Introduction. Talking about voices. Reading and learning grammar rule Grammar exercises



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Lesson 1
9 mavzu topshiriq, 9 mavzu topshiriq, “Ilk qadam” davlat o‘quv dasturi, Human and Environment SLAYD, 3.07 Математик тасаввурларни шакллантириш назарияси ва методикаси, Malumotnoma, Ўзбекистон Республикаси нинг, Mavzu Jahon mamlakatlari ta limi tizimining integrallashuvi (1), Biologiya qo'llanma, 16-maruza, KIMYO, 1-topshiriq, Feruza, Feruza, MAVZU

Lesson 1. “ Perfect Passive”.
Plan of the Lesson:

  1. Introduction. Talking about voices.

  2. Reading and learning grammar rule

  3. Grammar exercises.

  4. Conclusion


PERFECT PASSIVE
(Tugallangan majhul nisbat)
GRAMMAR Ingliz tilida tugallangan majhul nisbat zamonlarini quyidagicha yasaymiz:
to have +been+Participle II (v+ed) PV ↓
(yordamchi fe’l + asosiy fe’l)
have/has +been+ PII  Present Perfect Passive Voice
had+been+PII Past Perfect Passive Voice
shall/will have+been+PIIFuture Perfect Passive Voice
Past, Present, Future zamonlarining Perfect shaklining majhul nisbatini yasash uchun to have shakllari, asosiy fe’l been va sifatdosh II olinadi.

They have translated the articles.
The articles have been translated.

They had translated the articles.


The articles had been translated.

They will have translated the articles.


The articles will have been translated.

The Present Perfect AV
The Present Perfect PV

The Past Perfect AV


The Past Perfect PV

The Future Perfect AV


The Future Perfect PV

Inkor shaklida yordamchi fe’ldan keyin not quyiladi.

The articles haven’t been translated.
The articles hadn’t been translated.
The articles will not (won’t) have been translated.

So’roq formasini yasash uchun yordamchi fe’l egadan oldinga chiqadi.



Have the articles been translated?
Had the articles been translated?
Will the articles have been translated?



GRAMMAR EXERCISES


Ex.1 Change the following sentences using the model below.
Model: We have just taken our examinations.
Our examinations have just been taken by us.



  1. We have just passed our examinations.

  2. She has already finished her work

  3. My father has answered the letter.

  4. This pupil has worked hard this year.

  5. My sister has told us about her work.

  6. He has already met his sister.

  7. I have already read this book.

  8. They have already written this exercise.

  9. The students have already translated the text.

Model: The research workers had made a lot of experiments.
A lot of experiments had been made by the research workers.

  1. The research workers had made a lot of experiments.

  2. She has already copied out the text.

  3. I had written a letter to him before.

  4. We had talked to her before.

  5. They had visited us before.

  6. I had received a letter from him.

  7. He had done his homework.

  8. My friend had played tennis.

  9. Avicenna had developed medicine.

  10. Ulugbek had built an observatory.

Model: I shall have translated the text. The text will have been translated by me.

  1. I shall have translated the text.

  2. He will have just bought an interesting book.

  3. I shall have seen an interesting film today.

  4. By the end of the next week he will have solved this problem.

  5. I shall have read the book by Sunday.

  6. The teacher will have checked up the works by the end of the week.

  7. We shall have done all the exercises by the time teacher comes.

  8. The students will have read this boo

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