Resettlement policy framework and specific resettlement action plan



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18Costs and budget


The Project will involve temporary and permanent acquisition of land for construction of IDs and SHDs. Besides, construction of new SHDs will require restriction of rights of agricultural producers because it is not recommended to sow crops on the plots within one year after installation of SHD. It is expected to install IDs on the plots, occupied both by annual and permanent crops, which SHD will be laid only on the plots under annual crops.

Compensation of losses to legitimate land users for loss of agricultural income will be implemented through a bank transfer. Expenses related to recovery of the land plot in areas of excavation will be included in construction expenses.

All calculations are based on information on agricultural crops and market prices that are prevalent in Project raions. Construction of various facilities will last over five years, and the market price for agricultural produce (as well as crop structure) may change during this period. Therefore, compensation expenses will be adjusted according to updated information on land distribution and productivity that has been achieved on affected farms during a period of three years after the start of construction works.

It is expected that on every farm plot, where construction works are to take place, temporary and permanent land acquisition will last no longer than one agricultural season. Thus, compensation for the loss of harvest from annual crops shall be calculated based on gross income for one year. Precise terms of permanent and temporary acquisition of agricultural lands will be known only upon development of project documentation. For the purpose of preliminary calculations, we established average annual income from 1 ha for each crop, weighted on the basis of crop structure.



Construction of IDs will require acquisition of about 70 ha of agricultural land, currently occupied by annual crops, including 42 ha to be permanently acquired. The total amount of compensation for this stage of construction is (in current prices) 9.5 million UZS, or 68 thousand USD (under current exchange rate16). If construction is to be extended to the following agricultural season, additional compensations for lost income will be required in amount of 6 million UZS or about 4 thousand USD (see Table 19).

Table 19. Calculation of compensations for acquisition of lands under annual crops in 37 farms, for the purposes of ID construction

 

Average weighted structure of land use for annual crops (taking into account trees)

Temporary acquisition, ha

Permanent acquisition, ha

Annual income (‘000 UZS per ha)

Net income per 1 ha, 2008, ‘000 UZS

Compensation for 1 year, per 1 ha of crops, ‘000 UZS

Total amount of compensation for 1 year for all farms, ‘000 UZS

Amount of compensations to be paid if construction is extended into the second agricultural season, ‘000 UZS

 




1

2

3

4

5

6

7

Formula
















(3)

(5) * (1)

(4) *((1)-(2))

Total, Ha




69.8

42.24
















Cotton

43.0%

30.0

18.2

895.5

215.5

895

26,872.5

2,553.5

Wheat

34.4%

24.0

14.5

1,326.4

172.9

1,326

31,845.5

1,639.1

Corn

0.7%

0.5

0.3

948.7

116.0

949

480.8

23.2

Rice

0.1%

0.1

0.0

7,000.0

1,500.0

7,000

572.2

48.4

Vegetables

1.4%

1.0

0.6

11,721.4

630.0

11,721

11,757.0

84.0

Melon, water-melon

0.5%

0.4

0.2

11,722.7

592.8

11,723

4,216.5

89.5

Bean crops

0.1%

0.1

0.1

1,643.3

516.0

1,643

158.5

22.6

Fodder crops / corn for silo, hay, lucerne

10.7%

7.5

4.5

2,576.6

2,414.7

2,577

19,314.5

1,527.3

Occupied by orchards

8.9%

6.2

3.8











































Total amount of compensation for all farms, ‘000 UZS



















95,218

5,987.4

Total amount of compensation for all farms, ‘000 USD



















68.0

4.3

Note: Compensation shall be done for 1 year; lands permanently acquired will be removed from the agricultural lands cadastre on the second year

Annual crops occupy 63.3 ha out of 69.8 ha. Damages, related to loss of fruit trees on the remaining 6.2 ha, shall be compensated separately.



