Prairie county, montana


Table C.1 Prairie County Employment by Type and Industry 1970 - 2000



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Table C.1 Prairie County Employment by Type and Industry 1970 - 2000

Employment by place of work

2000

(number of jobs)

1995


1990

1985

1980

1970

Change (2000-1970)

Total full-time and part-time employment

663

658

655

778

930

841

-178

By Type






















Wage and Salary employment

382

393

392

450

602

463

-81

Proprietors employment

281

265

263

328

328

378

-97

Farm proprietors employment

162

163

161

168

168

248

-86

Nonfarm proprietors employment

119

102

102

160

160

130

-11

By Industry






















Farm employment

233

225

216

226

267

335

-102

Nonfarm employment

430

433

439

552

663

506

-76

Private employment

252

237

253

327

486

317

-65

Agricultural services, forestry, fishing and other

(D)

(D)

11

21

(D)

(D)

-10

Mining

0

0

(L)

0

(D)

(D)

0

Construction

(D)

(L)

(L)

30

110

26

4

Manufacturing

(D)

14

(D)

14

(D)

(D)

0

Transportation and public utilities

(D)

33

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)

0

Wholesale trade

(D)

11

20

(D)

35

13

-2

Retail Trade

78

64

62

90

127

115

-37

Finance, insurance and real estate

23

(D)

(D)

(D)

28

43

-20

Services

81

82

95

106

91

82

-1

Government and government enterprises

178

196

186

225

177

189

-11

Federal, civilian

19

13

14

12

15

13

6

Military

(L)

(L)

11

12

11

13

-2

State and local

153




161

201

151

163

-10

State government

(L)

(L)

(L)

(L)

17

(N)

0

Local government

147

167

154

193

134

(N)

13

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Information System. County Table CA25 (CD-ROM)

(D) Not shown to avoid disclosure of confidential information, but the estimates for this item are included in the totals.

(L) Less than 10 jobs, but the estimates for this item are included in the totals. (N) Data not available for this year.
Between 1980 and 1985, the total number of full-time and part-time employment in Prairie County declined by 162 jobs. This appears to be the largest drop in employment over the previous three decades.
Farm employment workers have decreased by 102 people since 1970.
The most recent disclosed information on jobs in construction was in 1985. Between 1970 and 1985, there was an increase of 4 construction jobs in Prairie County. Federal, civilian jobs in Prairie County increased by six jobs since 1970 and local government jobs increased by 13 for the same period of time. All of the other industries in Prairie County have experienced a decline in the number of jobs available.

Employment by Type: Wage/Salary and Proprietors
Figure C.1 compares wage and salary employment, farm proprietors’ employment and nonfarm proprietors’ employment for the previous three decades. Since 1970, wage and salary employment in Prairie County has declined by 81 jobs, farm proprietors’ employment has declined by 86 jobs, and nonfarm proprietors’ employment has declined by 11 jobs.
Local ag producers must rely on technology to replace the scarcity of a labor force. This has a negative effect on economic development.


Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Regional Economic Information System. Table CA25.
Employment by Industry
Figure C.2 displays farm employment and nonfarm employment for the years 1970 through 2000. Farm industry employment has declined by 102 and nonfarm industry employment by 76 since 1970.



Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. Regional Economic Information System. Table CA25.
Farm employment in Prairie County peaked in 1970, while nonfarm employment reached its highest point in 1980. Farm and nonfarm employment have steadily declined since then. In 2002, 40 percent of principal farm operators worked off the farm at least some days and almost 20% worked off the farm 200 days or more.

Unemployment Rates in Prairie County & Montana 1990-2000
The unemployment rate in Prairie County started to rise in 1996 and peaked in 1998, making a significant decline in 1999 and rising again in 2000. The unemployment rate in Prairie County in 2004 was 4.8% and in Montana was 4.4%.

*Not Seasonally adjusted



Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics
Business establishments in Prairie County by Size
The most recent data available on business establishments in Prairie County shows the number of establishments with employees and those without employees. In 2000, there were 31 total establishments with employees and 76 with no employees.
Business establishments in Prairie County rely upon the economic support of the residents for their continuation. Businesses are affected by a small, aging population.
Table C.2 Business Establishments in Prairie County: 2000




# of Establishments with employees

# of Establishments with no employees

Utilities

1

(D)

Construction

3

(D)

Manufacturing

1

(D)

Wholesale Trade

3

(D)

Retail Trade

6

13

Transportation and warehousing

1

(D)

Information

2

(D)

Finance and insurance

5

(D)

Professional, scientific and technical services

2

(D)

Health care and social assistance

1

(D)

Other services (except pubic administration)

3

18

Total establishments

31

76

Payroll (for Businesses with Employees) Receipts for Business without Employees

Payroll = $2,674,000

Receipts *= 1,402,000

(D) Withheld to avoid disclosure.

