraisal Document

RAP

Specific Resettlement Action Plan for the First Segment of the Project (for 37 farmers)

RF

Resettlement Policy Framework and Specific Resettlement Action Plan

PIM

Participatory Irrigation Management

PIU-WI

PRW


Projects Implementation Unit for Water Infrastructure

Pressure relief well



RAC

Rural Assemblies of Citizens

RBA

Rishtan-Bagdad-Altiarik

SHD

Subsurface horizontal drainage

TA

Technical Assistance

ToR

Terms of Reference

UZGI

Uzgiprovodkhoz Institute

UNDP

VDW


United Nations Development Programme

Vertical Drainage Well



WB

World Bank

WUA

Water Users Association






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