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Geografiya 8-sinf

201___-201___


1 – NAZORAT ISHI

Mavzu: O‘zbekistonning geografik o‘rni. Tabiiy sharoiti va boyliklari. Aholisi
Nazorat shakli: Amaliy topshiriq
1. 8-sinf o‘quv atlasidan foydalanib O‘zbekistonning chekka nuqtalarini, geografik koordinatalarini aniqlang va yozing.

2. Berilgan statistik ma’lumotlar asosida O‘zbekiston aholisining urbanizatsiya darajasini aniqlang (O‘zbekistonda aholi soni 27 mln.k, shaharaholisi - 9,7 mln.k).



3. Respublikamizda asosiy foydali qazilmalar qayerlardan qazib olinishini aniqlang va jadvalni to‘ldiring.
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Foydali qazilma nomi

Qayerlardan qazib olinadi

1

Qo‘ng‘ir ko‘mir




2

Neft




3

Osh tuzi




4

Tabiiy gaz




5

Oltin






Nazorat ishining bali – bahosi:

2 – NAZORAT ISHI

Mavzu: O‘zbekistonning tarmoqlararo majmualari

Nazorat shakli: Test sinovi
1. O‘zbekiston qaysi davlatlarga tabiiy gaz eksport qiladi?

  1. Qozog‘iston va Qirg‘izistonga;

  2. Qirg‘iziston, Tojikiston, Rossiya, Ozarbayjonga;

  3. Qozog‘iston, Qirg‘iziston va Rossiyaga;

  4. Turkmaniston va Qirg‘izistonga.

2. Ishlab chiqarishning yirik korxonalarda to‘planishiga ishlab chiqarish-
ning deyiladi?


  1. ixtisoslashuvi; c) yiriklashishi;

  2. markazlashuvi; d) kombinatlashuvi.

3. Yoqilg‘i sanoatining yirik korxonalari, asosan, qayerlarda joylashgan?

  1. Toshkent, Jizzax, Qashqadaryo, Farg‘ona;

  2. Farg‘ona, Surxondaryo, Buxoro, Sirdaryo;

  3. Toshkent, Farg‘ona, Surxondaryo, Buxoro, Qashqadaryo.

  4. Toshkent, Xorazm, Namangan, Navoiy;

4. Mamlakatimizda aniqlangan gaz zaxiralari qancha?

  1. 3 trillion kubometr; c) 2 trillion kubometr;

  2. 6 trillion kubometr; d) 4 trillion kubometr.

5. O‘zbekiston MDH davlatlari ichida gaz qazib chiqarish bo‘yicha
nechanchi o‘rinda turadi?


  1. Rossiya, Ozarbayjondan keyin uchinchi;

  2. Rossiyadan keyin ikkinchi;

  3. Rossiya, Ozarbayjon, Tukmanistandan keyin to‘rtinchi.

  4. Rossiya, Tukmanistondan keyin uchinchi;

6. Respublikamizda eng katta quvvatga ega bo‘lgan IES ni aniqlang.

  1. Angren IES i; c) Sirdaryo IES i;

  2. Toshkent IES i; d) Taxiatosh IES i.

7. Mamlakatimizda ishlab chiqariladigan elektr energiyasining katta qismi
qaysi viloyatlarga to‘g‘ri keladi?


  1. Toshkent, Andijon, Farg‘ona, Qoraqalpog‘iston;

  2. Andijon, Farg‘ona, Qoraqalpog‘iston, Navoiy;

  3. Farg‘ona, Qoraqalpog‘iston, Qashqadaryo, Sirdaryo;

  4. Toshkent, Sirdaryo, Navoiy, Qoraqalpog‘iston.

8. Respublikada yalpi sanoat hajmida kimyo va neft sanoatining salmog‘i
necha foizni tashkil etadi?

a) 8 % ni; b) 12 % ni; c) 4 % ni; d) 6 %ni.



9. O‘zbekistonda yiliga qancha neft qazib olinadi?

  1. 5-6 mln tonna; c) 9-10 mln tonna;

  2. 7–8 mln tonna; d) 2–3 mln tonna.

10. Kimyo sanoatining yirik korxonasi mamlakatimizning qaysi shahrida
joylashgan?

a) Angrenda; b) Chirchiqda; c) Bekobodda; d) Muborakda.