Sources:

Business with Employees: U.S. Bureau of the Census. County Business Patterns, 2000 data

Business without Employees: U.S. Bureau of the Census. Nonemployer statistics, 2000 data

*Total receipts for businesses without employees does not include information withheld to avoid disclosure.


Trends in Personal Income
Table C.3 displays total personal income from all labor and non-labor sources in the county. Personal income is measured as the sum of:


  • Labor income (including wages and salaries, other labor income, and proprietors’ income),

  • Non-Labor income, comprised of

    • Dividends, interest and rent; and

    • Transfer payments.

Table C.3 Personal Income from Labor and Non-Labor Sources by Major Category 1970-2000

(in thousands of 2000 dollars)


1970

1980

1990

2000

Change

1970-2000



Total Personal Income

24,360

31,626

26,318

25,249

889



















Earnings by place of work

15,787

18,238

12,291

11,914




less: Personal contrb. for social insurance

760

2,013

1,212

1,197




plus: Adjustment for residence 4/

547

1,591

1,498

1,137




Equals: Net earnings by place of residence

15,573

17,816

12,577

11,854

-3,719

plus: Dividends, interest and rent 5/

5,258

8,846

12,577

7,732

2,474

plus: Transfer payments

3,529

4,965

5,499

5,663

2,134

Total Personal Income

24,360

31,626

26,318

25,249

889



















Proprietors’ Income 6/
















Nonfarm proprietors’ income

1,640

1,549

1,694

1,570

1,084

Farm proprietors income

5,316

-653

2,920

2,208

632



















Earnings by Place of Work
















Farm earnings

7,315

1,966

3,964

3,699

-3,616

Non-farm Private earnings

5,009

12,664

4,688

4,265

-744

Non-farm government and government enterprises

3,462

3,608

3,639

3,950

488

Total earnings by place of work

15,787

18,238

12,291

11,914

-3,873

Private Non-Farm earnings
















Ag services, forestry, fishing & other /7

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)




Mining







0







Construction

729

6,067

133

(D)

-596

Manufacturing

0

0

0

0




Transportation and public utilities

(D)

(D)

(D)

(D)




Wholesale trade

342

994

506

(D)

164

Retail Trade

1,796

1,754

831

506

-1,290

Finance, insurance and real estate

347

463

(D)

621

274

Services

818

706

809

650

-168

Total Private Non-Farm Earnings

4,031

9,983

2,279

1,777

-2,254

(D)Not shown to avoid disclosure of confidential information, but the estimates for this item are included in the totals.

/4--The adjustment for residence is the net inflow of the earnings of interarea commuters. For the United States, it consists of adjustments for border workers: Wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents commuting to Canada less wage and salary disbursements to Canadian and Mexican residents commuting into the United States.

/5--Rental income of persons includes the capital consumption adjustment.

/6--Proprietors’ income includes the inventory valuation adjustment and capital consumption adjustment.



/7--“Other” consists of wage and salary disbursements to U.S. residents employed by international organizations and foreign embassies and consulates in the United States.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Economic Information System. Table CA5.
Between 1970 and 2000, total personal income in Prairie County slightly increased, seeing a sharp increase in personal income in the 1980’s with income steadily declining since then. Total personal income between 1970 and 2000, adjusted for inflation, increased by $889. The only types of income that did not decline over this time period were dividends, interest and rent; transfer payments; non-farm government earnings; wholesale trade; and finance, insurance and real estate. The categories “Dividends, Interest and Rent” includes several types. Dividends are payments to stockholders. Interest is money earned from mutual funds, municipal bonds, private pension funds and other earnings from deposits in financial institutions. Rent is income from the rental of property, imputed rent of owners/occupants of farm dwellings and royalties from patents, copyrights and the rights to natural resources.
Personal income from other non-work related sources (primarily dividends, interest, rent and transfer receipts such as retirement, disability and Medicare and Medicaid payments) is a growing component of total personal income in Prairie County. Transfer payments are primarily retirement related (pensions and Medicare), but also include disability insurance, income maintenance programs (i.e. welfare) and payments to nonprofit institutions. Table C.4 displays transfer payments distributed in Prairie County since 1970.
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