Nouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs [EH47] word families ability



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Nouns 

Verbs 

Adjectives 

Adverbs

[EH47]


word families

ability

, disability, inability 

enable, disable 

able

, unable, disabled 

ably

acceptance 



accept

 

acceptable

, unacceptable, accepted  acceptably, unacceptably

accident

 

 



accidental 

accidentally

accuracy, inaccuracy 

 

accurate

, inaccurate 

accurately, inaccurately

accusation, the accused, accuser  accuse 

accusing 

accusingly

achievement

, achiever 



achieve

 

achievable 



act

action, inaction, interaction,   act, action 

acting 

 

reaction, transaction



activity

, inactivity 

activate 

active

, inactive, interactive, proactive  actively

addition 

add

 

additional 



additionally

admiration, admirer 



admire

 

admirable 



admirably

advantage

, disadvantage 

 

advantageous, disadvantaged, 



advantageously 

 

 



  advantaged

advertisement, advertiser, 

advertise 

advertising

advice

, adviser 



advise

 

advisable, inadvisable, advisory 



advisedly

agreement

, disagreement 



agree

, disagree 

agreeable 

agreeably



aim

 

aim

 

aimless 


aimlessly

amazement 

amaze 

amazed, amazing 



amazingly

anger

 

anger 



angry

 

angrily



announcement, announcer 

announce

 

unannounced 



unannounced

appearance

, disappearance,  



appear

, disappear 

 

reappearance 



  reappear 

applicant, application 



apply, 

reapply 


applicable, applied 

appreciation 



appreciate

 

appreciable, appreciative 



appreciatively, appreciably

approval, disapproval 



approve

, disapprove 

approving, disapproving 

approvingly 

approximation 

approximate 

approximate 

approximately 



argument

 

argue

 

arguable, argumentative 



arguably 

arrangement, rearrangement 



arrange

, rearrange 

 

 

art



artist, artistry 

 

artistic, arty 



artistically 

shame 


shame 

ashamed

, unashamed, shameful,  

shamefully, shamelessly 

   


 

  shameless

attachment 

attach

, detach 

attached, unattached, detachable,  

 

 



 

  detached 



attack

, counter-attack, attacker  attack, counter-attack 

 

 

attention,



 inattention 

attend 


attentive, inattentive 

attentively 

attraction, attractiveness 

attract

 

attractive

, unattractive 

attractively 



Word families: building possibilities...

Words often come in families. You can expand your vocabulary by becoming familiar with these 

word families and this can also enable you to become a more fluent speaker and writer of English. 

If you know all the possible words within a word family, you can express yourself in a wider range 

of ways. For example, if you know the verb and the noun forms related to the adjective boring

you can say:

•  That class was really boring.

•  I was really bored in that class.

 That class was a real bore.

Another reason for paying attention to word families is that for some exams you have  

to know them.

In the list below, the words printed in bold are words that are very common and important to 

learn. The other words in the same row are words in the same family, often formed with prefixes

and suffixes. Sometimes they are just a different part of speech, for example anger, which is a 

noun and a verb). All the words in this list have entries in the dictionary except for some begin-

ning with un-im-in- or ir-, or ending with -ly or -ily, where the meaning is always regular. 

Sometimes words in a word family can have meanings that are very different from others in the

group, so you should always check in the dictionary if you are not sure of the meaning.

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, 3rd edition

© Cambridge University Press 2008



Nouns 

Verbs 

Adjectives 

Adverbs

Nouns 

Verbs 

Adjectives 

Adverbs

authority

, authorization 

authorize 

authoritarian, authoritative,  

authoritatively 

 

 



  authorized, unauthorized

availability 

 

available

, unavailable 

 

avoidance 



avoid

 

avoidable, unavoidable 



unavoidably 

awareness 

 

aware

, unaware 

unawares 

base, the basics, basis 



base

 

baseless, basic 



basically

 

bearer 



bear

 

bearable, unbearable 



 

beat, beating 



beat

 

unbeatable, unbeaten 



 

beauty

, beautician 

beautify 

beautiful

 

beautifully 



beginner

, beginning 



begin

 

 



 

behaviour

/US behavior,  



behave

, misbehave 

behavioural/US behavioral 

 

misbehaviour/US misbehavior 



belief

, disbelief 



believe

, disbelieve 

believable, disbelieving, unbelievable  unbelievably 

block

, blockage 



block

, unblock 

blocked, unblocked 

 

blood, bleeding 



bleed 

bloodless, bloody 

 

the boil, boiler 



boil

 

boiling 



 

bore, boredom 

bore 

bored

boring 

boringly 

break

, breakage, outbreak  



break

 

broken, 

unbreakable, unbroken 

 

breath, breather, breathing 



breathe

 

breathless, breathy 



breathlessly 

brother

, brotherhood 

 

brotherly 



 

build, builder, building 



build

, rebuild 

 