11. Respublikamizda yuqori sifatli ammofos ishlab chiqaruvchi zavod
qaysi shaharda barpo etilgan?

a) Olmaliq; b) Chirchiq; c) Toshkent; d) Yangiyo‘l.



12. Respublikamizda birinchi metallurgiya korxonasi qachon va qayerda
barpo etilgan?


  1. 1946-y. Bekobodda; c) 1952-y. Urganchda;

  2. 1948-y. Qarshida; d) 1950-y. Boyovutda.

  1. Olmaliqdagi tog‘-metallurgiya kombinati nima eritishga ixtisoslashgan?

a) Volfram; b) Rux; c) Qalay; d) Mis.

  1. O‘zbekistondagi elektrotexnika sanoatining yirik markazini aniqlang.

a) Andijon; b) Toshkent; c) Chirchiq; d) Namangan.

  1. Berilgan variantlardan og‘ir metallarga taalluqlisini aniqlang.

  1. Aluminiy, magniy, titan;

  2. Mis, qalay, qo‘rg‘oshin, nikel, rux;

  3. Volfram, titan, mis, molibden;

  4. Oltin, kumush, platina.


16. Yevrosiyoda mashhur bo‘lgan O‘zbekistondagi eng katta oltin koni qaysi?

Javob: _________________________________________________________________________



17. O‘zbekistondagi yagona lift zavodi qaysi shaharda joylashgan?
Javob:__________________________________________________________________________

18. Kimyo va neft kimyo mashinasozligi yirik korxonasi (“O‘zbek-kimyomash”) qaysi shaharda joylashgan?

Javob: _________________________________________________________________________



19. To‘qimachilik sanoati mashinalari ishlab chiqaradigan asosiy markazlar Respublikamizning qaysi shaharlarida joylashgan?

Javob:__________________________________________________________________________



20. Yalpi sanoat mahsuloti hajmida rangli metallurgiyaning salmog‘i necha foizni tashkil etadi?

Javob:__________________________________________________________________________




Test raqami

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Nazorat ishining bali – bahosi:

3- NAZORAT ISHI

Mavzu: Mashinasozlik majmuasi. Qurilish materiallari sanoati

Nazorat shakli: Geografik topshiriq

8-sinf atlasidan foydalanib berilgan jadvalga respublikamizdagi muhim sanoat korxonalari joylashgan shaharlar nomini yozing.






Mahsulot va korxonalar nomi

Shaharlar nomi

1

Paxta terish mashinalari zavodi




2

Irrigatsiya mashinasozligi zavodi




3

Elektrotexnika sanoatining yirik korxonalari mavjud (“Uzelektroapparat”, “Elektroapparat”)




4

“O‘zbekto‘qimachilikmash” birlashmasi korxonalari




5

Kimyo va neft, kimyo mashinasozligining yirik korxonasi




6

Respublikamizdagi yagona lift zavodi bor




7

O‘zbekiston-Gretsiya qo‘shma korxonasi., “O‘zHellas” gugurt zavodi




8

Binokorlik uchun muhim bo‘lgan sement zavodlari mavjud




9

Ekskavator zavodi bor




10

Yengil avtomobillar ishlab chiqaradigan zavod





Nazorat ishining bali – bahosi:
4- NAZORAT ISHI
Mavzu: Agrosanoat majmuasi. Yengil sanoat

Nazorat shakli: Test sinovi
1. Respublikamizda ishchi kuchlarining necha foizi qishloq xo‘jaligida band?

a) 12,8 %i; b) 26,6 %i; c) 33,5 %i; d) 27,9 %i.



2. Intensiv qishloq xo‘jaligi deb nimaga aytiladi?

  1. Yalpi qishloq xo‘jaligi mahsuloti hajmi maydon birligida agrotexnik vositalardan ko‘proq foydalanish hisobiga oshsa;

  2. Qishloq xo‘jaligi mahsulotining hajmi chorva mollarining mahsuldor zotlarini yaratish hisobiga oshsa;

  3. Qishloq xo‘jaligining rivojlanishi sarf qilingan mehnatning miqdoriga ko‘ra belgilansa;

  4. Qishloq xo‘jaligining rivojlanishi mehnatning sifatiga, mashina va
    o‘g‘itlardan foydalanish darajasiga qarab belgilansa.

