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BLESSINGS:-Swami Sachchidanandji. Dr. Gandhi practiced medicine in Naroda, Ahmedabad, India. For last fifteen years he resides in USA with his children.
I have noted one important aspect of his nature. He will always try to reach to the bottom of the subject he will get interested into. He prepares notes, graphs, charts and try to summarize the subject into few pages.
Recently tries to correlate religion with sciences, politics, sociology and economics. A mystical type of religious philosophy has been prevalent in India. There is a neglect of practical problems of daily life. This has made us poor, ignorant and illiterate. We are worshipping mortal hypocrite human individuals instead of God.
Dr. Gandhi has a positive and practical approach to problems in day to day life. He is trying to link religion with science. His science does not lead to atheism, nor he ignores the element of faith (Shraddha) required in religion.
Religion is also a science. He has beautifully tried to inter mix diverse subjects. May it be the Gita, Upanishads, or any other subject. The clarity of his thinking, truth coupled with reason, and the fearlessness of his presentation are all obvious to the reader.
Sometimes he is bitter and harsh in his criticism, when he is flashing red signals towards some age-old wrong beliefs, false rituals and rigid traditions of religions. It is but natural that unintelligent religious heads and their blind followers may start boiling with anger at such remarks.
It is good that an individual and society be religious, but when this crosses a limit, it leads to foolish fanatic behavior, myth propagation and fruitless imaginations. Society and individuals get misguided, live in false hopes, blind faiths, false fears and become worshippers of human beings. In the name of religion, the wealth of people gets locked into temples and a few hands, and people forget the basic issues leading to poverty, slavery and grief. They are taught to bear whatever comes as fate or fortune designed by God. This is a painful situation artfully created by unwise priests in the name of religions and God.
More and more individuals like Dr. Gandhi should come forward to catch the bull by horns. I am pleased to note that Dr. Gandhi has taken a bold, determined, useful, praiseworthy and worth welcoming step in this direction, in the interest of the people and the future generations.
I pray God that our society may receive many useful and inspiring books, booklets and literature from him. Hari Om Tat Sat. Bhakti Niketan Ashram. Dantali.
P O. Box-19, PETLAD. Dist. Kaira. Gujarat, INDIA.
Age periods of evolution of world religions & thought streams in Hinduism.
Age of Rishies
2 to 300 BC
Roots of Jainism & Buddhism lie in Upanishads and 6 Hindu Darshans
1999 = (No Copy Right Charts by Swami Dwiroopanand)=1999.
CHRONOLOGY OF HINDU SCRIPTURES. OM IS SYMBOL OF KNOWLEDGE & ROOT OF ALL SPOKEN LANGUAGES.
EARLY HINDUISM OF THE VEDIC ARYANS. SEARCH OF KNOWLEDGE. Vedas were also called SHRUTIES or AUDIO-knowledge. Rig, Yajur and Sam Vedas develop. In early 3 Vedas there is worship of Natural Elements like sun, Fire, Rain, Air, Water, Land etc.. These were refereed to as Devas and Devies. First 3 Vedas took nearly 3 to 4 thousand years to develop.
VEDIC PERIOD. 5000 BC.
The Aryans were the earliest tribe to develop Vedas. Fire (Agni) and Rain Gods (Indra) were worshipped as Gods. After settling in N-W Parts of Indian sub-continent, their King Manu dictated the doctrines of a four class socio-political system, the Varna Dharmas (Dharma= Duties).
SMRUTI PERIOD. 4500. BC.
After the Vedas one observes development of Smruties, which dictate the class laws of King Manu called Manu Smruti. Development of early Upanishads like Ishavasya and Kathopanishad.
3000. BC. Special privileges are given to higher classes of Brahmins and Kshatriyas.
UPANISHAD PERIOD:2000 BC.
Search of self (soul) and its relationship with the Vedic Gods is studied in the Upanishads. Aryans and original residents of India fight. Stories of Devas (deities) and Asuras (demons) are seen in scriptures. They suggest conflicts or wars between more civilized and less civilized people.
DARSHAN PERIOD. 1200. BC.
WONDERFUL SPIRITUAL HINDU SCRIPTURES DEVELOP.
