Topic: Decision making Objectives



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Topic: Decision making

Objectives:

  • To let students know about decision making principles

  • to let them be aware of the importance of a proper study place to enhance the study process

Time: 80 min

Activity 1| SMART goals presentation

Objective: to revise home assignment task

Time: 10 min.

Procedure: - Ask students the previous topic and their home assignment task. Divide sts into two groups A and B so that the number of sts in each team is equal. Put sts in pairs one student from Group A and one from Group B. Assign a task to Group A students to present their SMART goals which they have done at home and to Group B students to check whether their goals meet SMART criteria. Monitor the process and give feedback.

Make transition to the present class topic by stating that as soon as you have set your SMART goal, it’s necessary to make strong decisions.
Activity 2| Exploring the concept

Objective: to enable students to understand the concept of decision making

Time: 30 min.

Materials: power point presentation, board, markers

Procedure:

Ask sts to share their opinions on what does decision making stand for, and how do they make decisions. Listen to sts’ answers and give comments if necessary. Tell them that they are going to listen to mini-lecture which helps them to clearly define the term decision making. Open power point presentation and start lecturing clarifying specific features of the process of decision making. Ask sts to take notes on lecture because later on they’ll have a special task based on their notes. Speak about the following points while lecturing:

Write the following key terms on the board and explain the meaning of the terms before lecturing: evaluation, implementation, approach, orientation, conflict, emergence, reinforcement, prioritization, flipism, divination, constructive environment.


  1. Explanation of the term “Decision making”

  2. A systematic approach of “Decision making”

  3. Stages of “Decision making”

  4. Everyday decision making techniques

  5. Six steps to making an effective decision

Divide sts into three big groups. Ask sts to look through their notes quickly and to put their notes face down. Tell them that now they have to answer a series of questions based on the lecture. The groups should answer the questions in turns. In case the group gives the wrong answer the other group may take a turn and get the score. The group with the highest score is a winner. You may ask the following questions or create any other questions:

  • What does decision making process involve?

  • How many stages of decision making do you know?

  • Give a brief explanation of each stage and tell the names of the stages.

  • What are the techniques of every day decision making process?

  • What are the six steps of effective decision making?

  • What does flipism mean?


Activity 3| Principles of decision making

Objective: to enable students to understand the principles of decision making

Time: 15 min.

Materials: board, markers, slips of paper with principles and definitions.

Procedure:

Stick cut slips with principles and definitions on the board in random. Explain to sts that there are some principles one should follow while making decision. Only by following the principles one can make a wise decision and reach the goal. Ask sts to match the principles to their definitions. Call out any volunteers to match. After they have done the task, check and give comments if necessary.



Answer key:

Never risk more than you can afford to give. - It means do not take any risk you don’t feel you are capable of overcoming and fulfilling

Never risk more than you have.- It means you are limited in resources and you cannot risk more of them than you possess.

Never risk more than you can get in return.- It suggests that you view each decision in terms of what it will produce for you. Take a risk when only you can expect to profit from it.

Follow your intuition.- It asserts that you should feel good about your decision.
Activity 4| Poster presentation

Objective: to enable sts to reflect on the covered topic

Time: 20 min.

Materials: board, markers, posters.

Procedure:

Divide sts into three groups. Distribute posters and markers. Ask them to reflect or summarize on what has been covered, recall important points, add their views, and use their imagination and creativity to create a poster presentation. Give time to create a poster and announce time to present. Listen to groups’ presentations and give comments.


Summary: 5 min.

Summarize the class by stating the following points:



  • making a decision is essential in human being’s life

  • this process is the main part of the management process

  • a logical and systematic decision-making process helps you address the critical elements that result in a good decision


Handout 1. Principles of decision making

Never risk more than you can afford to give. - It means do not take any risk you don’t feel you are capable of overcoming and fulfilling

Never risk more than you have.- It means you are limited in resources and you cannot risk more of them than you possess.

Never risk more than you can get in return.- It suggests that you view each decision in terms of what it will produce for you. Take a risk when only you can expect to profit from it.

Follow your intuition.- It asserts that you should feel good about your decision.
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