Microsoft Word 05 descriptions doc

Download 270.05 Kb.
Pdf ko'rish
Hajmi270.05 Kb.
1   ...   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   ...   31
development of phonology would be the one great success story of structuralism. For 

example, in English we hear the sounds /b/ and /v/ as significantly different, since their 

difference helps us to distinguish “bat” from “vat.” In spoken Iberian Spanish, however, 

there is generally no significant difference, to the extent that the spoken language will 

not help people spell words like “vota” or “bota.” This is because English has two 

separate phonemes for these sounds (quite apart from the many different ways of 

pronouncing those sounds), whereas Spanish only has one. People speaking the 

languages can certainly pronounce the different sounds, but the underlying structure of 

each language divides up the sounds in different ways. That underlying structure is 

acquired when we learn a language, even though we are not aware of it. For Prague 

synchronic linguistics, and for structuralism in general, the object of study should thus 

be the underlying structure (the phonemes), not the surface-level phenomena (the details 

of phonetics). This was basically the same insight as Saussure’s analysis of sheep and 

mouton, except that in phonemics the structures formed complete and relatively stable 

systems. If you change one term (especially a vowel in English), the other terms 

actually do tend to change. In that sense, phonemics moved the focus of ideal research 

from structures to strong systems.  

Once you understand this view of what a structure is, it is relatively easy to see a 

Download 270.05 Kb.

Do'stlaringiz bilan baham:
1   ...   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   ...   31

Ma'lumotlar bazasi mualliflik huquqi bilan himoyalangan © 2020
ma'muriyatiga murojaat qiling

    Bosh sahifa
davlat universiteti
ta’lim vazirligi
maxsus ta’lim
O’zbekiston respublikasi
zbekiston respublikasi
axborot texnologiyalari
o’rta maxsus
nomidagi toshkent
guruh talabasi
davlat pedagogika
texnologiyalari universiteti
xorazmiy nomidagi
toshkent axborot
pedagogika instituti
rivojlantirish vazirligi
haqida tushuncha
toshkent davlat
Toshkent davlat
vazirligi toshkent
tashkil etish
matematika fakulteti
ta’limi vazirligi
kommunikatsiyalarini rivojlantirish
samarqand davlat
vazirligi muhammad
pedagogika universiteti
bilan ishlash
fanining predmeti
Darsning maqsadi
navoiy nomidagi
o’rta ta’lim
Ishdan maqsad
haqida umumiy
nomidagi samarqand
fizika matematika
sinflar uchun
fanlar fakulteti
maxsus ta'lim
Nizomiy nomidagi
ta'lim vazirligi
moliya instituti
universiteti fizika
Ўзбекистон республикаси
umumiy o’rta
Referat mavzu
respublikasi axborot
Toshkent axborot
таълим вазирлиги
Alisher navoiy
махсус таълим
Buxoro davlat