Table 20. Calculation of compensations for acquisition of 200 ha of lands under annual crops, for the purposes of installation of 100 km long SHD

 

Average weighted structure of land use for annual crops

(without permanent crops)



Temporary acquisition, ha

Permanent acquisition, ha

Annual income (‘000 UZS per ha)

Net income per 1 ha, 2008, ‘000 UZS

Compensation for 1 year, per 1 ha of crops, ‘000 UZS

Total amount of compensation for 1 year for all farms, ‘000 UZS

Amount of compensation for lost income owing to restriction of land users’ rights within one year after SHD installation, ‘000 UZS

Total

 




1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Formula
















(3)

(5) * (1)

(4) *((1)-(2))

(6)+(7)

Total, Ha




200

0



















Cotton

47.2%

94.4

0.0

895.5

215.5

895

84,554.3

20,348.5

104,902.8

Wheat

37.8%

75.5

0.0

1,326.4

172.9

1,326

100,202.0

13,061.7

113,263.8

Corn

0.8%

1.6

0.0

948.7

116.0

949

1,512.9

185.0

1,697.9

Rice

0.1%

0.3

0.0

7,000.0

1,500.0

7,000

1,800.5

385.8

2,186.4

Vegetables

1.6%

3.2

0.0

11,721.4

630.0

11,721

36,993.5

669.1

37,662.6

Melon, water-melon

0.6%

1.1

0.0

11,722.7

592.8

11,723

13,267.2

713.0

13,980.3

Bean crops

0.2%

0.3

0.0

1,643.3

516.0

1,643

498.8

179.9

678.7

Fodder crops / corn for silo, hay, lucerne

11.8%

23.6

0.0

2,576.6

2,414.7

2,577

60,773.0

12,170.8

72,943.8































Total amount of compensation for all farms, ‘000 UZS

 

 

 

 

 

 

299,602

47,714.0

347,316

Total amount of compensation for all farms, ‘000 USD

 

 

 

 

 

 

214

34

248

The construction of SHDs will require temporary acquisition (for one agricultural season) of 200 ha of land being occupied by annual crops. At this stage of construction works, amount of compensations for lost income will be almost 300 million UZS, or 214 thousand USD. Additional compensation will have to be paid for restriction of land users’ rights within 1 year after the construction, in the amount of 47 million UZS, or 34 thousand USD. Therefore, total compensation for SHD construction will be 347.3 million UZS, or 248 thousand USD (Table 20).

The largest share of compensation will be for damages to gardener farmers. SHD construction will not affect plots of these farmers. However, according to Ferghanagiprovodhoz Institute, there are 3,800 trees growing within the territory to be acquired for ID construction. Mostly these are willows and poplars, which local population grows for construction materials. In rural areas, poplar trees do not have commercial value and are grown for the families’ own needs and use. Legislation does not envisage compensation for cutting these trees because they are often located on reserved sanitary zones and are therefore illegal, and their owners may be brought to administrative sanctions. During consultations and discussions that took place within the framework of survey, however participants found a compromise solution: people residing in the Project area will be informed in a timely manner about the scheduled dates of construction works, so that owners of the poplars could remove them in time and use for own needs. At the same time, local authorities agreed not to impose administrative sanctions.

There are various fruit trees growing on the plots, which will be affected by ID construction works. According to information provided by Ferghanagiprovodhoz Institute, 1,277 fruit trees are located in the acquisition territory, including 1,136 apricot trees and 141 mulberry trees. In Altyarik raion there are both apricot and mulberry trees, in Rishtan raion – only apricots, and in Bagdad raion fruit trees are not within the acquisition area (Table 21). Mulberry trees are planted not for berries, but mainly for growing silkworm cocoons, which does not bring any significant income to farmers, as compared to apricot trees.


Table 21. Calculation of amount of trees on the routes of interceptor drains

Collector name

Trees type

Left side of ID

Right side of ID

Total
number of trees

Of them
orchards

Trees
diameter

Number
of trees

Trees
diameter

Number
of trees

Baghdad raion

B-1

No

 

0

 

0

0

0

B-2

Poplar/willow

0.2-0.3

242

0.2-0.3

47

289

0

B-3

Poplar/willow

0.2-0.3

177

0.2-0.3

108

285

0

B-4

Poplar/willow

0.2-0.3

327

0.2-0.3

77

404

0

B-5

Poplar/willow

0.2-0.3

31

0.2-0.3

24

55

0

B-6

Poplar/willow

0.2-0.3

23

0.2-0.3

29

52

0

B-7

Poplar/willow

0.2-0.3

161

0.2-0.3

88

249

0

B-8

Poplar/willow

0.2-0.3

29

0.2-0.3

38

67

0

B-9

Poplar/willow

0.2-0.3

57

0.2-0.3

31

88

0

B-10

Poplar/willow

0.2-0.3

20

0.2-0.3

44

64

0

B-11

Poplar/willow

0.2-0.3

27

0.2-0.3

69

96

0

B-12

Poplar/willow

0.2-0.3

37

0.2-0.3

149

186

0

B-13

No

 