 

burn, burner 



burn

 

burning, burnt 



 

burial 


bury

 

buried 



 

calculation

, calculator 



calculate

 

incalculable, calculated, calculating   



calm, calmness 

calm 


calm

 

calmly 



capability 

 

capable

, incapable 

capably 


care

, carer 


care

 

careful, careless, caring, uncaring 



carefully, carelessly 

celebration, celebrity 



celebrate

 

celebrated, celebratory 



 

centre

/US center, centralization,  centre/US center,   



central

, centralized 

centrally 

decentralization 

  decentralize, centralize   

certainty, uncertainty 

ascertain 

certain

, uncertain 

certainly, uncertainly 

challenge

, challenger 

challenge 

challenging 

 

change,

 

change

 

changeable, interchangeable,  



    unchanged, changing 

character

, characteristic,  

characterize 

characteristic, uncharacteristic 

characteristically

characterization 

chemical, chemist, chemistry 

 

chemical

 

chemically 



circle

, semicircle, circulation 

circle, circulate 

circular 

 

cleaner, cleaning, cleanliness 



clean

 

clean

, unclean 

cleanly 


clarity, clearance, clearing 

clear 


clear

, unclear 

clear, clearly 

close, closure 



close

 

closed, closing 



 

closeness 

 

close 


close

, closely 



clothes

, clothing 

clothe 

clothed, unclothed 



 

collection

, collector 



collect

 

collected, collective 



collectively 

colour

/US color,  

colour/US color  

coloured/US colored,  

colourfully/US colorfully 

colouring/US coloring 

 

  discoloured/US discolored,  



 

 

  colourful/US colorful, 



 

 

  colourless/US colorless 



combination, 

combine 


combine

 

combined 



comfort, discomfort 

comfort 


comfortable

comfortably     



   

 

 



  uncomfortable, comforting

commitment

 

commit

 

noncommittal, committed 



communication

, communicator  communicate 

communicative, uncommunicative 

comparison

 

compare

 

comparable, incomparable, 



comparatively 

comparative 



competition

, competitor 



compete

 

competitive, uncompetitive  



competitively 

completion, incompleteness 



complete

 

complete

, incomplete 

completely

, incompletely

complication 

complicate 



complicated

, uncomplicated 



computer

, computing, 

computerize 

 

computerization 



 

 

concentration 



concentrate

 

concentrated 



concern 

concern

 

concerned

, unconcerned 

conclusion

 

conclude 



concluding, conclusive, inconclusive  conclusively 

condition

, precondition,  

condition 

conditional, unconditional 

conditionally,  

conditioner, conditioning 

 

 

  unconditionally



confidence

 

confide 



confident

, confidential 

confidently, confidentially 

confirmation 



confirm

 

confirmed, unconfirmed 



confusion

 

confuse

 

confused, confusing 



confusingly 

connection

 

connect

, disconnect 

connected, disconnected,  

 

unconnected 



Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, 3rd edition

© Cambridge University Press 2008



Nouns 

Verbs 

Adjectives 

Adverbs

Nouns 

Verbs 

Adjectives 

Adverbs

subconscious, unconscious, 

 

conscious

, subconscious,  

consciously, unconsciously 

consciousness, unconsciousness   

  unconscious

consequence

 

 



consequent, inconsequential 

consequently

consideration 

consider

, reconsider 

considerable, considerate,  

considerably,    

 

 

 



  inconsiderate, considered 

  considerately



continent

 

 



continental, intercontinental 

 

continuation, continuity 



continue

, discontinue 

continual, continued, continuous 

continually, continuously



contribution

, contributor 



contribute

 

contributory 



 

control

, controller 



control

 

controlling, uncontrollable 



uncontrollably 

convenience, inconvenience 

inconvenience 

convenient

, inconvenient 

conveniently 

   


convince

 

convinced, convincing, unconvincing  convincingly 



cook, cooker, cookery, cooking  cook 

cooked, uncooked 

 

cool, coolness 



cool 

cool

 

coolly 



correction

, correctness 



correct

 

correct

, incorrect, corrective 

correctly, incorrectly 

count, recount 

count

, recount 

countable, uncountable, countless 

cover

, coverage, covering 



cover

, uncover 

undercover, uncovered 

undercover

creation, creativity, creator 

create

, recreate 

creative, uncreative 

creatively



crime

criminal, criminologist 

incriminate 

criminal, incriminating 

criminally

critic, criticism 



criticize

 

