Was founded at the beginning of XVIII century by Emperor Peter I the vicinity of the new northern capital - St. Petersburg, Peterhof was supposed to be the most splendid royal summer residence. Work on the creation of a new residence had been held with stunning rapidity.
Already in August 1723, the opening ceremony of Peterhof, by this time Lower Park was laid, dug Sea Canal, a few fountains worked, were decorated the upper chambers, and the palaces "Mon Plaisir" and "Marley" were built.
On Peter's plan, Peterhof should be compared, on the one hand, in magnificence to the most well-known royal residences of Europe, with another - to become a triumphal monument of successful end of struggle of Russia for an exit to Baltic sea. Both that and another managed to be carried out brilliantly. To the middle of 20th years of a XVIII-th century were divided into regular Upper Garden (15 hectares) and Lower Park (102.5 hectares), built the Grand Palace, created the world's largest system of fountains and water cascades and a large part of the sculptural decoration: gilded statues, bas-reliefs, mascarons, vases. In 1799-1806 lead statues were replaced gilded bronze. At Peterhof worked sculptor I. Martos, I. Prokofiev, J. D. Rashett, FN Shubin, FF Shchedrin.
In planning the structure of an ensemble of Peterhof regularity and symmetry of the overall composition combined with the skillful use of natural terrain and the variety of art-making of individual sections of the park, pavilions and fountains.
http://peterhofmuseum.ru/ (вариант текста 2)
Peter the Great first mentions the Petergof site in his journal in 1705, during the Great Northern War, as a good place to construct a landing for use in traveling to and from the island fortress of Kronshtadt. In 1714, Peter began construction of the Monplaisir ("my pleasure") Palace based on his own sketches of the palace that he wanted close to the shoreline. This was Peter's Summer Palace that he would use on his way coming and going from Europe through the harbor at Kronshtadt. Later, he expanded his plans to include a vaster royal château of palaces and gardens further inland, on the model of Versailles. Each of the Tsars after Peter expanded on the inland palaces and gardens of Peterhof, but the major contributions by Peter the Great were completed by 1725.
The augmentation of Peterhof's original fountains and the addition of new ones continued well into the 19th century.
The dominant natural feature of Peterhof Grand Palace is a sixteen-meter-high bluff lying less than a hundred meters from the shore. The so-called Lower Gardens (Nizhny Sad), at 1.02 square kilometers (0.4 sq mi) comprising the better part of the palace complex land area, are confined between this bluff and the shore, stretching east and west for roughly 200 meters (656 ft). The majority of Peterhof's fountains are contained here, as are several small palaces and outbuildings. East of the Lower Gardens lies the Alexandria Park with 19th-century Gothic Revival structures such as the Kapella.
Atop the bluff, near the middle of the Lower Gardens, stands the Grand Palace (Bolshoy Dvorets). To the south of it are the comparatively small Upper Gardens (Verhny Sad). Upon the bluff's face below the Palace is the Grand Cascade (Bolshoy Kaskad). This and the Grand Palace are the centerpiece of the entire complex. At its foot begins the Sea Channel (Morskoy Kanal), one of the most extensive waterworks of the Baroque period, which bisects the Lower Gardens.
In 1710 Peter the Great decided to hand over the part of the Menshikov's ownership to Ekaterina Alexeevna, who was not Empress yet. The date of the foundation of the Tsar's village is the 24th of June 1710. And it is included in the category of court lands.
In 1710-1720 on the site of the estate begins to set up royal residences, which appear around the village. Gradually, more orderly planning of the ensemble. At beginning of construction of the palace mansion received the high title of Tsarskoe Selo.
For two centuries, Tsarskoe Selo was a grand imperial summer residence, construction of which had national significance and was conducted with the participation of government departments.
Tsarskoe Selo palace and park ensemble - a brilliant monument of world architecture and landscape architecture XVIII - early XX century. Whole constellation of outstanding architects, sculptors, painters embody ideas here crowned customers.
The compositional center of the ensemble is large Tsarskoe Selo (Catherine's) Palace - a magnificent example of domestic Baroque.
In Tsarskoe Selo is one of the best works of classical architecture - Alexander Palace. Passing through the rooms of his apartment half open for visiting, you can get an idea of the artistic passions of the last representatives of the Romanov dynasty.
City tour of St. Petersburg
During the city tour of St. Petersburg, you will be able to come into contact with a unique history "Northern Palmira", get to know the masterpieces of world culture and architecture, located in the "city of Petra ', such as the Kazan Cathedral, the Hermitage, the Palace of Pavlovsk, Peterhof Palace large and many other sights.
Usually tour begins with the main street of St. Petersburg, Nevsky Prospect, which originates from the Admiralty, one of the first buildings in the city and ends at the Alexander Nevski Square, where the Alexander Nevsky Lavra location.
A night tour of St. Petersburg On this tour you will have the unique opportunity to observe the nighttime transformation of St. Petersburg. In the dim light you will see again the remarkable architectural ensembles of the city museum and picturesque prospects of water expanses of the Neva.
You will see an unforgettable spectacle. Straight from the water you can see the drawbridges and surrounded by the night lights of the city, symbolic for St. Petersburg.
Sailing under the bridges you are possible to think of desire, which will necessarily come true, we just have to believe.