Power supply unit a power supply unit psu



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Power supply unit
power supply unit (PSU) converts main AC to low-voltage regulated DC power for the internal components of a computer. Modern personal computers universally use switched-mode power supplies. Some power supplies have a manual switch for selecting input voltage, while others automatically adapt to the mains voltage.
Most modern desktop personal computer power supplies conform to the ATX specification, which includes form factor and voltage tolerances. While an ATX power supply is connected to the mains supply, it always provides a 5-volt standby (5 VSB) power so that the standby functions on the computer and certain peripherals are powered. ATX power supplies are turned on and off by a signal from the motherboard. They also provide a signal to the motherboard to indicate when the DC voltages are in spec, so that the computer is able to safely power up and boot. The most recent ATX PSU standard is version 3.0 as of mid-2022.





  1. Answer the questions.

  1. What is SPU?

  2. What power sources do modern PCs use?

  3. Even if the ATX power supply is connected to the mains, how much volt standby (5VSB) power does it always provide?

  4. why are standby functions supported on the computer and some external devices?

  5. Which is the version of the latest ATX PSU standard?



Reading.

2. Filling the gaps.

  1. power supply unit (PSU) converts _____ ____ to low-voltage regulated DC power for the internal components of a computer.

  2. Some _____ ____ have a manual switch for selecting input voltage.

  3. Most modern desktop personal computer power supplies conform to the __ _______, which includes form factor and voltage tolerances.

  4. it always provides a 5-_____ standby (5 VSB) power so that the standby functions on the computer and certain peripherals are powered.

  5. ATX power supplies are turned on and off by a signal from __________.


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