0

 

168

168

0

Altyarik raion

A-1

No

 

0

 

0

0

0

A-2

Apricot

0.2-0.3

205

0.2-0.3

433

638

638

A-3

Mulberry

0.2-0.3

73

0.2-0.3

68

141

0

A-4

No

 

0

0.2-0.3

0

0

0

A-5

No

 

0

0.2-0.3

0

0

0

A-5-1

No

 

0

 

0

0

0

A-6

Poplar/willow

0.2-0.3

137

0.2-0.3

243

380

0

Rishtan raion

P-1

Apricot

0.2-0.3

129

0.2-0.3

145

274

274

P-2

Apricot

0.2-0.3

168

0.2-0.3

197

365

365

























Total for 3 raions

3,801

1,277

Source: Explanation letter to research. Report of the Ferghanagiprovodhoz Institute on calculation of trees within the area to be acquired for construction of interceptor drains. September 2008. Prepared by R. Isakov

Estimates of compensations for losses incurred by gardeners by construction of interceptor drains, are shown in Table 22. Compensations for temporary land acquisition will be about 89 million UZS (including 88.7 million UZS for apricot trees), and those for permanent land acquisition with provision of equal quality replacement plots will be 212.4 million UZS (including 211.5 million UZS for apricot trees). Most expensive option is compensation of damages for fruit trees without allocation of replacement plots, about 700 million UZS, including 687 million UZS for apricot trees.



If replacement plots are provided, compensations will amount to 301 million UZS, or 215 thousand USD. If local authorities cannot provide replacement land to gardener farmers, compensations will go up to 785 million UZS, or 560.5 thousand USD.

Table 22. Estimates of compensations for loss of fruit and mulberry trees during ID construction

 




Formula

Apricot

Mulberry (leaves)

Number of trees within ID construction area *

1




1,277

141

including on lands to be permanently acquired

2




900

113

including on lands to be temporarily acquired

3




377

28

Productivity life of trees, years

4




30

80

Average cost of 2-year-old plant, UZS

5




1,800

2,000

Expenses for growing new tree (plant+transportation and planting expenses), UZS

6




2,700

3,000

Expenses related to cultivation of the tree and picking harvest, UZS per year

7




7,950

400

Average age of trees, years

8




16.8

18.8

Average annual production from 1 tree, kg

9




45

30

Average market price, UZS/kg, 2008

10




800

40

Annual income from 1 tree, ‘000 UZS

11




36.0

1.2

Net income from 1 tree, ‘000 UZS

12

(8)-(4)

28.1

0.8

Non-productive period, years

13




7

5

Remaining productive period, years

14

(4)-(8)+(13)

20.2

66.2

Option A. Estimates of compensations for permanent acquisition of land without allocation of replacement plot, ‘000 UZS

15

(18)+(19)

686,697.9

9,089.4

Compensation for 1 tree until the end of productive life, ‘000 UZS

16

(8)*(12)

471.2

15.0

Number of trees to be cut, pcs

17

(2)

900

113

Compensation of lost income for 1 year, ‘000 UZS

18

(2) * (11)

32,391

135

Compensation of lost income until the end of productive life, ‘000 UZS

19

(2)*(12)*(14)

654,306.5

8,954.1

Option B. Estimates of compensations, if equal quality replacement plot is provided, ‘000 UZS

20

(21)+(22)+(23)

211,488.9

924.3

Compensation of lost income for 1 year, ‘000 UZS

21

(2) * (11)

32,391

135

Compensation of lost income until the end of non-productive period of new trees, planted after return of lands, ‘000 UZS

22

(2)*(12)*(13)

176,668.2

450.9

Expenses for growing new trees, ‘000 UZS

23

(6)/1,000*(2)