3. Ekstensiv qishloq xo‘jaligi deb nimaga aytiladi?

  1. Yalpi qishloq xo‘jaligi mahsuloti hajmi maydon birligida agrotexnik vositalardan ko‘proq foydalanish hisobiga oshsa;

  2. Qishloq xo‘jaligi mahsulotining hajmi chorva mollarining mahsuldor zotlarini yaratish hisobiga oshsa;

  3. Qishloq xo‘jaligi mahsulotlarini yetishtirish, ekin maydonlarini kengaytirish va chorva mollari sonini oshirish hisobiga ko‘paysa;

  4. Qishloq xo‘jaligi rivojlanishi mehnatning sifatiga, mashina va o‘g‘itlardan foydalanish darajasiga qarab belgilansa.

4. Respublikamizda sholi yetishtirishda yetakchi viloyatlar qaysilar?

  1. Xorazm, Qoraqalpog‘iston, Jizzax;

  2. Farg‘ona, Toshkent, Namangan;

  3. Xorazm, Qoraqalpog‘iston, Farg‘ona, Toshkent;

  4. Farg‘ona, Toshkent, Qashqadaryo, Xorazm.

5. Tog‘-yaylov chorvachiligi qaysi viloyatlarda keng tarqalgan?

  1. Surxondaryo, Samarqand, Toshkent;

  2. Samarqand, Toshkent, Buxoro;

  3. Toshkent, Buxoro, Farg‘ona, Surxondaryo;

  4. Buxoro, Xorazm, Samarqand.

  1. Respublikamizda yagona tamaki yetishtiradigan tumanni belgilang.

a) Denov; b) Urgut; c)Parkent; d)Ishtixon.

  1. Bog‘dorchilik va uzumchilikning asosiy rayonlari qaysi zonada joylashgan?

  1. Tog‘ va cho‘l zonasida;

  2. Sug‘oriladigan yerlar va cho‘l zonasida;

  3. Tog‘oldi va tog‘ zonasida;

  4. Dasht va cho‘l zonalarida.

8. O‘zbekiston jahonda paxta yetishtirish bo‘yicha nechanchi o‘rinda turadi?

  1. Xitoy, Misr va Hindistondan keyin, 4-o‘rinda;

  2. AQSH, Meksika, Xitoydan keyin, 4-o‘rinda;

  3. AQSH, Turkiya, Ozarbayjondan keyin, 4-o‘rinda;

  4. Xitoy, AQSH va Hindistondan keyin, 4-o‘rinda.

9. Respublikamizda eng ko‘p kartoshka yetishtiradigan viloyatni aniqlang:
a) Toshkent; b) Buxoro; c) Samarqand; d) Farg‘ona.

10. Kanop yetishtirishda va uni qayta ishlashda yetakchi viloyat:

a) Samarqand; b) Toshkent; c) Jizzax; d) Surxondaryo.



11. Yirik meva-konserva zavodlari qaysi viloyatlarda joylashgan?

  1. Toshkent, Farg‘ona, Namangan, Andijon;

  2. Samarqand, Jizzax, Navoiy, Farg‘ona;

  3. Toshkent, Xorazm, Qashqadaryo, Andijon;

  4. Navoiy, Surxondaryo, Andijon.

12. Poyabzal-charm fabrikasi qaysi shaharlarda joylashgan?

  1. Jizzax, Farg‘ona, Namangan, Guliston;

  2. Toshkent, Xorazm, Yangiyo‘l, Navoiy;

  3. Toshkent, Guliston, Chirchiq, Namangan;

  4. Toshkent, Farg‘ona, Chirchiq, Yangiyo‘l.

13. Qorako‘l qo‘ylari respublikamizning qaysi viloyatlarida ko‘p boqiladi?

  1. Buxoro, Namangan, Sirdaryo, Qoraqalpog‘iston;

  2. Navoiy, Samarqand, Farg‘ona, Buxoro;

  3. Buxoro, Navoiy, Qoraqalpog‘iston;

  4. Farg‘ona, Namangan, Xorazm, Navoiy.

14. O‘zbekistondagi “O‘zsalaman” qo‘shma korxonasi qaysi viloyatda joylashgan?

a) Andijon;

b) Samarqand;

c) Farg‘ona;



d) Toshkent.

