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  The Role of Trade in Financing for Sustainable Development




Note by the UNCTAD secretariat 


This paper maps out possible channels (whether direct or indirect) between 

international trade – a commercial activity that comprises of cross-border exchange of 

goods and services – and financing for sustainable development.   


International trade can generate or mobilize financial resources that may be used for 

meeting development objectives. There are two major channels through which international 

trade can influence financing for sustainable development: (i) public-financing paths; and 

(ii) private-financing paths.  


Through public financing paths, a country’s participation in international trade 

generates the country’s public revenue, a major source of financing for sustainable 

development. The magnitude of the trade-sourced public revenue ranges between less than 

5 per cent of total public revenue and over 20 per cent across different developing regions.  


Through private-financing paths, participation in international trade, or perceived 

opportunities to benefit from international trade, can mobilize the private-sector investment 

in trade-supportive economic activities, which can generate positive externalities to, or 

indirect financing for, economic and social development of a country.






  This is an unedited document for discussion only. 



  There could also be the third path - a public-private partnership path which has been dynamically 

expanding in many developing countries, in the areas of, e.g. trade financing and trade insurance, in 

addition to state-owned enterprises with private-sector participation. 





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