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SO‘Z TURKUMLARI
To‘ðlam va tasnif .......................................................................................... 33
So‘z turkumlari ............................................................................................ 35
Fe’l ................................................................................................................ 37
Harakat va holat fe’llari ............................................................................... 38
O‘timli va o‘timsiz fe’llar ............................................................................ 40
Fe’l nisbatlari ............................................................................................... 41
Aniq nisbat ................................................................................................... 43
O‘zlik nisbati ................................................................................................ 44
Majhul nisbat ............................................................................................... 45
Orttirma nisbat ............................................................................................. 47
Orttirma nisbat qo‘shimñhalarining ishlatilishi ......................................... 48
Birgalik nisbati ............................................................................................. 50
Mustahkamlash ............................................................................................. 51
Fe’llarning vazifa shakllari ........................................................................... 53


204
Harakat nomi ............................................................................................... 54
Harakat nomining yasalishi ........................................................................ 55
Sifatdosh ....................................................................................................... 57
Sifatdoshlarning zamon shakllari. O‘tgan zamon sifatdoshi .................... 58
Hozirgi va kelasi zamon sifatdoshlari ........................................................ 60
Sifatdoshning bo‘lishli va bo‘lishsiz shakllari ............................................. 62
Ravishdosh ................................................................................................... 63
Ravishdoshlarning ma’no turlari ................................................................ 64
Ravishdosh yasovñhi qo‘shimñhalar talaffuzi va imlosi .......................... 66
Mustahkamlash ............................................................................................. 68
Ko‘makñhi fe’llar ......................................................................................... 69
Ko‘makñhi fe’lning ma’nolari .................................................................... 71
Fe’llarning yasalishi ..................................................................................... 74
Ayrim fe’l yasovñhi qo‘shimñhalar imlosi. .............................................. 76
Fe’llarning tuzilishiga ko‘ra turlari. Sodda fe’llar ........................................ 78
Qo‘shma fe’llar ............................................................................................. 79
Juft fe’llar ..................................................................................................... 81
Mustahkamlash ............................................................................................. 82
Fe’lning ma’noviy guruhlari ....................................................................... 83
Fe’llarning munosabat shakllari .................................................................. 85
Fe’llarning zamon shakllari ......................................................................... 86
O‘tgan zamon shakllari ............................................................................... 87
O‘tgan zamon shakllarining yasalishi ........................................................ 89
O‘tgan zamon shakllarida to‘liqsiz fe’lning ishlatilishi ............................. 90
Hozirgi zamon shakllari ............................................................................. 91
Hozirgi zamon shakllarining talaffuzi va imlosi ....................................... 92
Kelasi zamon shakllari ................................................................................ 93
Mayl shakllari ............................................................................................... 95
Xabar mayli ................................................................................................. 96
Buyruq-istak mayli ....................................................................................... 97
II shaxs buyruq-istak mayli qo‘shimñhalarining
 qo‘llanishi va ma’nolari ...................................................................... 99
Mustahkamlash ........................................................................................... 100
Shart mayli ................................................................................................. 101
Shaxs-son shakllari .................................................................................... 103
Ot ................................................................................................................ 104
Otlarning tuzilishiga ko‘ra turlari. Sodda ot ............................................... 106
Qo‘shma otlar imlosi ................................................................................ 107
Juft va takroriy otlar imlosi ..................................................................... 108
Atoqli otlarning turlari va imlosi. ............................................................. 110
Joy nomlari va ularning imlosi ................................................................. 111
Tashkilot, korxona, muassasa nomlari .................................................... 113
Tarixiy sana va bayram nomlari ................................................................ 115
Suv havzalari va inshootlari nomlari ....................................................... 116
Turdosh otlar ............................................................................................. 118
Shaxs otlari ................................................................................................ 120


205
Shaxs oti yasovñhi qo‘shimñhalar va ularning imlosi ........................... 121
Narsa otlari ................................................................................................. 123
Narsa otlarini yasovñhi qo‘shimñhalar va ularning imlosi ..................... 124
O‘rin-joy otlari ........................................................................................... 125
Faoliyat-jarayon otlari ............................................................................... 126
Aniq va mavhum otlar ............................................................................... 128
Mavhum ot yasovñhi qo‘shimñhalar va ularning imlosi ....................... 129
Otlarning lug‘aviy shakllari. Son shakllari ................................................ 130
Otlarning kiñhraytirish va erkalash shakllari ........................................... 131
Mustahkamlash ........................................................................................... 132
Sifat ............................................................................................................. 133
Sifatlarning yasalishi .................................................................................. 134
Sifat yasovñhi qo‘shimñhalar va ularning imlosi .................................... 136
Sifatlarning tuzilishiga ko‘ra turlari. Sodda sifat ........................................ 139
Qo‘shma sifat .............................................................................................. 140
Juft sifatlar va ularning imlosi ................................................................. 141
Takroriy sifatlar va ularning imlosi ......................................................... 142
Asliy va nisbiy sifatlar ................................................................................ 144
Sifat darajalari ............................................................................................ 145
Sifatlarning oddiy daraja shakli ................................................................. 147
Sifatlarning orttirma daraja shakli ............................................................. 148
Sifatlarning qiyosiy daraja shakli .............................................................. 150
Sifatlarning ozaytirma shakli ..................................................................... 151
Sifatlarning ma’no guruhlari .................................................................... 152
Xususiyat, hajm-o‘lchov, makon-zamon sifatlari .................................. 154
Rang-tus, maza-ta’m va hid sifatlari ....................................................... 156
Sifatlarning otlashuvi ................................................................................. 157
Mustahkamlash ........................................................................................... 158
Son .............................................................................................................. 159
Sonlarning ma’no guruhlari ...................................................................... 161
Sanoq son .................................................................................................. 163
Dona son, uning yasalishi ......................................................................... 164
Chama son, uning yasalishi ...................................................................... 165
Jamlovñhi son, uning yasalishi ................................................................ 167
Taqsim son, uning yasalishi .................................................................... 168
Kasr sonlar. Ularning yasalishi va imlosi ................................................ 170
Hisob so‘zlari ............................................................................................. 171
Tartib sonlar ............................................................................................... 173
Mustahkamlash ........................................................................................... 174
Ravish ......................................................................................................... 176
Ravishlarning yasalishi. Tub va yasama ravishlar ...................................... 178
Ravish yasovñhi qo‘shimñhalar ................................................................ 179
Ravishlarning ma’no turlari ...................................................................... 180
Holat ravishlari .......................................................................................... 182
Payt ravishlari ............................................................................................ 183
O‘rin ravishlari .......................................................................................... 185


206
Miqdor-daraja ravishlari ............................................................................ 186
Fe’l bo‘yiñha o‘tilganlarni takrorlash ........................................................ 187
Ot bo‘yiñha o‘tilganlarni takrorlash .......................................................... 189
Sifat, son, ravish bo‘yicha o‘tilganlarni takrorlash ................................ 190
Ish qog‘ozlari ............................................................................................. 192
Testlardan namunalar ............................................................................... 195
Asosiy atamalar lug‘ati ............................................................................. 199


207

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