15. Respublikamizda qaysi shaharlar o‘zining chinni mahsulotlari bilan mashhur?

  1. Toshkent, Samarqand, Quvasoy;

  2. Samarqand, Farg‘ona, Jizzax, Toshkent;

  3. Guliston, Urganch, Nukus, Toshkent;

  4. Quvasoy, Chirchiq, Yangiyo‘l.




Test raqami

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Nazorat ishining bali – bahosi:
5- NAZORAT ISHI

Mavzu: Aholiga xizmat ko‘rsatish va turizm. Transport geografiyasi

Nazorat shakli: Test sinovi

1. “Sitorayi Mohi Xosa”, “Miroqi” dam olish maskanlari qaysi viloyatlarda joylashgan?

  1. Samarqand va Qashqadaryoda;

  2. Buxoro va Qashqadaryoda;

  3. Buxoro va Jizzaxda;

  4. Surxondaryo va Farg‘onada.

2. Qaysi transport turida tashilgan yukning yo‘l xarajati arzonga tushadi?

  1. Suv;

  2. Havo transportida;

  3. Temiryo‘l;

  4. Quvur transportida.

3. Respublikamizda dengiz sathidan 850 m balanddan o‘tadigan temiryo‘l qaysi shaharlarni bog‘laydi?

  1. Toshkent – Guliston;

  2. Jizzax – Sirdaryo;

  3. Jizzax – Samarqand;

  4. Toshkent – Farg‘ona.

4. Respublikamizda tashiladigan yuk miqdori bo‘yicha qaysi transport yetakchi o‘rinda turadi?

a) Temiryo‘l;

b) Suv;

c) Havo;


d) Avtomobil transport!

5. Mamlakatimiz hududi bo‘ylab o‘tuvchi Osiyo va Yevropa mamlakatlarining tranzit yuklari qaysi yo‘l orqali tashiladi?

  1. Chorjo‘y – Qo‘ng‘irot;

  2. Qo‘ng‘irot – Beynov;

  3. Xovos – Bekobod;

  4. Toshkent – Andijon.

6. 1993- yilda mamlakatimizdagi qaysi temiryo‘l liniyalari elektrlashtirilib foydalanishga topshirildi?

  1. Toshkent –Xojikent;

  2. Toshkent – Guliston;

  3. Toshkent – Andijon;

  4. Xovos – Bekobod va Xovos – Jizzax.

7. Mamlakatimizdan Yevropa va Janubiy-sharqiy Osiyo mamlakatlariga chiqiladigan temiryo‘llarni ko‘rsating.

  1. Buxoro – Beynov va Tajan – Saraxs;

  2. Buxoro – Saraxs;

  3. Buxoro – Chorjo‘y – Qo‘ng‘irot;

d) Saraxs – Mashxad.

8. Mamlakatimizni Hind okeaniga chiqishga imkon beradigan avtomobil yo‘lini aniqlang?

  1. Andijon – O‘sh – Ergashtosh – Qashqar;

  2. Termiz – Hirot – Karachi;

  3. Toshkent – Termiz – Kobul;

  4. Toshkent – Angren – Qo‘qon.

9. O‘zbekiston xorijiy davlatlarga eng ko‘p qaysi mahsulotni eksport qiladi?

  1. Oziq-ovqat va paxta tolasini;

  2. Qora va rangli metallurgiya va h.k.

  3. Paxta tolasi va energotashuvchilarni;

  4. Oziq-ovqat va kimyo mahsulotlarini.

10. 2007-yil O‘zbekistonning tashqi savdosida eksport…………..import ....
AQSH dollarini tashkil qildi. Nuqtalar o‘rniga mosini qo‘ying.


  1. 8-6,3 mlrd;

  2. 7-5,3 mlrd;

  3. 10 - 8,3 mlrd;

  4. 9 - 5,2 mlrd.

11. O‘zbekiston shohko‘chasi “Katta O‘zbek trakti” ning uzunligi qanchaga
teng?

a) 650 km;

b) 850 km;

c) 700 km;

d) 900 km.

12. Mamlakatimizda elektrlashtirilgan temir yo‘llarning uzunligi qanchaga
teng?

a) 450 km;

b) 550 km;

c) 1000 km;

d) 600 km.

