Topic 1: Increasing travels between countries enable people to learn different cultures or to increase tension between people from different countries



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In the light of these facts, one can conclude that tourism is neither a boon nor a bane to cultural preservation. While its endeavour to protect an indigenous culture should be recognised, it has put the integrity of a culture at risk.

  1. unarguably = unquestionably = indisputably = undeniably

  2. destination = site = place

  3. maintenance = preservation = upholding = protection

  4. indigenous = original = aboriginal

  5. fame = reputation = recognition = eminence

  6. at the expense of = at the cost of

  7. entertain = amuse = keep somebody amused

  8. insult = offence

  9. commonplace = ordinary

  10. in the light of = in view of = considering = taking into account

  11. endeavour = effort = attempt

  12. integrity = entirely = unity

  13. put at risk = endanger = jeopardise

Topic 5: Some people argue that immigrants should adopt the local culture when immigrating to a new country. An alternative view is that they can adapt to a new environment by establishing a minority community. Discuss these two views and give your opinion.

The world in the 21st century is marked by high population mobility. When an increasing number of people have chosen to leave their motherlands and resettle in a new country, they are at crossroads whether to blend in with the local culture or to cherish their own cultural heritages by establishing a minority community. In my opinion, the convergence of different cultures does not require one culture to yield to another. Instead, it can be achieved by building minority communities.

Most immigrants, at the first stage of their life in a new country, are faced with merging into the new culture and integrating into the new society. Accepting the local culture by observing the local traditions is a good starting point. Doing so enables immigrants to interact with locals, especially in the workplace, where locals predominantly work. For example, in Western culture, people customarily keep a certain distance from each other when having a conversation, whereas in some other cultures, the closeness of physical distance is taken as a sign of mutual trust. Examples of this kind are many. A migrant to a new country should recognise the differences and observe local conventions. It will help avoid embarrassment and bring a sense of comfort.

While adopting local customs and blending into the local culture, migrants can follow their individual cultural traditions. The coexistence of different minority communities in a country benefits both immigrants and locals. On the one hand, it enables immigrants to counteract the stress that results from culture shock and to increase confidence in their residence in a new country. On the other, the flourishing of different cultures contributes to the establishment of a multi-cultural environment, a prerequisite for attracting skilled workforce from all over the world to settle.

By comparing the immigration options above, one can conclude that immigrants can adopt local conventions and cherish their own cultures simultaneously. This allows both locals and immigrants to co-build a harmonious multi-cultural community.


  1. motherland = native country

  2. resettle = relocate

  3. convergence = union = junction = meeting

  4. merge into = blend into = integrate into

  5. starting point = basis

  6. customarily = routinely = habitually = regularly = usually

  7. closeness = nearness = proximity

  8. counteract = offset = neutralise = counter

  9. flourishing = blooming = budding

  10. prerequisite = requirement = condition = must = precondition


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