Two Types of Definites in Natural Language


Part-Whole Bridging Generalized



Download 1.05 Mb.
Pdf ko'rish
bet16/27
Sana30.10.2020
Hajmi1.05 Mb.
1   ...   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   ...   27

Part-Whole Bridging Generalized
The account of larger situation uses I present in this section assimilates them to
the phenomenon of part-whole bridging that we have already analyzed in chapter 4.
The general idea is that just as the crisper in (58) is seen as a unique part of the
refrigerator introduced in the first sentence, the mayor introduced in the nuclear scope
of (231) is understood as a unique part of the town he is mayor of.
(58)
Der
The

uhlschrank
fridge
war
was
so
so
groß,
big
dass
that
der
the

urbis
pumpkin
problemlos
without a problem
im
in-the
weak
/
/
#in
in
dem
the
strong
Gem¨
usefach
crisper
untergebracht
stowed
werden
be
konnte.
could
‘The fridge was so big that the pumpkin could easily be stowed in the crisper.’
(231)
An
At
jedem
every
Bahnhof,
train station
in
in
den
which
unser
our
Zug
train
einfuhr,
entered into
wurde
was
mir
I
ein
a
Brief
letter
vom
from-the
weak
/
/
#von
from
dem
the
strong

urgermeister
mayor
¨
uberreicht.
handed
‘At every train station that our train entered a letter from the mayor was
handed to me.’
The only difference is that in the case of (231), the part-relationship between the
town and the mayor is not directly present in the sentence, but rather is mediated
by another part of the town, namely the train station. The proposal developed here
integrates the part-relationship of both types of cases directly into the semantics by
assuming a relational meaning for the nouns standing for a part. In order to deal
212


with relational meanings in the semantic composition, type-shifters that reduce the
arity of a relational noun are introduced. In the situation semantic framework used
here, there are several possible formulations, which provides us with more than one
option for computing the meaning of a sentence with a relational noun. Importantly,
such type-shifters are independently needed for a compositional account of relational
nouns. The final implementation of one of these type-shifters is formulated in general
enough terms to cover both part-whole bridging and larger situation uses. Since
it ties the relevant effect directly to the relational nature of the relevant nouns, the
dependence of the covarying interpretations on the type of noun follows. Furthermore,
it only will be available for certain types of relational nouns, as it directly encodes a
Download 1.05 Mb.

Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:
1   ...   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   ...   27




Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan ©hozir.org 2020
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling

    Bosh sahifa
davlat universiteti
ta’lim vazirligi
O’zbekiston respublikasi
maxsus ta’lim
zbekiston respublikasi
axborot texnologiyalari
o’rta maxsus
davlat pedagogika
nomidagi toshkent
pedagogika instituti
guruh talabasi
texnologiyalari universiteti
toshkent axborot
xorazmiy nomidagi
navoiy nomidagi
samarqand davlat
haqida tushuncha
ta’limi vazirligi
toshkent davlat
nomidagi samarqand
rivojlantirish vazirligi
Darsning maqsadi
vazirligi toshkent
tashkil etish
Toshkent davlat
Alisher navoiy
Ўзбекистон республикаси
matematika fakulteti
kommunikatsiyalarini rivojlantirish
bilan ishlash
pedagogika universiteti
sinflar uchun
Nizomiy nomidagi
o’rta ta’lim
таълим вазирлиги
fanining predmeti
maxsus ta'lim
fanlar fakulteti
tibbiyot akademiyasi
ta'lim vazirligi
махсус таълим
umumiy o’rta
Referat mavzu
ishlab chiqarish
haqida umumiy
fizika matematika
Toshkent axborot
vazirligi muhammad
universiteti fizika
Fuqarolik jamiyati
Navoiy davlat