13. Respublikamiz umumta’lim maktablari, akademik litsey va kasb-
hunar kollejlarida qancha o‘quvchilar (2008–2009-yil hisobida) ta’lim
olmoqda?


  1. 6,5 mln dan ortiq;

  2. 2,5 mln dan ortiq;

  3. 3,5 mln dan ortiq;

  4. 9,5 mln dan ortiq.

14. O‘zbekiston bugungi kunda nechta davlat bilan tashqi savdo aloqalarini olib bormoqda?

a) 170 ta;

b) 155 ta;

c) 140 ta;

d) 165 ta.

15. Mamlakatimizda birinchi telefon stansiyasi qachon ishga tushgan?

a) 1924-yil;

b) 1909-yil;

c) 1945-yil;

d) 1904-yil.


Test raqami

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Nazorat ishining bali – bahosi:

6- NAZORAT ISHI

Mavzu: O‘zbekistonning iqtisodiy-geografik rayonlari (Toshkent, Mirzacho‘l, Farg‘ona)

Nazorat shakli: Geografik topshiriq

8-sinf atlasidan foydalanib berilgan jadvalga 3 ta iqtisodiy rayonga tegishli bo‘lgan xalq xo‘jaligi tarmoqlarini raqamlar yordamida belgilang.






Iqtisodiy rayonlar xalq xo‘jaligi

Iqtisodiy rayon

Javob raqam-larda

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Rangdor metallurgiya kombinati







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Qorabayir zotli ot yetishtiradigan maxsus ot zavodi







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Neftni qayta ishlaydigan zavodlar







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Respublikadagi eng yirik shoyi kombinati joylashgan







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Avtomobillar ishlab chiqaradigan zavod

Toshkent

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Akkumulatorzavodi







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Respublikada yetakchi qandolat fabrikasi

Farg‘ona




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Qora metallurgiya zavodi







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Yirik to‘qimachilik kombinati







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Yog‘- ekstraksiya zavodi







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Algoritm zavodi joylashgan

Mirzacho‘l

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12

Yirik poyabzal fabrikalari







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Yirik chinni zavodi







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Gidrolizzavodi joylashgan







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Yirik aroq-vino zavodi








Nazorat ishining bali – bahosi:
7- NAZORAT ISHI
Mavzu: O‘zbekistonning iqtisodiy geografik rayonlari. (Samarqand, Buxoro- Navoiy, Qashqadaryo).

Nazorat shakli: Test topshiriqlari.

1. Samarqand iqtisodiy rayonining asosiy sanoat tarmoqlarini belgilang.

a) Mashinasozlik va metallni qayta ishlash (avtomobilsozlik), yengil, oziq-ovqat;



  1. Qishloq xo‘jaligi mashinasozligi, pillakashlik;

  2. Mashinasozlik va metallni qayta ishlash, oziq-ovqat;

  3. To‘qimachilik, qurilish materiallari.

2. Qaysi iqtisodiy rayonda dehqonchlik-qishloq xo‘jaligi yalpi mahsulotining 75% ini beradi?

  1. Buxoro – Navoiy iqtisodiy rayonida;

  2. Qashqadaryo iqtisodiy rayonida;

  3. Samarqand iqtisodiy rayonida;

  4. Surxondaryo iqtisodiy rayonida.

3. Buxoro–Navoiy iqtisodiy rayonida neftni qayta ishlash zavodi qayerda joylashgan?

a) Qorovulbozorda;

b) Uchqirda;

c) Gazlida;

d) Kogonda.

4. Buxoro–Navoiy iqtisodiy rayonining eng yirik transport tuguni qaysi?
a) Qorako‘l;

b) Olot;

c) Zarafshon;

d) Kogon.



5. Mamlakatimizdagi yirik GRES, elektr-kimyo, kon-metallurgiya kombinati qaysi shaharda joylashgan?

a) Muborak;

b) Zarafshon;

c) Navoiy;

d) Qarshi.

6. Navoiy viloyatida qishloq xo‘jaligiga yaroqli yerlarning necha foizi yaylovlarga to‘g‘ri keladi?

a) 80 % i;

b) 76 % i;

c) 99 % i;

d) 88 % i.