These include the famous Six Hindu Darshans. By this time in the Ganges regions, Sun worshipping and moon worshipping royal dynasties were established. (1). POORVA MIMANSA, by Jaimini, (2) NYAYA, by Gautama, (3). YOGA BY PATANJALI, (4). SANKHYA by Kapil, (5) VAISHASHIK by Kanad, AND
(6) VEDANT by Ved Vyasa, DEVELOP.
(7) Charvak's Darshan denies the theory of rebirths of souls propagated by selfish ritual minded Brahmins. ? VALMIKI RAMAYANA written in this age. Rama was the 58th son in the dynasty of Manu. ? Krishna, in human form after Rama, who perhaps lived in the 12th cent. BC. 600. BC. IMPORTANT DATE (CENTURY) OF WORLD RELIGIONS.
MAHAVIRA AND BUDDHA START TWO GREAT RELIGIONS IN INDIA. BUDDHISM AND JAINISM, LAYING STRESS on NON-VIOLENCE IN RELIGION.
500. BC. GITA AND MAHABHARAT.
BY VED VYASA WRITTEN IN THIS PERIOD, MOSTLY AFTER BUDDHA AND MAHAVIRA. VEDANTA DARSHANA WRITTEN IN THIS AGE ALSO.
18 Puranas(Mythology)scriptures develop during 2nd BC. To 3rd AD. IMAGINARY GODS LIKE SHIVA, VISHNU, AND BRAHAMA ARE DESCRIBED IN THESE PURANAS. Their mystic stories symbolize divine love between husbands and wives. .Bhagavatum became a popular Vishnu PURANA after 15th century A. D. It describes 10 major incarnations of VISHNU. RAMA & KRISHNA are the 7th & 8th.
0000- + Christ is born. + + + + + + + + + + + + +
He preaches LOVE and forgiveness in the West.
500 AD. Roman Church in West. Arya Bhatta invents Zero in Math.
700 AD. SHANKARACHARYA (preaches Adwaita theory) IN EAST
MOHAMMAD IN WEST.
1000 AD. PERIOD
Era of Islamic invasions in Europe and India start.
1200 AD. Islamic rule in India
For next 600 years.: Ghori, Lodi, and Mogal dynesties rule India. Era of SAMPRADAYAS OF ACHARYAS. MADHAVA, RAMANUJA, KABIR, SURDAS preach BHAKTI PATH.(All preach Dwaita Philosophy)
1492 AD. COLUMBUS DISCOVERS AMERICA AND
VASCODE GAMA A SEA ROUTE TO INDIA.
1500 AD. Rule of King Akbar
Mira & Tulsidas. Vallabhacharya starts Vaishnivism. Chaitanya, Narsinha Mehta (in Gujarat); Guru Nanak starts Shikh Religion
1757 AD. END OF ISLAMIC EMPIRE AND START OF
BRITISH RULE IN INDIA.
1800 AD. Swami Sahajananda Swaminarayana Religion in Gujarat.
1900 AD. Vivekananda in America. Gandhi leads INDIA to freedom.
1947 AD. India Independent. 40 Years Rule of Nehru Dynasty in Democratic India. GURUS build palatious temples, only at one place, Haridwara. They have forgotten their duty of educating the poor people in villages of India. THE 21st CENTURY NEEDS NEW LIGHT IN THE RELIGIOUS FIELD.
VIEWS OF MAHATMA GANDHI WILL GIVE IT. SUMMARY.
Hinduism is a non-prophet philosophy of attaining wisdom by search of self (Atma). This subject is discussed in great details in Upanishads, Darshans, and the Gita. Innumerable Prophets in Hinduism are seen only in recent centuries. They have started many secular Guru worshipping cults (sampradayas). They are also called religions.
Search of God Starts with SELF, and Ends in SELF by understanding the fixed laws of Mother nature.
UPANISHAD RISHIES - ASHRAM DHARMA (CHART 1) ***
4 AGE QUARTERS OF 100 YEARS OF LIFE
= DUTIES AND GOALS TO BE ACHIEVED DURING ONE AGE QUARTER OF LIFE. 1ST. ASHRAM: STUDENT (VIDYARTHI) BRAHM CHARYA ASHRAM. GOAL LEARN DHARMA.
