Introduction to fiqh-level 1 List of Difficult terms



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Introduction to fiqh-level 1



List of Difficult terms

  1. Fiqh—gehri samajh/quran aur sunnat se maslo ka hal talaash karna

  2. Shariat-wo tamam ehkamaat jo Muhammad s.a.w par naazil hue aur jo quran me mehfooz hai ya sunnat se wazeh hai

  3. Mubaah-allowed-karne ya chodne ki choices-karne ya na karne par koi gunaah ya ajr nahi

  4. Mandoob-recommended-karne wale ki tareef ke jaye aur chodne wala saza ka mustahiq na ho(sunnat and nawafeel)

  5. Makrooh-disliked-chodne wale ki tareef ki jaye aur karne wala saza ka mustahiq na ho

  6. Fard/wajib(both means same)-compulsory,obligatory

Karne wale ki tareef ki jaye aur chodne wala saza ka mustahiq ho

  1. Haram-forbidden-chodne wale ki tareef aur karne wala saza ka mustahiq

  2. Riwayah ya riwayat- jaha se information pahunchi

  3. Daleel-proof

  4. Qatai- authentic

  5. Zanni- possibility of error

  6. Naskh-cancellation. Izaalah

  7. Sunnah qauli-verbal sunnah-aap s.a.w ki kahi koi baat

  8. Taqreeri sunnah- approved sunnah-agar koi kaam aap ke samne kiya gaya aur apne roka nahi

  9. Faeli sunnah-muhammad s.a.w ke amal se sabt

  10. Ghayr tashriyyah-jo shariat ka hissa nahi(sunnat me)

  11. Tashriyyah-jo shariat ka hissa hai(sunnat me)

  12. Sanad-chain of reporters

  13. Tabaqah-class of reporters

  14. Sahaba-companions of prophet Muhammad s.a.w

  15. Tabi’een-generation next to sahabah

  16. Sahi hadeeth-authentic

  17. Hasan-after sahih in grading

  18. Dayeef-weak hadeeth

  19. Shaaz-one reporter reports something that disagrees with other

  20. Maudhoo-fabricated

  21. Qudsi-hadeeth in the words of Allah

  22. Marfu-chain reaches till Muhammad s.a.w

  23. Mawqoof-chain stops at sahaba

  24. Maqtu-narrated by tabi

  25. Musnad-collection of each sahabi separately

  26. Muttasil-continuos chain

  27. Munqati-broken chain

  28. Mua’dil-reporters in between omitted

  29. Mua’llaq-whole sanad omitted

  30. Mutawatir-innumerable reporters

  31. Ahaad-after mutawatir

  32. Mudallas-identity of teacher concealed

  33. Musalsal-added statement of reporter

  34. Ijma-kisi waqe ya hukm ke bare me ye ittefaq ki ye sharia hukm hai

  35. Qiyas-illat ke ittehad ki wajah se hukm –e sharia me ek amr ko doosre se mualliq hona(estimate)

Naye hukm ko (far’) ko asl se lena, jiske bare me shariat khamosh ho

  1. Illat-common reason or cause

  2. Asl-asal mamla

  3. Far’-naya mamla

  4. Hukm-rule jo far’ se liya gaya

  5. Illat ke types

Sarahatan-jo text se clear ho

Dalalatan-text se understood hoga

Istimbatan-derived

Qiyasatan-qiyas kiya hua



  1. Istihsaan-behtar cheez ko chunna

  2. Maslah mursalah-jo baghair daleel ke ho lekin maqsad logo ko aur shariat ko fayda pahunchana hai


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