Warm up: Directions



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Warm up:

Directions: There are many important elements that contribute to the development of an area. These elements are often unique to that region and are shaped as a result of the geography and people. You live in Greensburg. Describe Greensburg’s climate, transportation, economy, and society. (Bullet Points) Compare those factors with Alaska and Tokyo.


Greensburg, PA (USA)

Social

Climate



Economy



Housing



Transportation



Social

Tokyo, Japan

Climate



Economy



Housing



Transportation


  1. Describe how a particular factor (ex. Climate, Population, Religion etc.) impacts an aspect of society (ex. Housing, transportation, economy etc).

______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. How did the geography impact the way of life for the Homesteaders? EXPLAIN.

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  1. How might living in Tokyo, Japan be very different from living in Greensburg, PA? EXPLAIN.

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South

Transportation (Section 7)

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-

-

-

Society (Section 8)

-

-

-

-

-

-

Economy (Section 4)

-

-

-

-

-

Geography (Section 3)

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-

-

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Geography (Section 2)

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-

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North



Transportation (Section 6)



Society (Section 9)

Economy (Section 5)


Answer Key:
South

Geography



  • Mild winters and long, hot, humid summers

  • Fertile coastal plains with swamps and marshes

  • Rolling hills and mountain hollows

  • Thick pine forests in North Carolina broad, flat rivers

Economy

  • Agriculture

  • Agrarians favored a way of life based on farming and policies that supported agricultural interests

  • Most whites worked their own small farms.

  • Plantations used slaves to raise cash crops, especially cotton

  • With Eli Whitney’s cotton gin, cotton became the South’s most important crop

Transportation

  • River travel was the main form of transportation

  • Cities sprang up along waterways

  • Southerners opposed federal funding for internal improvements

  • In 1860, the South had 10,000 miles of rail

Society

  • Wealth was measured in terms of land and slaves

  • Rigid social structure with rich plantation owners at the top, white farmers and workers in the middle, and blacks at the bottom

  • Wealthy plantation owners dominated the economy and politics

  • Most white families worked their own fields

  • Free blacks worked as craftspeople, servants, and laborers

  • Most blacks in the South were slaves

North
Geography

  • Four distinct seasons

  • Jagged New England coast with rocky soil

  • Thick forests in New England

  • Plains with rich soil in New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey

  • Large, forested region in the Central Plains

  • Region is undergoing deforestation

Economy


  • Center of the Industrial Revolution, the shift from hand manufacturing to machines

  • The economy was spurred by industrialists, people who owned large factories and other businesses based on manufacturing

  • New inventions and manufacturing methods, like steam-powered engines, made goods cheaper and more plentiful

  • Industrialists favored a strong national government

Transportation



  • The National Road connected the new western states with the East

  • Steamboats made river travel faster and cheaper

  • The Erie Canal linked the Central Plains to East Coast cities

  • 20,000 miles of rail linked Northern factories to cities hundreds of miles away

Society


  • More Northerners were moving to towns and cities

  • Cities lacked sewers and paved streets

  • African Americans were free but not equal

  • Immigrants settled in cities.


Greensburg

  • Climate ---Four Seasons

  • Economy ---Small Businesses, Railroad, Mining, Courthouse

  • Housing—Suburban

  • Transportation –Amtrak, High Way, Arnold Palmer

  • Social –Small population, Various religious buildings/colleges, cultural centers


Tokyo, Japan

  • Climate –Four Season

  • Economy ---Fishing/ Technology

  • Housing / Apartments, condensed

  • Transportation---bullet train, bicycles

  • Tectonic Plates “Ring of Fire”---earthquakes, monsoons

  • Respect for elders, population 13 million, Shintoism


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