7. Buxoro–Navoiy iqtisodiy rayoni elektr energiya ishlab chiqarishda respublikada nechanchi o‘rinda turadi?


  1. Toshkent – Mirzacho‘liqtisodiy rayonidan keyin, 3-o‘rinda;

  2. Toshkent – Samarqand iqtisodiy rayonidan keyin, 3-o‘rinda;

  3. Toshkent – Farg‘ona iqtisodiy rayonidan keyin, 3-o‘rinda;

  4. Toshkent– Qashqadaryo iqtisodiy rayonidan keyin, 3-o‘rinda.

8. Buxoro viloyatida qishloq xo‘jaligiga yaroqli yerlarnining necha foiziga paxta ekiladi?

a) 12 %;

b) 8,9 %;

c) 5 %;


d) 7,2 %.

9. “Hujum” fabrikasi qaysi iqtisodiy rayonda joylashgan?

  1. Toshkent iqtisodiy rayonida;

  2. Mirzacho‘l iqtisodiy rayonida;

  3. Qashqadaryo iqtisodiy rayonida;

  4. Buxoro – Navoiy iqtisodiy rayonida.

10. Qashqadaryo viloyati maydonining kattaligiga ko‘ra respublikada nechanchi o‘rinda turadi?

  1. Buxoro, Navoiy, Samarqand v. dan keyin, to‘rtinchi;

  2. Jizzax, Buxoro, Samarqand v. dan keyin, to‘rtinchi;

c) Buxoro, Qoraqalpog‘iston R., Navoiy, Samarqand v. dan keyin, beshinchi;

d) Qoraqalpog‘iston R, Navoiy va Buxoro v. dan keyin, to‘rtinchi.



11. Qashqadaryo viloyati yiliga qancha bug‘doy yetishtirmoqda?

  1. 600 ming t;

  2. 900 ming t;

  3. 300 ming t;

  4. 500 ming t.

12. Mamlakatimizda ishlab chiqarilayotgan neft va gazning necha foizi Qashqadaryo viloyatiga to‘g‘ri keladi?

a) 88 % i;

b) 95 % i;

c) 70 % i;

d) 77 % i.

13. Mamlakatimizdagi yagona dastur bilan ishlaydigan “Kenglik stansiyasi” qaysi shaharda joylashgan?

a) Shahrisabzda;

b) Denovda;

c) Kitobda;

d) Zarafshonda.

14. Qashqadaryo viloyatida uchramaydigan yoqilg‘i-energetika boyligini aniqlang.

a) Gaz;


b) Neft ;

c) Ko‘mir;

d) Yonuvchi slanes.

15. Respublikamizda mashhur «Uchqun» gilam to‘qish fabrikasi qaysi viloyatda joylashgan?



  1. Toshkent v.;

  2. Buxoro v.;

  3. Qashqadaryo v.;

  4. Navoiy v.




Test raqami

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Nazorat ishining bali – bahosi:
8- NAZORAT ISHI

Mavzu: O‘zbekistonning iqtisodiy-geografik rayonlari. (Surxondaryo, Quyi Amudaryo)

Nazorat shakli: Amaliy topshiriq

  1. Surxondaryo va Quyi Amudaryo iqtisodiy rayonlarining iqtisodiy-geografik o‘rnidagi 3 ta qulay va noqulaylik tomonlarini yozing.

  2. Berilgan statistik ma’lumotlarga asoslanib Surxondaryo, Xorazm viloyati va Qoraqalpog‘iston Respublikalarini urbanizatsiya darajasini aniqlang.

  1. Surxondaryo viloyati aholisi soni – 1 mln 922 ming k., shahar aholisi – 381,3 ming k.

  2. Xorazm viloyati aholisi soni – 1 mln 504 ming k., shahar aholisi – 328,1 ming k.

  3. Qoraqalpog‘iston Respublikasi aholi soni – 1 mln 595 ming k., shahar aholisi – 744 ming k.

3. Mavzularga tegishli bo‘lgan rasmiy ma’lumotlaridan foydalanibSurxondaryo, Xorazm viloyati va Qoraqalpog‘iston Respublikasida qishloq xo‘jaligiga yaroqli yerlar tarkibida paxta va g‘alla maydoni necha foizga(%) to‘g‘ri kelishini aniqlang va yozing.

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ishining bali – bahosi:

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