critical

, uncritical 

critically



crowd

, overcrowding 

crowd 

crowded

, overcrowded 

 

cruelty 


 

cruel

 

cruelly



cry

, outcry 

cry 

crying 


 

culture

, subculture 

 

cultural, cultured 



culturally

cure 


cure

 

cured, incurable 



 

custom

customer, customs 

accustom 

customary 

customarily

cut, cutting 



cut

, undercut 

cutting 

 

damage

, damages 

damage

 

damaging, undamaged 



 

danger

 

endanger 



endangered, dangerous 

dangerously 

dare, daring 

dare

 

daring 



daringly 

dark

, darkness 



darken

 

dark

, darkened, darkening 

darkly 


date

 

date, predate 



dated, outdated 

 

day

, midday 

 

daily 



daily 

dead, death 

deaden 

dead

, deadly, deathly 

deadly, deathly 

deal, dealer, dealings 



deal

 

 



 

deceit, deceiver, deception 



deceive

 

deceitful, deceptive 



deceptively 

decision

, indecision 



decide

 

decided, undecided, decisive,  



decidedly, decisively, 

 

 



  indecisive 

  indecisively

decoration, decorator 

decorate

 

decorative 



decoratively 

deep, depth 

deepen 

deep

, deepening 

deeply 

defeat

, defeatism, defeatist 



defeat

 

undefeated, defeatist 



 

defence

/US defense,  



defend

 

defenceless/US defenseless, 



defensively 

defendant, defender 

 

  indefensible, defensive



definition 

define 


definite

, indefinite 



definitely

, indefinitely 



demand

, demands 



demand

 

demanding, undemanding 



 

democracy

, democrat 

 

democratic, undemocratic 



democratically 

demonstration, demonstrator 



demonstrate

 

demonstrable, demonstrative 



demonstrably 

denial 


deny

 

undeniable 



undeniably 

dependant, dependence,  



depend

 

dependable, dependent,  



dependably,  

independence, dependency 

 

  independent 



  independently

description

 

describe

 

describable, indescribable,  



descriptively 

 

 



  descriptive, nondescript 

desire

 

desire 



desirable, undesirable, desired, 

 

 



 

  undesired

destroyer, destruction 

destroy

 

indestructible, destructive 



destructively 

determination, determiner 

determine 

determined

, predetermined,  

determinedly 

 

 



  indeterminate

developer, development,  



develop

, redevelop 

developed, undeveloped, developing   

redevelopment 



difference

, indifference,  

differ, differentiate 

different

, indifferent 

differently 

differentiation

directness, direction,  

direct

, redirect 



direct

, indirect 

directly, indirectly 

directions, director

disagreement 

disagree

 

disagreeable 



disagreeably 

disappointment 

disappoint 

disappointed

, disappointing 

disappointingly 

disaster

 

 



disastrous 

disastrously 

disciplinarian, discipline 

discipline 

disciplinary, disciplined, undisciplined   

discoverer, discovery 



discover

 

 



 

distance

 

distance 



distant

 

distantly 



disturbance 

disturb

 

disturbed, undisturbed, disturbing 



disturbingly 

divide, division, subdivision 



divide

, subdivide 

divided, undivided, divisible, divisive   

divorce, divorcee 

divorce 

divorced 

 

Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary, 3rd edition



© Cambridge University Press 2008

Nouns 

Verbs 

Adjectives 

Adverbs

Nouns 

Verbs 

Adjectives 

Adverbs

*do, doing 



do

, outdo, overdo, redo,  done, overdone, undone 

 

 

 



 

  undo 


 

doubt

, doubter 



doubt

 

undoubted, doubtful, doubtless 



undoubtedly, doubtfully

dream

, dreamer 



dream

 

dream, dreamless, dreamy 



dreamily 

dress

, dresser, dressing 



dress

, redress, undress 

dressed, undressed, dressy 

dressily 



drink

, drinker, drinking,  drunk,   drink 



drunk

, drunken 

drunkenly 

drunkenness 

drive, driver, driving 

drive

 

driving 



 

due, dues 

 

due

, undue 


due, duly, unduly 

earner, earnings 



earn

 

 



 

earth

 

unearth 



earthy, earthly, unearthly 

 

ease, unease, easiness 



ease 

easy

, uneasy 



easily

, uneasily, easy 



east

, easterner 

east, eastward(s) 

east, easterly, eastern 

 

economics, economist, economy  economically 



economic

, economical, economize 

 

 

 



 

 

  uneconomic(al)



education

 

educate 



educated, uneducated, educational  educationally 

effect

, effectiveness, 

effect 

effective

, ineffective, ineffectual 

effectively, ineffectively 

 ineffectiveness 



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