Theme: Tourism in Uzbekistan Grammar: Revision of grammar rules Objectives: to develop students’ communication and reading skills. By the end of the lesson students will



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Theme: Tourism in Uzbekistan

Grammar: Revision of grammar rules
Objectives: to develop students’ communication and reading skills. By the end of the lesson students will:

  • be able to speak about Tourism in Uzbekistan

  • be able to give information about previous grammar and use them in sentences

Materials: handouts, slide-projector, board, chalk.

Discussion questions.


  • What is tourism?

  • Do you have any information about tourism of Uzbekistan?

  • How do you value touristic potential of Uzbekistan?


Task 1.Vocabulary: Translate the given words into your mother tongue or give definition




New words

Translation / definition

1

Potential




2

to expand




3

Civilization




4

Spiritual life




5

Natural treasure




6

Decade




7

Oriental charm




8

to erect




9

to boggle




10

Craftsmen




11

Attractive




12

Reserve




13

Unforgettable




14

Recreational




15

Destination




Task 2: Retell the meaning of the text by paraphrasing

Tourism in Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan is a country with potential for an expanded tourism industry. Many of its Central Asian cities were main points of trade on the Silk Road, linking Eastern and Western civilizations. Today the museums of Uzbekistan store over two million artifacts, evidence of the unique historical, cultural and spiritual life of the Central Asian peoples that have lived in the region. Uzbekistan attracts tourists with its historical, archeological, architectural and natural treasures.



Uzbekistan tourism offers various types of tourist product for the most demanding taste: historical and cultural tourism, ethnic tourism, health tourism and MICE-Industry.

Historical and cultural tourism. A classic direction which has been tested for decades and which the guests of Uzbekistan got to like. The turquoise domes of madrasah, majolica of the mausoleums shining over the ages and finicking brickwork of Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva minarets are famous for their amazing attention-getting capacity and oriental charm. They justly range among the monuments of ancient India, China and Egypt. The unique decoration, composition and engineering solutions of ancient masters who erected these monumental structures boggle the imagination even of modern experts. All the travelers become much richer after a trip, because they take forever with them … thousands of digital images of hundreds architectural gems of Uzbekistan.

Ethnic tourism. Modern hotels, restaurants, cinema theaters are often hard to distinguish one from another. Waking up in a hotel room you will not be able to understand at once: is it Canberra or Bern? Quite a different story, if you fall asleep under a shanyrak – a round grid in the dome of nomadic yurt– in the great spaces of steppes after supper smelling with smoke, under the stars sized of a peach. That is why more and more our guests take the opportunity to spend several nights in family guest houses and live in a yurt. The yurt interior design has not undergone much transformation from the time when it was described by Herodotus two and a half thousand years ago. The yurt gives coolness in heat and warm, in cold. Ethnic tourism provides an opportunity to experience the everyday life; culture and world view of the Uzbeks, watch a working process of the local craftsmen, and participate in cooking process of national food. The quintessence of the Uzbek ethnos is various ethnographic and culinary festivals, arts and crafts fairs held from spring to autumn and bringing together dozens of thousands people from all over the world, wishing to get familiar with cultural diversity of the Uzbek people.

Adventure tourism. Among modern tourists there are a considerable part of people who thinks it dull just to follow a guide from monument to monument. For such tourists, Uzbekistan has many attractive offers and interesting sites: Chimgan Mountains and Charvak Reservoir, located as near as 80 km from Tashkent, Nurata Mountains, the Kyzylkum desert, Lake Aydarkul, and certainly, the Aral Sea together with the Ustyurt plateau. For lovers of active style of life it is quite a tourist paradise here: mountain hiking, rafting on rapid mountain rivers, fishing and hunting, and in winter time, ski mountaineering and for the most valiant, Heli Ski tours.

Ecological tourism. Do you know that on the planet, there are only few cities with population of two-three millions and stars visible at night? Tashkent ranks among such cities with the clear sky. This is due to the switching of a considerable part of motor transport to gas and the vicinity of mountains. Not to put too fine a point on it, located just an hour’s drive from the mountains, Tashkent has water from mountain rivers, rising in the glaciers, running from the faucets. Small wonder that many tourist routes in Uzbekistan pass near reserves and national parks with preserved primeval nature, inhabited with wild animals and birds, entered in the Red Book of Uzbekistan: bears, leopards, snow leopards, Persian gazelles, markhoors and argalis, pheasants and golden eagles.

Health tourism. Curative tours to Uzbek mountain-climatic health resorts located in picturesque sites are becoming more and more popular. One of them - a health resort in the territory of the Zamin Reserve is found at the height of 2,000 m above sea level. A unique health resort in the very entrails of the Khujaikon salt cave is functioning in the ridge of Kugitantau, Surkhandarya region. Uzbekistan offers a whole range of climatic and balneal health resorts with thermal, chloride-hydrocarbonate-sodiun water both for drinking treatment, and therapy tank and showers. Sulphated mud, brought from Lake Balykly, Jizak region, is also successfully used for treatment.

MICE-industry. A successful combination of the developed modern infrastructure and availability of objects attractive for tourism made Uzbekistan, Tashkent and Samarkand, in particular, favorite places to host international and regional events of interstate, transnational and sporting organizations. Nowadays Uzbekistan actively develops the МICE-industry (MICE - meeting, incentive, conference, events), which already became an integral part of tourism in modern world. Many companies and enterprises more and more often use these services to hold corporate events. They may be incentive tours, corporate holiday, meeting, conference, business lunch, unforgettable excursions or recreational night programs in lovely corners all over Uzbekistan.

Main tourist destinations in Uzbekistan are Samarkand, Bukhara, Khiva, which preserved many historical places of interest, are located successively from the East to the West along the Great Silk Road.1



Task 3: Multiple Choice Questions. Chose the correct answer.

Tourism does NOT include:

a. Travel for pleasure.

b. Travel for culture.

c. Travel for business negotiations.
Which is correct?

a. Tourism today is more organized.

b. Tourism today is less organized.

c. In the past, people travelled more.


Which is correct?

a. A few countries depend on tourism.

b. A lot of countries depend on tourism.

c. National economies don't depend on tourism.


What is a package holiday?

a. Travel and accommodation.

b. Travel only.

c. A special offer.


Which is correct?

a. Mass tourism no longer exists.

b. There are now many types of tourism.

c. Tourists always prefer crowded holiday resorts.



Now read the text and check your answers:

The words tourist and tourism are quite modern, but tourism is much older. People have always travelled to distant parts of the world in order to see great buildings or works of art, to learn new languages, or simply for pleasure. Nowadays, however, organised tourism is an enormous industry all over the world, and many national economies depend on it. In the past tourism meant travelling to foreign countries, but now it also includes travelling within your own country. The last century saw the growth of mass tourism, with package tours to holiday resorts in the sun. In recent years tourists have begun to look for alternatives to crowded resorts, and other forms of tourism have developed.



Grammar: Revision of grammar rules

Task 1. Fill the blanks with appropriate form of the verb.

1. The boy (to refuse )______to admit that he (to break)__________the window. So he (to send)________home to bring his parents to school.2. Look, it (to get) __________late. I (to miss)____________the ten o'clock train if I (not to hurry)_______________Jack said he (to come)_______________to pick me up. I don't know why he (not to appear) _________________ yet. Perhaps he (to get)_____________ into the traffic jam.3. Yesterday Tom and Janice (to go )______to the zoo. They had an adventure there. While they (to walk)______________by the giraffe, it (to begin)________to chew Janice's hat.



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