2,429.4

338.1

Mandatory component. Calculation of expenses for temporary acquisition of land, ‘000 UZS

24

(27)+(28)+(29)

88,669.9

231.9

Compensation for 1 tree for the remaining productive period, ‘000 UZS

25

(8)*(12)

471.2

15.0

Number of trees to be cut on temporarily acquired lands, pcs

26

(3)

377

28

Compensation of lost income for 1 year, ‘000 UZS

27

(3) * (11)

13,580.6

33.9

Compensation of lost income until the end of non-productive period of new trees, planted after return of lands, ‘000 UZS

28

(3)*(12)*(13)

74,070.8

113.1

Expenses for growing new trees on returned lands, ‘000 UZS

29

(6)/1,000*(3)

1,018.5

84.9
















Total expenses for Option A (without allocation of replacement land), ’000 UZS




(15)+(24)

775,367.8

9321.3

Total expenses for Option A (without allocation of replacement land), ’000 USD







553.8

6.7

Total for Option A, for all sorts of trees, ’000 USD










560.5
















Total expenses for Option B (with allocation of replacement land), ’000 UZS




(20)+(24)

300,158.9

1,156.2

Total expenses for Option B (with allocation of replacement land), ’000 USD







214.4

0.8

Total for Option B, for all sorts of trees, ’000 USD










215.2

Compensation budget is not limited solely to compensations for agricultural producers. It also includes RF administration and M&E expenses, as well as incidental expenses.

A RF Special Reserve Fund (15%) is being established in order to compensate losses, which cannot be calculated before the development of a detailed design. The largest expenditure to be covered from the SRF will be for compensations to owners of illegal fruit, silkworm, and other trees, that have commercial value, as well as for illegal crops within canals’ reserve areas, as envisaged by WB OP 4.12. Under WB OP 4.12, however, any persons who suffer any adverse financial effect during the Project, regardless of their status and legality of their affected crops, shall be entitled to compensation and assistance from the Project, provided (1) their income decreases owing to Project activities (cutting trees), and (2) they provide proof that these trees belong to them.

Total estimates for RF are given in Table 23.

Minimum RF budget is estimated to be 733.5 thousand USD (provided that construction timelines are observed and gardener farmers receive equal quality replacement plots). If construction is extended or replacement plots are not available, RF budget will exceed 1,150,000 USD. In any case scenario, major expenses fall on two first years of construction, as it is planned to implement a large amount of works, entailing the necessity in allocation of considerable compensations.



Table 23. Total estimates for RF implementation, ‘000 USD




Total

1st year

2nd year

3rd year

4th year

5th year

6th year

Compensations for temporary and permanent acquisition of lands, being occupied by annual crops, for ID construction






















OPTIONS

construction timelines are observed

68

35

33













construction timelines are not observed/extended

72.3

40.3

32.0













Compensations for fruit trees






















OPTIONS

Option A. Compensations for temporary or permanent acquisition of land without allocation of replacement plot

560.5

300.5

260













Option B. Compensations for temporary or permanent acquisition of land with allocation of replacement plot

215.2

130.2

85













Compensations for acquisition of lands, being occupied by annual crops, for SHD construction

248




100

37

37

37

37

Compensation for lost income

214




86

32

32

32

32

Compensations for restriction of land users’ rights

34




14

5

5

5

5

Expenses for monitoring and administration

80

20

20

5

15

5

15

Internal monitoring and administration

30

5

5

5

5

5

5

External monitoring

50

15

15




10




10

Intermediate total

Minimum

611.2

185.2

238

42

52

42

52

Maximum

960.8

360.9

411.9

42

52

42

52

Targeted Reserve Fund (15%)

Minimum

91.7

27.8

35.7

6.3

7.8

6.3

7.8

Maximum

144.1

54.1

61.8

6.3

7.8

6.3

7.8

Incidental expenses (5%)

Minimum

30.6

9.3

11.9

2.1

2.6

2.1

2.6

Maximum

48

18

20.6

2.1

2.6

2.1

2.6

TOTAL






















Minimum

733.5

222.3

285.6

50.4

62.4

50.4

62.4

Maximum

1,152.9

432.9

494.4

50.4

62.4

50.4

62.4


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