Faste in uzbekistan arbeint and authentischen materialen



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FESTE UND FEIERN ICH WÜRDE AM LIEBSTEN TAG FEIERN KONJUNKTIV
AKTYOR SHOU, 2 80 shiqti, notesparadigms, 8 Класс Информатика и ИТ, 8 Класс Информатика и ИТ, TURKUM ALLIUM L-PIYOZ-LUK, IM HAUSHALT, TAGESABLAUF, KLEIDUNG, 7 sinf geometriya 1 chorak, BUYUJET TASHKILOTLARI BYUJETDAN TASHQARI MABLAG\'LARNING GAZNA IJROSINI TASHKIL QILISH, FREIZEITAKTIVITÄTEN, unsere universitat arbeit an den authentischen materialen, Wetter und Klima

FASTE IN UZBEKISTAN ARBEINT AND AUTHENTISCHEN MATERIALEN
n Tashkent, women facing violence at home have nowhere to go. No one has heard of shelters, and if a woman has no friends or relatives, the situation becomes impossible: no hotel will take a locally registered single woman, on suspicion of prostitution. It’s pointless contacting the police, even in the most desperate circumstances. In a recent case, police refused to accept a statement by a 14-year old girl that she had been raped, because she was “of the age of consent and had no obvious signs of injury”.
Cases such as these happen in Uzbekistan more often than one can imagine. Neither the law, nor society is interested in protecting victims, instead telling them to find their own way out of difficult circumstances. Uzbekistan was and remains one of the few countries in the world that lacks legislation on domestic violence.
Furthermore, women experience restrictions in a range of spheres. Until 2017, for example, women couldn’t travel freely – in order to leave the country, a woman needed a sticker (the equivalent of an exit visa) from the visa and registration department, and this required the permission of her parents or husband.
Since the death of president Islam Karimov in 2016, however, attempts have been made to improve women’s rights - at least legally. Here’s an overview of them.
Draft laws
In April this year, Uzbekistan’s Women’s Committee published a draft law designed to prevent sex discrimination. The Women’s Committee, set up in 1991, aims to improve women’s status in society, and this draft legislation is the first ever document of its kind published in Uzbekistan. It goes into relevant terms (gender equality, discrimination) in great detail – and, for the first time in Uzbek law, discusses the concept of societal stereotypes about gender. It also describes future mechanisms to protect these rights and establishes penalties for violating them.
In February, President Shavkat Mirziyoyev signed a decree that aims to “fundamentally improve support for women and strengthen the institution of the family”. The law criticised the current situation with women’s rights and their participation in affairs of state.
President Shavkat Mirziyoyev | Source: President of Uzbekistan
This decree also created the Oila (“Family”) research centre, which aims to strengthen marriages, study issues of reproductive health, investigate problems faced by modern families and compile lists of low income households. Staff at the Oila centre travelled across the country, talking to women about violence and their own family situations. The centre was also given responsibility for “strengthening families” and for divorces. Previously, if you wanted to end your marriage, you had to ask your local council office for permission, but now the Oila centre is responsible.
This official initiative to support women is, of course, important in itself, but there is a built-in contradiction. On the one hand, the Oila centre should do everything it can to help women and try to resolve difficult situations. On the other, the centre has to do everything it can to keep a family together. This can lead to serious conflict: in situations where divorce should be permitted, centre staff attempt to persuade the couple to continue living together.

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