History of Modern India (Part II) 1857 to 1947 A. D. History of Modern Andhra 1757 to 2010 A. D

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  1. History of Modern India (Part – II) 1857 to 1947 A.D.

  2. History of Modern Andhra 1757 to 2010 A.D.

  3. Epigraphy and Numismatics.

  4. Historical Method

  5. i) Women in modern India.

ii) Non – Brahmin Movement.

iii) Communalism in Modern India.

iv) Christian missionaries in Rayalaseema.

v) Important Archaeological sites in Rayalaseema.

vi) Important Tourist Destinations in Rayalaseema.


1857 TO 1947 A.D.

Unit I: Administrative changes after 1858 – Changes in Army- Public services – Relation with

the princely states – Administrative polices.

Unit II: Social Reform – Brahmo Samaj- Religious Reforms in Maharashtra- Ramakrishna &

Vivekananda – Dayanand & Arya samaj- Theosophical society- Mahamad Iqbal.

Unit III: Growth of New India – Administrative and Economic unification of country- Westrn

thought and education – The role of press and literature – Discovery of India’s past –

Racial arrogance of the rulers – The Indian National Congress – The programme and

activities of the early nationalists.

Unit IV : National Movement – Moderates – Extremists – Revolutionaries – Emergence of

communal trends – Rise of Gandhi and Gandhian Movements – Revolutionary Left

Wing Movements: peasants’ and workers’ and depressed class movements – Subhash

Chandra Bose and the Indian National Army – communal Politics and Partition –

Integration of Princely States – Making of the constitution – Foreign Policy.

Suggested Readings

  1. H. Kulke and D. Rohermund, History of India.

  2. Mazumdar, Datta and Ray Chowdary, eds, Advanced History of India.

  3. D.N. Panigrahi,ed., Economy, Society and politics in Modern India.

  4. M.S.R.Rao., social Movements in India, vol.I and vol.II.

  5. Sumit sarkar, Modern India, 1885 – 1947.

  6. IGNOU Course Material, EH 1.1 and EH 1.5.


Unit I: British Paramountcy in Andhra-Occupation of Coastal and Rayalaseema Districts

Consolidation of the Power-Administrative Reforms-Impact of Industrial Revolution and

1857 Revolt on Andhra.
UnitII: Socio-Religious Reform Movements-Veeresalingam, Raghupathi Venkatarat-nam

Naidu, Gurajada Apparao-Various Phases of National Movement in Andhra-

Vandemataram, Non-Co-Operation, Salt Satyagraha and Quit India Movements.
Unit III: Political Consciousness in Telangana-Rajakars-Telangana Armed Struggle-Movement

for Separate Andhra State, 1953 - Formation of Andhra Pradesh, 1956.

UnitIV: Separatist Movements in Andhra-Separate Telangana, 1969-Jai Andhra Movement,1972- Emergence of TRS-Separate Telangana Movement-Response of Political Parties-9th December 2009 Declaration of UPA Government-Repercussion in Andhra Pradesh.

Suggested Readings

K.V.Narayana Rao, Emergence of Andhra Pradesh, Popular Prakashan, Bombay, 1973.

K.V.Narayana Rao, Telangana-A Study in the Regional Committee of India, Calcutta, 1972.

V.Ramakrishna, Social Reform in Andhra, Delhi, 1983.

Sarojini Regani, Highlights of Freedom Movement in Andhra Pradesh, A.P.State Archives, Hyderabad, 1968.

B.Kesavanarayana, Political and Social Factors in Andhra, Vijayawada, 1976.

A.V.Raman Rao, Economic Development of Andhra Pradesh, 1866-1957, Bombay, 1958.

M.Venkatarangaiah, Freedom Movement in Andhra, A.P.State Archives, Hyderabad, 1965, 1969, 1975.



Unit I : Epigraphy as Source for the Reconstruction of Indian History – Origin and Antiquity of

writing in India – The Brahmi Script & Kharoshthi Script - its Characteristics – Types

of Inscriptions – Writing materials.
Unit II : Detailed Study of the Following Inscriptions: 1. Rumindie Pillar Inscription 2.

Hathigumpha Inscription of Kharavela (EI. Vol. XX) 3. Allahabad Inscription of Samudragupta (CII, Vol. III) 4. Kalamalla Inscription of Renatichola Dhananjaya (EI. Vol. XXVII) 5. Aihole Inscription of Pulakesi II (EI. Vol.VI) 6. Gaya Inscription of SriKrishnadevaraya (EI. Vol. XXXIII).

Unit III : Origin of the Coins – Importance of the Coins – Coins of Mahajanapadas –

Punch Marked Coins – Study of Symbols – Metallurgical Studies.

Unit IV : Coins of Mouryas - Sri Satavahana Coinage – Coins of Local Cheiftains _

Ikshavakus - Eastern Chalukyas – Western Chalukyas – Kakatiya – Vijayanagara

Suggested Reading:
Bhuler, G., Indian Palaeography.

Pandey, R.B., Indian Palaeography.

Sircar, D.C., Indian Epigraphy.

Sivarama Murthy, C., Indian Epigraphy and South Indian Scripts.

Ramesh, K. V., Indian Epigraphy.

Krishna Reddy, N., Sasana Parichayam.

Bandarkar, D.R., Lectures on Ancient Indian Numismatics.

Gupta, P.L., Coins, National Book Trust of India, New Delhi, 1996.

Kosambi, D.D., Indian Numismatics, Oriental Longman, Delhi, 1992.

Sircar, D.C., Studies in Indian Coins, Delhi, 1968.


Unit I: Meaning and Definition of History-Nature and Scope of History-Uses of History-

History as a Science or an Art-History and Other Social Sciences-Sources:Archival

(Primary) and Literary (Secondary)-Foreign Travellers Accounts.

UnitII: Romantic-Imperialistic/Colonial-Nationalistic-Economic/Marxist/Subaltern

Interpretation of History.

UnitIII: Contributions by Historians-Herodotus, Thucydides, D.D.Kosambi, K.A.Nilakant

Sastri, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramci, Arnold Toynbee, Leopald Von Ranke, and Oswald


Unit IV: Stages in the Preparation of Thesis: Selection of Topic, Collection of Data, Heuristics,

Hypothesis, Objectivity and Subjectivity, Internal and External Criticisms, Synthesis,

Exposition, Footnotes, Bibliography.

Suggested Readings

  1. E.H.Carr, What is History?

  2. B.Sheik Ali, History: Its Theory and Method.

  3. K.Rajayyan, History: Theory and Method.

  4. N.Subramanian, Historiography.

  5. E.Sreedharan, A Textbook of Historiography, 500B.C.to AD2000.

  6. K.A.N.Sastry and Ramana, Historical Method with Special Reference to India.

  7. S.P.Sen, Historiography.

  8. Romila Thapar, Past and Prejudice.



  1. Women in Modern India.

  2. Non – Brahmin Movement.

  3. Communalism in Modern India.

  4. Christian Missionaries in Rayalaseema.

  5. Important Archaeological & Tourism destinations in Rayalaseema.

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