Resettlement policy framework and specific resettlement action plan


Farmers’ awareness about the Project, readiness to participate, and suggestions about the future land acquisition process



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4.5Farmers’ awareness about the Project, readiness to participate, and suggestions about the future land acquisition process


The consultations with farmers and with authorities in the Project districts during the RF preparation clearly confirm that in autumn 2008 a total of 43 farmers were informed about the plans of the construction of IDs and the implications this would have on temporary and permanent land acquisition. Thus, the affected farmers had a solid understanding of land acquisition implications of the Project. At that time, the Ferghanagiprovodkhoz institute representatives pegged out the routes of the IDs. Since then, however, the State program to consolidate farms reduced the number of affected farmers from 43 to 37. Thus, it is possible that all 43 leasehold farmers continue their cultivation efforts until the present, but only 37 are recognized as legal entities, and the remaining farmers operate under the management of those 37 farms.

Because of the farm consolidation process, at the time of the 2009 Land Acquisition and Resettlement Survey, 8 new farmers (21.6 percent of all affected) were not informed of the implications of Project activities by officials, but knew about the issues based on information they received from neighbors, other farmers, and WUAs. Since then, all affected leasehold farmers have been informed; indeed, all 37 farmers participated in the 3 focus group discussions (FGDs) held in the 3 Project districts, and their households were visited during the systematic surveys.

However, farmers were not provided with written documentation because the exact routes of IDs will have to be confirmed by the Contractors yet to be chosen.

Every effort was made by technicians to prevent adverse impacts on settlements and other permanent structures, including the existing on- farm structures. It was agreed with farmers that the routes of IDs will be close to the existing roads. Similarly, effort was made to avoid works in orchards so as to align the ID routes away from fruit gardens.

During the survey most of farmers (73 percent) stated that there was no need for them to get replacement land for the land they may permanently lose to IDs. Instead, they preferred to be compensated for standing crops and revenue losses. In addition, farmers wanted re-adjustments made to the State order so as to reflect loss of land.

The fruit farmers wanted to be compensated for the losses of income for all the years of expected productive life of trees.



About a third (32 percent) of surveyed farmers does not expect significant losses or disadvantages from the construction activities of the Project. The negative effects that the remaining 68 percent expect from the IDs construction are summarized in the table 12.

Table 12. Negative consequences expected by farmers from the construction of IDs





N

%

There will not be any negative consequences for my family from the construction of drainage systems

12

32

Income of my family will decrease

22

60

One or several family members will lose permanent job

4

11

Communications (roads, water flumes) may be damaged

4

11

Production on the plot will become unprofitable: the plot will be too small and there will be no point in dealing with it

3

8

Construction works will impede sowing/collection of harvest

3

8

Quality of soil may deteriorate during the construction (diesel fuel, construction waste, damage to structure and layout of land by heavy machines, et

3

8

Expenditures for fruits and vegetables, which we have earlier gotten from the leasehold farm plot, will increase

2

5

Poplars and other trees, which we planted along the road/canal and were going to use for own needs (construction, timber, heating, etc.) will be destr

1

3

Outhouses may be damaged

1

3

We will have to buy guza-paya for heating of housing

1

3

We will lose a business: processing of leasehold farm products

0

0

We will be involved in unpaid work or give money for construction and food for workers

0

0

Source: 2009 SA survey

The farmers themselves and the members of their families are ready to participate in the construction works, if their help needed.


Figure 7. Readiness of farmers and family members to participate in paid construction work, if opportunity/necessity is present

Source: 2009 SA survey


The vast majority of the farmers are very interested in receiving information about the future works and all the aspects of the future land acquisition. During the FGDs, most of them insisteding on being provided with written official information about the forthcoming land acquisition, mechanisms of compensation, and grievance procedures. The requests were summarized during the census and presented in the Table 13 below.

Table 13. Farmer’s requests for assistance/information in connection with the possible beginning of construction of IDs.

Full information about work plans, date of beginning and duration

Information about the size and the location of the expropriated land plot

Information about the procedure of land expropriation

Information about the procedure of getting compensation

Information about possibilities and mechanisms of complaining against decisions of authorities

Information about rights of leasehold farmers in cases of land expropriation

Requested for the assistance of a lawyer

31

31

29

25

20

18

14

84%

84%

78%

68%

54%

49%

38%

Source: 2009 SA survey




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