Hinduism lays one VOW for Students: NO SEX ACTIVITY DURING STUDENT AGE.
2ND. ASHRAM: GRAHASTHA ASHRAM:GOALS; MARRIAGE AND EARN MONEY = ARTHA
3RD. ASHRAM: VANPRASTHA: PARTIAL RETIREMENT FROM FAMILY. GOAL;KAMA.
4TH. ASHRAM: SANYASA : TOTAL RETIREMENT AND RENUNCIATIONS. GOAL MOKSHA.
PRESENT IS EXISTENCE, OUR PRESENCE IN WORLD. IT IS ALWAYS TODAY AND NOW.
TODAY AND NOW =DOOMS DAY OTE THE ZERO POINT OF TIME BETWEEN DEATH AND BIRTH =
TIME -ZERO = BOTH ARE ALWAYS TODAY AND NOW.=
DEATH = BIRTH CYCLE.
SANYASA ASHRAM 75 TILL DEATH JOURNEY OF LIFE STARTS IN WOMB
GOAL LIBERTY OR MOKSHA BRAMCHARYA ASHRAM OR
FROM BIRTH DEATH CYCLE Student age UP TO AGE-25.
TOTAL DETACHMENTS FROM FAMILY EDUCATION BY PARENTS
RESPONSIBILITY; POLITICAL AND IN SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
POSITIONS AND WEALTH FROM TEACHERS. STUDENT ALSO
AND NO DESIRES OF WORLDLY LEARNS DUTIES AND MORALITY
COMFORTS, EXPECTATIONS FROM FROM RELIGIOUS PRIESTS BY
RELATIVES OR FRIENDS ETC. HEARING SCRIPTURAL STORIES
FROM 50 TO 75 YEARSFROM 25 TO 50 YEARS
VANA-PRASTHA ASHRAMGRAHASTHA ASHRAM.(Family life)
PARTIAL RETIREMENT FROM MARRY WITH SUITABLE PARTNER
FAMILY ATTACHMENTS AND JOBS LIVE IN FAMILY HOME AND GOOD
Learn Maths, agriculture, rain fall, stars cattle care, economics seeds etc.
Earn money, be rich and help state /employee give donations to Brahmins.
Care for state, serve other classes, social work and give donations.
Saintly life/ give good advice / tell history of heroism
SHUDRAS Skilled workers, manual servants and laborers.
Learn family skills, respect
and serve 3 higher class
Earn money by serving higher class
give donation to Brahmins
Try to uplift into a higher class Vaishyas by money and gaining skills
No saintly retirement till end of life ; teach family love & unity.
The classes were Job Oriented and not birth-rights giving in early times. But with passage of time they turned into hiraretic, privilege preaching classes. Brahmins (men of knowledge) guided other three classes in all moral codes, laws, sociology, economics and political matters. Knowledge was preserved by creating short sentences (Mantras, proverbs) and musical verses (See Sam Veda Hymns).
A woman was looked upon as property of her husband. A man could marry more than one woman, but a widow could not remarry.. Wives were burnt alive upon the death of husbands (Satisystem). Inter-class marriages were forbidden; but a Brahmin could marry any girl from lower three classes, a Kshatriya could marry a girl from lower two classes, and a Vaishya could marry a Shudra girl, but not from the higher classes. The stories of Ramayan and Mahabharat indicate such practices. Birth as a Female, a Vaishya or a Shudra class was believed to be due to sins committed in previous lives.
The majority class of Shudras had no right to study, Vedas, learn weapons or trade. They were supposed to remain life long servants or employees of the upper three classes. Such verses were added in Manu Smruti by the Brahmins of the later ages so that their sons might enjoy all privileges and class rights created in name of religion. The Shudras were not untouchables to start with. The Bhagavat Gita redefines this class privileges and affirms that all human beings are equal in eye and laws of God.
Hinduism was a Veda (knowledge) oriented culture and a male privileged society.
There was no idol worship in the earlyVeda, Upanishd and Gita age periods.