About Uzbekistan

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About Uzbekistan

About Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan is situated in the central part of central Asia between the Amu darya and Syr darya rivers. In the north- east it borders on Kazakhstan, in the east and south- east on Kyrghyzstan and Tajikistan, in the weast on Turkmenistan and in the south on Afghanistan. 

Uzbekistan- general Information
Area: 447,4 km2
Population: 32 million 
Ethnic Groups: Uzbek 80%,
Russian 5.5%, Tajik 5%, Kazakh 3%,
Karakalpak 2.5%, Tatar 1.5%, other 2.5% 
Independence in August 1991 from former USSR 
President: Islom Abduganievich KARIMOV (since 1990)
Capital: Tashkent (population 3 million) 
Religion: Muslim, Eastern Orthodox

The main dates of Uzbekistan

August 31. 1991 the Supreme Soviet of the Republic of Uzbekistan adopted the resolution “About proclamationof State independence of the Republic of Uzbekistan”.
September 1. 1991 the proclamation of independence of the republic of Uzbekistan.
November 18. 1991 the Republic of Uzbekistan adopted the resolution “About the national flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan”.
July 2. 1992 the Republic of Uzbekistan adopted the resolution “About the new state emblem of the Republic of Uzbekistan”.
December 10. 1992 the Republic of Uzbekistan adopted the resolution “About the national anthem of the republic of Uzbekistan”.
March 2. 1992 the united Nations adopted the resolution to admit the Republic of Uzbekistan into its membership. Uzbekistan become a full member of the United Nations and was recognized by over 165 states of the world as a independent state.
March 24. 1990 Islam Karimov was elected president of the republic of Uzbekistan at a parliamentary session
December 8. 1992 the new constitution of the republic of Uzbekistan was adopted
Climate of Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan is the republic of sunshine. The climate of Uzbekistan is very hot in summer and very cold in winter. 

Temperature is continental, dry and hot :
Summer 107-116 ºF in the plains 
77-86 ºF in the mountainous zone
Winter 12 ºF in the north 
35 - 37 ºF in the south
Annual 10 inches
4 inches in the northwest
17 inches in the mountainous zone, middle and southern 
Rainfall occurs during the winter season, mainly between October and April. 


National symbols usually include natiAonal emblem, national flag and national anthem.

The flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The flag was adopted on November 18, 1991. The flag of the Republic of Uzbekistan consists of blue, white and green stripes, separated by two narrow red stripes. A crescent and three rows of twelve stars are situated on the left side of the upper blue stripe. The blue colour symbolizes the sky and water as the principle sources of life. The white stripe is the traditional symbol of peace and moral and spiritual purity. The green stripe symbolizes nature, the new epoch and abundance in the countries where the majority of the population is Islamic. Besides that, this is a harmony with the progressive movement of Greenpeace, which protects nature. The red separating stripes symbolize the current of vital energy in any living body and also connect our pure and noble thoughts with the sky and the earth. The crescent of the new moon, along with its traditional historical symbolism, is at the same time a symbol of the birth of the republic’s independence. The symbolism of twelve stars is connected historically with the solar calendar year, which begins from Navruz and embodies the twelve principles laying in the foundation of state management.
The state emblem of the Republic of Uzbekistan
The state emblem of the Republic of Uzbekistan actually absorbs the centuries-old experiences of the Uzbek people. It reflects a blossoming valley and a shining sun. The right side of the valley is set off with wheat and to left with the cotton plant garland. The octagonal (eight-angled) star, symbolizing the unity of the Republic, crowns the state emblem. The Muslim symbols of the crescent and the star are placed inside the star. In the center of the emblem there is the legendary sacred bird Khumo. Khumo with its spread wings symbolizes magnanimity, nobility and devotion. These symbols reflect the long way of the Uzbek people towards peace, stability, happiness, wealth and prosperity. A little frame with inscription “Uzbekistan” is placed in the lower part of the state emblem.

The national anthem of The republic of Uzbekistan

Poem by Abdulla Oripov
Translation by Ibrohim Yuksel
My country, sunny and free, salvation to your people,
You are a warm- hearted companion to the friends
Flourish eternally with knowledge and inventions,
May your fame shine as long as the world exists!
These golden valleys- dear Uzbekistan,
Manly spirit of ancestors is companion to you!
When the great power of power became exuberant
You are the country that amazes the world!

Belief of generous Uzbek doesn’t die out ,

Free, young children are a strong wing for you!
The torch of Independence, guardian of peace,
Just motherland be eternally prosperous!

It is all! Thank you for your attention!

Teglar: Uzbekistan Republic emblem state adopted republic resolution na
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