Glossary english for Law (Unit 1)



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GLOSSARY

English for Law (Unit 1)





Word

Translation

Example

Uzbek

Russian

1

Accusation

Ayblov, ayblov akti

обвинение

We rejected the accusations as unfounded.

2

Accuse

Ayblamoq, qoralamoq

выдвигать обвинение против, упрекать

Both countries accuse each other of stealing energy resources.

3

Accused/

The accused (n)



Ayblangan/

Aybdor


Обвиняемый /

подсудимый



The accused person or defendant committed the crime./

During the trial, the accused's innocence could be proven.



4

Adversarial

Qarshi,
qarshi tomon, raqib

Противостоящий, враждебный

In this tradition, a single judge both investigates and decides a case without benefit of an adversarial trial.

5

Bar/

The bar (n)



To’siq (sud kengashi zalida, qonun chiqaruvchi organda)/

Advakatlar uyushmasi



Барьер (в зале заседаний суда, законодательного органа) адвокатура


If the barrister is called to the bar, he will have the right to speak in court/

The bar was a constitutional institution which functioned based on the rule of law.



6

Barrister

Oliy maqomdagi advokat

Барристер, адвокат

Barristers are lawyers who have been called to the bar.

7

Brief (n)

Huquqiy hujjat, bayonot

Краткое письменное изложение дела

A solicitor gives a brief to the barrister which consists of important legal documents.

8

Case

Sud ishi

Судебное дело

The judge decided to close the case.

9

Civil law

Fuqarolik huquqi

Гражданское право

The civil law is based on religious law in many of its parts.

10

Common law

Ommaviy huquq

Общее право, прецедентное право

At common law parents may consent on behalf of their children until they reach the age of 18.

11

Contract (n)

Shartnoma

Договор, контракт

He read all the clauses of the contract.

12

Conviction

Hukm

осуждение, обвинительный приговор

The conviction was based on the witnesses' testimonies.

13

Court

Sud

Суд

The court declared the accused innocent.

14

Criminal
(noun / adj)

Jinoyatchi/

Jinoiy


Преступник/ преступный, уголовный

The jurisdiction of this court is restricted to criminal cases.

15

Defence

Himoya

Защита

The lawyers for the defence complained that their client could not get a fair trial.

16

Defendant

Sudlanuvchi, ayblanuvchi

Обвиняемый, подсудимый

After the trial, the defendant's lawyer filed an appeal.

17

Dishonest

Adolatsiz, vijdonsiz

Нечестный

He's been dishonest in his dealings with us/ about his past.

18

Enforce

Qonuniy kuchga kiritish, amal qilmoq

придавать законную силу, приводить в исполнение

The police will enforce the new law.

19

Evidence

Dalil

Доказательство

The police found no evidence of the man's guilt.

20

Guilty

Aybdor

Виновный, преступный

The suspect pleaded not guilty of theft.

21

Illegal

Noqonuniy

Незаконный, нелегальный

Their illegal activities led to a severe fine.

22

Impartial

Xolis, odil, tasodifiy

Беспристрастный, непредвзятый, справедливый

The judge's decision was fair and impartial.

23

Inquisitorial

Surishtiruv, tergov asosida

Инквизиционной, следственной

Like most of Latin America, Chile inherited an inquisitorial legal system from Spain.

24

Interpretation

Izohlash, tushintrish

Толкование, интерпретация

The rules are vague and open to interpretation.

25

Judge (n)

Sudya

Судья

The judge passes sentence at the end of the trial.

26

Judgment

Sud qarori, qoralash, hukm

Суждение, решение суда

The judge pronounced the final judgement.

27

Jurisdiction

Yurisdiksiya, sud qilish huquqi

Юрисдикция

The jurisdiction of this court is restricted to criminal cases.

28

Juror

Hakamlar hay’ati

Член жюри

I find this juror to be fair and impartial.

29

Jury

Hakam

Жюри, суд присяжных

The jury may be out for days.

30

Justice

Adolat, adolatli hukm qilish, sud raisi, yustitsiya

Правосудие, юстиция

The justice system in this country consists of a series of law courts at different levels.

31

Lawyer

Advokat

Юрист, адвокат, законовед

One must have good communication skills to be a successful lawyer.

32

Legal

Qonuniy

Правовой, юридический, законный, легальный, узаконенный

Do you know your legal rights?

33

Magistrate

Sud hakami

Судья

As a local magistrate, the judge’s power over state issues was limited.

34

Mistrial

Noto’g’ri sud muhokamasi/ jarayoni

Судебное разбирательство, в ходе которого допущены нарушения закона, неправильное

The case was ended by declaration of a mistrial.

35

Parliament

Parlament

Парламент

He wanted to go into Parliament.

36

Prosecution

Ayblov hukmi

Обвинение, судебное преследование

The defendant answered to all the charges of the prosecution.

37

Sentence

(n / v)


Jazo, hukm/

Jazolamoq, hukm qilmoq



Приговор суда, определяющий меру наказания;

The judge imposed a life sentence.

38

Solicitor

Maslahatchi advokat

Солиситор, поверенный; адвокат

A solicitor will help you navigate the complex legal system.

39

Stand

Sud oldida hozir bo’lmoq

Представать перед судом

Mason agreed to take the stand, but he's not a reliable witness.

40

Statutory

Qonun bilan belgilangan, qonuniy

 Установленный законом

She's below the statutory age for school attendance.

41

Supreme Court

Oliy sud

Высший суд

The Supreme Court heard the case on Tuesday.

42

Trial

Sud jaryoni

 Дело, слушаемое в суде

He was on trial for murder.

43

Unjust

Adolatsiz, nohaq

Несправедливый

The punishments that the government has inflicted on the protesters are severe and unjust.

44

Verdict

Hukm, hakam qarori

Вердикт, мнение, суждение

Your job is to justify the verdict.

45

Witness (n)

Guvoh

свидетель

The defense called only one witness.

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