Verbs simple aspect Continuous(progressive) aspect Perfect and Perfect Continuous aspect

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  1. Simple aspect

  2. Continuous(progressive) aspect

  3. Perfect and Perfect Continuous aspect

  4. Tenses

  5. Passive Voice

  6. Modal auxiliaries

Key words: verb, aspect, tense, voice, mood, simple, continuous, progressive, perfect, perfect continuous.
The English verb system is largely periphrastic. Periphrasis is "a phrase of two or more words used to express a grammatical relationship that could otherwise be expressed by the inflection of a single word." All English verb forms except for the simple present and simple past are periphrastic.
Although some grammars identify anywhere between twelve and sixteen English tenses, the nineteen finite, or conjugated, verb forms in English express more than just tense. To be more precise, English has:

  • Two tenses: present and past.

  • Four aspects: simple, progressive, perfect, perfect-progressive.

  • Three moods: indicative, subjunctive, imperative.

  • Two voices: active and passive.

In this lesson we discuss aspects. Aspect is the expression of the temporal structure of an action or state. Aspect in English expresses ongoing actions or states with or without distinct end points. Aspect is information described by a verb that is not related just to tense and time. For example, aspect shows whether an action is unfinished or not. It can be compared to tense, which refers to the verb's past or present form, and time, which is whether the verb refers to past, present or future. English has four aspects: simple, progressive, perfect, and perfect-progressive.
Although not always identified, the simple aspect is the default aspect of the simple present and simple past tenses. The simple aspect expresses single actions, habits, and routines.

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